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sition, which in our judgment is adapted to classified schools. We believe that the principle of a divison of labor may be applied as perfectly in composition as in any other branch of study, and that the progress made at any given time may be as certainly tested.

PORTSMOUTH, June, 1857.


Editorial Department.

TEACHERS OF OH10 IN Council.-The Executive Committee have deferred the meeting of the Ohio State Teachers' Association one week. It will be held at Steubenville, Jefferson county Ohio, on Wednesday and Thursday, the 8th and 9th of July.

The " Journal” congratulates the trainers of the minds of the youth of Ohio that their arduous labors of the session just closing, will soon be succeeded by social delights-rich mental and moral delights-among old friends and kindred. May your vacation so renew your wasted energies and refreshen and relax your mental powers, that when the schools again open, you may return re-christened to the care of God's "little children,” who are “of the kingdom of heaven'' Teacher, love thy profession! You aid in preparing men and women to be great and good here, and to enjoy endless happiness hereafter. It will always be a labor of love to interest ourselves in each and every case, in the welfare of the faithful Teacher.

Teacher, keep ever in mind the sublimity of your mission. Rest not content, until singly and by associated effort, the highest level of success may be attain. ed in your day, in securing the blessings of a Common School education to every boy and girl in Ohio. Come together face to face, then, ye.bold soldiers of the school militant, missionaries in the field of education, and as "iron sharpens iron,” so may the countenance of each other be brightened by the communion of kindred souls.

Let Ohio Teachers be earnest in the work ; let us come together and have a profitable season during the approaching vacation. For this monthly, on your part, the editor makes this last and most urgent appeal to the leading Teachers of the State to proceed at once to obtain subscriptions, and the cash for the Journal; for, unless they take the matter in hand, other Teachers will be indiffer. ent. The Journal can not exist without a more active support. Teachers, it is your own work. Come up with the money already due, and new subscribers enough to carry the enterprise through without fail.

Boards of Education and Examiners, prize your Teachers; and let us all enter anew upon the duties committed to our charge, in a more determined and hopeful spirit.

ONWARD! HighER-FOREVER HIGHER!-He that resolves upon any great end, by that very resolution has scaled the great barriers to it; and he who seizes the grand idea of self-cultivation, and solemnly resolves upon it, will find that idea, that resolution, burning like fire within him, and ever putting him upon his own improvement. He will find it removing difficulties, searching out, or making means, giving courage for despondency, and strength for weakness.

worlds. For ourself, we hope to be more "familiar" with the great work of nature and with this interpreter.

Peterson's Familiar Science. Mr. Peterson has been successful in this publication of a “Scientific Explanation of Common Things." There had been 67,000 copies issued in 1856. A copy before us is in larger type than the editions we have seen as text books in schools. Why should not Teachers instruct familiarly their pupils in common, every-day useful science ?

Hows' Practical Elocutionist. The author of the “Shakspearian Readers" has prepared this work for the elocutionary practice of advanced students. The present edition has been carefully revised. The selections of prose and poetry are eminently judicious.

Sheppard's Constitutional Text Book. The scope of this work is such as is commended to the more general attention of our schools. The tendency of present courses of study is, in many schools, to teach more of other institutions than those of the United States. American youth should be trained by study of just such a text book. HICKLING, SWAN & BREWER, Boston.

Outlines of English History, by Amelia B. Edwards. A small but useful text book for schools.

We have recently received the following:

- Pamphlet of Premiums and Regulations for the Ohio State Fair, to be held in Cincinnati, on the 15th-18th days of September 1857.

- Fowler & Wells, N. Y. “Demands of the age on Colleges.” Speech of Horace Mann before the Christian Convention, Cincinnati, Oct. 5, 1854.

- Circular and Catalogue of the Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio, 1836-7.

- Catalogue of the Theological Seminary, and of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, 1856–7.

– First Annual Report of Board of Education, Dubuque, Iowa, 1857. - Report of Sup't Common Schools of Conn., David N. Camp, Sup't, 1857. - Annual Report of the School Committee of the city of Salem, 1857.


POSTPONEMENT.-In consequence of representations from some of the most active members of the Association residing in different parts of the State, that the schools in their respective sections would not be dismissed at the time mentioned in the call published in the June number, it has been deemed best to postpone the time of the semi-annual meeting to the 8th and 9th days of July, 1857.

A full attendance of members at the meeting is again most respectfully and urgently solicited, as business matters of the most urgent moment to the wel. fare of the Association must necessarily be acted upon.


Ch'n Ex. Com., 0. S. T. A.

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Sweet tribute of the parting hour,

Twin sister of the word - farewell;
Thy honied nectar has a power

Beyond what human tongue can tell. Walter Scott says — "To make boys learn to read, and then place no good books within their reach, is to give man an appetite and leave nothing in the pantry save unwholesome and poisonous food; which, depend upon it, they will eat rather than starve.

Cato said — "He had rather people should inquire why he had not a statue erected to his memory, than why he had.”

The honest, earnest man must stand and work ;
The woman also; otherwise she drops
At once below the dignity of man,
Accepting serfdom. Free men freely work ;

Whoever fears God, fears to sit at ease. Massachusetts has recently changed her constitution and made it one of the qualifica tions to exercise the elective franchise, that the voter can read and write.

The following touching incident will remind parents and Teachers of the power that may be exercised over youth by affectionate words of caution. Speak the right word at the right time:

It is the story of a mother, on the green hills of Vermont, holding by the right hand a son, sixteen years old, mad with love of the sea. And, as she stood by the garden gate on a sunny morning, she said: “ Edward, they tell me-for I have never seen the ocean—that the great temptation of the seaman's life is drink. Promise me, before you quit your mother's hand, that you will never drink.” And, said he, (for he told me the story,) I gave her the promise, and I went the broad globe over-Calcutta, the Mediterranean, San Francisco, the Cape of Good Hope, the North Pole and the South–I saw them all in forty years, and I never saw a glass filled with sparkling liquor that my mother's form by the garden gate, on the green hillside of Vermont, did not rise before me ; and to-day, at sixty, my lips are innocent of the taste of liquor.

- A National Teacher's Association is proposed to be organized at a Convention of the friends of popular Education in the United States, to be held at Philadelphia 26th of August next. The Ohio State Teacher's Association should be ably represented.

The twelfth annual meeting of the New York State Teacher's Association will be held at Binghamton, on the 4th, 5th and 6th days of August, 1857, instead of July.

- The Young People's Literary Association, Ravenna, 0., have sent us the first printed No. June 2d, '57, of a little paper called the Investigator ; whose motto is, “Not how much, but how well."

— Physiologists have urged the superiority, as exercises of the young, of social and inspiriting games, which, by their joyous and boisterous mirth, called forth the requisite nervous stimulus to put the muscles into vigorous varied action, which become easy under the influen ce of mental excitement. We have rejoiced to see Teachers refresh and invigorate themselves by such exercises, and the “Journal” has sympathized with, and participated with such in certain games of ball, of Saturday afternoons, on the green sward, a mile out of the Queen City, during the month of May, and agrees with Andrew Combe on the subject. The exultation of our spirit may have been enhanced by being always on the winning side. We witness with pleasure the triangular ball playing in the evening hours by the noiseless pupils of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum of this city.

We have received, from Supt. W. C. Catlin, Mansfield, O., a specimen blank for a School Register, which has been copyrighted and published by Brinkerhoff & Day, of that place, which embodies the experience of many years in planning and trial, and has found favor. It is so

ruled and printed that the names of scholars, attendance, number of minutes tardy, deportment, good lessons, medium lessons, imperfect lessons, and entire failures are given, each day of the week, etc. System and order is indispensable, and this is a form looking to the attain. ment of accurate statistics.

- The annual commencement exercise of the Esther Institute-Young Ladies Seminary of Columbus, Lewis Heyl, Principal—took place last month. The school is flourishing.

Educational Items.

ATHENS.—Prof. Young has added 16 more subscribers to the list of 123 already noticed as procured by him-noble effort. If similar efforts were made in each county, the Journal would be doing a great good in the land.

CHAMPAIGN.--The Urbana Citizen relates that in one of the adjacent townships is a school which is attended by 21 children of the same name, being members of four different families.

- By a recent vote, Urbana has, by a small majority-175 to 119—refused to tax that city $12,000 for a new school house.

CLARK. – Mr. John Fulton, formerly Principal of the Central High School of Springfield, has, we learn, taken up his residence in New Orleans, in which city he takes orders in the Protestant Episcopal Church.

HAMILTON.-There has been examined, recently, the graduating class of the two High Schools of Cincinnati-twenty-five young gentlemen, and twenty-five young ladies—the largest one ever presented there for graduation. The examination occupied three entire days and was conducted by printed questions, the pupils submitted their answers in writing.

Did our limits permit, we would publish the questions submitted.

GREENE. —Prof. J. C. Zachos will give lectures on Elocution, Rhetoric or English Literature, to such Teacher's Institutes as may desire such Lectures, between this time and September 1st. For terms address him at Yellow Springs, Ohio.

JEFFERSON. -Jas. F. Snowden has given up his position as Principal of the 1st Ward Public School in Wheeling Va., and removed to Steubenville.

The town of Steubenville is astir to give proper welcome to the Teachers of the State.

LAKE.-The Lake county Judge of Probate, has, we learn, appointed Miss Frances R. French one of the Board of School Examiners.

MARION.-D. J. Johnson has resigned his position as Superintendent of the Marion Union Schools.

MONTGOMERY.—The old High School building of Dayton has been sold, and temporary quarters obtained until the completion of the new edifice.

PORTAGE.---Ravenna has been more fortunate than Urbana. The Cleveland Herald says : 66 The people of Ravenna have decided to raise a tax of $10,000 for the purpose of building a High School House."

PREBLE.- A Normal Institute opens in Eaton under the charge of Chas. S. Royce, on the 20th July, to continue four weeks.

- The Montgomery county Normal Institute will also meet on the 20th July, at Dayton, and continue four weeks.

The Normal Institute of Warren county, meets at Lebanon, on July 21st, in charge of A. Holbrook, Prin. S. W. Normal School.

From the Marietta Intelligencer. MARRIETTA COLLEGE.—We learn that Edward D. Mansfield, Esq., has accepted an invitation to address the Literary Societies at the coming commencement, Rev. H. M. Storrs of Cincinnati, the Society of Inquiry, and Daniel G. Mason, Esq., of New York City, the Alumni.

The time of commencement has been changed to the Thursday before the 4th of July, which this year will be the second. The addresses before the Societies come the day previous.


Ohio Journal of Education




STEUBENVILLE, July 8th, 1857. Association assembled in Kilgore's Hall, and at 10 o'clock, A. M., was called to order by John Hancock, Chairman of the Executive Committee.

The President being absent, Vice President I. S. Morris, of Eaton, took the Chair, and called upon Rev. J. Burns, of the P. M. Church, who opened the service with prayer.

On motion of J. Hancock, Messrs. Stevenson of Dresden, Forbes of Cincinnati, and Ellis of Dayton, were appointed Assistant Secretaries. The Treasurer being absent, Rev. A. Duncan, of Newark, was elected Treasurer pro tem. The first half hour was occupied in the enrollment of delegates, of whom there were about three hundred, including about one hundred and fifty from Jefferson county.

On motion of Mr. Garfield, of Portage, the Constitution was read. Nearly one hundred new members joined the Association, by complying with the provision of the Constitution provided for that purpose.

At 11 o'clock, by request of the Ex. Committee, Prof. Brainard, of Cleveland, addressed the Association. His remarks were impromptu. Subject: Physical Education, in connection with a Chemical Analysis of Food. The Secretary would do injustice to the speaker by any attempt at even a synopsis of his address. He was listened to with intense interest for over an hour. We hope that the Association may hear from him again on this important subject.

Hon. A. Smyth, School Commissioner, read the following eloquent letter from Gov. Chase, who was expected to address the Association at this meeting: VOL. VI.-No. 8.


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