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rensure of one of which, must in your allowance overweigh a whole theatre of others.

“And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them; for there be of them that will themselves laugh, to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too; though in the meantime, some necessary part of the play be then to be considered. That's villainous, and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it."

ENERGY. Energy in the expression of any of the passions, and earnestness of utterance, are uniformly characterized by Force or Loudness, combined with the Downward Slides, and the Radical or Compound Stress. Great vehemence of feeling authorizes the full exhibition of the Vibrant R, and of the Aspiration, as well as the use of the Emphatic Vocule at the close of those emphatic words which end with a mute. Energetic expression sometimes passes into the Falsette, but then it loses all its dignity.

As energy is a quality of utterance which never exists but in connection with some passion or excitement as its cause, it will more properly find its general illustrations under other heads. A single example, however, will be presented of the application of each of the last mentioned symbols of expression.

1. In the following example, the r is put in italics, wherever it should be made vibrant as a symbol of energy

Pent in this fortress of the North,
Think'st thou we will not sally forth,
To spoil the spoiler as we may,
And from the robber rend the prey ?
Ay, by my soul !-while on yon plain
The Saxon rears one shock of grain;
While, of ten thousand herds, there strays

But one along yon river's maze
The Gael, of plain and river heir,
Shall with strong hand, redeem his share.
Where live the mountain chiefs who hold
That plundering lowland field and fold
Is aught but retribution true ?

Seek other cause 'gainst Roderick Dhu. 2. The Aspiration should be distinctly heard on the word fear, in the following earnest interrogation. Brutus. What means this shouting? I do fear, the people

Choose Cæsar for their king. i Cassius.

Ay, do you fear it?
Then must I think you would not have it so.

3. The Vocule may be slightly heard in the following example, on the words in italies. When heard too distinctly, or in improper places, it is a decided fault of delivery

“Sir, I in the most express terms deny the competency of parliament to do this act. I warn you do not dare to lay your hand on the constitution. I tell you, that if circumstanced as you are, you pass this act, it will be a nullity, and that no man in Ireland will be bound to obey it.

“ I make the assertion deliberately. I repeat it, and call on any man who hears me, to take down my words; you have not been elected for this purpose, you are appointed to make laws, not legislatures ; you are appointed to exercise the functions of legislators, and not to transfer them; and if you do so, your act is a dissolution of the government; you resolve society into its original elements, and no man is bound to obey you.- Are you competent to transfer your legislative rights to the French council of five hundred? Are you competent to transfer them to the British parliament? I answer, No. When you transfer you abdicate, and the great original trust reverts to the people from whom it issued. Yourselves you may extinguish, but parliament you cannot extinguish."

RAGE, ANGER, WRATH.' * The expression of these malevolent feelings, combines with the elements of Energy, Quick Time and Short Quantity. Great violence in the expression of these emotions is also characterized by frequent and great Discrete Changes of Pitch and by wide Downward Intervals on the emphatic words, which may at the same time be marked by the Guttural Voice and by strong Aspiration. This is also the expression of Severe Rebuke.

EXAMPLES. 1.

Tut! tut!
Grace me no grace, nor uncle me no uncle,
I am no traitor's uncle; and that word-grace
In an ungracious mouth is but profane:
Why have those banished and forbidden legs
Dared once to touch a dust of England's ground ?
But more than why-Why have they dared to march
So many miles upon her peaceful bosom;
Frighting her pale-faced villages with war,
And ostentation of despised arms ?
Com'st thou because the anointed king is hence ?
Why, foolish boy, the king is left behind,
And in my loyal bosom lies his power.
Were I but now the lord of such hot youth
As when brave Gaunt, thy father, and myself
Rescued the Black Prince, that young Mars of men,
From forth the ranks of many thousand French ;
Oh, then, how quickly should this arm of mine,
Now prisoner to the palsy, chastise thee,

And minister correction to thy fault!
2. Cassius. That you have wronged me doth appear in this ;

You have condemned and noted Lucius Pella,
For taking bribes here of the Sardians ;
Wherein, my letters, praying on his side,

Because I knew the man, were slighted of.
Brutus. You wronged yourself to write in such a case.

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Cassius. In such a time as this, it is not meet

That every nice offence should bear his comment. Brulus. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself

Are much condemned to have an itching palm ;
To sell and mart your offices for gold,

To undeservers.
Cassius.

I an itching palm ?
You know that you are Brutus that speak this,

Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last. Brutus. The name of Cassius honors this corruption,

And chastisement doth therefore hide his head.
Cassius. Chastisement !
Brutus. Remember March, the ides of March remember!

Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake ?
What villain touched his body that did stab
And not for justice? What, shall one of us,
That struck the foremost man of all this world,
But for supporting robbers ; shall we now
Contaminate our fingers with base bribes ?
And sell the mighty space of our large honors
For so much trash as may be grasped thus ?-
I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,

Than such a Roman.
Cassius.

Brutus, bay not me,
I'll not endure it; you forget yourself,
To hedge me in; I am a soldier, I,
Older in practice, abler than yourself

To make conditions.
Brutus.

Go to; you're not, Cassius. Cassius. I am. Brutus. I say, you are not. Cassius. Urge mé no more, I shall forget myself;

Have mind upon your health, tempt me no further.
Brutus. Away, slight man!
Cassius. Is't possible ?
Brutus. Hear me, for I will speak.

Must I give way and room to your rash choler ?
Shall I be frighted, when a madman stares ?

Cassius. O ye gods! ye gods! Must I endure all this?
Brutus. All this ! ay, more; Fret till your proud heart break;

Go, show your slaves how choleric you are,
And make your bondmen tremble. Must I budge?
Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouch
Under your testy humor? By the gods,
You shall digest the venom of your spleen,
Though it do split you: for, from this day forth,
I'll use you for my mirth, yea, for my langhter,

When you are waspish.
Cassius.

Is it come to this?
Brutus. You say you are a better soldier:

Let it appear so; make your vaunting true,
And it shall please me well: For mine own part
I shall be glad to learn of noble men.

3. Let me look back upon thee, O thou wall,
That girdlest in those wolves !

Plagnes, incident to men,
Your potent and infectious fevers heap
On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica,
Cripple our senators, that their limbs may halt
As lamely as their manners! last and liberty
Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth;
That 'gainst the stream of virtue they may strive,
And drown themselves in riot! itches, blains,
Sow all the Athenian bosoms; and their crop
Be general leprosy! breath infect breath ;
That their society, as their friendship, may
Be merely poison! Nothing I'll bear from thee,
But nakedness, thou detestable town!
Take thou that too, with multiplying banns !
Timon will to the woods, where he shall find
The unkindest beast more kinder than mankind.
The gods confound (hear me, ye good gods all,)
The Athenians both within and out that wall!
And grant, as Timon grows, his hate may grow
To the whole race of mankind, high and low.

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