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author; and h plete

pra esteen, from fc

lents and erud

Among the

was received with the plaudit of the world; and, as the author's name was not in any

wide celebrity out of his own country, the general surprize was nearly equal to the general admiration. Congratulations and acknowledg. ments of respect poured in upon

him from every quarter, and the scholars of Europe, actuated by a similar spirit with the spectators of the old Olympic games, threw garlands on the conqueror of Salmasius. On the publication of the “ Defence of the People rib the abilit of England,” all the embassadors in London, position

, this of whom perhaps the greater number were from crowned heads, discovered their sense of its merit by complimenting or visiting its

particularly pl Leonard Phila bad attained to w

employed a embassy to

mint a present

4 panegyrict

ish commonwe laras soon aft his first objec have been the vur island, wa

roduced to a

mutual friends

his personal

Bucer, and all the most celebrated of the orthodox divines are included among the Brownists. The English, therefore, support your calumnies with the greater equanimity, when they hear you thus furious in your invectives against the most admirable doctors, and consequently against the body itself of the reformed church." If we admit the premises of Milton, can we refuse our assent to his conclusion? If to contend for liberty against the tyranny of a single person be the distinction of a Brownist, the first reformers were, beyond all question, Brownists, for one of the principal objects of their liberal and enlightened contention was to break the despotism of the court of Rome. Milton asserts nothing but the truth; and he is justified in bringing it forward by that part of his adversary's work to which he replies. The first reformers were not only strenuous in their opposition to the papal despotism, but were op all occasions warm advocates and supporters of the civil liberties of man.

umed to Pari brity of Theve! wuwned att

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author; and he was gratified by letters, replete with praise and with professions of esteem, from foreigners eminent for their talents and erudition.

Among these he seems to have been particularly pleased with the attentions of Leonard Philaras, a learned Athenian who had attained to high rank in Italy and was now employed by the Duke of Parma on an embassy to the court of Paris. Struck with the ability and spirit of Milton's composition, this illustrious and liberal Greek sent a present of his portrait with a letter of panegyric to the defender of the English commonwealth. On a visit which Philaras soon afterwards made to England, his first object, (and indeed it seems to have been the leading object of his visit to our island,) was to wait upon Milton, then reduced to a state of total blindness; and mutual friendship was the consequence of their personal intimacy. When Philaras returned to Paris, he was induced by the celebrity of Thevenot' the physician, particularly renowned at that time for his acquaintance

• If we were desirous of paying Thevenot a bigh compliment, We should call him the WARE of the seventeenth century and of France. If the French physician actually possessed the skill and the benevolence of our admirable oculist, he must have been the ornament and the blessing of his

age.

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catus

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with the diseases of the eye, to communicate a hope to Milton of the recovery of his sight. The two letters, in which our author aca knowledges the first kindness and the subsequent services of his Athenian friend, are too worthy of the reader's notice not to be submitted to it.

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Clarissimo Viro Leonardo Philara Atheniensi,

Ducis Parmensis ad Regem Galliæ Legato.

Atheniensium bratissimæ ren reflorescere vice tiri disertissim

mim scriptis filicisse me li ieris profeci

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t

cendi accepta

set, ut exerci randam ab Ot

Benevolentiam erga me tuam, ornatissime Leonarde Philara, nec non etiam præclarum de nostrâ pro P. A. Defensione' judicium, ex literis tuis ad dominum Augerium, virum apud nos in obeundis ab hâc republicâ legationibus fide eximiâ illustrem, partim eâ de re scriptis cognovi: missam deinde salutem cum effigie, atque elogio tuis sane virtutibus dignissimo literas denique abs te humanissimas per eundem accepi. Atque ego quidem cum nec Germanorum ingenia, ne Cimbrorum quidem, aut Suecorum aspernari soleo, tum certe tuum, qui et Athenis Atticis natus, et, literarum studiis apud Italos fæliciter peractis, magno rerum usu honores amplissimos es conse

eloquentiæ pat ainus egregit mere videris, vili antiquius enim vel fortis

loriosius auts rel suadendo v επτόμες πριείσο quiddam bere sententia

in anim wan, laborum

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+ Pro Populo Anglicano Defensio.

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cutus, judicium de me non possum quin plu-
rimi faciam. Cum enim Alexander ille mag-
nus in terris ultimis bellum gerens, tantos se
militiæ labores pertulisse testatus sit, ons wap
Αθηναίων ένδοξίας ένεκα ; quidni ego mihi gra-
tuler, meque ornari quam maxime putem,
ejus viri laudibus, in quo jam uno priscorum
Atheniensium artes, atque virtutes illæ cele-
bratissimæ renasci tam longo intervallo et
reflorescere videntur. Quâ ex urbe cum tot
viri disertissimi prodierint, eorum potissi-
mum scriptis ab adolescentia pervolvendis,
didicisse me libens fateor quicquid ego in
literis profeci. Quod si mihi tanta vis di-
cendi accepta ab illis et quasi transfusa in-
esset, ut exercitus nostros et classes ad libe-
randam ab Ottomannico tyranno Greciam,
eloquentiæ patriam, excitare possem, ad quod
facinus egregium nostras opes penè implo-
rare videris, facerem profecto id
mihi antiquius aut in votis prius esset. Quid
enim vel fortissimi olim viri, eloquentissimi
gloriosius aut se dignius esse duxerunt, quam
vel suadendo vel fortiter faciendo ελευθερες και
αυτονόμες ποιείσθαι τες "Έλληνας ? Verum et aliud
quiddam præterea tentandum est, meâ qui-
dem sententiâ longe maximum, ut quis anti-
quam in animis Græcorum virtutem, indus-
triam, laborum tolerantiam, antiqua illa stu-

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trorsum, nunc sinistrorsum natare; frontem totam atque tempora inveterati quidem vapores videntur insedisse;. qui somnolentâ quâdam gravitate oculos, à cibo præsertim usque

ad vesperam, plerunque urgent atque deprimunt; ut mihi haud raro veniat in mentem Salmydessii vatis Phinei in Argonauticis,

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πορφύρεος γαίαν δε πέριξ έδόκησε φέρεσθαι
νειόθεν, αληχρώ δ' εαι κώματι κέκλι7' άναυδος.

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ducit atque de yandoquidem

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quam si Westmonast: Septi

Sed neque illud omiserim, dum adhuc visus aliquantum supererat, ut primum in lecto decubuissem meque in alterutrum latus reclinassem, consuevisse copiosum lumen clausis oculis emicare; deinde, imminuto indies visu, colores perinde obscuriores cum impetu et fragore quodam intimo exilire; nunc autem, quasi extincto lucido, merus nigror, aut cineraceo distinctus et quasi intextus, solet se affundere: caligo tamen, quæ perpetuo obversatur tam noctu, quam interdiu, albenti semper quam nigricanti propior videtur; et volvente se oculo aliquantillum lucis quasi per

rimulam admittit. Ex quo tametsi medico tantundem quoque spei possit elucere, tamen ut in re plane insanabili ita me paro atque compono; illudque sæpe cogito, cum destinati cuique dies tenebrarum, quod mo

To the most illu bassador fro Court of Fra

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