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REMARKS.-After the discontinuance of this department, several correspondents sent in solutions to No. 32. This is undoubtedly the most difficult question which has appeared in the Journal, if it be confined to a strict geometrical solution. G. H. C. ** 's solution is strictly geometrical. A. Schuyler, W. C. Young and J. W., all solved it by algebra and trigonometry-by first finding the value of an unknown quantity in trigonometrical terms, and constructing the triangle from this equation. A careful reëxamination of R.’s solution confirms the correctness of the remarks made upon it in the December (1855) number. No. 36 was solved by D. J. Cellar, G. H. C**, E. Adamson, Fred. Morgan, R. W. McFarland, A. A. Keen, E. B. P., M. C. Stevens, Reuben Young, J. W., A. B. West, Eli Stubbs, J. N. Soders.
F. W. HURTT.
OHIO. MANSFIELD High SCHOOL.-At the recent Editorial Convention at Mansfield, the sentiments of the Address of Mr. H. L. Hosmer were high-toned and truly Christian, viewing the true editor as coöperating with the school teacher in elevating man in all his relations of life. Mr. W. T. Coggeshall, the Secretary to the State Commissioner of Common Schools, delivered an able address on the life of Charles Hammond.
One of the toasts of the banquet was: Free Schools—the fountain head from which flow the streams which are to perpetuate our government–the co-workers of a Free Press."
The Editor had the pleasure of attending the convention, and conversed freely with many of the members in reference to the aid of the press throughout the state, and in all cases a ready disposition was shown to secure more Union Schools, better classification, and to aid in directing public senti. ment towards the true reforms demanded by experienced educators. In company with several editorial friends, some of whom are members of the Legisla. ture, we called in upon the exercises, Friday afternoon, of the Mansfield Graded School, under charge of Dr. Catlin and wife. The visit was a pleasing one to the writer, for he saw that the exercises-declamation, composition and an orig. inal address-gave marked satisfaction to the editors in attendance.
Mansfield is noted as a wealthy and highly cultivated town. There is a Fe. male College in this place, with 113 pupils in attendance. In the Mansfield Her. ald, issued during the convention, we find a notice of the Mansfield Graded Schools, which were organized under the law of 1852, immediately after its pass. age. Alex. Bartlett was appointed Principal of the High School and Superintendent of Instruction the first year.
Dr. Wm. C. Catlin, the present incumbent, has had charge since September, 1855. There are eleven schools-five primary, four secondary, a grammar and a High School, employing, with the Superintendent, thirteen teachers.
The annual enumeration of youth at the last census, was over 1500; an increase of about 200 since the present system was adopted.
The enrollment of pupils in the schools, for the past school year, was 808, and at the present time 925. This is an increase of over 150 during the past two years. Of this entire number, about 435 are enrolled in the primary schools, 300 in the secondary, over 100 in the grammar, about 75 in the High School, and the number in most of the schools is about equally divided between the two sexes. The average attendance for the past year was eighty-five per cent. on the enroll. ment; for the year previous, sixty-six. Tardiness has diminished in the ratio of from thirty to forty per cent. for the same time. The number of pupils in the High School has increased from thirty-six to seventy-five.
The Superintendent and teachers have formed a voluntary association for the mutual improvement of themselves and their schools. Their weekly meetings. we learn, are sustained with great interest and mutual profit.
The friends of education in Steubenville and Jefferson Co., are expected to have a general awakening to the importance of sustaining their schools, and the Journal, during the coming year, as within their borders will assemble in July of this year, the most important body of the state,-(to the rising generation, at least)- the Ohio State Teachers' Association.
A good spirit is evinced. We wish our space permitted, to print the proceedings of the Teachers' Lyceum, held at Newburg on the 3d ult. The President, Rev. E. A. Brindley, delivered an address on the “Advantages and Pleasures flowing from a Liberal Education." A discussion of some length was had on the following question : "Should moral suasion alone be used in the govern. ment of our schools ?" The discussion is to be continued at next meeting. The following communication as to the school of Mr. Alex. Clark, of Knoxville, in this county, may be of interest :
Our school here is large, and I trust, profitable to the pupils. We have our school-room (which is a commodious one) ornamented with maps, charts and pictures. We also have a cabinet of curiosities--shells, ores, etc., etc., collected by the scholars, with the aid of a few friends. I use a school regulator-an inven. tion of my own, which I may describe to you at some future time. It works well, and is being introduced into some of our neighboring schools. Every vacant piece of wall is filled up with mottoes of some kind. Four of these, above the door, and in view of the whole school, are 'Listening Ear-'Silent Tongue'
- Helping Hand '—Faithful Hearts.' Our only rule is framed behind a large glass, and reads, ‘ Do Good.'
“We have a box marked ‘Composition Box,' wherein all who write compositions are expected to deposit them, until the time for reading and examining them. Another box, marked 'Scraps' containing a great number of short poems, anecdotes, etc., cut from newspapers by the small children, and placed in the scrap box to be read by the teacher. Many of them, of course, are never read by him, but very often a rare gem comes under the eye of the school in this way that might not in any other.
"Lastly, we all sing-and I wish you could hear the little fellows' voices once !"
An incident is related in one of the papers of this county that has peculiar in terest as exemplifying the sympathy of pupil with teacher. On Christmas evening, a juvenile concert and exhibition of the school of Mr. Clark was given in Knoxville. As it happened, the platform for pupils could not hold them all, and some apparent feeling was manifested by a few parents, who upbraided the
teacher for partiality and neglect of certain children. This was a severe trial to the teacher.
"It was too much for him. He sank down beneath its oppressive weight, and was carried away insensible.
" This is not strange, when he knew, when :he children knew, when all save one or two knew, that he had tried to do his duty. The excitement now was intense, especially among the children. The next day they, every one of them, little boys and girls, young ladies and young men-every pupil belonging to the school, en masse, assembled at the school house unknown to the teacher, and loudly and indignantly denied the accusation of partiality on the part of the teacher. All the pupils were there, the supposed slighted with the others, and all expressed the same fondness and regard for their teacher-equally sorrowed over his misfortune, and all felt the greatest chagrin that there should be even one overgrown and petulant child in their town. They then marched two and two, to their teacher's sick room, and each took him by the hand, kissed him, and whispered in his car with all the honesty and earnestness of loving children, the words, ‘A steadfast friend,''stay with us,' while tears trickled down their cheeks -tears that could not be restrained, neither forgotten.
"They then marched through town, followed by their parents, returned to their school room, and after singing some of their favorite songs, dispersed ready to meet and greet their teacher as soon as he becomes able to mingle with them in the joys of the school room."
Public SCHOOLS OF MARIETTA.-We have been favored with a pamphlet of forty pages, containing the by laws and report of the Board of Education of Marietta, with rules for the managenient of the schools.
There are matters treated of in the report, of interest elsewhere. The good effects of the graded system are spoken of.
Prior to its adoption, there being five distinct districts, the directors of each had the separate management.
“Female teachers were employed in the summer, and male teachers in the winter months, and the schools were usually continued from six to eight months each year. There was, therefore, a continual change of teachers, and in each school there was a large number of classes, rendering it impossible for the teacher to devote much time to any one class. Indeed, in many instances, there was no effort to classify pupils, except in reading and spelling : the instruction, what there was, was given to individuals, some getting much more of the teacher's time than belonged to them, others getting little or none, and all deriving but little benetit from the schools.
" For these and other reasons, many parents did not send their children at all, but relied on private schools, being thus compelled to pay tuition bills as well 29 their proportion of the school taxes."
In speaking of the High Schools, the report continues :
" There is another very important benefit conferred by the High School. It is that of preparing teachers for the other departments. From the outset, the greatest difficulty to be encountered in keeping up good schools, has been in procuring teachers possessing the requisite qualifications. The opinion has been prevalent, that every young woman having a very little book-knowledge, could teach young children the elementary parts of an education. As a consequence, many candidates for the post of teacher were of very limited literary acquirements. There have been, probably, iwo applicants for every vacancy that has occurred, giving the Board some opportnnity for selection; nevertheless they
have been obliged to employ some with whose attainments they were by no means satisfied. And the experience of five years has convinced them, that no young lady can make a good teacher for a primary school even, who has not made herself familiar with all the ordinary branches of learning; and that the farther her own education has been carried, the better she can instruct children in the most elementary branches."
Written and printed arguments, as to the condition and progress of schools in each neighborhood, coupled with Mr. H. H. Barney's excellent tract on the "Advantages of the Graded System,” which is republished in this pamphlet, should be scattered among parents and guardians annually or semi-annually all over the state, and no effort omitted to bring about the “good time,” in every school 'district.
A NEW FEATURE.-As vocal music has a refining influence upon the youth of the State, and its proper cultivation is one of the marks of our progress in a better civilization, we design to have furnished, in occasional numbers, a page or two of Music suited for use in schools.
Prof. L. Mason, of the Cincinnati Public Schools, has been distinguished for success in teaching Vocal Music, and tenders his services to promote a more earnest attention to this subject, through the medium of the Journal, if it would be agreeable to its patrons. He has availed himself of the latest and best musie published in Europe and America.
WESTERN COMMON SCHOOL TEACHERS’ AssOCIATION.-Mr. E. D. Kingsley of Columbus, Corresponding Sec'y of the 0. Teachers' Association, as it will be seen in the “Proceedings” of that body, has been appointed to confer with offi. cers of other Western Associations, and provide for a Convention at Chicago, in August next, to form a Western Common School Teachers' Association. The heart en ed in the cause of education, becomes animated with an enthusiasm all a-glow, in catching some tarly gleams of that rising sun of the new empire in the west, which, prophetic-like, speak of the splendors of a full-orbed day, when all the territories between the banks of the Mississippi and the shores of the Pacific become the land of school houses, and settled with an educated and a religious people.
COMMON SCHOOL PUPILS IN COLLEGES.- It is an honorable testimonial to the teachers and pupils of Ohio Common Schools, that Presidents of Colleges should frankly state, that the best English pupils they have in their higher classes, are from Ohio public schools. Many pupils from our schools are now pursuing their studies with great credit in the most noted Institutions, bearing off the palm of scholarship and conduct: and within the last few years graduates from Ohio Common Schools have taken the front rank in various Professions.
On returning from the recent Editorial Convention of this State, we overheard an order given by a veteran editor of a political paper of this state to our officeneighbor, S. D. Harris, editor of the Ohio Cultivator, to send that paper for the year to his young son, a student at Kenyon College. He said that he made it a rule to furnish his children each with some useful paper, thereby identifying it as their property. We were pleased to learn that this well-known man of politics was an ardent lover of nature. He said he had learned to think while following his plough. This farm-labor training and a little schooling at Doyles. town Academy, in Pennsylvania, fitted Col. Sam. Medary, of whom we speak, to be the Clermont county school teacher in 1825 and 6, and editor of the Statesman, in Columbus, of to-day.
ITEM $. SAMUEL LEWIS, first Superintendent of Common Schools for the State of Ohio, was born in Falmouth, Mass., March 17th, 1799 ; and died on his farm near Cincinnati, 29th of July, 1854.
The generation that has grown up since this devoted friend of Free School education began his missionary enterprise of upbuilding Common Schools in Ohio, can only now, in part, the value of his services throughout an active life, but they have an opportunity to to obtain his“ Biography," a book of 430 pages, just printed for the author, W. G. W. Lewis, by the Methodist Book Concern, Cincinnati.
As a Christian philanthropist, his character stands a worthy example for the youth of the state. His devotion to the cause of popular education and the suc-* cess which he has accomplished should be gratefully cherished by the teachers of Ohio.
The incidents of his life, as encouragements to purity of principle and unswerv. ing moral rectitude, are worthy to be read by every youth in the state, and we venture to say that no book of personal history of the present day will be so generally circulated, and accomplish so much good, as the “ Biograpby of Samuel Lewis, first Superintendent of Common Schools of the state of Ohio.”
Many moral maxims and noble sentences of this work, shall be furnished hereafter, in the pages of this journal. This book contains an engraved likeness of this fervent friend of education. The educational department of the work was mainly furnished by Mr. Coggeshall, State Librarian, and is an invaluable record of the progress of the Common Schools of Ohio.
-Hon. H. H. Barney, Commissioner of Common Schools of Ohio, will, on the ath inst., transfer his portfolio to Hon. Anson Smyth.
Mr. Barney has accepted from the Cincinnati School Board, the appointment of Superintendent of the Free Normal Classes in the two High Schools of that city-alternate service being rendered during the morning at “Woodward” H. S.-during the afternoon at“Hughes” H. S.
We extend to both gentlemen earnest wishes for their personal and profes. sional prosperity.
-Mr. John Hancock, to whom was tendered the post of editor by the Executive Committee, on consideration, determined to continue his charge of the first Intermediate School of Cincinnati.
-During the session of the State Teachers' Association in this eity, in December last, a convention of Superintendents of Public Schools was held and a perma. nent organization effected-Andrew J. Rickoff, of Cincinnati, President. They convene in Cincinnati again on the last Friday of April. Reports on subjects specially relating to the superintendency of schools, ready for publication, will then be made by special committees.
- The following interesting articles were crowded out this month, but will ap. pear in the number for March-which will be issued early : Statistical Information from the forthcoming Report of Mr. Barney, State Commissioner; Proceedings of the Convention of Delegates of Colleges and Address of Hon. Hor. ace Mann ; Notices of Educational Journals received ; Resume of Proceedings of Teachers' Association in Western States; Points of Hon. H. Barnard's recent Speech at Chicago; communications, and many interesting items.
-If the support to the Journal was adequate, we would be glad to furnish our readers a monthly of double the number of pages now issued.