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THE SCHOOL LAW.-Mr. Monroe has introduced a bill to amend the existing School Law, the object being to perfect the law and thus render it more efficient. The amendments appertain to sections three, four, twelve, seventeen, nineteen, twenty-four, fifty one, sixty, sixty-one, and sixty-two.
The most important of these is that relating to Libraries, which section it is sought to amend so as to empower the Boards of Education to deposit all the books sent to their charge in one place, or to distribute them to several points in the district, as the convenience of the people and the best interests of the youth may require. The Governor, Auditor of State, and State Librarian, are constituted a School Library Committee, to direct the School Commissioner in regard to the kind and cost of books. He is to make no purchase without their approbation. Township Boards, in raising money for building purposes, are limited to two mills on the dollar. If, in their judgment, more is needed, they are authorized to call a meeting of the qualified voters, and submit the question to them. Some discretionary power is granted to Township Boards, to distribute the money which is raised, to prolong schools in such a manner as to assist those sub-districts which, on account of geographical difficulties or sparseness of population, have but a small number of resident youth. The length of time for which schools are required to be kept, is reduced from seven months to six.
THE REPENTANT YOUTH.-In a metropolitan criminal court, an Irish woman, whose boy had been sentenced a long term in the penitentiary, for some not well proven offense, said, “Won't your Honor give him a shorter term ? He is a good boy to me, your Honor;, he always was. I've just made him some nice clothes, your Honor, which fit him beautiful (and she looked, as she said it, as only a mother can look at her boy); and if you give him a long time to stay in the prison, the clothes won't fit him when he comes out, for he's a growin' boy." Poor mother! she had saved much (for her) from her scant earnings to clothe her boy “like the neighbor's children.” This was too much for her son. He melted-he wept-he repented-he was forgiven. And he is now one of the most promising, enterprising and honorable young merchants in our city. Every word of this is true, and known to be so to very many persons.Knickerbocker.
SCHOOL HOUSES AS WAY-MARKS.-A correspondent from Berea writes that school houses generally have an intolerable sameness, looking as if they were cut out by the same pattern, and made at the same shop. They are too easily recognized. They should have as much pleasing variety as the private houses which adorn our delightful land. There should be something about them different from those monotonous and dreary circumstances which now surround them every where here. If men would build them more nearly to resemble their own homes, going to school would be robbed of half of įts irksomeness. Those boys and girls who have pleasant homes, would hardly realize their absence from them, and the children of poor or untasteful parents would enjoy the privilege of spending a portion of each day where their love of beauty and propriety would be gratified and increased. We would say that Ohio stands preëminent for the improvement made in the style and comfort of common and union school houses. The great outcry of grumblers since the passage of the revised school law has been caused by the Boards of Education having obtained the opportunity to tax the people for better school buildings, and for fear that the opportunity might not last long, have expended in some cases beyond a reasonable sum. Good houses, commodious and well ventilated, have been the result, and neighborhoods have been improved morally and economically a thousand fold by the expenditure. Under the old fogy system, so long in vogue, not a dime could be expended in consequence of some conse. quential self-important individual, the casual holder of some property which would be valueless to him or any body else if not made available by the vicinity of a laboring, cultivated and moral population, for whom school houses and meeting houses are indispensable.
- The planets Venus and Jupiter are conspicuous now in the south-west soon after sunset.
The fourth session of this institution will close March 13, 1857.
The whole number enrolled in the Normal School proper, for the term, is 90, and about the same number in the Model School. Total 180.
The next session of twelve weeks, will commence April 13, and close June 26, 1857.
The tuition, as fixed by the Board of Trustees at their annual meeting, is $26 per annum, in both the Academic and Normal departments.
No deduction for fractional terms, except in cases of protracted illness or like casualties.
Boarding ranges from $2.00 to $2.25 per week.
TEACHER WANTED, as Principal of the Grammar School at Perrysburg, Wood Co., Chio, to fill the place of J. T. Read, A. B., who has been invited to take charge of the schools at Warsaw, Ill. Address immediately,
D. E. WELLS, Superintendent,
WANTED.-A good male Teacher, capable of taking charge and teaching the highest department of an Union School. Address, giving terms, references, &c.,
J. C. DOUGLASS,
06F A situation now wanted by a gentleman who has had several years experience in governing and teaching. He can produce the very best credentials as to his ability to take charge of good schools.
Please address Ed. Lancaster (0.) Gazette, or M. H., New Holland, O.
Ohio Journal of Education.
COLUMBUS, APRIL, 1857.
"THE MONEELY NORMAL SCHOOL, OHIO."
The fourth session of this Institution commenced Nov. 11, 1856, and closed March 12, 1857.
The attendance was greater than at any previous term, notwithstanding that many of its former pupils were engaged throughout the country in their winter schools.
The number in attendance the first session, commencing Nov. 26tb, 1855, and closing March 220, 1856, was 56-including both depart. ments of the Normal School. During this term, an arrangement was effected with the Village or District School of Hopedale (consisting of some 100 or 120 pupils), by which it was transferred to the Normal School Building and placed under the control of the N. S., in the capacity of a Model Sebool. This arrangement is still maintained, though with slight alterations. The second session, commencing April 8, opened with 64 in attend
The number of instructors employed hitherto in the Normal School had been but two, viz, the Principal of the Normal Department and the Principal of the Academic Department. It was found necessary, in order to consolidate the Model School with the Normal School, and also to secure more help, which was needed in both, to employ an additional teacher. Accordingly, with the unanimous concurrence of the Board of Trustees, Miss B. M. Cowles, of Canton, Ohio, a well known, experienced and most accomplished teacher, was employed as Principal of the Model School, and teacher in the N. S.; her services to commence with the third session. An assistant teacher was also employed to take charge of the Primary Department of the Model School.
The annual expense for teachers' salaries for all departments, according to this arrangement, amounted to $2800; $500 of this is met by
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the funds of the district, leaving a balance of $2300 per annum to be met by the income of the Institution.
The third term, commencing August 25, opened with a moderate increase of students, when the above arrangement went into operation. The results were quite gratifying; but, as was expected, a slight change became necessary. It was soon found that, in order to accommodate the increasing numbers, as well as to meet the increased demand for labor, more room and more help would be needed. Accordingly, another room was fitted up for the accommodation of the Secondary Department of the Model School, a subordinate teacher secured to take charge of a part of it, and the former Principal transferred, with full work, to the Normal School - retaining twenty of her pupils as a model class.
While this arrangement does not materially increase the expenses of the Institution, it secures a two-fold advantage : first, it affords more room and better accommodations to all departments; and secondly, it secures nearly one-third more assistance in the Normal School proper. The model classes are now rendered effective, whereas by the former arrangement, the great object of an experimental class was measurably defeated.
The fourth session commenced as stated above. The attendance in the N. S. bas been as follows : First Term....
56 Second “
68 Fourth "
90 In the M. S. the attendance has not been far from 100 per term.
The annual income of the Institution, thus far, will not differ widely from the following: From Tuition...
400 Room rent
100 - $2200 The annual expense of the Institution has been about as follows:
For instruction in the N. S. proper.. $2200
700 = $2900 Leaving an indebtedness of some $700. This has been increased chiefly from repairs. Provision is made, however, for meeting this deficit, in pledges made in accordance with the plan upon which the Institution is established. It is to be regretted, however, that the engagement has not yet been fulfilled, nor much realized upon that which has been pledged.
A patronage of 100 students, at the present rate of tuition, would just about meet the expenses for teaching ; while that of 125 or 130, would amply defray all expenses. It is confidently believed that, with increased facilities for boarding, etc., the number of students would, in a very short time, exceed any of these figures.
An arrangement has been effected with “Pumphrey Hall” and other boarding places, whereby boarding shall not exceed $2.00 or $2.25 per week.
A ball for the accommodation of those wishing to board themselves is very much needed, and will be erected, it is hoped, early in the coming spring or summer.
With these facilities, no institution in the State or country, perhaps, all things considered, offers greater inducements or better opportunities to the common school teacher than the above named Shall it be sustained? shall not many more, eventually, be established ? shall not the State of Ohio have a system of Professional Schools worthy ber great name, and her great resources ? The teacher must answer these questions.
The McNeely Normal School of Obio is the property of the teachers of the State ; therefore, every teacher in the State has an interest in it. Every school district has an interest in it. More, every parent and child in the State has an interest in it. Much more, then, bas the profession, as a body. It has been earnest in its demand for professional schools. That demand bas been heeded. This Normal School has been in operation but little over one year; and it is safe to say that, in that time, from 150 to 200 teachers have received instruction in it. Some of these will graduate the ensuing summer; while many more will go to their fields of labor, invigorated and strengthened with renewed purposes and zeal, soon to return and to complete the course. The prospects of the Institution are steadily brightening. Its objects and aims are such as to win confidence wherever it is known. The humble success thus far attending it, has demonstrated that the plan, at least, is practicable. It now remains to be seen whether this plan can be successfully carried out.
The Normal School proper is composed of two departments, viz: The Academic, and Normal or Professional. The course of study in the latter is as follows: