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which ought to have taken a rank nearly equal to that of a college. She was puzzled and perplexed by various circumstances when she first entered the School, one of which was, that the two men who had the management of the institution, the principal and the manager of the boarding department, had no confidence in each other; that the students bad none in either of them, that there was not the right kind of subordination among the students, or, what she had been accustomed to consider, a right spirit of improvement.

She was not long in discovering that the principal was a man whose education was, comparatively, very poor for the station he occupied. This, however, only partially cleared up the mystery; the greater portion of the students would not discover this, being, as before intimated, influenced by nothing more than what might be denominated a mercenary spirit of improvement. Upon this man came the whole government of the school, aside from the authority maintained by the lady principal for the teacher of languages, whose name was in catelogue as president, neither desired, or was permitted to know anything about, or take any part in the government of the institution. Gradually, however, the mystery unfolded itself. One day Ada was reasoning with one of the young ladies upon the wrong spirit she manifested towards one of her schoolmates. These two, with some others, occupied a suite of rooms, at a distance from those occupied by the Principal, and other young ladies; conseqently, out of her supervision, unless she went to them for that purpose. While talking to this young lady, she suddenly broke out with, “Why, Miss B., the reason we don't like her, is because we think you have hired her as a spy upon us, to tell you every thing we do.” Astonished and indignant, Ada repelled the charge with an earnestness which left no room for doubt in the mind of the listener. She told the young lady that she thought it would be a very good plan to have Miss L. appointed monitor of that set of rooms ; but when she did that, she would let them all knew it, she never in her life employed a spy

She sought the principal and laid the matter before him, when, to her unbounded astonishment, he told her he had already agreed to give Miss L. her tuition, to keep watch of the young ladies in that room, and let him know their proceedings; of course, not letting them know anything about it.” A blush of shame mounted to his cheek, as he met her astonished, indignant look, and she turned from him, sick at heart, that she had thus come in contact with the very principles she had always fought against. But the clue was reached. She found

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that this little piece of deceit against the students, was but a specimen of the way the whole thing was managed. The principal governed by spies. The spies turned traitor to the principal. The students had no confidence in the teachers, nor the teachers in the students, and the lesson learned by the whole was deceit, and nothing but deceit. Disgusted and weary, Ada sought another field of labor, with a new resolve in her heart, that, come what might, she would never manage her pupils so as to implant in their young hearts a lesson of distrust and fraud, to be learned soon enough, when they go forth to struggle with a busy world.

It is perhaps necessary to delegate the authority of a teacher to some of the pupils, sometimes,-always a necessary evil—but I hold that it is not only unnecessary, but wrong, to make those pupils spies.

SODUS, N. Y., Nov., 1856.




A word on this point with you, fathers or mothers, who read the Ohio Farmer. Have you fully settled the matter in your mind that your daughter can be healthy only on the same conditions as your son ? If you have not thought over this subject, please do so, and if you

dis cover that your daughter can be well and strong while pursuing a course that would enervate and ruin your son, make no delay in publishing it to the whole world. For, in spite of all appearances to the contrary, there are many people that are killing their daughters now, to make them pretty, who would be glad to have them pretty without killing them. But it may be some time before you make this discovery. Meanwhile, it will be safest to proceed on the principle, that if boys must have exercise to be healthy, girls need it too. If boys need pure air to inflate their lungs, girls need the same. If boys need to be trained to vigorous toil in order to be worth anything, girls need something similar to this, to bring out what good there is in them, too. Now if these principles be sound, let us ask whether you have carried them out in your family arrangement. Does Mary work as John does, at some good solid work, or does she bend over her sewing? Does she

go out of doors and walk, workt or ride two or three hours a day, or does she breathe almost wholly the heated and poisoned air of a close room? Does her dress allow her lungs free play, or are corsets and cords crushing her vitals into premature putrefaction? These are plain questions ; we mean them to be so; for the principles and practices to which they refer, are of incalculable consequence. It will not blunt the arrow of grief, as you follow that daughter to the grave, to remember that your folly sowed the seeds of fatal disease in her system. Nor will it make your old age happy, to see in her puny and sickly offspring, the proof and result of your sad mistakes in her physical education. Beware now, for now is the time to beware of consequences. A blunder here may imperil many lives.-Ohio Farmer.

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A NEW GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF OH10.-We believe that under the present state of affairs, no step in state legislation would contribute more to the material prosperity of Ohio, than a thorough geological and agricultural re-survey of the State. It would be a grand step towards opening the undiscovered treasures of mineral wealth, that now lię buried and useless in our midst ---of giving a new impulse to art, science, and manufactures, without which any country must necessarily languish, under the sway of a poor, rude, and illiterate agricultural population. Again, it would increase the agricultural value of lands in the State. It is a well known fact, that in tertiary formations, such as compose the surface of Ohio, strata often occur, lying within a few feet of each other, separately sterile, but which by being mixed, constitute a soil of the highest fertility. Many beds of gypsum, marl, and other fertilizers, have been developed by Agricultural and Geographical surveys in other States, which have greatly increased their agricultural prosperity. Normal School Advocate.

ORTHOGRAPHICAL.-A shoemaker received a note from a lady to whom he was particularly attached, requesting him to make her a pair of shoes, and not knowing exactly the style she required, he dispatched a written missive to her, whether she would have them Wround or Esq Toad.' The fair one, indignant at this nice specimen of orthography, replied "Kneether."

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CONSONANTS į O o, 88, Uų;

@g, hd, ad ES <3, Vy; by, boy, bow, new,

etch, bath, bathe, marsh, rouge, sing b, d, f, g, h, j, i, k, l, m, n, P, r, , t, v, w, y, Z,

as usually employed.

YUS AND ABUS OV ETIMOLOJI. dar iz, hoever, a fols etimoloji hwic iz mug prevalent, and ng mug tot in skolz. Az de Ipglis iz a laygwaj derjvd from meni sorsez, and in modern timz haz resevd meni aksesonz from de Latin and Grek direkt, hwil previusli it resevd dem indirektli oro de Freng, tegerz hav bin mug in de habit ov foiy te Latin and Grek rats tu hwig wurdz not Sakson má be trast, and konsiderip dez az de etimolojiz ov de laygwaj.

de grosest erorz qr in te aktyųal histori ov wurdz, and in de derivason ov tar mɛniŋ from de histori. Mor akyyrát nolej, fonded upon fonoloji and de lojikal histori ov wurdz, wil korekt dez, but in de men tjm it iz nesesári dat pepl sud be disabųzd ov ds det dat if đa no tę ultimat Latin er Grek orijin ov a wurd đa no its meniy. Argbisop Hwatli givz de dre wurdz understandig, substàns, hịpostasis, el įdentikal in đạr radikal meniŋ, and wjdli diferent in dar aktyyal aplikasonz az egzamplz ov đe danjerus mistaks hwig ma be mad bi doz ho go direkt tu dɛ etimoloji ov wurdz. It iz a most instruktiv and yysful eksersįz tu obzerv de meniy ov wurdz, or tu tras de derivason or de most varid jdeaz from tɛ sam radikal nofonz, but eni wun ho konsevz dat he kud predikt de canj bį noiy đe orijinal, wud be lik a man prognostikatiy đe kors ov a river from a nolej ov de lokaliti ov its sors widst eni konsepson ov te patyyr ov de kuntri dro hwiç it had tu flo.

Etimoloji iz not onli inseparabl from fonoloji, but from histori elso; and de soner dat suc bastard lẹrmin az komonli goz bị đe nam or etimoloji iz got rid ov, de beter for de lojikal edyukason ov Inglismen. Tu doz ho no Latin and Grek, de canjez mad bị fonetik speliŋ wil not oka-, gon de slitest difikulti in trasiŋ a wurd tu its orijin; tu doz ho do not, de gånjez gr ov no konsekwens hwotever.



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QUESTION. When the qualified voters of a city or incorporated village, ore ganized as to Schools, under any special act, shall have determined by vote, as provided in Sec. 66 of the general School law, that the Common Schools of such city or incorporated village shall be conducted and managed in accordance with the prorisions of said general School law; and when such city or incorporated village shall hare prorided by ordinance for the election or appointment of a Board of Education, preseribing their number and terms of office, would it be legal or competent for the Council of such city or incorporated village, subsequently to change by another onlinance, the number of members constituting said Board of Education, or to direct that they should be elected instead of appointed, or vioe versa ?

ANSWER. Sereral qaestions similar to the adore, have been at different times, submitted to this depanmeat for an opinion upon the proper interpretation of the last danse of See. Co of the School law.

At first, the opinion was entertained that when the qualified roters of a city or incorporated village, bad determined to relinquish their organization as to schools ander any special School act, and to be gorerned by the provisions of the general School law, and when the Council of such city or incorporated village, had once provided by ordinance for the elegion or appointment of s Board of Education, describing the number of its members and the terms of their office, she power of said Council was functus officio, and that, thereafter, it would have 20 power in the premises to change the numbers composing the Board of Educason, or the manner of creating them, thaa if sach cry or incorporated rillsge had Rerer been organized, as to Schools, under a sperial aci, dor Ead, si the time of the enactment of the general School law, come at Cance under the prorisions CORtained in its 324, 334, 34 and 35th Sections

Bat on further inrestigation, and after taking the advice of several legal gentiemen, the undersigned has come to the concasion, that the Coancil of any city o incorporated image which has determined as adore statei, si its commor Schools shall be condacted and managed in accordance with the general School xt, may change anr ordinance which may have been made for the election or appointment of a Board of Edacation, so as to increase or diminish the sumber of in members, provided the namber de 201 redaced below three members, according as the growth of sach cft or incorporated Village, or the best interests of edacation, maT seria 10 demand. It is also competent for said Council to change the mode of creating the Board of Education, dy a profision in the ordisence that they shall be elected instead of appoinnd, or the reverse. It is beHeved that the power in paestion is a continuing power, and is not exhausted by baring deen once exurird.

QTESTION. In a cortain sal district, in the township on - & Dew School House has been erected, but so simuand, that by reason af svamps and the want of passadle roads, it can noi de reached by a large number of scholars resideas in said sad-district. The loca, directors mtase to establish to Schools therein, and hence several of the inhabitans are obliged to maintain a prired School er let their children go witoni education, and this, too, sotwithstanding they pay taxes for the support or Schools. What is the remedy for soch eridezt is. justice to a portion of the people of this sud-district

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