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RICHMOND, INDIANA, UNION SCHOOLS.-We have received from Mr. J. Hurty, Superintendent, his report to the Board of Education for the month ending 16th January, 1857.
Number of scholars entitled to public funds, 1454 ; teachers employed, 14 ; pupils enrolled, 860 ; in High Schools, 150; in Grammar Schools, 201 ; in Secondary Schools, 287; in Primary Schools, 217 ; daily average in High School, 139; in Grammar Schools, 177; in Secondary Schools, 203 ; in Primary, 184 ; in all the Schools, 703 ; cases of tardiness in High School, 20 ; absence in High Schools, 41 ; in Grammar Schools, 30; in Secondary Schools, 22; in Primary Schools, 80 ; in all from sickness, 40; number of pupils engaged in quarreling, 0; cases detected in falsehood, 2; in profane language, 2; number of corporal punishments inflicted, 0; number of visits from the city, 240; from the country, 11 ; from the Board, 1.
The Richmond Public School, from failure of funds, closes shortly. The Superintendent takes the field as “ stump agent” of the Indiana Teachers' Association about the 15th of this month.
- The District of Columbia is aspiring to have ample resources for educational purposes. A proposition is now before the U. S. Congress to appropriate 50,000 acres of Congress land for the support of Free Schools in that District.
-At Findlay, Hancock Co., the evil of tardiness and vagrancy is engaging public attention. The clerk of the School Board addresses the public through the “ Home Companion,” asking for reform. The editor, who has been a teacher, in alluding to the evil, says :
" The only practical remedy for this truancy at school, unless the parents take the matter in hand, is to expel every scholar who persists in it, and deny them the privileges of the school, until they show evidences of reformation. This may appear a hard rule, but truants will learn by no other. Tardiness, also, wh ch is much complained of, can only be cured by excluding the offender from school, for the day on which he is tardy, unless he presents a written excuse from one of his parents. This is our experience, and, we believe, the experience of nearly every teacher in the state.”
-Rev. Anson Smyth, late editor of the Journal, now State School Commis. sioner, Columbus, has indorsed the circular heretofore issued by Mr. H. H. Barney, as follows :
“The great number of questions arising under the present School Law, and the importance of having a thorough understanding, by its officers, of the provisions of the law, and a uniform policy pursued in all the counties, in its administration, have imposed the necessity of having some medium of communi. cation with those officers, and the Commissioner has gladly availed himself of the Ohio Journal of Education for this purpose.
“All my official decisions and opinions have been, and will continue to be published in the Journal ; and it is my opinion that County Auditors will be justified in subscribing for a copy for their own use, and one (or more) for the Board of School Examiners; and that township Boards may order it for the township clerk, and the clerk of each sub-district, and include the cost of the same in their annual estimate of money to be raised in accordance with the 22d section of the School Law.
" Tho copies so taken, should, of course, be kept on file in their respective omlces, and be transmitted to their successors in office.”
Editors throughout the state, by publisbing the above, will confer a favor to school officers, and greatly abridge the official correspondence of the Com. missioner. The cost of the Journal is $1 per annum.
THE SCHOOL LAW IN THE HOUSE.
The bill introduced by Mr. Monroe, Chairman of the Committee on Schools, to amend the School Law, has been considered in Committee of the Whole in the House. Mr. Hume, of Marion, proposed several amendments, materially chang. ing some features of the law. His propositions contemplated the establishment of County Boards, for a more equitable distribution of the school fund among townships and districts. Mr. H. supported his amendments at considerable length, and was replied to by Mr. Monroe. The amendments were rejected in committee by a decided vote.
Mr. Littler, of Clark, offered amendments to repeal the Library provision of the present School Law, which he supported at length, taking the ground that the Library feature has, in the main, proved a failure, and is a tax without sufficient compensating benefits. He charged mismanagement of the library fund by the former School Commissioner, and claimed that the people demand that this feature of the system be abolished. Mr. L. said he was not opposed to the School system as a whole-he was proud of it-but only to that portion under which abuses and frauds had been practised.
Mr. Watson, of Cuyahoga, defended the School Library system, and referred to the warfare waged on the system in the early history of Public Schools in New York. The system had been maintained, and had conquered all opposition. He had often visited the schools of Western New York, and found them generally with some $100 to $500 worth of apparatus, for illustrating the branches pupils were rapidly acquiring. Mr. W. considered the Library an indispensable auxiliary to the Common School system of Ohio, one which the people would not consent should be abandoned.
Mr. Monroe, of Lorain, regretted that attempts had been made to load down the bill with amendments. Let gentlemen who favor striking out the Library, make the proposition a distinct measure. That is the proper way to reach the subject. If the proposed amendment prevailed, he should feel compelled to vote against the bill.
The Library principle, Mr. M. said, all admit to be right, but the main objec. tion is to the manner in which the system has been administered. This is an extraordinary reason to urge for abolishing the system. To amend and improve would be more statesman-like, and the object of the Sehool Committee in preparing the bill had been to perfect the law.
It is probable that there has been just cause of complaint in the feature of the law giving one man the entire control and selection of the School Libraries, and this bill remedies the defect by dividing the responsibility among a Board to be constituted of the best men in the State.
Some nineteen States have successfully adopted the School Library system, which did not originate with mere schoolmasters, but with such statesmen as De Witt Clinton and others, whose names are to be mentioned with reverence in these degenerate days.
The amendment was disagreed to in committee. When the bill was reported back to the House, Mr. Hawkins, of Ashtabula, offered an amendment repealing the Library section of the School Law, which was disagreed to-yeas 42, nays 42. Mr. Smith, of Montgomery, moved to reconsider the vote, which motion was laid on the table. The vote will probably be reconsidered, but the friends of the Library system are confident that the provision will be sustained by a full House, and are willing that the question shall then be fairly tested. We do hope that nothing will be done by our present Legislature to weaken and cripple our edu. cational system by abrogating or further suspending this important provision.
ITEMS. - The American Journal of Education and College Review, for February, is one of peculiar interest to Ohio subscribers. Much of its space is devoted to the Reports of the officers of Cincinnati Schools — that of Mr. Rickoff, Sup't, is highly commended. Robinson's Mathematical Works, published in Cincinnati, are well spoken of, and are interesting. History of Ohio University, by Pres't Howard, appears in its pages.
- Bro. Carter - we call the School Teacher brother — writing from Felicity, says, Our Institute meets in this place, the 30th March-then you may look for a big list for the 'Journal' from this county. Can't you run over and visit the Institute ? it remains in session one week. We hope to have the “ Felicity.”
- Mr. Thos. Kelsall, Cincinnati, who advertises School Furniture, is known to us as a faithful business man. He furnishes all the supplies in that line for the Cincinnati Schools, doing work well and cheap.
- Observe advertisement of A. S. Barnes & Co.
- Sheldon, Blakeman & Co. have a new advertisement in this No. Teachers must keep posted up.
- Henry Howe, Cincinnati, whose services in collecting the Historical Facts which constitute the popular book entitled Howe's History of Ohio, has employment for those who are earnest in the work, in distributing his publications. His advertisement gives particulars.
- We have received from A. W. Price, agent, Cleveland, O., a set of Colton's Geographical Cards. They are six in number, 31 by 22 inches each in sizedefining rivers, seas, bays, islands, etc. by a picture, attractively colored, with descriptions in large letters, for Primary Schools-a first rate medium of reaching mind through the eye. Price $3.00 per set.
-As an evidence of the progress of invention, as education becomes more widely diffused, it may be stated that for ten years before 1826, when the common school system became an element of State control in a few of the States, the receipts of the U. S. Pension Office were but $6,000 per annum. In 1855 they were $176,000.
-An apology may be due for some deficiency in the order and arrangement of articles in this number, as the Editor has been closing his connection with the Cincinnati School Board, the complicated duties, as clerk of which, had to be performed, as well as those of editing the February and March numbers of the Journal. Having resigned his place as secretary of the Boards of Education, he hopes to devote himself hereafter, earnestly and assiduously, to these pages and to their circulation.
-We hope no true friend of our cause-no former subscriber or active mem. ber of the Association will fail to make it a personal business with him or her to commence and secure subscribers for their own paper. Hurrah, as a corres. pondent has said, for a self-supporting circulation !
APRIL SchooL ELECTIONS.-Ten thousand school Directors or Trustees are to be elected on the ensuing second Monday of April. By law, on that day, there is required to be held, at the usual hour and place of holding district meetings, in each of the sub-districts of the several townships of the state, a school meeting of the qualified voters at the state and county elections, who, when assembled, shall organize by the appointment of a Chairman and Secretary, and proceed to elect, by ballot, one school director to serve for the term of three years.
Thus there may be changes, in the coming month, of ten thousand District Directors, having special management and control of the local interests and affairs of schools and the employment of teachers. Much of the progress of education and the ultimate prosperity of the state materially depends upon the selection of fit men to fill these important offices. What kind of men should be selected ?-Who ought to serve ?—Who is just the man, because he has the rarest positive qualities for the specific duties, are questions of moment, to consider during the month, to be answered in time to lead to proper action in April.
- The burning of the paper mill at Delaware, which supplied the publishers of this Journal, at the time the matter was prepared for the press, has prevented the appearance of the March number as early as it was prepared.
– To provide for the accumulation of matter on hand, an addition of eight pages of reading matter has been made to this March number.
- Observe also the new form of advertisements.
— The active teachers of the state are requested to make a special effort to secure additional subscribers to the Journal.
- There is a disposition manifested on the part of some of the earnest friends of the schools in the Legislature, in order to save it from being repealed outright, to yield to a continued suspension of the tax for library purposes for another year, that a Reform School may be organized, an Agricultural School established, and the geological survey of the state re-commenced. This is the very latest before going to press, March 5.
MARCH.-The month in which spring opens is upon you, teachers. 'Twas when consenting spring shed her rosy garlands on the poet Thomson's head, that he sang for you:
“Delightful task! to rear the tender thought,
The generous purpose in the glowing breast.” The first day of March is St. David's day. He is the patron saint of Wales, and it is the custom of the Welsh to observe the day as an anniversary, and to wear in their hats a green leaf or leek.
The first day, Sunday, is the commencement of Lent, a period of forty days observed by Catholics and some of the Protestant churches.
- Any one having a complete file of the “Ohio Common School Director," a periodical published in 1838, by Samuel Lewis, Supt. of Schools, and willing to dispose of the same, will please correspond with John D. Caldwell, Editor, Co. lumbus.
- The steel plate engraving of the Woodward High School, of Cincinnati, which accompanies this number, represents one of the most beautiful, commodi. ous and well arranged edifices in the United States. Rev. Dr. Shepardson is Principal, and is training up promising classes of the youth of the Queen City.
We design furnishing a view in the same elegant style, of the Hughes High School of Cincinnati.
We are indebted to Mr. Wm. P. Stratton, member of the Union Board, for interesting himself for the Journal, by obtaining from that Board the use of these plates.
- The editor of the American Magazine, in speaking of vocal music, says : "All children can learn to sing, if they commence in season. In Germany, every child is taught to use its voice while young. In their schools, all join in singing, as a regular exercise, as much as they attend to the study of geography; and in their churches singing is not confined to the choir, that sits apart from the others, perhaps in the corner of the house, but there is a vast tide of that incense going forth to God from every heart that can give utterance to this language from the soul. In addition to the delightful influence music has upon the character, it has also a marked influence in suppressing pulmonary com. plaints. Dr. Rush used to say that the reasons why the Germans seldom die of consumption, was that they were always singing."
-"Study,” says Carlyle, “to do whatsoever things in your actual situation you find expressly or tacitly laid down to your charge-that is your post; stand to it like a true soldier. Silently devour the many chagrins of it-all situations have many—and see you aim not to quit it without doing all that is your duty."
- The following, written by the Learned Blacksmith, read to boys in our Buckeye schools, ought to inspire them to action:
“Boys, did you ever think that this great world, with all its wealth and woe; with all its mines and mountains, oceans, seas and rivers; with all its shipping, its steam boats, railroads, and magnetic telegraphs; with all its millions of darkly groping men, and all the sciences and progress of ages, will soon be given over to the hands of the boys of the present age--boys, like you, assembled in school rooms, or playing without them, on both sides of the Atlantic? Believe it and look abroad upon your inheritance, and get ready to enter upon its possession. The Kings, Presidents, Governors, Statesmen, Philosophers, Ministers, Teachers, men of the future, are all boys, whose feet, like yours, cannot reach the floor when seated upon the benches, upon which they are learning to master their respective langnages.”
· Why are teeth like verbs ? Because they are regular, irregular, and defective.
WILLIAMS COLLEGE.-Prof. Chadbourne, of Williams College, has chartered a schooner for an exploring and scientific expedition to the Florida coast, undertaken by the Lyceum of Natural History connected with that institution. It is announced as about to sail.
- Joseph R. Williams, Esq., late editor of the Toledo Blade, has been chosen President of the Michigan Agricultural College.
A prosy orator reproved Lord North for going to sleep during one of his speeches. “Pooh, pooh!” said the drowsy Premier," the physician should never quarrel with the effect of his own medicine." .“ Pa, is Pennsylvania the father of all other States ?”
“Certainly not, my child; why did you ask that question?” “Because I see the newspapers call it Pa."
Success in these days is not fortuitous; the wiser wins. The mechanic must go to the study and the student to the work-shop. In this manner we will "educate labor and set knowledge to work.”
- We acknowledge the reception of a spirited monthly, entitled “ Cincinnatus," published monthly at College Hill, six miles north of Cincinnati. It is devoted to “ Educated Labor; the loveliest and grandest element of Human Progress.” Edited by iba President of Farmers' College, aided by the Faculty of that Institution, and ine President of the Ohio Female College.