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throughout the State. Address the undersigned, at an early day, either to Columbus or Cincinnati.

John D. CALDWELL. Those in the West who desire to become subscribers, can secure their copies at the next Ohio State Teachers' Association, if the work is then ready for delivery. H. CowPERTHWAIT & Co. Philadelphia : 1857.

The Common School Geography: By H. D. Warren. In or out of school, it seems to us, this Geography and Atlas will be voted a valuable work, for its general arrangement and peculiar advantages.

The SEMI-ANNUAL MEETING OF THE Ohio PHONETIC ASSOCIATION will be held at Yellow Springs, the seat of Antioch College, on the 11th and 12th inst. W. T. Coggeshall, State Librarian, will deliver an address on the “ Need and Availability of the Phonetic Reform.” Mr. Benn Pitman will also address the meeting: subject not named.

Rev. J. P. Stuart, of Urbana, and J. D. Cox, Esq., of Warren, have also been invited to address the meeting, and we hope they will accept the invitation.

A Report, on "The Pecuniary Saving to the State by Phonetic Teaching," will be read by L. A. Hine or Wm. H. Smith; and a paper upon the “Progess of the Reform within the last few years,” by R. P. Prosser.

Hon. Horace Mann will be present and participate in the exercises, though he has declined an invitation to deliver an address.

Educational Associations, in this and other States, are invited to send dele. gates.

Chas. S. Royce, Ch'n Ex. Committee. September, 1857.

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

County Auditors and Boards of Education should bear in mind that a new regulation was passed, on April 8, 1856, requiring school statistics earlier than the first day of January, by which time it is now designed to have it printed and laid before the Legislature. The provision now in force is as follows:

"The school year shall begin on the first day of September, annually, and close on the last day of the following August; and all school officers acting as such, who are, or may be required to make annual reports to the county auditor, shall make out and transmit them to the county auditor, on or before the first day of October, following the close of the year.”

The items of School Statistics to be reported are as follows:

1. Number of Schools. Although the school of a sub-district may consist of two or more grades, in charge of different teachers, and the school year divided into two or more terms, yet it should be reported as one school.

2. Number of Youth enrolled.-In reporting the number of youth enrolled, no pupil should be counted more than once, although he may have been enrolled, during the year, as many times as there are quarters or terms in the school year. A check on the register in schools, of names of scholars attending at more than one session per year, and those thus checked omitted in the account of the enrollment, will give the whole number of different pupils in. structed in the school year.

3. Number of Scholars in average daily attendance during the year.--This number is aseer.

tained by adding together the number of scholars present on each day of the week or month, and dividing the sum by the number of days the school was in session during the week or month. In like manner the average for a term or year is to be found.

4. Average length of time the Schools have been kept in session during the year.-Add together the number of months and days during which each school in the township is kept in session, and divide the sum by the whole number of schools.

5. Average wages of Teachers per month during the school year.-Add together the monthly salary of each male teacher employed in the schools of the township, during the year, and divide the sum by the whole number of male teachers.

6. Local Directors.—The clerk of each board of local directors should promptly furnish, in the early part of September, the township clerk with all the statistics called for by section 19, of the School Law. Many of these statistics must be obtained from the teacher, who should be required to furnish them in tabular form, before receiving his certificate for the amount due for services.

7. Text Books. -Under this head, it is not to include every text-book that may chance to be in the hands of a scholar, but only those adopted by the board of education, and in general use in the school.

8. Blank Reports. By calling on their respective county auditors, boards of education can obtain printed blanks for making their annual reports.

9. Special and separate School Districts.--County auditors can, by a suitable check-mark prefixed, indicate the cities, towns and incorporated villages which compose special or separate school districts.

Educational Items.

- The Union Educational Association of the connties of Ross, Highland and Fayette, held a Normal Institute at Greenfield for two weeks, commencing on the 17th ult. We learn that fifty-two paying members were in attendance. Horace Mann delivered an address on “Teachers' Motives.”

The Normal Schools at Urbana, during last month, was highly successful. It has never been excelled in the State, perhaps, for numbers in attendance; the spirit and interest were those of the pioneer'days. Profs. A. C. Deuel, F. M. Dimmick, Robt. Kidd, the Elocutionist, and assistants Jas. H. Marlay and S. H. Wallace, had charge.

The Preble County Institute, at Eaton, was well attended. A correspondent thus speaks of its success:

" Aug. 2. The Institute at Eaton opened on Monday, July 17, with less than 30 in attendance. We have been in session two weeks, and now we have 45 enrolled. This is the seventh annual session, I think ; and it is the third one of four weeks. Reading, English Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, mental and written, Elementary sounds, and Phonography-Algebra alsam are taught to classes, as in schools; the members reciting after having made preparations. Physiology and Didactics are taught by lecture. In addition to this, we have popular lectures in the evening. * * The lateness of the harvest is making a difference in the attendance.

“ A feature somewhat peculiar to this Institute is, that we have the ordinary rules of school. In this respect, Institutes are too loose. The one at Lebanon is an exception to the last remark. The Association in this county keeps up quarterly meetings ; and at times they have had an agent in the field, whose duty it was to go from school district to school district, vigiting and lecturing. There is still much work to be done here ; but much has been done already. The prices paid for Teachers will show something how the mercury stands. I am told that the average price paid in the rural districts is $1.75 per day. I asked one of the lady members of the Institute, whom I thought to be as good a Teacher as we have present,

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what she receives ; and she informed me that she receives, from a moderate sized district, $2 a day, and is boarded for $1.50 a week. It is of course none too much; but districts that complain at paying $2.00 a week, ought to send their school directors to Preble county, at least, on a visit.

“I recently paid a visit to Richmond, Wayne Co., Ia. The "unconstitutional law' has closed the public schools of that place for the present. Mr. Hurty talks of commencing : private school, after the meeting of the State Association. I learn that Wayne county has held her meetings monthly for three years. During the last year the monthly attendance has been from 50 to 70. This state of things could not exist without a healthy educational spirit. I a-ked, • How do yon manage to keep up such a spirit?' The reply was, that for the first two years they had lectures, essays, and miscellaneous business. These had their good effects—they were needed to prepare the way for the next step that was taken. At the commencement of the third year, they resolved to have instruction given monthly in the branches usually taught in the County Institutes. A superintendent was chosen, and instructors appointed for the year. They hold their meetings in different parts of the county ; but no matter where they go, the instruction is given at each meeting, leaving a short time for busi

In order to make it work fairly for all, the superintendent published a new programme with the call for each meeting, in which he changed the time of the instructors; so that, if one hour of the day is more favorable than another for securing to a Teacher a good attendance upon his lecture, (as it undoubtedly is,) each Teacher can have a fair opportunity. This programme was lived up to with R. R. exactness. You will have noticed that each instructor has his subject for the entire year. The result is that the work could be laid out for twelve lecture.; and now they have received besides the other a dvantages of monthly meetings, &

urse of instruction equal to an Institute of two weeks.

“ Aug. 16. On Friday, we closed our Institute at Eaton. The following were instructors : J. S. Morris, Eaton, Intellectual and Practical Arithmetic and Algebra ; Samuel Ridenour, In. tellectual and Practical Arithmetic and Geography ; Mr. - Weller, Algebra and Physiology ; Mr. James Werts, Orthography; and Chas. S. Royce, Elementary Sounds, Elocution, Phonog. raphy, and Theory and Practice of Teaching.

" The evening lectures were J. Hurty, Richmond Ind., Prof. Taylor, Cincinnati, D. Vaughn, Cincinnati, Prof Elliott, Oxford, and Chas. S. Royce. Mr. Vaughn, remained with us a week. There were about fifty in attendance. The interest increased from the first to the very last of the session. We closed with a Pic-Nic. We listened, in the woods, to some remarks from an old Teacher, who has resided in Preble county half a century."

- The Montgomery county Institute at Dayton, was largely attended. - The Institutes at Roscoe and Newcomerstown, we learn, were well attended. - No word from the Guernsey county Institute at Washington.

- We were pleased with our visit to the Normal Institute of Bro. Holbrook, at Lebanon. Attendance large--interest lively. Dr. Shepardson delivered an able public address on the personal influence of the Teacher.

- Mr. John Hancock of Cincinnati, addressed the Institutes at Lebanon, Day. ton and Eaton.

- The Union School House in Clyde, Sandusky county, is nearly completed; and the graded system of schools is about to be established. The first term of school commences on the first Monday in September. The Teachers for the four departments are as follows, viz: Wm. M. Russell, of Clyde, Superintendent and Teacher of the High School; Elizabeth Persing, Teacher of the Grammar School; Charity Thornton, Teacher of the Secondary, and Louisa Metcalf, of the Primary School.

RECEIVED.-"The Normal” — Methods of Teaching; a monthly, by A. Holbrook, Lebanon. Catalogue of 0. University, Athens, of Maskingum College, New Concord, O., of Damascus Scientific Academy, Mahoning county.

THE

Ohio Journal of Education.

COLUMBUS, OCTOBER, 1857.

REPORT ON NORMAL SCHOOLS.

MADE BY MR. J. OGDEN, TO THE STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.

(CONTINUED.) Sixth question. • What is the course of instruction ? what the terms of admission ?

New Jersey answers by a printed list, much the same as we find in the best Normal Schools in the country. It is but justice to state, however, of this school, that special attention is given to theory and practice, for which they have every convenience by way of apparatus, Model School, etc.

Rhode Island answers much the same.

New York refers to report ; but as this is lengthy, and eliciting nothing new, it is omitted. The same from Massachusetts and Connecticut.

Seventh question. “Are beneficiary students sent from different parts of the State ? if so, how selected ?

New Jersey answers by reference to Cir. No. 4.
Rhode Island answers :

" None sent.”
New York answers : “All received on same terms."
Westfield, Mass., answers : None sent."

Salem, Mass., answers : “ We have beneficiaries, but they are determined by the Principal, according to circumstances, without reference to residence.”

Eighth question. “What number of students has been taught ?what number graduated ?”

New Jersey reports as follows: “The whole number taught, for a longer or shorter period, to present time, is about 115. None bave graduated. None will graduate until the end of the fifth term, or two VOL. VI.-No. 10.

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and a half years from the opening of the school. The question of graduation to be determined by a rigorous examination of the student, covering the entire course of training, both general and special, to wbich be has been subjected.”

It will be remembered that this institution has been in operation but little over a year and a half. The Normal Schools in Obio have been in operation about the same time; and it would be safe to say that, during that time, 800 teachers and pupils have sought the advantages of these schools.

Rhode Island answers : 308 have entered for the regular course. Not far from 150 have graduated.” This school has been in progress but little over two years.

New York answers: “2,687 have been taught up to September, 1856; 932 graduated. All the counties in the State except three have been represented in the school during the last year. Thirty-foar counties have been represented by the graduating class.”

What an army of trained laborers, thus sent out in the space of thirteen years, to battle against the host of ignorance ! And this number is yearly increasing.

Massachusetts answers from Westfield : “ Nearly 100! Awarding diplomas is a late arrangement.” This school has been in operation nearly eighteen years, thus giving an average of a little more than 55 per annum. From Salem, she writes: "Admitted 243, graduated 85.” School in progress little over three years.

Ninth question. “Do your graduates receive degrees? if so, what is the title ?"

New Jersey writes : • It is the intention of the officers of the institution to confer degrees upon its graduates. The title has not yet been determined. There will probably be two grades of degrees, at least."

It seems quite desirable, we think, that some appropriate title be conferred upon those who complete a course of study and training in the Normal School. Medical Colleges, and Law Schools and Theological Seminaries, all have their respective titles and degrees. We see no good reason why the Teacher's profession should not be designated by some appropriate title.

In the Rhode Island State Normal School “ the graduates do not receive a degree.”

New York answers the same. Massachusetts answers from Westfield, that “they receive a diploma signifying that they have finished the course prescribed, and recommending them as teach

From Salem : “They receive a diploma, but there is no title.”

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