Marx's Dream: From Capitalism to Communism
Two centuries after his birth, Karl Marx is read almost solely through the lens of Marxism, his works examined for how they fit into the doctrine that was developed from them after his death.
With Marx’s Dream, Tom Rockmore offers a much-needed alternative view, distinguishing rigorously between Marx and Marxism. Rockmore breaks with the Marxist view of Marx in three key ways. First, he shows that the concern with the relation of theory to practice—reflected in Marx’s famous claim that philosophers only interpret the world, while the point is to change it—arose as early as Socrates, and has been central to philosophy in its best moments. Second, he seeks to free Marx from his unsolicited Marxist embrace in order to consider his theory on its own merits. And, crucially, Rockmore relies on the normal standards of philosophical debate, without the special pleading to which Marxist accounts too often resort. Marx’s failures as a thinker, Rockmore shows, lie less in his diagnosis of industrial capitalism’s problems than in the suggested remedies, which are often unsound.
Only a philosopher of Rockmore’s stature could tackle a project this substantial, and the results are remarkable: a fresh Marx, unencumbered by doctrine and full of insights that remain salient today.
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abstract According to Marx approach basic capitalism to communism capitalist central change the world Chinese civil society claim cognitive conception concerned concrete consciousness crises critical social theory critical theory Critique of Hegel’s dialectic dictatorship economic crisis Engels’s Feuerbach Fichte finite human formulated freedom further G. W. F. Hegel German idealism German Ideology grasp Habermas Hegel Hegel’s view hence historical materialism human flourishing Ibid idea idealist individual Kant Kant’s Kantian Karl Marx labor later Lenin Lukács Marx’s position Marx’s theory Marx’s view Marxian Marxian economic mind-independent modern industrial society nature object Paris Manuscripts People’s Phenomenology of Spirit Philosophy of Right Plato political economy practice private property problem production proletariat rate of profit realized relation revolution revolutionary Ricardo Rousseau social context suggests supposedly surplus value theme thinker tion trans transformation transition from capitalism understands University Press value theory Vico writings Young Hegelians