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evangelist, agrees with divers particulars in his history, preserved by Josephus. the tenth year of his government, the chief of the Jews and Samaritans, not being able to endure his cruelty and tyranny, presented complaints against him to Cesar *.

11. (p.19.) Luke iii. 1. “ In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cesar-Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and of the region of Trachonitis-the word of God came unto John.”

By the will of Herod the Great, and the decree of Augustus thereupon, his two sons were appointed, one (Herod Antipas) tetrarch of Galilee and Peræa, and the other (Philip) tetrarch of Trachonitis and the neighbouring countriest. We have therefore thefe two persons in the situations in which St. Luke places them; and also, that they were in these situations in the fifteenth

* Ant. lib. xvii, c. 13, fece lo + Ant. lib. xvii. c. 8, fec. I.



year of Tiberius ; in other words, that they continued in poffeffion of their territories and titles until that time, and afterwards, appears from a passage of Josephus, which relates of Herod, “that he was removed by Caligula, the successor of Tiberius* ; and of Philip, that he died in the twentieth


of Tiberius, when he had governed Trachonitis and Batanea and Gaulanitis thirty-seven yearst."

III. (p. 20.) Mark v. 17 $. “Herod had sent forth, and laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison, for Herodias' fake, his brother Philip's wife ; for he had married her,”

fec. 1.

With this compare Jof. Ant. I. xviii. c. 6,

“ He (Herod the tetrarch) made a visit to Herod his brother-Here, falling in love with Herodias, the wife of the said

5, fec. 6.

* Ant. lib. xviii. c. 8, sec. 2.
+ Ant. lib. xviii. c.
See allo Mat. xiv. 1-13. Luke iii. 19.


Herod, he ventured to make her proposals of marriage *."

Again, Mark vi. 22. « And when the daughter of the said Herodias came in and danced

With this also compare Jos. Ant, I. xviii. c. 6, fec. 4. " Herodias was married to Herod, son of Herod the Great. They had a daughter, whose name was Salome; after Whose birth, Herodias, in utter violation of the laws of her country, left her husband then living, and married Herod the tetrarch of Galilee, her husband's brother by the fac ther's side."

* The affinity of the two accounts is unquestionable ; but there is a difference in the name of Herodias's first husband, which, in the evangelift, is Philip; in Jofephus, Herod. The difficulty, however, will not appear confiderable, when we recollect how common it was, in those times, for the same perfon to bear two names:

Simon, which is called Peter; Lebbeus, whose fur. name is Thaddeus ; Thomas, which is called Didymus; Simeon, who was called Niger; Saul, who was also called Paul." The folution is rendered likewife easier in the present case, by the confideration, that Herod the Great had children by seven or eight wives; that Jofephus mentions three of his sons under the name of Herod; that it is nevertheless highly probable, that the brothers bore some additional name, by which they were distinguished from one another. Lærd, vol. ii, p. 897



IV. (p. 29.) Aas xii. 1. “ Now, about that time, Herod the king stretched forth his hands, to vex certain of the church." In the conclusion of the same chapter, Herod's death is represented to have taken place soon after this persecution. The accuracy of our historian, or, rather, the unmeditated coincidence, which truth of its own accord

produces, is in this instance remarkable. There was no portion of time, for thirty years before, nor ever afterwards, in which there was a king at Jerusalem, a person exercising that authority in Judea, or to whom that tille could be applied, except the three last years of this Herod's life, within which period the transaction recorded in the Aets is stated to have taken place. This prince was the grandson of Herod the Great. In the Acts he appears under his family name


of Herod; by Jofephus he is called Agrippa. For proof that he was a king, properly so called, we have the testimony of Josephus in full and direct terms :-“ Sending for him to his palace, Caligula put a crown upon his head, and appointed him king of the tetrarchie of Philip, intending also to give him the tetrarchie of Lysanias *,” And that Judea was at last, but not until the last, included in his dominions, appears by a fubfequent paffage of the same Josephus, wherein he tells us, that Claudius, by a decree, confirmed to Agrippa the dominion which Caligula had given him, adding also Juded and Samaria, in the utmost extents as poflefed by his grandfather Herod t.

V. (p. 32.) Acts xii. 19. 23.

« And he (Herod) went down from Judea to Cesarea, and there abode.—And upon a set day, Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, saç upon his throne, and made an oration unto them; and the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man; and im

* Ant. xviii. c. 7, fec. 10.


f Ib. xix., c. 5, sec. I.


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