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are overcoming all barriers, separating her from the East, and all important lines to the Pacific must cross our State ; our hills and valleys are to be dotted with the homes of a thriving, laboring population. Good Teachers, the very best, are demanded and required to teach western boys and girls how to develop their native powers, and thus enable them to fill creditably the places they soon must fill. We want economical Teachers, who can save as well as earn ; who have digested the meat and bread of learning; who have, practically, their
rning their tongue's tip and finger ends. Hopeful, faith-inspiring Teachers, true missionary zeal glowing in their hearts, are wanting on all the square acres of the fast-growing, and soon to be power-controlling, West.
Township School Boards should constantly keep in view their continuous relations towards the School-house, the Teacher, and the Pupils. If they provide but a half-and-half house, and a half-and-half Teacher, they may expect to have but a fourth-rate school. They should exercise a positive and earnest care as to the facilities and comforts of the building and furniture—as to the character and capacity of Teachers employed; procuring the best possible, exacting much, and paying them well. They should personally visit the schools, encourage the instructors and pupils, and give them a spirited impulse on opening.
Trustees should devote their attention, in locating schools, to regard the cen. tralness, the size, the healthfulness, the retirement, and the convenience of the site. School-houses, it has been well said, should be placed where, by mere position, they may have a full and constant supply of clear light, pure air, and every natural element of cheerfulness.
Decency and delicacy require that there should be separate out-houses for boys and girls at school; they should be retired, convenient, and constantly kept clean.
Rooms, in winter, should be heated so as not to have one portion of the chil. dren overheated, and the other uncomfortably cold. Two thermometers should be hung in the room, and they will soon indicate any disparity, occasioning the uncomplaining discomfort of the little, patient ones. Heat should be equally diffused, and uniformly so, during hours of school; and pure air, by proper ven. tilation, should be regularly supplying the place of escaping heated air.
If children eat moderately, of wholesome food-have fresh air within doors, and reasonable and regular exercise without doors, with proper mental training, they will have sound minds in sound bodies.
School Examiners should be just the men for the place. Probate Judges, in selecting them, should emphatically consider that, in this, they are not acting for the dead, but for the living. Examiners should be up to the progress of the age. Certificates should not be granted as a matter of course. Anierican youth should not be trifled with, by being committed to sham or shallow instructors. Are we not going to advance, as a literary people? Is the standard of require. ment and acquirement to be merely nominal, and not to be constantly elevated ? Some Boards of Examiners drag along and hurry through their duties as tasks, and bring to their discharge no more serious consideration of their importance, than if they were choosing herdsmen for cattle.
Teachers, then, we say, renewing your labors, we, and all good people, expect of you to extend to your pupils “the kind hand of an assiduous care,” that while moulding the mind, you will get at, and impress, their conscience. Be careful to make good impressions on the first day. The future welfare of a pupil may be inseparably associated with his new position and surroundings.
- Some men prize women as many women prize books, not for their true, essential worth, but for the beauty of their appearance and adornment.
- On visiting the office of the Ohio Board of Agriculture, in the State Capitoh recently, we were shown by the Cor. Secretary, Mr. Klippart, several portfolios, each a Herbarium-of grasses and flowering plants, in the neatest and completest good order, gathered by school children near the Alps, classified and neatly attached, by pasted slips of paper on to white sheets placed in book form, cheaply covered.
Why might not Teachers of every school in Ohio, arrange to receive from their pupils, daily, specimens of plants, flowers, insects, minerals, fossils, etc., and systematize their collection and preservation, so as to secure samples of a portion of the Natural History of each locality of the State ? What more desirable habit to implant in youth than the habit of observing and studying nature-of preserving what they see-a pursuit calculated to develop their nat. ural relish and eminent fitness for Natural Science? Why might not each school have its Herbarium, its Cabinets, and its Exchanges, and Teachers make explanations and instruct pupils in minor details ? Museums might be accumulated in each district, and samples, from surplus, sent to fill a case in the Museum Room of the Agricultural Board, in the State Capitol. Which School District will be the Pioneer in this move? The Editor suggested, at one of the meetings of the State Teachers' Association, the propriety of Teachers encouraging pupils to observe, and report daily, the phenomena of the weather, the temperature, etc. It is highly important that in youth the habit of observation is commenced, for, as a habit, it will determine the fu:ure usefulness of the man or woman.
Those who read discussions in the Legislature, petitions to the General Assembly of the State, and editorials of certain newspapers, have become acquainted with a class of carpers, of different grades of ability and mischief, who are spe. cially censorious on the school system-on an esprit de corps of Teachers-on Libraries, and education of the school room. They seek to tear down, but not build up; they suggest doubts, originate suspicion, cloud the sunny prospect of our landscape, but never so much as have practical plans of their own. They assail, they complain; they, with ability often, satirize valiant educational men-pioneers, who do rare work at great disadvantage--the Manns and Rickoffs of the profession; they theorize, dispute, and demonstrate with plausible airs, the defects and deficiencies in present schemes of education, brought to the ele. vation they have attained by self-sacrificing, practical men.
One of much influence, deprecatingly or disparagingly asks, “Who is able to decide whether the balance of benefit is in favor of education, or against it?who can affirm that men, alleged to have become eminently good or great by the schooling they have received, have not obtained their eminence in spite of their schooling, rather than through its assistance ?" These men, and such like, no doubt in the wise arrangement of Providence, are instruments of good, to keep in check exuberant energies, and ill-directed but well-meant effort.
The agitation of these subjects, the ground and ocean-swell of popular complaint, merits, and should receive, the attention of educational men. We should study to mind our ways, from the hints given by our critics. Teachers, as Editors, have much to learn ; Teachers and Editors who complain much but perfect little, should let the lamps that guide their feet in future, be the lamps of experience.
Turn in with the professional Teachers of the State, Messrs. Censors of the Press; we like your boldness, but not your bitterness, and, together, good work in concert may be done for the physical, social and mental culture of the youth of Ohio.
TRIFLES. A correspondent truthfully says:-—“Each event, act, thought, in the life of man, has a cause, relations, consequences. If any event, act or thought, then, is of small moment, in the great chain of which it forms a part—is, in common parlance, a trifle, who shall pronounce which can rightly thus be called? How often has every man experienced that that, which, as it passed, was esteemed trivial, in after years, was discernible as a turning point, a very crisis, in his life. Can the Teacher say that any habit, word, or glance of his, is a trifle? His habits of thought, action, and expression, teach, unconsciously it may be, but none the less surely and efficiently. They will be reproduced in future years, and will guide when his precepts shall be forgotten. What noble impulses, what generous enthusiasm, what rigid resolution, may be spoken into life by his words ! His glance may quicken, or may strangle bright, high hopes, persever. ing exertion, the elements of exalted character.
And in each little act of a little child, forming its character, learning its responsibilities, becoming aware of its powers, is aught trivial ? A propensity unchecked, a habit allowed to form, a word unheeded and unforbidden, may be the source of lasting sorrow to his Teacher, and shame to him. No, fellowTeachers, in our work, both with reference to ourselves and our pupils, there are no trifles.:
- We are requested to state that Mr. John H. Rolf has changed his residence from Cincinnati to Chicago, in order to be more centrally located in his field of operations. Any person wishing to procure Pelton's Outline Maps and Keys, Lippincott's Pronouncing Geography of the World, Holbrook's School Apparatus, etc., etc., will address him at the latter place.
Mr. Rolf will continue, for a while longer, the offer of a valuable premium to any one who will secure him the sale of a set of the Maps, and Teachers and school officers will do well to secure them while they can do so on such favorable terms.
- Mr. Reemelin, the active Commissioner of the Reform School, favors the adoption of a rule in its government, by which pupils may receive rewards, in the shape of choice books, for meritorious conduct and special personal efforts, in labor and study-the principle urged being, that if Teachers are worthy of being paid for teaching, pupils who teach themselves should have a portion, also, of the tuition fund.
– The Second Annual Catalogue and Circular of the McNeely Normal School of Ohio, Hopedale, Harrison county, has been printed. It contains, at its close, a spirited appeal, from the pen of Dr. Lord, Secretary of the Board, to subscri. bers to the Endowment Fund, to pay up their installments promptly, and urging those who have not subscribed to contribute liberally, in order that the title to the property may be secured.
That our Advertising Department may be conducted with more vigor, and that its receipts may be increased, the Editor and Executive Committee have arranged with the Printers of the Ohio Journal of Education, Messrs. Follett, Fuster & Co., Columbus, to manage the same, and to contract at the rates on second page of cover. Booksellers and others wishing to have their cards in serted, and publications advertised in this Journal, will please communicate with Messrs. Follett, Foster & Co.
- All the valuable geological drawings belonging to the late Dr. Mantell, the distinguished English geologist, have just been presented to Yale College, by
- Some mothers pay so little personal attention to the cleanliness of their children, that the following pointed paragraph applies pungently to them:
“Do you think you are fit to die?” asked a mother of her neglected child.
“I don't know," said the little girl, taking hold of her dirty dress with her dirty fingers and inspecting it; “I guess so, if I ain't too dirty!”
- There is no happiness in idleness. Carlyle truthfully says:—“There is a perennial nobleness, and even sacredness in work. Were he never so benighted, forgetful of his high calling, there is always hope in a man that actually and earnestly works; in idleness alone there is perpetual despair.”
- Active organization of County Teachers' Associations throughout the State, and Township Teacher's Associations, auxiliary thereto, have been recommend. ed by the State Teachers' Association ; and the duty of organization has been devolved upon the Vice Presidents of the State Association. Take notice, and let it, accordingly, be so done.
- Subscribers who announce a change of their post office address, should inform us to which P. O. and connty the Journal has been sent, as well as those to which they wish it directed.
As new Teachers commence service in many schools, let it be the early duty of some friend of the Journal to procure their subscription to the Journal of Education.
— Township Boards, not having funds on hand to remit for Journal, can arrange with county auditor to include the cost of copies for each member of the board of examiners, township clerk, and clerk of each sub-district, in their annual estimate of money to be raised, in accordance with the first clause of the 22d section of the School Law, as recommended by the State Commissionereach keeping their copies on file in their respective offices-and remit the amount to the Editor when collected, in February next.
In ordering copies, the back numbers from January last, as they are already on hand, will be sent to subscribers, unless they order from July.
- Any information touching the Common School Libraries throughout the State, or any popular action taken with regard thereto, will be thankfully received by Mr. W. T. Coggeshall, Columbus, of the Committee whose address on that subject, in this number, is worthy of immediate attention; or by John D. Caldwell, Editor of this Journal.
- The honorary degree of Master of Arts, has been conferred on John Han. cock and F. A. Hurtt, of Cincinnati-on the former, by Miami University, at Oxford ; on the latter, by Ohio University, at Athens.
- Those who, through love of money and fear of expense, employ for teachers men or women that are of no worth, thereby purchase ignorance at a cheap rate, says Picket; and so we say all. It was a fine reply which Aristippus gave to a father of this cast, when he was asked what he would take to teach his child? A thousand drachmas, said Aristippus. The father exclaimed, I can buy a slave for that sum! Do so, said the philosopher, and you shall, instead of one, purchase two slaves for thy money; him that you buy for one, and thy son for another.
VIEWS AND REVIEWS.
A. S. BARNES & Co. New York : 1857.
Pronouncing Speller, National Series. The principle of primary instruction illustrated in this text book is, that the most successful mode of learning spelling is by the eye; that the definitions and use of words, as well as their orthog. raphy, are soonest acquired by frequently writing exercises on the slate or black board, from dictation; and that orthoepy and orthography should be simultaneously taught. It is suited, however, for oral and dictation exercises, or either. It will prove to be a valuable text-book in communicating to chil. dren a thorough understanding, of not only spelling and pronunciation of words, but of their construction.
Teachers are interested to know what text-book of Geometrical Drawing is published, suitable for the use of schools. Minifie's Abridgement, published at Baltimore, seems to be a cheap and well-arranged work, and eminently fitted to give practical instruction to youth. HARPER & BROS. New York : 1857.
Child's Book of Nature. This work is a good home-book and school book, guiding youth to the relish for, and observation of, natural objects--Treatise on Plants, Animals, Air, Water, Heat, Light, etc. Teachers, use such works more in your schools. Parents, provide such hand-books for your children. SAMUEL S. AND WILLIAM Wood. New York : 1857.
Grammar of English Grammars. By Goold Brown. A noble work of 1070 pages. This brave-hearted author, “who endeavored to be accurate and aspired to be useful,” has afforded to Teachers a reservoir of resource for them, whence to water and make glad the thirsty fields where plod so many engaged in grammatical culture.
The Teacher must be taught from the purest sources-must drink from the pure wells of English, undefiled. But there is something to do, as well as to learn ; by the formulas and directions in this work, he is very carefully shown how to proceed. The true way is shown, to be entered upon; the wrong way is pointed out, to be shunned. The details are so minute, the aggregate so vast, it would seem, that in this work, the ultima thule of a Grammar Encyclopedia had been reached. One, at least, of these standard works should be had, by associated effort, in each Sceool District of our State, as a book to be consulted.
The American Educational Year Book, for 1858. The materials for this work are yet to be collected together. Ohio is a field of importance, and can furnish an important portion of the work, if our educational men will cordially enter into the spirit of the enterprise. James Robinson & Co., Boston, have made an experiment, in the publication of a pioneer volume for 1857. The information sought is in reference, 1st, to Colleges; 2d, State Associations; 3d, City Schools, and important High and Union Schools; 4th, Normal Schools ; 5th, Private Schools and Academies; 6th, Teachers' Institutes and County and City Teachers' Associations; 7th, Miscellaneous items of educational interest.
The Editor of your own Journal has, by the partiality of the publishers, been selected as one of the twelve editors, on whom will devolve the duty of collecting and arranging the facts for this annual National Exhibit of educational progress. Suggestions, detailed information, is respectfully sought from our friends,