## Neutrons, X-rays and Light: Scattering Methods Applied to Soft Condensed MatterScattering experiments, using X-ray, light and neutron sources (in historical order) are key techniques for studying structure and dynamics in systems containing colliods, polymers, surfactants and biological macromolecules, summarized here as soft condensed matter. The education in this field in Europe is very heterogeneous and frequently inadequate, which severely limits an efficient use of these methods, especially at large-scale facilities. The series of "Bombannes" schools and the completely revised and updated second edition of the lecture notes are devoted to a practical approach to current methodology of static and dynamic techiques. Basic information on data interpretation, on the complementarity of the different types of radiation, as well as information on recent applications and developments is presented. The aim is to avoid over - as well as under-exploitation of data. |

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Page 259

Introduction Polymers are macromolecules formed by a large number of low

molecular weight building blocks, the so-called

are polyethylene (PE) consisting of N repeating groups [-CH2-CH2-I/V ,

polystyrene ...

Introduction Polymers are macromolecules formed by a large number of low

molecular weight building blocks, the so-called

**monomers**. Well known examplesare polyethylene (PE) consisting of N repeating groups [-CH2-CH2-I/V ,

polystyrene ...

Page 260

If we use a hypothetical magnifying glass at very high magnification, where we

can resolve atomistic properties of the polymer chain, we observe chemical

details such as the sequence and structure of the

clear ...

If we use a hypothetical magnifying glass at very high magnification, where we

can resolve atomistic properties of the polymer chain, we observe chemical

details such as the sequence and structure of the

**monomers**along the chain. It isclear ...

Page 403

Polycondensates ofAf

factors of structures obtained by random condensation of /-functional

Ay) in which the resulting statistics of the subchains is Gaussian. For equal ...

Polycondensates ofAf

**monomers**: Kajiwara et al. (1970) have calculated the formfactors of structures obtained by random condensation of /-functional

**monomers**(Ay) in which the resulting statistics of the subchains is Gaussian. For equal ...

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### Contents

Introduction to Scattering Experiments | 3 |

Experimental Aspects Initial Data Reduction | 23 |

General Theorems in SmallAngle Scattering | 49 |

Copyright | |

18 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

amplitude Appl approximation average beam bilayers calculated cell Chem coefficient colloidal concentration constant contrast variation correlation function Cryst crystals curvature cylinders dependence detector determined deuterated dilute distance distribution function droplets dynamic dynamic light scattering effects excluded volume expression film fluctuations form factor Fourier transform Gaussian given Glatter incoherent scattering instrument interactions lamellar length scales light scattering Lindner measured method micelles microemulsion microstructure molar mass molecular molecules monodisperse monomers multiple scattering neutron scattering obtained parameter particles PDDF peak Pedersen phase photons Phys plot polydisperse polymer polymer chain polystyrene Porod radiation radius of gyration random walk range refractive index regime sample SAXS scattered intensity scattering angle scattering curve scattering data scattering experiments scattering function scattering length scattering length density scattering vector Schurtenberger shear shown in Fig simulations single scattering small-angle scattering solution solvent spherical structure factor surfactant suspension technique temperature values volume fraction wavelength Zemb