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bined with the Concrete Rise or Fall through a Third or Fifth, or with the Single Waves, either Direct or Inverted.
In the stronger expression of these sentiments, as also in Derision, Scoffing, Mockery, and Execration, the Vanishing Stress, the Aspiration, the Guttural Emphasis and the Tremor may all be combined on the Downward Concrete or the Waves, which may be extended through an Octave. And the effect will be greatly heightened, if, instead of the Equal and Single Waves, the Unequal Double Waves be employed. When however the Aspiration or the Guttural force is given on the Waves, it must be understood to be confined to its last constituent.
EXAMPLES. 1. Satan beheld their plight,
And to his mates thus in derision called :
We should compel them to a quick result.”
This is the fool that lent out money gratis ;-
Mirth, RAILLERY. Mirth and Raillery require Quick Time and Short Quantity, Loudness, and the Concrete Rise of the Second, combined with the Radical Stress.
If these sentiments become excessive, they may raise the voice to the Falsette, either by a Concrete rise of the Octave, or by the Direct Wave of the same interval.—The combination of the Tremor also heightens the effect.
Joy, TRIUMPH, &c. Joy and Delight are more dignified in their expression, employing a longer Quantity, the Median Stress, and the Alternate Phrase of Melody.-Rapture, Triumph or Exultation adds to these elements the Tremor.
O my soul's joy!
ASTONISHMENT, ADMIRATION, AMAZEMENT. The dignified expression of these sentiments requires Long Quantity, a good degree of Force, and the Emphasis of the Downward Concrete, or of the Equal Direct Wave of the Third or Fifth combined with the Median Stress.
Mirthful Wonder, or Surprise, may require the Downward Octave, or the Equal Single Direct Wave of that interval; and as the utterance becomes more rapid, the Radical or Vanishing Stress is used.
Aspiration may be connected with the simple Downward Slides; though with the Waves it would express scorn, sneer, or contempt.
PLAINTIVE EXPRESSION, TENDERNESS.
The elements employed to express pathetic sentiments or tender emotion are few, but strongly marked. They are Softness of voice, Long Quantity, Slow Time and the Semitone, or the Direct and Inverted Waves of that interval, combined with the Median Stress.
The sentiments which require the Chromatic Intonation are various and widely different from each other. The difference however is marked by the language rather than the intonation. Among other sentiments which may be thus expressed are, Awe, Complaint, Contrition, Penitence, Petition, Submission, Supplication, Fondness, Love, Pity, Compassion, Commiseration, Condolence, Mercy, Grief, Lamentation, and Sorrow.
The simple rise and fall of the Semitone, or the Wave of that interval, is the most effective of the elements enumerated above, for the expression of the tender and pathetic sentiments. The choice between the Simple Concrete and the Wave is determined by the degree of Dignity, in the sentiment expressed; and this may be still further enhanced by combining with the other elements the Partial Drift of the Monotone.
Many of the expressions which go under a common name, as Complaint and Supplication, vary essentially at different times in the degree of plaintiveness which they express. When this emotion is wanting, the Simple Concrete and the Wave of the Second are substituted for those of the Semitone; and on the contrary, when this emotion becomes painfully strong, the Tremor and Aspiration are added to the Semitone, on the emphatic words of Long Quantity. Further to heighten the effect, the clauses may terminate with the Rising Slide, or the Inverted Wave of the Semitone; and the Broken Melody may be employed.
In the case of plaintive Exclamation, or whenever Surprise or Positiveness are to be connected with the Chromatic Melody, the Unequal Direct Wave is employed, the first constituent being a Semitone.
1. We have erred and strayed from thy ways, like lost sheep. We have done those things which we ought not to have done, and have left undone those things we ought to have done, and there is no health in us. But thou, O! Lord, have mercy upon us miserable offenders. Spare thou those, O! God, who confess their faults. Restore thou those who are penitent, according to thy promises declared unto mankind in Christ Jesus our Lord. And grant, O! most merciful Father, for his sake, that we may hereafter live a godly, righteous, and sober life, to the glory of thy holy name.
2. Ah, Richard ! with the eyes of heavy mind,
I see thy glory like a shooting star,
And crossly to thy good all fortune goes.
'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother,