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Good-Friday, of the Passion week, is on the 10th. Maundy Thursday, also called Chare or Shere Thursday, is the day before Good Friday,
Palm Sunday is the Sunday before Easter, and is on the fifth of this month. The festival of Easter was instituted in honor of the resurrection of our Saviour, which took place on the third day after his execution as a malefactor. Friday had been fixed upon as the day of commemorating his death, and as that took • place on the day of full moon, the first full moon after the twenty-first of March, was fixed upon as the regulator of the festival.
The day before Easter is called “Holy Saturday.” In Ireland great preparations are made, on the evening of this day, for the finishing of Lent. Children are specially interested in the custom of Easter week of preparing colored or pace eggs."
The pleasure-taking season now commences, and the Easter holidays bring happiness to old and young.
The sublime story of the Resurrection, involving the welfare of man, should be told to youth in such an impressive way as to be profitable by the recurrence of the anniversary of Easter.
The Hebrews observe one week in this month, from the 9th to 16th, as the festival of the Passover, in commemoration of the escape of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the first born of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites, which were marked with the blood of the paschal lamb.
Congress closed on the 3d. President Buchanan was inaugurated on the 4th. A new tariff bill has been adopted, to take effect on the 2d of July next, by the provisions of which the free list is enlarged so as to include books and apparatus imported for schools and public institutions. Congress has appropriated funds to a company to assist in extending telegraph wires across the Atlantic, the tariff of prices to be fixed by the Secretary of the U. S. Treasury, and the British Government.
The new Cabinet is thus constituted:
In the “Dred Scott" case, a majority of the Judges of the U. S. Supreme Court have decided that “Negroes, whether slave or free, are not, by the Constitation, citizens of the United States, and declaring that the Ordinance of 1787 and the Missouri Compromise are void as to those portions which give freedom and citizenship to negroes, and that the legal condition of a slave in the State of Missouri is not affected by his temporary sojourn in any other State, but on his return, his condition depends on the laws of the State of Missouri.”
The Kansas Territorial Legislature has provided for the assembling of a Con
vention to form a State Constitution, the election of delegates to take place on the third Monday in June; all citizens of the United States who arrived in the Territory previous to the 15th of March, (three months before the election) to vote for delegates. The Convention to assemble on the first Monday in September. The Free State men have determined to take no part, and will recommend the aceptance of the “ Topeka Constitution.” The emigration to the Territory has been very extensive during the months of February and March.
Robert J. Walker has been appointed Governor of this Territory, vice Gov. Geary, resigned.
- Lord Napier, the new British Minister, has been accredited to the United States Government, and has had a formal reception from President Buchanan.
– The subject of National Education has again been brought before the English Parliament.
- The British are at war with China, and fierce contests are going on at Canton and other seaports of the Celestial Empire.
– Samuel Medary, whose first appearance in Ohio was as a School Teacher, leaves the Buckeye State appointed Governor of Minnesota Territory.
TEACHERS' INSTITUTES.—The generous Law under which the Teachers of Ohio are authorized to combine their efforts in the cause of educational training and mutual improvement, and for which a limited appropriation is made, should not be rendered powerless or inefficient, by inaction or indifference. The Teacher must progress in his profession. His social need and craving is for the companionship and counsel of associates. The listless are excited, and those of little faith encouraged on observing the manner even of an enthusiast, and soon are warmed up to a lively appreciation of the pith and matter of his discourse, also of their own deficiency, and determine to know and do as true men should.
The ninety days annually required to be spent by the State Commissioner, at least ten days in each of the nine judicial districts of the State, superintending and encouraging Teachers’ Institutes, furnishing them with laws, forms and instruction, conferring with township Boards of Education or other school officers, counseling Teachers, visiting schools, and delivering lectures on topics calculated to subserve the interests of popular education, &c., is designed, we believe, to include the months of March, April and May.
May the almost apostolic zeal that inspired the lay efforts of the Pioneer agent in the field of Teachers' Institute enterprise, kindle the heart, and glow on the tongue of Rev. A. Smyth, the incumbent State Commissioner. Let the Teachers of the State be alive this subject and embrace these opp nities to enrol their names on the subscription list as subscribers of the Journal.
Printed Prospectuses have been prepared, which we hope will be circulated by friends of the Journal on all occasions, and for convenience, they are enclosed in printed envelopes, addressed, “Ohio Journal of Education, Columbus.”
The following note from the State Commissioner, will explain the general outline of the plan of his visitation throughout the State.
Columbus26, 1827. Section 50 of the School Law, requires that the State Commissioner of Schools spend ninety days, annually, in traveling, lecturing, etc., throughout the State. When the great amount of other labor which the law lays upon this officer, is considered, it is apparent that this requisition is severe and unreasonable. But it is my intention to perform, to the letter, this demand. And for the purpose of informing any who may take an interest in the matter, I hereby give notice of my intention to spend most of the time from April 8th till July 20th in this service.
During that time I hope to visit the eastern and southern portions of the State, including the counties of Ashtahula, Lake, Geauga, Cuyahoga, Summit, Portage, Trumbull, Mahoning, Stark, Columbiana, Tuscarawas, Carroll, Jefferson, Harrison, Guernsey, Belmont, Monroe, Noble, Morgan, Washington, Athens, Meigs, Vinton, Jackson, Gallia, Lawrence, Scioto, Ross, Pike, Highland, Adams, Brown, Clermont, Warren, Hamilton, Butler, and as many others as my time will permit.
Some of these counties I may be obliged to pass by in my tour, and others, not here named, I doubtless shall visit. But when I depart from my established route, to attend Institutes, or for any like purpose, it will be in fulfillment of special arrangements. Economy of time and expense demands system in the performance of this work.
I shall, if possible, visit the county seats, as I wish to confer with the Auditors in regard to School interests. In some of the counties I shall spend but a single day, in others, two or three. To each point of visitation, I shall send word sufficiently early that due notice of lecture, etc., may be given.
State School Commissioner.
REFORM SCHOOLS IN OH10.-Our space will not permit us to publish one tithe of the interesting information proper to be communicated, in reference to the enterprise recently embarked in by the General Assembly of Ohio, which provides for a proper punishment and reformation of Juvenile offenders. It is worth a line of liveliest congratulation, that no more minors are to be confined in our Penitentiary. It will be a source of infinite blessing to these unfortunates and to humanity, that a christian-like and statesman-like mode of treating boys and girls convicted of crimes and misdemeanors punishable by the State, has been adopted in Ohio.
- Mr. Jos. Sullivant, President of the School Board, Columbus, was presented with a gold-headed cane by the Teachers of the schools, at a general meeting of the Teachers, on Friday, the 27th ult., the closing day of the winter term.
- See advertisement of Morton & Griswold, Publishers, Louisville, Kentucky, of something fresh and racy, a grand book for the boys. The Common School Speaker, by Noble Butler, A. M.
A series of Grammars by the same author, will be spoken of at large in an advertisement in next number.
- Observe the announcement of Messrs. J. B. Cobb & Co., which appears in our advertising columns.
The circulation of the Journal promises to be largely increased, and affords an excellent vehicle for publishers and others to communicate to the reading public.
The Governor of this State, Salmon P. Chase, and a State Senator, Stanley Matthews, have been invited, and are expected to deliver addresses to the Ohio State achers' Association, be held in Steubenville in July ne t. Mr. Mat thews delivers an address at Kenyon College, on the 1st July, during the commencement exercises.
SELF-DENIAL.-- To teach children to practice self-denial, is, probably, the greatest duty of all moral and religious training. Self-denial consists in resist. ing and subduing every unlawful appetite. It does not consist in denying the appetite itself, but its unlawful activities and excesses. The best way to initiate children into acts of self-denial, is to exhibit an example of it in our own con. duct.
A schoolmaster had about a dozen pupils, who lived with him, and who, with his wife and assistant, had their repast together. On one occasion, Mr. Wright (for this was the master's name) received a present of a pheasant. The cook, imagining that pheasants were not common things for school boys, thought she would bring it nicely cooked, just as the boys had finished their dinner, and were about to leave the table, so that the master, his wife, and assistant, might enjoy it alone. Accordingly, just as the boys were about to stand up and give thanks, in came the servant with the pheasant. Mr. W. asked why it had not been brought in before, as they had now finished their dinner; when the cook replied, that she thought the pheasant was for her master only, and not for the boys. “Oh." said he, “I never allow any thing to be brought to my table which I do not wish all to partake of, for this, indeed, would be setting an example of selfishness which is quite contrary to what I think is the system of moral training." He then requested the boys to be seated, and invited them also to partake of the pheasant. Being a skillful carver, he contrived to serve every one present but his wife and himself with the dainty, for when he had served them round, there was nothing left. Mr. and Mrs. W. were much pleased that the boys enjoyed themselves with the present they had received, and the boys were astonished when they observed that Mr. W. had served all except his wife and him. self. The next day, one of the boys received a rich plum cake from his mother, Having presented some of it to Mr. and Mrs. W., he distributed it liberally amongst the boys, and gave also a piece to each of the servants. As there was only a small portion left for himself, one of his schoolfellows came to him and said: “You have acted very foolishly in not keeping the cake for your own enjoyment." Why,” said the generous boy, “ did you not observe how Mr. W. served out all the pheasant yesterday, and kept none for himself? And do you think that I could be so selfish as to keep all this present for myself alone, and not share it with others? I can assure you that I feel very happy in thus im parting of my enjoyments to others, and my happiness is much greater than if I had followed your advice, and had kept it all for myself!” The selfish boy felt himself rebuked, and was ashamed of his conduct. After a short pause, he said, “You are quite right, and when I receive a plum cake from my mother I will go and do likewise."
- The 7th of April is the anniversary of the first settlement of Ohio, made in 1788, at Marietta, then in the North Western Territory.
The reflections of any patriotic Teacher will furnish materials for an impressive lecture or conversation with his or her pupils, on the growth and cause of prosperity of the Buckeye State. Let the occasion be profitably improved.
- We ask the attention of the newly elected Auditors and the members of the Township Boards of Education, who are invested with the care and custody of schools in this State, also the Township Clerks and County Boards of Examiners, to the propriety of encouraging the “Ohio Journal of Education," by a liberal support.
THE LIBRARY SECTION OF THE SCHOOL LAW.No action has been taken by the General Assembly of Ohio on this subject, since that reported in the March number. If the management of the funds, or the working of the Machinery of the library feature have been illy directed, we are pleased to say, that the remedy for such defect is easy and sure. We, certainly, are not doubters that the right can be done, and that the good way can be chosen. Search about and find what's wrong, but don't break up the whole machinery! We look forward with glowing hope to the time when free libraries shall be opened near each school house, as the wells and springs of pure water now are, near these "people's colleges.” Faint not, Legislators; fear not, people.
We specially urge that the library clause may be retained, on account of the families of the State. It appears that schools, on an average, are kept up only about six months of each year. 300,000 pupils, 17,000 Teachers would be sup. plied during the remainder of the year with useful instruction, if free Public Li. braries were kept open throughout the year, without regard to the sessions of the schools.
City School SUPERINTENDENTS.-For the purpose of ascertaining more perfectly, and of defining more accurately, the nature and extent of the public duties of City School Superintendents, and of embodying the experience of such school officers, a number of the practical Superintendents of Schools in the cities and incorporated towns of Ohio, during the session of the last State Teachers' Association, formed an association at Columbus, Dec. 31st, 1856.
A. J. Rickoff, Cincinnati, President; M. F. Cowdery, Sandusky, Vice President; A. Samson, Zanesville, Secretary; Wm. Mitchell, Norwalk, Treasurer.
By the Constitution, any person acting as Superintendent of any of the Pub. lic Schools of the State of Ohio, may become a member of the Association by subscribing to ihe Constitution, and paying one dollar, and contributing annually thereafter, one dollar to its funds.
The next meeting will be held at Cincinnati, on Tuesday, April 28th, when the following reports will be made :
Mr. Cowdery, on the relations of Superintendents to Boards of Education and Teachers; Mr. Rickoff, on School Reports ; Mr. Duncan, on Teachers' Meetings ; Mr. Nelson, on Courses of Study and Classification of Schools.
The Salary Committee of the Cincinnati School Board, have recommended that Teachers' salaries be increased after next June. Male Principals of Intermediate Schools, to have from $1200 to $1500 per annum; female Principals, $100 to 600; Intermediate District School, male Principal, from $900 to $1200 ; females, from $300 to $420.
- A number of warm friends, who consider it their duty to remain subscribers to the Ohio Journal of Education as long as they live, have been cut off from receiving the same since December, when Mr. Smyth applied the rule “pay as you go.” Send on the names friends--the Journal will be mailed to your address if ordered.
- Very kind words of congratulation have been expressed towards the Editor entrusted with the care of your Journal, Teachers. The Press have spoken of his efforts and of the Journal, in such terms as to lay him under increased obligation to strive yet more sincerely, and with more ability, to elevate the standard of Teaching in Ohio, and make the State Teachers' Association a worthy instrumentality in bringing about “the good time coming."