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deal worse than the tongue of the dumb, which can not speak at all. Liars are very troublesome, as well as wicked people. I never can endure to have anything to do with people whose word I can not depend on. A great deal of trouble is made in the world by telling what is not true. And very often people get themselves into difficulty by telling lies. I must tell you a story on this subject.
There once was a boy who was watching some sheep. One day he thought that he could play a trick on some men who were at work in a field not far off. So he ran to them, and pretending to be scared half to death, said that some wolves were killing the sheep. He begged the men to go and drive the wolves away. They ran with him to the sheep, but there were no wolves there. The naughty little boy had told a lie, just to fool the men. But the next day the wolves did really come, and the boy was terribly frightened. He ran to the men, and told them that the wolves were killing the sheep, and plead with them to go and drive them away. But as he had lied to them before, they did not believe his story, and would not go with him. So the wolves killed the poor sheep.
My dear children, always be truthful and honest. A liar is just about the meanest animal that ever lived.
Some children who never use profane words, and never tell lies, are sometimes guilty of using very indecent and filthy language. This is about as bad a use as they could possibly make of their tongues. When you talk with each other, and at all times, avoid all vile and impure words. Some children seem to think it not wicked to use very obscene language. But they are very greatly mistaken. I hope that all the children who read the Journal will be very careful to make a good use of their tongues.
I have written against using your tongues to utter profane, untrue, and obscene words. There is one thing more which I wish to mention. Be careful not to use coarse and outlandish language. So far as you can, speak in a dignified and grammatical manner. There are a great many loaferish phrases, and low by-words, which some people use. It is pretty certain that people who say “you can't come it," and "he bust his biler,” and other slang phrases, are not gentlemen and ladies, but ill-bred people, who are poor examples for you to follow. I do not say that such language is wicked, but it is foolish and coarse.
But I must close this letter. May God bless the dear children of Ohio. Good-by.
V A LEDICTORY.
One year ago we wrote our prolegomena, or editorial inaugural. With the revolving year, the wheel of destiny has made an unexpected revolution, and we are thereby required to dismount the tripod, and surrender into the hands of the Association the trust which they committed to our charge.
The position which we have held was unsought and unexpected; and we entered on its duties with much distrust of our ability for their appropriate performance. And now that the year has passed away, and we review our labors, we find nothing of our own of which to boast, but numerous deficiencies to deplore.
But of that department of the Journal which has been supplied by other pens than our own, we are free to speak in terms of highest praise. We are confident that no other State educational
has contained more contributions of ability and value than have appeared in this Journal. Though some of these articles are of unusual length, most of them have been copied into numerous periodicals throughout the country; and we doubt not that their influence has been as beneficial as it has been extensive. And we sincerely thank all the contributors to the Journal for the very efficient aid which they have rendered.
Of the 384 pages contained in the last twelve numbers, 42 have been furnished by the corps of Associate Editors, 146 by other contributors, 23 by the State School Commissioner, and 19 have been selections from other publications. The balance of the volume, 154 pages, we have furnished.
Editing a Journal is as much a profession, a trade, as preaching or teaching, practicing law or medicine. With the peculiar duties of an Editor we had but slight acquaintance when we took charge of the Journal. We had every thing to learn. We beg our readers to make due allowances for this fact.
In our articles we have had little to say in regard to teaching. How to teach grammar, and other branches of study, we have chosen to leave to Institutes and other associations. We have judged it more important to direct attention to the character and manners demanded of Teachers. We hope that our efforts in this direction have not been wholly in vain. Our Letters to the Children of Ohio," we can but know, have been read with interest by those to whom they have been addressed.
To the numerous Teachers who have, by letter and otherwise, express
ed satisfaction with our management of the Journal, and to Editors throughout our State, who have spoken with approbation of our efforts, we make grateful acknowledgments.
Post SCRIPT.-Every day we are questioned in regard to the future of the Journal of Education. It is a subject in regard to which we know nothing. The Executive Committee will, we presume, arrange the matter in due time.
We do not believe that any new man, unacquainted with the business, can take charge of the Journal under such restrictions as the Association impose, and make it pay all expenses the first year. The printers' bill is about $2,500 per annum.
Office rent, fuel, postage etc., about $100. Editor's salary $1,500. Total, $4,100. That a more economical plan for conducting the Journal should be adopted, none can dispute.
We will not recommend a course for the Association to pursue, but it seems to us that the plan adopted þy the N. Y. State Association might well be pursued by their Ohio brethren. The New York Teacher is the educational organ of three States, -New York, New Jersey, and California. It has a paying circulation twice as large as that of the Ohio Journal. But at the close of the last volume it found itself in debt to the amount of $2,400. Mr. Cruicshanks offered to take the entire responsibility of the concern for a term of three years, -to pay all expenses, and to make it pay him what he could. They accepted his proposition. The Teacher is still the organ of the Association, as heretofore. Associate Editors are appointed as formerly. But the Association is relieved from all pecuniary obligations. Mr. C. acts as Resident Editor, and its fiscal management is his own personal concern.
There is a gentleman residing in Columbus who, probably, could be induced to take charge of the Journal on the same conditions. The Association might appoint Associate Editors as heretofore, and continue to control its character, and at the same time be relieved from all care and expense as to its publication.
The gentleman of whom we speak, is Col. S. D. Harris, for many years a Teacher, and still deeply interested in the cause of Education. He has had much experience as an Editor and Publisher, is possessed of eminent qualifications for taking charge of the Journal. We know of no man more competent to occupy this position, and we feel the utmost confidence that he would make the Journal quite equal to the best educational paper in the country.
It is due to Mr. Harris that we should say that he does not seek to take charge of the Journal, and will on no account do so, unless upon the assurance that such is the general wish of the Association. Nor is he aware that we are thus bringing his name before the Association.
OHIO. COLUMBUS.- We have long been intending to prepare an article on the Edacational Institutions of Columbus. But not having found time to visit these schools, we must confine, for the present, our notice to a few general facts. Besides the Institutions for the Blind and Deaf and Dumb, Columbus boasts the Capital University-Esther Institute-Starling Medical College-Granger's Com. mercial College, and the City Public Schools.
The University has a Faculty of six members, Rev. C. Spielman, President; Esther Institute, a Seminary for girls, has eight Teachers; Mr. Lewis Heyl is Principal and Proprietor. In the Medical College there are seven Professors. In Granger's Commercial College, there are eight Teachers and Lecturers.
Mr. E. D. KINGSLEY is Superintendent of the Public Schools. We can not state the exact number of Teachers in these schools, but it must be about forty. In addition to the Teachers in the ordinary branches, there are Teachers of French, German, Music, Penmanship, etc A very valuable supply of apparatus has recently been procured from E. S. Ritchie, of Boston, at an expense of some $1,500. These schools have long needed more commodious and respectable houses. There is not one really good public school building in the city. In two of them improvements are now making. The Board of Education are now disposed to provide all required facilities, and the Superintendent and Teachers are indefatigable in their efforts.
MONROE COUNTY.—Educational interests are making fine progress in this county. We are indebted to Mr. William Wheeler for information in regard to the cause in that land of hills and valleys. The Teachers held an Institute in Woodsfield, commencing Oct. 20, 1856. A more enthusiastic and successful meeting was never held in Ohio. They adjourned to meet in the same place on the last Monday in March, 1857. And when that meeting is held, “may we be there to see.”
STARK COUNTY.-Mr. O. N. Hartshorn, of the Mount Union Seminary, writes: “We have enrolled this term 263 students, (but two or three under 14 years of age.) 214 have taught district schools. About one-third are ladies, healthy and handsome.” Inasmuch as they are “healthy," we trust that they have strength enough to hold together without hooping, as the manner of some is. And as they are "handsome,” it is probable that coming events will show a peculiar significance in the name Mt. Union.
RICHLAND COUNTY.-We are indebted to Dr. Catlin, the meritorious Superintendent of the schools in Mansfield, for a copy of his late report. It is a document of high value, and we have marked passages for insertion in the Journal.
OUR NORMAL Schools at Hopedale and Lebanon are, we are happy to learn, doing well. The N. S. Advocate, the organ of the Lebanon School, and published at Dayton, has of late assumed new vigor, and it is becoming a power in our educational system.
WAYNE COUNTY.-The Teachers of this county had a good time at their meeting in Chester, Dec. 6th. They have enlisted for the war, and are determined that the interests of education shall never wane in old Wayne.
ILLINOIS. Great preparations are making for the meeting of the Illinois State Teachers' Association at Chicago Dec. 233, 24th and 25th. A committee of twenty has been appointed in that city to make preparations for the entertainment of the Teachers who shall attend. Professor F. D. Huntington, of Havard College, with other able speakers, is to address the meeting. The editors of all the educational papers of the west, have received special invitations to attend.
Messrs. Powell and Hovey will please accept our sincere thanks for their polite invitations.
EXTRAVAGANT LAUDATION.-Hovey, of the Illinois Teacher, says of Wilder, of the (New York) American Journal of Education, "he wields a ready pen, and, like a singed cat, is a mighty sight better than he looks." We never saw either Wilder or the cat spoken of, and can not, therefore, say which has most cause · for being proud of the comparison.
O Hovey, Hovey, if that is the way you talk about your editorial brethren who call on you, you will never be honored by a visit from us! Not that we are not good-lookiug, as well as smart, but you, Sucker that you are, might not discover -e the fact.
THE ANNUAL MEETING of our State Teachers' Association, to be held in this city on the last two days of the year, promises to be an occasion of unusual interest. The subjects to be discussed are of high importance. The gentlemen who are to address the meeting are, “present company excepted,” distinguished for talent and eloquence.
We are not authorized to speak on the subject, but may remark that efforts are making to secure half-fare on the various roads leading to this city. The hotels in the city will entertain Teachers at reduced rates. We hope to see an immense gathering of our whole-souled Teachers.
EXPLANATORY.-Much complaint has been made that the hospitality which Teachers receive in other towns, on occasions of meetings of our Association, is not extended to them by the citizens of Columbus. We are not appointed to defend the people of this city against this charge, but we are aware of certain facts which may be plead in mitigation of their offense.
The people of Columbus do not invite the Teachers to hold their meetings here, as is the case in regard to other towns. These, and other similar conventions, are of such frequent occurrence in Columbus, that they excite little interest among the people. And if the people were to keep open house during the sessions of them all, we should be a city of free tavern-keepers.
Again, the meetings of the Association are held here during the holidays, when the arrangements of families are such as to render it unusually difficult to entertain strangers. Another reason which influences some, is the impression that many Teachers come here rather to visit the Public Institutions, here located, than to attend the meetings.
We regret that the Executive Committee can not assure all Teachers who shall be in attendance upon the coming meeting, of gratuitous entertainment. But it appears to be no fault of theirs. Possibly we better hold our next meeting in Chicago.