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Stereotyped by Wm. Hagar & Co., New-York.
A NEW SYSTEMATIC ORDER OF PARSING,
A NEW SYSTEM OF PUNCTUATION,
EXERCISES IN FALSE SYNTAX,
A SYSTEM OF PHILOSOPHICAL GRAMMAR
TO WHICH ARE ADDED,
AN APPENDIX, AND A KEY TO THE EXERCISES
FOR TIIE USE OF SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE LEARNERS.
BY SAMUEL KIRKHAM.
FORTY-FIRST EDITION, ENLARGED AND IMPROVED.
Rochester, 1. 9.:
District of New York, ss.
BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the Pd day of August, A. D. 1899, in tlie L. 8. 54th year of the Independence of the United States of América, Samuel Kirk.
ham, of the said District, hath deposited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit:
English Grammar in familiar lectures, accompanied by a Compendium, embracing a new systematick order of Parsing, a new system of Punctuation, exercises in false Syntax, and a Systein of Philosophical Grainmar in notes: to which are added an Appendix, and a Key to the Exercises : designed for the use of Schools and Private Learners. By Samuel Kirkhan. Eleventh Edition, enlarged and improved." Tu conformity to the act of congress of the United States, entitled "an act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned." And also to an act entitled "an act supplementary to an act entitled an act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during ihe times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."
FRED. J. BETTS, Clerk of the Southern District of New York.
AN ESSAY ON ELOCUTION,
BY SAMUEL KIRKHAM.
This work is mainly designed as a Reading. Book for Schools in the first part of it, the principles of rearling are developed and explained in a seientitick and practual manner, and so familiarly illustrated in their application to practical examples as to enable even the juvenile mind very readiiy to comprebend their wature and character, their design and use, and thus to acquire inat high degree of excellence, both in read: ing and speaking, which all desire, but to which few attain.
The last part of the work, contains Selections from the greatest masterpieces of rhetorical and poetical composition, both ancient and modern. Many of these selections are taken from the inost elegant and classical American anthors-writers whose noble productions have already slied an unfading lustre, and stamped immortality, upon the literature of our country.-- In the select part of the work, rhetorical marks are also exoployed to point out the application of the principles laid down in the first part.--The very favourable reception of the work-lay the publick, and its astonishingly rapid introduction into schools, since its first publication in 1833, excites in the author the most sanguine hopes in regard to its future success.
NOTICES. After a careful perusal of this work, we are decidedly of opinion, that it is the only succuocful attempt of the kind. The roles are copious, and the author's explanations and illustrations are happily adapteil to the comprehension of learners. No school should be without this book, and it ought to find a place in the library of every gentleman who values the attainment of a just and forcible elocution.- Pitishery Mgr. April, 1834.
Mr. Kirkham has given rules for inflections and emphasis, and his followed them by illustrative examples, and these by remarks upon the inflection which he has adoptel, and the reasons for his preference of one infection to another--a most
. admirable plau for sureh a work. Copious examples occur in which all the various infections and the shades of emphasis are distinguished with great accuracy and clearness. The catechetical appendages of each chapter, give the work new value in a school, and the selections made for the exercise of scholars, evince good taste and judginent.
U. S. Gazelte, Philadelphia, Sept. 17, 1834. The Essay now before is, neeils not depend on any former work of its anthor for a borrowed reputation : it has intrinsick merits of its own. It lars down principles clearly and concisely. It presents the reader with many new and judicious selections, both in prose and poetry; and altogether evinces great industry, coinbined with laste and ingenuity.-Courier of Upper Canada, York, Oct. 12, 1833.
Of the talent and judgment of str. Kirkham, we have already had occasion to speak in terms of honest praise. His work on Elocution raises him still higher in our estimation.-The book wonld be of great utility in schools--such a one as has long been wanted; and we are glad to see it forthcoming.–Baltimore Visiter, July, 1833.
Every facility for teaching Elocution, which I have so often needed, but never before found, is exactly furnished in this work :-principles are clearly and concisely laid down, and are very happily adapted to the comprehension of the learner, Thoroughly convinced of its utility, I shall lose no time in introducing it into my school. Hartford, Corn. Aug. 20, 1834.
It is well known that the recommendations which generally accompany new books, have very little weight with the publick. This is as it should be, for that work which rests more on its written testimonials, than on its intrinsick merits for suprort, as. serts no claims to permanent patronage. But recommendations which analyze the tncrits of a work, and which hv exhibiting its prominent features in a striking light, are calculated to carry conviction to the reader that the system recommended is meritorious, the author is proud to have it in his power to present in this volume. The foilowing are some of the numerous testimonials which he has received, and for which he tenders his grateful acknowledgments to those literary gentlemen to whose liberality and politeness he is indebted for them. More than sit hundred others presented to the author, and many of which are equally flattering with these, he has not rooin to insert.
The following notice of this work is extracted from the “Western Review.” Thus journal is ably conducted by the Rev. Timothy Flint, author of “Francis Berrian,"
Histúry & Geography of the Miss. Valley," and many other popular and valuable works.
We had not, at that time, seen Mr. Kirkham's "Grammar in familiar Lectures," but have since given it a cursory perusal. If we comprehend the author's design, it is not so much to introduce new principles, as to render, more easy and intelligible those which have been long established, and to furnish additional facilities to an accurate and thorough knowledge of our language. In this we think he has been suc cessful.
It is to be expected that a modest, unassuming writer, on presenting himself be fore the publick tribunal as an author, will, as far as consistent with his plan, avail himself of the authority of such as have written well on the subject before him. Mr. Kirkham has accordingly followed Mr. Murray in the oid bearen track of Engiisk writers on grammar, in the general principles of the science; endeavouring, at the same time, to avoid whatever appeared to be arroneous or absurd in the writings of that author, and adopting an entirely new arrangement.
The most useful matter. coniained in the treatise of Mr. Murray, is embraced in this ; but in the definitions and rules, it is simplified, and rendered much more intelligible. Though our author follows Mr. Murray, in the general principles of his work, he has, in numerous in stances, differed from him, pursuing a course that appears to be his own, and intro ducing some valuable improvements.
Ainong these may be inentioned some additional rules and explanatory notes in syntax, the arrangement of the parts of speech, the mode of explaining them, manner of parsing, manner of explaining some of the pronouns, and the use of a synop, sis which presents the essentials of the science at one view, and is well calculated to afford assistance to learners.
In his arrangement of the parts of speech, Mr. Kirkham seems to have endeavoured to follow the order of nature ; and we are not able to see how he could have done better, The noun and verb, as being the most important parts of speech, are first explained, and afterwards those whieh are considered in a secondary and suborus nate character. By following this order, he has avoided the absurdity so common among authors, of defining the minor parts before their principals, of which they were designed to be the appendages, and has rationally prepared the way for conduciing the learner by easy advances to a correct view of the science.
In his illustrations of the various subjects contained in his work, our author appears to have aimed, not at a flowery style, nor at the appearanre of being learned, but aí being understood. The clearness and perspicuity of his remarks, and their application to familar objects, are well calculated to arrest the attention, and aid the, understanding, of the pupil, and thereby to lessen the labour of the instructer. The principles of the science are simplified, and rendered so perfectly easy of comprehension, we should think no ordinary mind, having such leip, could find them diffcult. It is in this particular that the work appears to posses; its chief merit, and on this account it cannot fail of being preferred to many others.
It gives us pleasure to remark, in reference to the success of the amiable and modest author whose work is before us, that we quote from the fifth edition.
Cincinnati, Aug. 24, 1827. The following is from the pen of a gentleman of the Bar, formerly a distinguished,
Classical teacher. (Extract from the “National Crisis.")
As a friend to literature, and especially to genuine merit, it is with peculiar plety sure I ailude to a notice in a late paper of this city, in which Mr. S. Kirkham proposes to deliver a course of Lectures on English Grammar. To such as feel into rested in acquiring a general and practical knowledge of this useful science, AR