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THE JOURNAL FOR 1857.
The new editor wishes to have a plain talk with “all whom it may concern,” in reference to the subscription list of the Ohio Journal of Education for 1857, and his connection with the paper as editor. The Journal was started by men determined on success success not to make money, but “to elevate the profession of teaching, and to promote the interests of schools in Ohio."
They founded it, not as a teachers' paper merely, but to promote, in the broadest sense, sound education, whether in common, union or public schools, Academies, Female Seminaries or Colleges.
To effect this end, this most patriotic body of teachers, composing the State Teachers' Association, have ardently supported the enterprise. Its conductors have been among the ablest teachers of the State, and they have reflected upon the State and their profession a noble character, won by devotion to the best object that can engage human effort. The old guard have done their duty well. Some that commanded now train in the ranks; but the cause is the same that wakened the earnest voice and active exertion of Lorin Andrews, the bigh toned, manly, moral earnestness of Cowdery, and the methodical, patient, conscientious and never-to-be-sufficiently appreciated labors of Dr. Lord.
These true men, and a band of congenial spirits, to whom the people of Ohio are more indebted than to all the politicians in the State, have set us young men an example ;, the path they bave led us into is luminous with resplendent light both from behind and before.
The past of the Ohio State Teachers' Association is a moral epic.
When nearly every arm faltered, and feet lagged in the bold encounter with the falsely-called economical, do-nothing, back-sliding policy of that day, this hopeful band, who came together in Institutes and Associations, emulating the philanthropic and self-sacrificing exertions of Guilford and Lewis, who had stirred the great waters for them, startled the State with their well begun, hopefully continued, and successfully pursued labors, of bringing about a wholesome public opinion in favor of schools for all-free schools for rich and poor. These leading men were school teachers—they saw that if their
profession was to become prosperous, they must win respect for their profession, in doing their whole duty. And, like men of sense, they set about reforming themselves—learning to know what they lacked, and what they should do to be saved, and to save the State. They discerned
that the first thing to be done was for the physician to heal himself. They called together the teachers; they drummed up the green ones those who were inexperienced; those who knew something worth communicating, communicated the magic talisman to their neighbor. In these conventicles of teachers, when the true fire was burning, the occasions were like those of Pentecost. The fire spread from Institute to Institute, from county to county, until a man who assumed to be a teacher, without taking immediate, prompt, extraordinary pains to improve himself, to conform in no half-and-half way to the spirit of the age, was ruled out, shamed away, or converted by these Pauls and Peter the Hermits of education, who have ennobled Ohio in their travels and crusades against ignorance.
We do n't want to see this missionary spirit among the education Henry-Martins die out. Noble women have been enlisted in tbis good work. There have been "Nightingales” in the Crimea of Ohio --not in nursing merely the wounded soldier, and passing the cooling cup to the parched lip, but in cheering by their presence every educational meeting, taking active part in the useful as well as in the ornamental line. The “school marms are not to be underrated or misprized as Ohio instrumentalities, in bringing our people to the proud point of exaltation in wbich they stand. This work will go on—must go on; our young men and
young women are not going to abandon the good ways they have been taught to walk in. Having the right direction, they are going forward, with an accumulating momentum of earnestness, determined to lend a band in the work of perfecting in Ohio the free school system.
To do this earliest and surest, the Ohio Journal of Education must be put upon a better footing, as to support, than it bas been before. At the close of this year there must be no doleful story to tell to members of the Association, that it is four or five hundred dollars in debt.
Old friends of the Journal, make one more rally for the object of your early and earnest love! It takes money to pay expenses, as you know, but there is no good reason why 10,000 subscribers should not be receiving this little work, and $10,000 be paid into the treasury of the Association therefor.
As soon as leisure will permit, the writer will quit the editorial sanctum at intervals, and go out amongst the teachers of the State and talk to them in person, about this their own business, not that of the servant whom they have called to conduct the Journal.
This is a work that must be sustained-gustained not grudgingly, but beartily. This sustaining a paper for a dollar a year, is the most profitable expenditure that can be made by teachers, as a part of the education of the character, not saying anything as to the professional improvement to be derived from reading its pages.
On concluding this article, earnest teacher, go immediately and secure and remit a reasonable quota of subscription money, and the end of this year's work will be better than the beginning.
PRACTICAL ARTICLES. —This number, it is to be regretted, does not contain that class of articles directly aiding the teacher in the school room, which will as usual be a distinguishing feature hereafter, because of the late period of the month when the editor was called to bis der post ; neither the associate editors of last year, or those selected for 1857, having furnished our "pigeon hole" with any copy.
What bas been bastily prepared, was gotten up at great disadvantage, during three or four days, interrupted necessarily with the demands of a new business.
THE BENEVOLENT INSTITUTIONS OF OHIO.
We give a short account of each of these schools of the children of sorrow, to acquaint our readers with the condition of that department of the educational field.
CENTRAL Onio LUNATIC Asylum.—From the report of Dr. R. Hills, Superintendent of the Ohio State Lunatic Asylum at Columbus, we learn that 102 males and 121 females of this unfortunate class have been cared for in this Institution, by the bounty of the State, during the past year.
The Superintendent proposes to fit up a room into which may be gathered books, paintings, pictures, statuary, and any and all objects of curiosity, either natural or artificial, and says that any donations of any such articles will be thankfully received in behalf of the patients, for whose benefit the arrangement is made. He proposes to call it the - AwL GALLERY," in honor of him to whom, more than to any other one man, the institution is indebted for its existence, and who, for the period of eleven years of its earliest struggles, so successfully conducted its interests.
Onio INSTITUTION FOR THE EDUCATION OF THE DEAF AND DUMB.Never has there been more applicants for admission to the Institution than at present; 80 males and 75 females being in attendance.
The Superintendent, Mr. Collins Stone, in his report recommends that provision be made to have the pupils taught trades within the bailding in connection with the studies of the school room.
Blind Asylum.Our readers, we are confident, will consider our duty but measurably discharged if no statement is furnished to them of what is being done for the youth of the State who have been deprived of the sense of sight.
To the honor of the Buckeye State, provision has been made for the the deaf and dumb, the blind and the insane, in public buildings and at public expense.
During the past year the charge of the blind bas been intrusted to that skillful and accomplished teacher, Dr. Lord, whose connection with the Journal has been so intimate as to make the recital of what has been done for the blind pupils under his care, doubly interesting.
The Asylum for the Blind was opened in July, 1837, commencing with five pupils. The catalogue shows that two hundred and ninetyfive pupils—one hundred and seventy males and one hundred and twenty-five females—have been instructed since the Institution was founded. Of these, seventy-four are now pupils; nine were admitted temporarily from the State of Indiana ; eight were discharged as imbeciles, nine were dismissed for improper conduct; forty-seven have deceased, and thirteen may yet return to complete their term of pupilage ; leaving one hundred and thirty-five for whose success in life the Institution may be considered in some measure responsible.
Superintendent, Asa D. Lord. Teachers, Thos. H. Little, M. N. Hutchinson, J. A. Scarritt. Teachers of Music, H. J. Nothnagle, Miss M. A. Bergundthal, Miss M. A. Tipton, Teacher in Mechanics, Henry Hauenstein ; Physician, R. J. Patterson, M. D.; Steward, James Carlisle ; Matron, Miss Olive M. Brown; Assistant Matron, Miss R. C. Bartlett; Visitors' Attendant, Miss Jane Munnell.
The Bibliotheca Sacra states that Prof. Guyot, of Cambridge, intends to publish an Exposition of the Creation of the Universe, upon the basis of the nebular hypothesis, embracing the internal fire theory, (eternal fire theory, many papers have it,) as one that can be sustained.
This feature of the Journal will be continued under the editorial charge of Prof. W. H. Young, Ohio University, Athens, to whom all communications in the Mathematical Department may be sent.
SOLUTIONS TO QUESTIONS PUBLISHED IN THE SEPTEMBER AND
OCTOBER (1855) NUMBERS OF THIS JOURNAL. No. 32. Solution by M. C. Stevens.—In constructing a plain Triangle, having given the base, altitude, and the difference of the angles at the base.
STATEMENT.—Let AB = given base. From the middle point D erect the perpendicular CD = given altitude. Draw EG perpendicular to ED, and make the angle EDG
the difference of the angles at the base. Join EA, and produce it till DF = DG.
Draw AH parallel to FD and HC parallel to DG. Join AC and CB. ABC is the required triangle.
DEMONSTRATION.–From the parallels FD : AH: ED : EH : GD : CH. Since FD = GD, AH will equal HC; hence a circle with AH as radius, will pass through AB and C. Now the angle GDE = CHE =CBK, because both are measured by one-half the arc CMK. KBA
- CBK = angle B; but RBA angle A. Hence A - B = CBK = GDE, which by construction is the given difference.
No. 36. Solution by A. B. West. -A man sold two horses for the same price. On the cost of one he made 20 per cent., and on that of the other he lost 20 per cent. He lost $20 in the transaction. What was the cost of each horse ?
As he made 20 per cent. on the first, he received 13., or, of its cost; hence he made ; of the selling price. Since he lost 20 per cent. on the other, he sold it for to, or of the cost; hence he lost i of selling price. But - = I of the amount received ; must equal $20, the balance lost. Hence the selling price is $240.
$240 is of $200, the cost of one horse. $240 is of $300, the cost of the other.