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go out of doors and walk, workt or ride two or three hours a day, or does she breathe almost wholly the heated and poisoned air of a close room? Does her dress allow her lungs free play, or are corsets and cords crushing her vitals into premature putrefaction? These are plain questions; we mean them to be so; for the principles and practices to which they refer, are of incalculable consequence. It will not blunt the arrow of grief, as you follow that daughter to the grave, to remember that your folly sowed the seeds of fatal disease in her system. Nor will it make your old age happy, to see in her puny and sickly offspring, the proof and result of your sad mistakes in her physical education. Beware now, for now is the time to beware of consequences. A blunder here may imperil many lives.--Ohio Farmer.

A New GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF OHIO.—We believe that under the present state of affairs, no step in state legislation would contribute more to the material prosperity of Ohio, than a thorough geological and agricultural re-survey of the State. It would be a grand step towards opening the undiscovered treasures of mineral wealth, that now lię buried and useless in our midst--of giving a new impulse to art, science, and manufactures, without which any country must necessarily languish, under the sway of a poor, rude, and illiterate agricultural population. Again, it would increase the agricultural value of lands in the State. It is a well known fact, that in tertiary formations, such as compose the surface of Ohio, strata often oecur, lying within a few feet of each other, separately sterile, but which by being mixed, constitute a soil of the highest fertility. Many beds of gypsum, marl, and other fertilizers, have been developed by Agricultural and Geographical surveys in other States, which have greatly increased their agricultural prosperity. Normal School Advocate.

ORTHOGRAPHICAL. -A shoemaker received a note from a lady to whom he was particularly attached, requesting him to make her a pair of shoes, and not knowing exactly the style she required, he dispatched a written missive to her, whether she would have them Wround or Esq Toad.' The fair one, indignant at this nice specimen of orthography, replied “Kneether.'

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CONSONANTS Hij Oo, 88, Uų;

@g, , ad, S <3, ; by, boy, bow, new,

etch, bath, bathe, marsh, rouge, sing. b, d, f, g, h, j, i, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, W, -y,

as usually employed. YUS AND ABUS OV ETIMOLOJI. đạr iz, hoever, a fels etimoloji hwig iz mug prevalent, and ng mug tet in skolz. Az de lpglif iz a laygwaj derjvd from meni sorsez, and in modern tjmz haz resevd meni aksefonz from de Latin and Grek direkt, hwil previusli it resevd dem indirektli tro de Freng, tegerz hav bin mug in de habit ov foiŋ de Latin and Grek rats tu hwig wurdz not Sakson má be trast, and konsiderin dez az de etimolojiz ov de laygwaj. de grosest erorz qr in de aktyyal histori ov wurdz, and in de derivason ov đąr menin from de histori. Mor akyurát nolej, fonded upon fonoloji and đe lojikal histori ov wurdz, wil korekt dez, but in de men tìm it iz nesesári &at pepl sud be disabųzd.ov da det dat if đa no đɛ ultimat Latin er Grek orijin ov a wurd da no its meniŋ. Arcbisop Hwatli givz de dre wurdz understandig, substans, hịpostasis, el identikal in dar radikal meniy, and wįdli diferent in đạr aktyval aplikafonz az egzamplz ov de danjerus mistaks hwic ma be mad bi doz ho go direkt tu dɛ etimoloji ov wurdz. It iz a most instruktiv and yysful eksersiz tu obzerv de meniŋ ov wurdz, or tu tras de derivafon or de most varid įdeaz from te sam radikal nofonz, but eni wun ho konsevz dat he kud predikt de canj bị noiy đe orijinal, wud be lik a man prognostikatiy de kors ov a river from a nolej ov de lokaliti ov its sors widgt eni konsepson ov te natyur ov de kuntri dro hwiq it had tu flo.

Etimoloji iz not onli inseparabl from fonoloji, but from histori elso; and ae soner dat suc bastard lẹrmin az komonli goc bị đe nam ov etmoloji iz got rid ov, de beter for de lojikal edyykason ov Inglismen. Tu taz ho no Latin and Grek, de çanjez mad bi fonetik speliy wil not okazon de slįtest difikulti in trasiŋ a wurd tu its orijin; tu doz ho do not, de gånjez qr ov no konsekwens hwotever.



QUESTION. When the qualified voters of a city or incorporated village, or. ganized as to Schools, under any special act, shall have determined by vote, as provided in Sec. 66 of the general School law, that the Common Schools of such city or incorporated village shall be conducted and managed in accordance with the prorisions of said general School law; and when such city or incorporated village shall hare provided by ordinance for the election or appointment of a Board of Education, preseribing their number and terms of office, would it be legal or competent for the Council of such city or incorporated village, subsequently to change by another ordinance, the number of members constituting said Board of Education, or to direct that they should be elected instead of appointed, or vice versa?

ANSWER Seferal questions similar to the above, have been at different times, submitted to this department for an opinion opon the proper interpretation of the last danse of See to of the School law.

At first, the opinion was entertained that when the qualified roters of a city or incorporated village, bad determined to relinquish their organization as to schools under any special School act, and to be gorerned by the provisions of the general School law, and when the Council of sach city or incorporated village, had once provided by ordinance for the election or appointment of a Board of Education, describing the number of its members and the terms of their office, the power of said Council was funcius eficia, and that, thereafter, it would have no power in the premises to change the numbers composing the Board of Edacatoa, or the manner of creating them, than if such city or incorporated village had nerer been organized, as to Schools, ander s special act, bat had, at the time of the enactment of the general School law, come at once under the prorisions contained in its 324, 338, 34th and 35th Sections.

Bat on farther inrestigation, and after taking the serice of several legal gentiemen, the undersigned has come to the condasion, that the Council of any city er incorporated village, which has determined as above stated, that its commor Schools shall be condacted and managed in socordance with the general School xt, may change any ordinance which may have been made for the election or appointment of a Board of Edacation, so as to increase or diminish the number of its member, provided the number be not redaced below three members, ac cording as the growth of such city or incorporated village, or the best interests of edacation, may seem to demand. It is sigo competent for said Conndi to change the mode of creating the Board of Education, dy a provision in the or dinance, that they shall be elected instead of appointed, or the rverse. It is be Heved that the power in question is a continuing power, and is nos exbsasted by Laring been once exeritd.

QUESTION. In a certain sab district, in the township of a new School House has been apeted, but so situated, that by reason of swamps and the want of passable roads, it can not be reached by a large number of scholars residens in said sad-district

. The local directors Frase to establish two Schools therein, and hence several of the inhabitants are obliged to maintain a privax School a lst their children go witont education, and this, too, zdrwithstanding they pay taxes for the support of Schools. What is the remedy for such evident in justice to a portion of the people of this sud district

ANSWER. By Sec. 63 of the general School Act, it is declared that all the real and personal property in the State shall be taxed for the purpose of “affording the advantages of free educatirn to all the youth of this State.” Hence, every inhabitant may reasonably demand of the Board of Education, in the tonwship in which he resides, the establishment of a School within such a distance of his residence, and with such facilities for reaching it, as would enable his children to attend it, without travelling an unreasonable distance, or over impassable roads or through swamps. Until such roads are rendered passable, and the swamps drained or bridged, the inhabitants who are incommoded as already stated, should apply to the Township Board for permission to send their children to the Schools in other sub-districts, more accessible; and the Board would be in duty, and in law, bound to grant such permission, if the facts are as stated. And if the Board should refuse, without good cause, to grant the privilege solicited, the parties feeling themselves aggrieved, could then apply to the District or Supreme Court for writ of mandamus, to compel the Board to do its duty in this regard.

H. H. BARNEY, Commissioner of Common Schools.


1 Theodore Hook once said to a literary man, at whose table his publisher had become intoxicated, "My dear sir, you seem to have emptied your wine-cellar into your book-seller."

F A Yale College student lately perpetrated an amusing classical pun. Seeing a box of tea at the door of a dealer, he printed on it, in bold letters, the Latin words tu doces, to the no small'amusement of the collegians who frequented the place. The Latin words tu doces (thou teachest) being of course rendered Thou Tea Chest!

The stepping-stone to fortune is not to be found in a jeweller's shop. IF A gentleman was promenading a fashionable street with a bright little boy at his side, when the little fellow cried out:

"Oh, pa, there goes an editor !"

“Hush! hush!" said the father, “ don't make sach sport of the poor man-God only knows what you may come to yet.”

Lost.-Yesterday, somewhere between sunrise and sunset, two golden hours, set with sixty diamond minutes. No reward is offered, for they are gone forever.

“Even this will pass over !" was the proverb which the wise Solomon gave to an Eastern friend, who desired such a motto as would make the soul strong in misfortune, and humble in prosperity.

1 Infinite toil would not enable you to sweep away a mist; but by ascending a little, you may often look over it altogether. So it is with our moral improve. mont; we wrestle fiercely with a vicious habit, which would have no hold upon us if we ascended into a higher moral atmosphere.

IF The liar is the greatest fool; but the next greatest fool is he who tells all he knows. A prudent reticence is the highest practical wisdom. Silence has made more fortunes than the most gifted eloquence.




"To Athens !” was the joyful cry of Grecian scholars, when returned the seasons of their literary festivals. To Athens philosophers, orators, and poets journeyed. To Athens went the ambitious young, to treasure up wisdom from the lips of sages,--to gather inspiration from the tongues of the eloquent. In Athens met the Teacher and the pupil,—the lecturer and the learner. There, 2500 years ago, they met, and in social intercourse, and in literary entertainments, their festal days passed swiftly away,--passed joyfully away. Then to their homes they went, strengthened for new studies, inspired with new purposes, and looking forward to the day when again the cry would be heard " To Athens !”

Teachers of Ohio, twice every year we meet for a purpose similar to that which hastened to their one capital of science, literature, eloquenc and art, the teaching profession of ancient Greece. Twice every year to some chosen Athens we repair, to speak and to hear, to teach and to learn, and to exchange joyful greetings, Ohio, of which Plato, Perieles, and Pindar never heard, has its literary festivals. Our Colleges have their annual commencements, to which re-unions Alumni and Literati repair. To their Alma Maters these sons return, glad again to visit the classic halls where, in youth, their minds had been trained for those activities of life in which they now engage.

But no more joyous or profitable meetings are ever held in our great State, than our own semi-annual gatherings. When the year is closing, when the hoarse blasts of winter are mingling with the jubilant greetings of Merry Christmas and Happy New Year, we avail ourselves of our Holiday Recess, to go up to our Capital City--the seat and center of our political power, our civil and benevolent institutions

and there, as at a common home--there, as the sons and daughters of one family, we pass no heartless "compliments of the season;" but, glad in each other's presence, our hearts beat with new hopes, and throb with more noble purposes, sending a stronger and warmer current of life-blood to

* This article is the introductory portion of an address, by the Editor of the Journal, given at Mansfield, at the opening of the eighth somi-annual meeting of the Ohio State Teachers' Association, July 2, 1856.

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