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VIEWS AND REVIEWS.

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Twenty-Seventh Annual Report of the Trustees and Visitors of the

Common Schools of the City of Cincinnati, for the School Year ending June 30, 1856. The Report of the President of the Cincinnati School Board and of the Superintendent and Clerk of the Cincinnati Public Schools, has been submitted to the citizens of that metropolis, to the prominent educators of the State, to the memo bers of the General Assembly, and to the leading men in Europe.

Its pages contain facts and figures, and ample elucidation of the practical workings, on a large scale, of that educational system which so admirably dis. tinguishes the State, of which Cincinnati is the commercial, educational capital. The results are those to have been expected from the historic devotion of that people to the cause of popular education; from the liberal support at all times unhesitatingly rendered by the tax-payers of that city ; from the systematic and common-sense plans of their Board of Education ; from the generous devotedness and skillful direction of its President; from the well known abilities of the trained and faithful Teachers; and from the earnestness and whole-heartedness of Superintendent Rickoff. We regret that we cannot, in this number, give our readers abstracts from its pages. " The Eaglet.

This is a spirited little paper, edited by the members of the “Scroll” and Repartee” Associations of the Zanesville High School. The first number was issued on the first of January, and already we have noticed excellent articles copied from it in the papers of the State.

The following article we judge to have been written by Mr. A. Samson, the able Superintendent of the Zanesville schools :

6. VISIT THE SCHOOLS. “An opinion seems to prevail among many of our citizens, that frequent visits to the schools are a source of interruption to the exercises, and hence, not desirable. Such an opinion is entirely erroneous. There is no interruption, for no change is made in the exercises of the school on account of the presence of visitors. The recitation and other exercises of the school are conducted in the same manner, whether any one be present to witness them or not.

Frequent visits from parents and friends of schools are a source of great benefit ; every call from such, even though it be but for a few moments, is a positive advantage to both tes and scholars. It stimulates and encour. ages both. The interest manifested by another increases their own interest in their work.

“Visitors are gladly welcomed on examination days, but none the less so at other times. A much better knowledge of the actual progress of the scholars, and of the character of the school, can be obtained on other than examination days, as then the scholars are necessarily embarrassed, and everything is done under a kind of excitement.

"If parents are interested as they should be in knowing the influences under which their children are in a great measure forming their characters, should we not expect to see them often in the school room, informing themselves, and adding the influence of their presence to encourage their children in the improvement of time and opportunity so important to them? If you would assure your child of your deep interest in his daily occupation-if you would awaken in him a greater earnestness in his preparation for life-if you regard his progress in school as worthy of any effort on your part, go to the school and encourage him in his daily efforts.

“If you would gain power to assist the teacher in imparting to your children proper training, and in aiding them in the formation of a character for life, then visit the schools. The interests of your own children and the future welfare of our city, certainly, are worth the expenditure of a little time in this way. Come, then, to the schools—come often, assured that you will always be welcomed, and that the time you spend in witnessing the exercises will be, if not a source of pleasure to yourselves, at least a benefit to your children. Religious Truths Illustrated from Science, in Addresses and Ser

mons on Special Occasions. By Edward Hitchcock, D.D. LL.D., late President of Amherst College, and now Professor of Natural Theology and Geology. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co. 1857. For sale by J. H. Riley, Columbus, O. To state the subjects and announce the author, is sufficient to attract the learned world to this publication of Addresses and Lectures, delivered to various associations and in various cities. He has treated on eleven topics, viz:

The Highest Uses of Learning; The relations and mutual duties between the Philosopher and the Theologian; Special Divine Interposition in Nature; The Wonders of Science compared with the Wonders of Romance; The Religious Beamings of Man's Creation; The Catalystic Power of the Gospel; The Attractions of Heaven and Earth; Mineralogical Illustrations of Character; The Inseparable Trio; A Chapter in the Book of Providence; The Waste of Mind. Neighbor Jackwood

Has been handed us by the same capital bookseller of the Capital City. The women of our household, to whom it was submitted, report that the book is an interesting one. A“neighbor," who seldom reads fiction, gave some protracted hours to the perusal of “Jackwood." New York Teacher, Albany, February, 1857.

An interesting number, full of local matters of New York and New Jersey.

It appears from the report of Superintendent of Schools in New York, that non attendance is the crying evil in that state. He regards that the time has not come there, to resort to compulsory legislation, as the cities, except Rochester, have failed to enforce the law of 1853, under which the corporate author. ities are required to provide industrial schools for children haunting the streets, without lawful occupation, in case their parents or guardians fail to secure their attendance at school.

In Boston they have a genteel, fatherly, politic policeman moving about the streets during school hours, observing truant and vagrant children. Such as are without parents, guardians or bomes, and those who are habitual beggars, are placed in the custody of the proper authorities, and provision is made for their instruction. Unfortunately, in the larger towns and cities of Ohio, this class is not waited upon by such gentle officials. When arrested it is for crime, and then they are made worse instead of better. They graduate at the expense of the state-going out into society proficients in crime. We hail with delight the prospect of reformatory schools of Ohio, on the right plan-cheap and effectual. But every good citizen should make it a habit to speak kindly to boys in the streets during school hours, who evidently are truants and vagrants, and lead them by device, if by no other way, to homes and school rooms.

The Indiana School Journal, January, 1857.

The State Teachers' Association of Indiana met at Indianapolis, Ia., Dec. 29, 1856. John B. Dillon, State Librarian, made an interesting report, being a history of Common Schools in Indiana. The next meeting will be held at Richmond, Aug. 11, 1857.

Type of the Times. That indefatigable fraternity of Longley, Freres, of Cincinnati, are themselves, in good old English characters, not Phonetic only, Types of the Times, as orig. inal, industrious, to-the-purpose laboring men. They publish all kind of books and do all kind of printing, but their great thought is expressed in characters that the writer bereof can't read ; but the Phonographic, short-hand writing portion of their reform is, beyond all doubt, an important element which should enter into the education of those who want to be apt in writing or taking notes, as professional men.

A semi-monthly of the above title, a Journal of the Phonetic Writing and Spelling Reform, is published by this family of Printer brothers.

-The following report of a recent examination of an applicant to the Board of Examiners of Clermont Co., for a certificate of his qualification to teach a Common School, has been published by Mr. J. K. Parker, their clerk:

Q.-What is a syllable? A. -The assemblage of words forming a complete sentence. Q.-What is a radical or primitive word ? A.-Radical means to suffer and primitive means unlimited. Q.-Which is of greater value, a proper or an improper fraction ? A.–One or more than one. Q.-How may fractions be added ? A.-By adding their numerator or multiplying their denominator. Q.-What is the difference between involution and evolution ? A.-One is raising the power and the other is lowering it. Q.-What is the difference between ratio and proportion ? A.-They are equal to one another. Q.-By what means would you secure punctuality ? A.-By directing them to the past. Q. -What motives induce you to teach ? A.-Inclemency of the weather.”

-We have a note from a correspondent who styles himself a superannuated teacher, not from age, but from disease. He has been confined to his bed for five years, and says " he can never be any better.” He has a heart, however, enlisted in the active labors of educational men in the state of Ohio. He writes: “I am in hopes that our postmaster, Dr. Pangburn, will make up a large list for the Journal, for we have directed him to obtain as many names at fifty cents as he can, and I will pay the other half.” Be comforted, Bro. Bissell, with the assurance that the announcement of your desire to do something for the diffusion of educational information, though you are bed-ridden, will encourage many teachers now listless, on reading your proposition, to awake to effort, and be shamed from their indifference. May the friends of education in Middleport see that the sick room of our corespondent is gladdened by their encouraging visits.

What a thought! A live teacher confined five years to a sick bed, and no hope to be raised therefrom! An eagle in a cage! Who will do an extra work, one earnest laborer in the field of progress being stricken down, to make up for the loss of a valiant soldier from the ranks?

EDUCATIONAL ITEMS.

OHIO. FRANKFORT, Ross Co.-The Union School here is under the superintend. ence of E. Adamson, assisted by Mrs. S. L. Adamson and Misses R. B. Wiley and L. Dunlap. A very commendable and increasing interest is manifested by the citizens. The entire school population, according to the census of 1856, is 305, Of these, 175, or a little over 85 per cent. have been enrolled in the school since the 15th of last September. The average attendance for the last month was 157, or 77 per cent of the school population, and 87 per cent. of the number enrolled. The Superintendent says he would like to compare notes with other places on such points, and thereby stir each other up to an emulation in regard to general and punctual attendance. The present number enrolled is 183. Several of these are non-resident pupils.

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF CLEVELAND-1855–6.-This is a creditable pamphlet of 90 pages, neatly printed, illustrated with views of several school houses in that prosperous (Lake and) Forest City.

Charles Bradburn succeeds Mr. Geo. Willey as President of the Board, and Andrew Freese continues Superintendent of Instruction. The vacation of the schools will extend from July 10th to September 15th.

There are 61 schools under the direction of this Board. Central High School, 1; Branch High School, 1; Grammar Schools, 8; Intermediate 20 ; Primary, 31. Teachers, 71; average number of pupils belonging, 3790; average daily attendance, 3311.

Mr. E. E. White, recently in charge of the Central High School, now Superintendent of the Public Schools at Portsmouth, is spoken of as an experienced educator, whose labors with them have been arduous, and that eminent praise is due him for organizing and remodeling the school.

The report of a capable and faithful Superintendent of Schools is always a document worth more than the speculative theories of editors and preachers, and in that of Mr. Freese we find some rare “nuggets.”

We advert to the caption of " attendance” with more than pleasure. If, as he states, good teachers will always secure regular attendance, by having thoroughly taught and well conducted schools, the teachers of Cleveland are near about No. 1. We had marked several passages for our columns, but limited space forbids.

- On the 6th of March the Toledo High School "commencement” takes place. How pleasant to use that word in connection with this other phrase, “ The People's Colleges! "

- The Teachers' Institute of Athens Co., commencing on the 31st of March, and continuing three days, will be held at Albany, Athens Co.

-By defalcation of a County Treasurer, the Public Schools of Dayton were, recently, on the point of being dismissed, eleven weeks before the close of the session ; but the School Board determined to devote sufficient for their support from the building fund.

-A pupil of the High School of Cleveland, named Gardener, made the accur. rate drawing from which the lithograph of the High School was printed, the impress of which appeared in the school report. Encourage drawing in our schools !

-A teachers' meeting for the counties of Fayette, Highland and Ross, was held at Greenfield, on the 6th and 7th of February. An excellent address was delivered by Rev. Mr. Ritchie, on the question—"What ought our Common Schools to be ?” and an interesting essay was read by T. Herdman, Superintendent of the Greenfield Union School, on the “Rewards of the Teacher.”

An Association was organized by the name of the “Union Educational Association of Fayette, Highland and Ross counties,” with the following officers for the ensuing year : President, E. Adamson, Frankfort, Ross Co.; Vice Presidents, T. H. Herdman, Greenfield, Highland Co.; D. C. Eastman, Bloomingburg, Fayette Co ; and W. Chamberlain, of Ross Co.; Secretary, (ex officio Treas. urer,) J. D. Trevett, Chillicothe, Ross Co.

The next meeting of the Association will be held at Frankfort, Ross Co., on Friday and Saturday, the 1st and 2d of May. An address will be delivered on Friday evening, by T. H. Herdman, and appointments have been made for essays and other interesting exercises.

- Teachers' Advocate, Dayton, Feb. 57. Bro. Ellinwood gives us a spirited paper. It contains a view of the Union school house at Troy, Miami Co. We hope to visit soon the Trojan heroes. He thus announces recent changes in the cinnati schools :

“Mr. H. Edwards, formerly Principal of the first District, has been appointed Principal of the third Intermediate School. Mr. J. B. Trevor, late assistant in the first Intermediate School, has been appointed Principal of the thirteenth District. Mr. A. Page, who has been for some time past first Assistant in the fourth Intermediate has accepted the situation of Principal of the tenth District, and W. F. Forbes has been promoted to the place of first Assistant, in the fourth Intermediate.

“We think the Cincinnati Board are acting in a prudent and sensible manner in thus promoting teachers who have been tried and proved successful in their city schools, in preference to filling the situations with strangers, however well recommended such persons may come.”

We may add that Mr. Mason D. Parker, late Principal of the tenth District, one of the most promising young teachers in Ohio, has taken charge, as Prin. cipal, of the sixth District school in the new building on Elm street, and Mr. Matthew Whilldin, a graduate of the Philadelphia High School, has been raised from the post of Assistant, temporaily to the charge, as Principal, of the 1st District school.

- A course of popular lectures is being delivered at Norwalk, under the di. rection of the High School.

-270 scholars are reported as enrolled in the Union Schools, Jackson C. H., Jackson Co., in this state.

-Alphonso E. Wolcott, formerly of Granville, a teacher at Coal Grove, Lawrence Co., died on the 10th of January.

- The Bucyrus newspapers contain the address of Mr. John Hopley, Superintendent of the Union Schools, on Music ; the occasion being a concert given by the juvenile class.

Mr. Hopley is librarian of the Union School Library, open to the public on Saturday afternoon.

- There are now 40 pupils at Willoughby University, at Tawawa Springs, near Xenia, O., the seat of the new College for colored people.

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