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JUNE.-More than ever have we had occasion to look to June as the real May. The pretty things said of May must have been sung by Southern Poets. Of the backward May, it may be said

" Nor wonder man that Nature's bashful face,

And opening charms her rude embraces fear;

Is she not sprung of April's wayward race ?”
-June, sixth month, begins on Monday.
Full Moon, 7th

14.6 A. M.
Last Quarter, 15th

2.1 P. M. New Moon, 21st

4.6 55.4 A. M. First Quarter, 28th " 11 " 11.8 A. M. Summer commences June 21st, 7.18 P. M., and the Sun continues in the Summer signs, Cancer, Leo and Virgo, 93d. 14h. 7m.

The movable festivals of the Church for this month, are

Trinity Sunday, June 7th ; Corpus Christi Day, Fete Dieu, June 11th, June 23d the Jewish Anniversary of Thanksgiving begins. June 24th, Festival of St. John the Baptist.

“In Spring's affectionate inspiring smile

Green are the fields with promise.” May Parties adjourned over to more favorable weather, may now be held with profit aad pleasure. The “ Journal” wishes all Teachers and pupils to be happy.

-O'er the wintry boughs is seen

Spring's first light powdering of green.
Come away ! come away!
Flow'rs are fresh and fields
Spring, her early charms discovers,

Come forth to greet the breathing Spring,
Haste thee, then, for fiery June

Will tarnish all this freshness soon. -"New Methods,” and “Thoughts on Absenteeism, and the powers which teachers possess, enabling them to prevent it," came too late this month, but will appear in July No

– The School Commissioner, Rev. Anson Smyth, is visiting various portions of the State, addressing the friends of Education, and creating a good impression wherever he goes. We ask of our Educational friends to avail themselves of the occasion of his visits, to stir up the teachers by way of remembrance for the "Journal.” His receipt for funds we'll honor.

All remember the inimitable and Mann-ly anti-Tobacco Report of the last session of the Association. A few of our leading principal teachers yet cling to the use of the weed.

We are duly notified of a conversion of an "old stager," in the following language : “Now open wide your ears for news — let me have your undivided attention while I communicate the great and important fact – steady now - S0 - 80 - I have not chewed any tobacco during the past i wo weeks! Now, ring the tea bell, blow the tin whistle, and fire off the elder pop-gun. Let the crickets shout aloud, and the tobacco-worms dance for joy. There — that. I think, will do.”

- M. K. C. is notified that seven syllable patent note books are not up to the spirit of the age.

OUR Music. - In this number we give the “Star Spangled Banner,” two pages for four parts, as sung with thrilling effect in many of the cities of the United States. by M’lle Parodi — the inspiring words of patriotic enthusiasm, it is known, were composed by Francis Scott Key, of Baltimore, on the occasion of the bombardment of Ft. McHenry, by the British Fleet, during the war in 1814. Our July number will contain the music of " Hail Columbia.” With these

gay!

two National Airs, our “ Young America" can be prepared to sing the freeman's songs on the approaching Anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence.

L. W. Mason, Cincinnati, will supply for the occasion adverted to, these two pieces of music on one sheet, at $2,50 per hundred.

GRAMMATICAL CONSTRUCTION. – A farmer's son, just returned from a boarding school, was asked “if he knew grammar?“Oh yes, father," said the pupil, “I know her very well Gran-mer sits in the chair fast asleep.”

- Will some one in each county present in a succinct report, the proceedings of Teachers' Institutes already held, and preserve hereafter accurate data from which to make tabular Exhibits of the places at which held — the length of session - names of Instructors - of evening Lecturers, and the number of members in attendance ?

– Those who have made themselves responsible for unpaid subscriptions, will please commence forthwith, to collect the money due from the subscribers whose term expires with this number, and secure their renewal. Send us word that we may know to whom the July number is to be sent. The muney can be sent or brought to us at Steubenville.

- Let your work be done - 1st, uprightly ; 2d, deliberately ; 3d, resolutely - with an actire, ardent constancy — a persistent, untamable efficacy of soul — with the energy of Howard;

he had one thing to do. He who would do some great thing in this short life, must apply himself to the work with such a concentration of his forces, as, to idle spectators who live only to amuse themselves, looks like insanity.

Educational Items.

ASALAND.-At the recent Exhibition of this Union School, Mr. S. M. Barber, Superintendent, was not present, being on the sick list. In the Primary Department an affecting incident occurred, which brought tears to many an eye. The presentation of embellished diplomas was in order, and several bright faces had satisfactorily accepted this high certificate of character - the entire absence of "black marks' - when the teachers came upon one whose owner no human voice could call. The teachers explained his absence by reading from within the embellished border of the diploma the following testimonial, and the scroll was then presented to his mother: “Died, February 28, 1857, Willie, eldest child of R. and C. McKane, aged 6 years,

6 months and 23 days. Possessing an amiable disposition, by the gentleness of his wanners he had gained the love of all who knew him, and endeared himself to his teachers and schoolmates. He had also good natural talents, was attentive and industrious in learning, and for a child of his years had made great progress. He has been a member of the Primary Department three terms, and at the close of each received a diploma. But he has been called early, by the Good Shepherd who gently folds the little lambs in his bosom, and has received from the Great Teacher (who calls little children to come unto him and forbids them not,) his everlasting reward. Now our little band is broken, no longer are we permitted to meet his joyous, happy smiles, no more shall his voice join in the pleasant morning song, but there is another barp heard among the blissful throng which surrounds the throne of the Most High.

Miss I. FARR,

M. BEATTIK,
A. A. URIE,

Teachers." A creditable Literary Society called the “Alpha Nu," composed exclusively of High School pupils, who have monthly Exhibitions, has been successfully organized in Ashland.

ATHENS COUNTY -In our notice, in May, of what “will and workhad accomplished, we stated that the entire subscription from Athens county for this “Journal” for 1857 was 96, whereas, on closer count, we find that Prof. Wm. H. Young bas, of his own motion, remitted

this year 123 names. Honor to whom honor is due. The Speaker of the House (General Assembly of Ohio) is a writer as well as a speaker, and being editor of the Athens Messenger, says many excellent things in a late number of his paper of the Obio Journal of Education, and speaks commendatory of the editor. We entertain no grudge against this fair-spoken man, but trust that he may be gently removed from his seat as presiding officer of the lower House, and quietly placed, as Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate in the upper House.

Sandusky. -Earl Bill, Esq., President of School Board, (who has since removed to Tiffin,) presents an interesting exhibit in the eight annual report. In view of the evil of truancy und vagrancy, so common elsewhere, a citizen of Sandusky has offeed to contribute $25 per month to employ a suitable person to look after truants and absentees from the scbools, and vagrant children, generally, to be found in the streets: provided a corresponding sum be aßpropriated by the Board, or otherwise contributed, for the same purpose, during the current year.

Mr. M. F. Cowdery, Principal of Schools, having been on a trip to New Orleans recently, for his health, has, we learn, returned to his duties, much improved.

FRANKLIN.—Dr. Patterson has rented the house and grounds belonging to Mrs. Neville, on Friend street, Columbus, opposite the Blind Asylum, for the present use of a school for in. structing idiots and imbecile youth, for which purpose $3000 was appropriated by the Legislature at its recent session. Pupils will be received alter July.

Mr. S. D. Phipps, Musical Instructor in the Public Schools of this city, is doing a good work in the culture of the musical tastes of the youth and citizens of the capital. He has a musical hall handsomely fitted for class instruction, with melodeon, etc. He has a design to open, during the recess of school, a Normal Music Institute, to fit teachers to conduct the musical exercises of their own classes.

-- That was a crowning act of Rudisill, the Columbus hatter, towards the “head” editor. It capped the climax.

HAMILTON.--The Cincinnati School Board will, after August next, pay the Principals of their schools $100, instead of $85 per month. An increase of the salaries of assistant teachers is in contemplation.

JEFFERSON.-We anticipate that Steubenville, and the teachers of this county, will entertain the State Teachers' Association soon to assemble therein, in a style worthy of its ancient hospitality.

The following notice was crowded out last month:

The “School Visitor," devoted to the interests of our Public Schools, Steubenville, 0., April 1, 1857, Vol. 1, No. 1, edited by Alexander Clark, has been laid on our table. It is a neat quarto monthly paper, for circulation among the schools of that neighborhood. Thanks, in the name of the State Teachers' Association, friend Clark, for the complimentary notice of the Ohio Journal of Education. As the Association will assemble in Steubenville in July, we would be glad if some active person in each township would circulate the prospectus of the Journal, and have enrolled on our subscription list the names of a majority of the teachers in that and adjacent counties. What say you, friends and patrons of the "School Visitor"?

MONTGOMERY.—Dayton has contiacted to build a new High School building for $17,500; a recently passed law having authorized the Dayton Academy to arrange for the sale of its real estate to the Board (f Education.

-- At a late meeting of the Wood County Teachers' Association, D. A. Avery President, committees were appointed to report on the following subjects:

Messrs. E. W. Lenderson, W. H. Gorrill, and W. F. Hannon, a committee on Programme of Exercises, to report at the next meeting for the one following.

Mr. E. Elliott to write an essay on the art of Teaching.
Messrs. W. S. Thurstin and J. B. Newton to write on a subject of their own choice.
Mr. G. N. Parsons, on the best Method of Governing a School.
Miss E. L. Bassett, on Primary Teaching.
Mr. J. O. Shannon, on the Object of Education.
Miss M. E. Carr, and Mr. W. H. Gorrill, on Teaching the Alphabet.
Mr. D. Day, on the Science of Numbers.
The Association meets again at Bowling Green, on Saturday, the 20th of June.

Τ Η Ε

Ohio Journal of Education.

COLUMBUS, JULY, 1857,

Communications.

TIIOUGHTS ON ABSENTEEISM, AND THE POWERS WHICH TEACHERS POSSESS TO ENABLE THEM TO PREVENT IT.

Experience has so frequently verified the assertion, “as is the Teacher 80 will be the school,” that it may be regarded as an established scholastic axiom.

The Teacher is to the school as the galvanic battery to the apparatus in connection with it: be the mechanism ever so good or only just in working order, when the battery is weak it is hopeless to expect an activo exhibition of the principles sought to be illustrated; while a powerful battery, even though is connection with imperfect apparatus, will often evolve highly valuable and interesting phenomena. So where a Teacher lacks energy; if placed in a good school, but a limited amount of good is produced; while if placed in a bad one, each only adds to to the total failure of the other.

So much bas been said against absenteeism that it is not contemplated in the present article to enlarge the catalogue of evils of which it is the prolific parent. Our late State Commissioner (1 An. Rep. p. 42,) thus ably and comprehensively sums them up, and more could not well be said. Absenteeism is then one of the worst evils under wbich our schools labor. From a good school it takes away its best influence, and a poor one it renders worse than worthless. Like a worm at the root of a tender flower, it eats away all life from the system and leaves it but a dried and useless stalk." It may not be without profit to examine whether Superintendents and VOL. VI.-No. 7.

14

Teachers laboring with them, do not possess such resources as, judiciously applied, would tend so far to eradicate the evil as to make it no longer a serious obstacle to the success of public education.

It would extend the present article too much, to examine in this connection whether the regulation adopted in many schools, "that pupils who are absent a definite time during a stated period shall be excluded from the privileges of the public schools,” is a beneficial one. This might be discussed with great advantage at our approaching meeting at Steubenville. Few Boards of Education appear to possess nerve enough to resolve that pupils shall come regularly or they shall not come at all, and leave to the parents the choice ; , and even if they do possess that nerve, it is certainly not yet a settled question that this exclusion is the best course to be taken. It is proposed at present to consider how far energetic Superintendents and Teachers can succeed in eradicating absenteeism by a judicious application of the powers usually delegated to them by Boards of Education.

In the first place there are two kinds of absenteeism—that which arises from truancy, and that which arises with the parent's consent. The former is hardly included in the present article. Few Boards of Education, and, we presume few parents, will object to a Teacher's breaking up truancy in a summary manner.

It may fairly be presumed, also, that, in the present enlightened state of public opinion in regard to education, there are no Boards of Education, having the guardianship and control over village schools, who will refuse to enact that every pupil having been absent from school shall, upon returning, present to the Teacher a written excuse for such absence, signed by the parent. This will speedily lead to the detection of truancy.

It will then become the Teacher's duty to hedge in absenteeism with so many barriers that pupils shall not only find it unpleasant to be absent, but shall find it difficult to reinstate themselves after they shall have been away. This will make absenteeism unpopular with a large class of scholars, and that is a step towards making it unpopular in a community.

In the first place, let Teachers endeavor to educate the public mind to hostility to irregular attendance. This may

be done by occasional contributions to the local papers upon the subject. By a judicious selection and publication of prominent cases in which pupils have seriously compromised their scholastic standing by continued absence. Startling facts will not be wanting in any

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