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felves, that their old

, will be for

tions be contrived,

tion on all men's purses; benefit to none but mough looking big

returning precipitantly, if he withhold us not, back to the captivity from whence he freed us? Yet neither shall we obtain or buy at an easy rate this new gilded yoke, which thus transports us: a new royal revenue must be found, à new episcopal; for those are individual: both which being wholly dissipated, or bought by private persons, or assigned for service done, and especially to the army, cannot be recovered without general detriment and confusion to men's estates, or a heavy imposi

“This liberty of
all other things oug!
and most precious,
dinable not to fave
than a free commc
magnanimous, most
its own fair proceed

nimous, full of fear led at every umbr: serted of old to h and mistrusted then for virtue and gen now known to hav! pcion them who a ligious

. Queen H

person, but by

to the worst and ignoblest sort of men, whose
hope is to be either the ministers of court
riot and excess, or the gainers by it: but not
to speak more of losses and extraordinary
levies on our estates, what will then be the
revenges and offences remembered and rea
turned, not only by the chief
all his adherents; accounts and reparations
that will be required, suits, indictments, in-
quiries, discoveries, complaints, informations,
who knows against whom or how many,
though perhaps neuters, if not to utmost in-
Hiction, yet to imprisonment, fines, banish-
ment, or molestation? if not these, yet dis-
favour, discountenance, diregard, and con-
tempt on all but the known royalist, or whom
he favours, will be plenteous. Nor let the
row royalized presbyterians persuade them-

accounted so goo

mate, so confident never give way so reformation in thi again besought, prisoned and pers thereof; alledging unalterable, that s minisk regal autho

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selves, that their old doings, though now reçanted, will be forgotten; whatever conditions be contrived, or trusted on.”

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* This liberty of conscience, which above all other things ought to be to all men dearest and most precious, no government more inclinable not to favour only, but to protect, than a free commonwealth; as being most magnanimous, most fearless and confident of its own fair proceedings. Whereas kingship, though looking big, yet indeed most pusillanimous, full of fears, full of jealousies, startled at every umbrage, as it hath been observed of old to have ever suspected most and mistrusted them who were in most esteem for virtue and generosity of mind; so it is now known to have most in doubt and suspicion them who are most reputed to be religious. Queen Elizabeth, though herself accounted so good a protestant, so moderate, so confident of her subjects love, would never give way so much as to presbyterian reformation in this land, though once and again besought, as Camden relates; but imprisoned and persecuted the very proposers thereof; alledging it as her mind and maxim unalterable, that such reformation would diminish regal authority. What liberty of conscience can we then expect of others, far

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worse principled from the cradle, trained

up and governed by Popish and Spanish counsels, and on such depending hitherto for subsistence?!!

same reason shall

pa necks again under

of by the Jews to re
to the worship of
they falsely imagin
in more plenty and
is not sound but ro
all civil prudence;
the way we are m

, which attend
on luxury, all natio
Teign and domestic

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“ I have no more to say at present: few words will save us, well considered; few and easy things, now seasonably done. But if the people be so affected, as to prostitute religion and liberty to the vain and groundless apprehension, that nothing but kingship can restore trade, not remembering the frequent plagues and pestilences, that then wasted this city, such as through God's mercy we never have felt since; and that trade flourishes no where more than in the free commonwealths of Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries, before their eyes at this day: yet if trade be grown so craving and importunate through the profuse living of tradesmen, that nothing can support it, but the luxurious expences of a nation upon trifles or superfluities; so as if the people generally should betake themselves to frugality, it might prove a dangerous matter, lest tradesmen should mutiny for want of trading; and that therefore we must forego and set to sale religion, liberty, honour, safety, all concernments divine or human, to keep up trading: if, lastly, after all this light among us,


be from mending sing our governme now possesses us. Thave ventured w speak in season, an in time; wherein many wise men in but am sorry the

little seen among

and particulars I things whereof I

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main matters now will suffice to reco and there will wan at circumstances; minds on main ma them, in these most

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same reason shall pass for current, to put our necks again under kingship, as was made use of by the Jews to return back to Egypt, and to the worship of their idol queen, because they falsely imagined, that they then lived in more plenty and prosperity; our condition is not sound but rotten, both in religion and all civil prudence; and will bring us soon, the

way we are marching, to those calamities, which attend always and unavoidably on luxury, all national judgments under foreign and domestic slavery: so far we shall be from mending our condition by monarchising our government, whatever new conceit now possesses us. However, with all hazard I have ventured what I thought my duty to season,

and to forewarn my country in time; wherein I doubt not but there be many wise men in all places and degrees, but am sorry the effects of wisdom are so little seen among us. Many circumstances and particulars I could have added in those things whereof I have spoken: but a few main matters now put speedily in execution, will suffice to recover us, and set all right: and there will want at no time who are good at circumstances; but men who set their minds on main matters, and sufficiently urge them, in these most difficult times I find not

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These attacks wer sion much disturban thor

: but he could no tear approach of th was justready to burs

men!) to be the last words of our expiring display of his loy
many. What I have spoken, is the language
of that which is not called amiss “ The good
old Cause;" if it seem strange to any, it will
not seem more strange, I hope, than convinc-
ing to backsliders. Thus much I should per-
haps have said, though I were sure I should
have spoken only to trees and stones; and
had none to cry to, but with the prophet,
66 O earth, earth, earth!” to tell the very
soil itself, what her perverse inhabitants
are deaf to, Nay, though what I have spoke
should happen (which thou suffer not, who
didst create mankind free! nor thou next,
who didst redeem us from being servants of

His spirit

, however, while there remained ing his falling cause tive in its support. I their triumph, the Rd upon the press and t

of their tenets and Dr. Matthew Griffi chaplains

, desirous

might be especiall Fished a sermon, W Mercer's Hall, on Son, fear the Lord not with them the On this provocatio and, in a short by

This production of Milton's was made the subject of a sportive and a serious reply: the former, a ludicrous pamphlet affecting to issue from Harrington's republican club, was called “ The Censure of the Rota upon Mr. Milton's Book, entitled, “ The ready and easy way to establish a free Commonwealth;” and the latter was styled, “The Dignity of Kingship asserted in Answer to Mr. Milton's ready and easy Way, &c.”

the Doctor's serr

Milton's severity on
province of politics, remi
Butke reprehended a st

Price differed as esse
the chaplain of Charles
Rockinghan's secretary
Fame treatment, and the
Painments of reprobati

fP.W. vol. iii, 421, 422, 428.

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