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rensure of one of which, must in your allowance overweigh a whole theatre of others.
“And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them; for there be of them that will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too; though in the meantime, some necessary part of the play be then to be considered. That's villainous, and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it."
ENERGY. Energy in the expression of any of the passions, and earnestness of utterance, are uniformly characterized by Force or Loudness, combined with the Downward Slides, and the Radical or Compound Stress. Great vehemence of feeling authorizes the full exhibition of the Vibrant R, and of the Aspiration, as well as the use of the Emphatic Vocule at the close of those emphatic words which end with a mute. Energetic expression sometimes passes into the Falsette, but then it loses all its dignity.
As energy is a quality of utterance which never exists but in connection with some passion or excitement as its cause, it will more properly find its general illustrations under other heads. A single example, however, will be presented of the application of each of the last mentioned symbols of expression.
1. In the following example, the r is put in italics, wherever it should be made vibrant as a symbol of energy
Pent in this fortress of the North,
But one along yon river's maze
Seek other cause 'gainst Roderick Dhu. 2. The Aspiration should be distinctly heard on the word fear, in the following earnest interrogation. Brutus. What means this shouting? I do fear, the people
Choose Cæsar for their king. i Cassius.
Ay, do you fear it?
3. The Vocule may be slightly heard in the following example, on the words in italies. When heard too distinctly, or in improper places, it is a decided fault of delivery
“Sir, I in the most express terms deny the competency of parliament to do this act. I warn you do not dare to lay your hand on the constitution. I tell you, that if circumstanced as you are, you pass this act, it will be a nullity, and that no man in Ireland will be bound to obey it.
“ I make the assertion deliberately. I repeat it, and call on any man who hears me, to take down my words; you have not been elected for this purpose, you are appointed to make laws, not legislatures ; you are appointed to exercise the functions of legislators, and not to transfer them; and if you do so, your act is a dissolution of the government; you resolve society into its original elements, and no man is bound to obey you.- Are you competent to transfer your legislative rights to the French council of five hundred? Are you competent to transfer them to the British parliament? I answer, No. When you transfer you abdicate, and the great original trust reverts to the people from whom it issued. Yourselves you may extinguish, but parliament you cannot extinguish."
RAGE, ANGER, WRATH.' * The expression of these malevolent feelings, combines with the elements of Energy, Quick Time and Short Quantity. Great violence in the expression of these emotions is also characterized by frequent and great Discrete Changes of Pitch and by wide Downward Intervals on the emphatic words, which may at the same time be marked by the Guttural Voice and by strong Aspiration. This is also the expression of Severe Rebuke.
And minister correction to thy fault!
You have condemned and noted Lucius Pella,
Because I knew the man, were slighted of.
Cassius. In such a time as this, it is not meet
That every nice offence should bear his comment. Brulus. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself
Are much condemned to have an itching palm ;
I an itching palm ?
Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last. Brutus. The name of Cassius honors this corruption,
And chastisement doth therefore hide his head.
Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake ?
Than such a Roman.
Brutus, bay not me,
To make conditions.
Go to; you're not, Cassius. Cassius. I am. Brutus. I say, you are not. Cassius. Urge mé no more, I shall forget myself;
Have mind upon your health, tempt me no further.
Must I give way and room to your rash choler ?
Cassius. O ye gods! ye gods! Must I endure all this?
Go, show your slaves how choleric you are,
When you are waspish.
Is it come to this?
Let it appear so; make your vaunting true,
3. Let me look back upon thee, O thou wall,
Plagnes, incident to men,