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But thus far the relative position of England strength and beauty, giving up his generous and the United States has been such that soul to the worship of virtue. Tell them our proportional contribution to the common your choice is also made. Tell them, with literature was naturally a small one. Eng. the illustrious Roman orator, you would land, by her great superiority in wealth and rather be in the wrong with Plato, than in population, was of course the head-quarters the right with Epicurus. Tell them that a of science and learning. All this is rapidly mother in Sparta would have rather seen changing. You are already touching the her son brought home from battle a corpse point when your wealth and population will upon his shield, than dishonoured by its equal those of England. The superior rapi- loss. Tell them that your mother is Amedity of our progress will, at no distant rica, your battle the warfare of life, your period, give you the ascendency. It will shield the breast-plate of Religion. then belong to your position to take the lead in arts and letters, as in policy, and to give the tone to the literature of the language. Let it be your care and study not to show yourselves unequal to this high calling, to vindicate the honour of the new world THE DURABILITY OF REPUTATION. in this generous and friendly competition with the old. You will perhaps be told that literary pursuits will disqualify you for the The age of Louis XIV. is universally active business of life. Heed not the idle considered as one of the brightest periods assertion. Reject it as a mere imagination, in the history of civilization. What gave inconsistent with principle, unsupported by it this splendid preëminence ? Louis XIV. experience. Point out to those who make himself, although he possessed great qualities it, the illustrious characters who have reaped and eclipsed the glory of most of his prein every age the highest honours of stu- decessors, now comes in for a very moderate dious and active exertion. Show them De- share of the attention we bestow on the mosthenes, forging by the light of the time in which he lived. His generals, Conde, midnight lamp those thunderbolts of elo- Turenne, Luxemburg, and the rest, – un
questionably men of distinguished talent, „Shook the arsenal and fulmined over Greece - were yet in no way superior to the thunderTo Macedon and Artaxerxes' throne.“
bolts of war that have wasted mankind from Ask then if Cicero would have been hailed age to age, and are now forgotten. His with rapture as the father of his country, ministers, Fouquet, Colbert, Louvois, have if he had not been its pride and pattern in left no marked traces in history. The cephilosophy and letters. Inquire whether lebrated beauties that charmed all eyes at Cæsar, or Frederick, or Bonaparte, or Wel- the court festivals have long since mouldered lington, or Washington, fought the worse into dust. Yet we still cling with the deepbecause they knew how to write their own est interest to the memory of the age of commentaries. Remind them of Franklin, Louis XIV., because it was the age of tearing at the same time the lightning from Pascal and Corneille, of Racine, Molière, heaven, and the sceptre from the hands of and La Fontaine, of Bossuet, Fénélon, the oppressor. Do they say to you that Bourdaloue, Massillon, La Bruyère, La study will lead you to scepticism? Recall Rochefoucault, and Madame de Sévigné. The to their memory the venerable names of time will probably come, in the progress
of Bacon, Milton, Newton and Locke. Would civilization, when the military and civic glothey persuade you that devotion to learning ries of this period will be still more lightly, will withdraw your steps from the paths of because more correctly, estimated than they pleasure? Tell them they are mistaken. Tell are now: when the King, who could make them that the only true pleasures are those war upon Holland, because he was offended which result from the diligent exercise of by the device of a burgomaster's seal, and all the faculties of body, and mind, and the general who burnt the Palatinate in cold heart, in pursuit of noble ends by noble blood, will be looked upon,
with all their means. Repeat to them the ancient apologue refinement and merit of a certain kind, of the youthful Hercules, in the pride of as belonging essentially to the same class
of semi-barbarians with the Tamerlanes and and the latest posterity will listen with as Attilas, the Rolands and the Red Jackets: much or even greater pleasure than their when the Fouquets and Colberts will be contemporaries to the discourses of Bossuet considered as possessing a moral value very and Massillon. The masterly productions little higher than that of the squirrels and of these great men and their illustrious consnakes, which they not inappropriately as- temporaries will perpetuate to the last sylsumed as their emblems. But the maxims lable of recorded time“ the celebrity which of La Rochefoucault will never lose their they originally conferred upon the period point, nor the poetry of Racine its charm. when they lived, and crown with a light of The graceful eloquence of Fénélon will flow perennial and unfading glory the age of for ever through the pages of Telemachus, Louis XIV.
HENRY ROWE SCHOOLCRAFT.
SCENERY OF LAKE SUPERIOR. of broken and fallen stones are whirled about
and ground down till all the softer ones, Few portions of America can vie in such as the sandstones, are brought into the scenic attractions with this interior sea. Its state of pure yellow sand. This sand is size alone gives it all the elements of gran- driven ashore by the waves, where it is deur, but these have been heightened by shoved up in long wreaths till dried by the the mountain masses which nature has piled sun. The winds now take it up
and spread along its shores. In some places these masses it inland, or pile it immediately along the consist of vast walls of coarse gray or drab coast, where it presents itself in mountain sandstone, placed horizontally until they masses. Such are the great Sand Dunes of have attained many hundred feet in height the Grande Sables. above the water. The action of such an There are yet other theatres of action immense liquid area, forced against these for this sublime mass of inland waters, where crumbling walls by tempests, had caused it has manifested perhaps still more strongly, wide and deep arches to be worn into the if not so strikingly, its abrasive powers. solid structure at their base, into which the The whole force of the lake, under the imbillows rush with a noise resembling low pulse of a north-west tempest, is directed pealing thunder. By this means, large areas against prominent portions of the shore, of the impending mass are at length under which consist of the black and hard volcamined and precipitated into the lake, leav- nic rocks. Solid as these are, the waves ing the split and rent parts from which they have found an entrance in veins of spar or have separated standing like huge misshapen minerals of softer structure, and have thus turrets and battlements. Such is the varied been led inland, and torn up large fields of coast called the Pictured Rocks.
amygdaloid and other rock, or left portions At other points of the coast volcanic i of them standing in rugged knobs or proforces have operated, lifting up these level montories. Such are the east and west coasts strata into positions nearly vertical, and of the great peninsula of Keweena, which leaving them to stand like the leaves of an has recently become the theatre of mining open book. At the same time, the volcanic operations. rocks sent up from below have risen in high When the visiter to these remote and mountain piles. Such is the condition of boundless waters comes to see this wide and things at the Porcupine Mountains. varied scene of complicated attractions, he
The basin and bed of this lake act as a is absorbed in wonder and astonishment. vast geological mortar, in which the masses The eye, once introduced to this panorama
of waters, is never done looking and admir- , of inscribed stone no gates of rust-coated ing. Scene after scene, cliff after cliff, island brass. But the man himself survives in his after island, and vista after vista are pre- generation. He is a walking statue before sented. One day's scenes are but the prelude us. His looks and his gestures and his to another, and when weeks and months language remain. And he is himself an athave been spent in picturesque rambles along tractive monument to be studied. Shall we its shores, the traveller has only to ascend neglect him and his antiquarian vestiges, some of its streams and go inland to find to run after foreign sources of intellectual falls and cascades, and cataracts of the most study? Shall we toil amid the ruins of beautiful or magnificent character. Go where Thebes and Palmyra, while we have before he will, there is something to attract him. us the monumental enigma of an unknown Beneath his feet the pebbles are agates. race? Shall philosophical ardour expend itThe water is of the most crystalline purity. self in searching after the buried sites of The sky is filled at sunset with the most Nineveh, and Babylon, and Troy, while we gorgeous piles of clouds. The air itself is have not attempted, with decent research, of the purest and most inspiriting kind. To to collect, arrange, and determine the leadvisit such a scene is to draw health from ing data of our aboriginal history and anits purest fountains, and to revel in intel- tiquities? ... lectual delights.
No branch of the human family is an object unworthy of high philosophic inquiry. Their food, their language, their arts, their physical peculiarities, and their mental traits
are each topics of deep interest, and susTHE IROQUOIS.
ceptible of being converted into evidences
of high importance. Mistaken our Red Men Looking around over the wide forests clearly were, in their theories and opinions and translucent lakes of New York, we on many points. They were wretched theo. have beheld the footprints of the lordly logists and poor casuists. But not more so, Iroquois, crowned by the feathers of the in three-fourths of their dogmas, than the eagle, bearing in his hand the bow and ar. disciples of Zoroaster, or Confucius. They rows, and scorning by the keen glances of were polytheists from their very position. his black eye, and the loftiness of his tread, And yet, there is a general idea, that under the very earth that bore him History every form they acknowledged but one diand tradition speak of the story of this an- vine intelligence under the name of the cient race.
They paint him as a man of Great Spirit. of endurance of indomitable cou They paid their sacrifices to the imagirage of capacity to endure tortures with nary and fantastic gods of the air, the woods out complaint of a heroic and noble in- and water, as Greece and Rome had done, dependence. They tell us that these pre- and done as blindly, before them. But they cincts, now waving with yellow corn, and were a vigorous, hardy, and brave off-shoot smiling with villages, and glittering with of the original race of man. They were full spires, were once vocal with their war songs, of humanities. They had many qualities to and resounded with the chorusses of their command admiration. They were wise in corn feasts. We descry, as we plough the council, they were eloquent in the defence plain, the well-chipped darts which pointed of their rights. They were kind and humane their arrows, and the elongated pestles that to the weak, bewildered, and friendless. crushed their maze. We exhume from their Their lodge-board was ever ready for the obliterated and simple graves the pipe of wayfarer. They were constant to a proverb steatite, in which they smoked, and offered in their professed friendships. They never incense to these deities, and the fragments forgot a kind act. Nor can it be recorded of the culinary vases, around which the lodge to their dispraise, that they were a terror circle gathered to their forest meal. Mounds to their enemies. Their character was and trenches and ditches speak of the move on the military principle, and to acquire ment of tribe against tribe, and dimly shadow distinction in this line, they roved over half forth the overthrow of nations. There are the continent. ... no plated columns of marble no tablets But all their efforts would have ended
in disappointment had it not been for that guished from the other hunter nations of principle of confederation, which, at an early North America, and it is to their rigid adday, pervaded their councils and converted herence to the verbal compact, which bound them into a phalanx, which no other tribe them together as tribes and clans, that they could successfully penetrate or resist. It is owe their present celebrity, and owed their this trait by which they are most distin- former power.
NATHANIEL PARKER WILLIS.
FASHION AND INTELLECT IN
rather less than more valued by their own NEW YORK.
sex for being thus much above their business," and there is no recompensing prefer
ence of them (shall we say it?) by the soHow to add the genius of New York to ciety standards of our ,,fashionable women." the society which exercises its gaieties and They are a kind of men, too, who will go hospitalities is a problem, to the solution of nowhere through a stooping door," and which, as our readers know, we have once whom Society must seek. Consequently or twice put out preparatory feelers. Know- like the classes formed altogether by predoming as we do that there is resident in New inance in intellectual qualities they are York material for as intellectual, sparkling, not in society.“ and brilliant a society as exists in the world We refer in this last sentence to those
and that this material is wholly un whose success in their pursuit for a livesought, and almost wholly unrepresented, lihood) depends on being more gifted than in the circles most courted by inhabitants other men with the rarer and higher faculand most seen by strangers we feel as ties of the mind — artists, authors, journalif the excellent stones, which worthily form ists, architects, professional scholars, and the base of high civilization, were being musical and dramatic celebrities. There are forgetfully continued into the superstructure; enough of these at any one time, in New and that it is time to suggest the want, of York, to furnish every party that is given such as are chiselled, to carry out the upper every circle that meets, in any shape design of social architecture – to build its fair, or European, proportion of taste fitly into its columns, and point its pinnacles and intellect. But the fashionable world is and arches.
almost entirely without ,,this little variety New York (we mention it as a matter of citizen - for, artists, authors, journalists, of
Dews) is rich in delightful people. What „stars, and that sort of people, (as any we mean by „delightful people cannot well young lady with a two-thousand-dollar neckbe conveyed in one definition; but they may lace will tell you,) are „not in society.“ be loosely described as those who think new It is not that the door is shut very tight, as they talk, and do not talk stale as they by the Pocket Aristocracy, against these
echo or remember. There are such in all aristocrats of the brain, but various small ; professions merchants, who slip Wall causes combine to keep it closed. The mas
street from their tongues and faces as they ter of a new - made fortune, for instance, pass Bleecker, going home lawyers who is very apt to feel, like Milton's Satan, that put on and take off 'cuteness and suspici- it is ousness with their office-coat politicians „Better to rule in Hell than serve in Heaven,“ whose minds, though only one-eared for po- and he willingly invites no class of persons litics, will open both ears to anything else to his house, by whom his ostentation will
freshminded and thought-recognizing men, be undervalued, or whose critical eyes will of every
kind of business but they are be likely to see a want of harmony be
tween house and owner. The mistress of a position, the proper influence must be brought fashionable house, on the other hand, is by perpetually to bear on men of new-made no means sure enough of her position to respectability and fortunes. But, let us venrun any risks; and though she is educated, ture to suggest an idea for the quicker pose as her husband is not, and would very much of the wanting figure of Intellect upon our prefer an intellectual man as a chance com- statue-less pedestal of Wealth. panion in a stage coach, she cannot venture Till the society of men and women of to dull the „stylish air“ of her party by the talent is more attractive than its own presence of any one ill - drest
or, at least, till they have graces and atthat the dandies might mention slightingly tractions, among themselves, that it would as one of the sort of people that were willingly borrow Fashion will never there" nor any one who does not visit trouble itself to seek guests among those certain families to whose level she aspires. superior to itself by nature. What we want The unmarried daughters are very young, is what they have in Paris a society and if they have any voice in the matter, separate from fashion the admission to they prefer the best - gloved, best waltzing- which would be a compliment to the quapartners, and the beaux who are likeliest lity of a man which would give its ento „have a team of their own“ at Newport tertainments with humbler surroundings, or Saratoga.
but with wit, sparkle, and zest únknown These, and twenty other reasons, pre- to the japonicas and diamonds
a freer vent intellectual men from being sought by society as to etiquette and dress — and a the recognized Upper Society of New York; circle of which the power to contribute to and as Intellect keeps modestly back - its pleasure and brilliancy would be the partly from being able, usually, to make no otherwise un-catechised pass. Vice and vireturn of hospitality, and partly from hav- cious people need not necessarily belong to ing too much pride to run any hazard of this circle, as they do possibly to the „armortification they will not seek it, as tistic circles“ of Paris. Though the manVulgarity will; and the chances are, that ners are freer in these entertainments than the two Aristocracies of Brain and Pocket in the drawing-rooms of titled society, there will not, by any „natural course of things" is nothing which could offend propriety; come together, in this our day and gener- and gaiety by this freedom is but stripped ation.
of its unmeaning trammels. As we said Of the two sides of a door, the compar. before, New York is rich in delightful people ative pleasantness is, of course, a matter - just the people for the formation of a of opinion; and the outside of a coarse mil- rival aristocracy of mind. There are beaulionaire's would be easily voted, by intel- tiful, accomplished and gifted women,
who lectual men, that of the best society, but are known singly to artists and authors, that charming women, divine music, costly journalists and scholars ; and who would flowers and lights, pictures and statuary, come where they might meet these fresh. are on the inside, with the Money. There minded men women who at present have is no doubt, therefore, in the mind of any no sphere in which they can shine, but who man of sense, that the inside of a rich man's are as capable, perhaps, as the most brildoor is desirable, whether he is, or is not, liant belles of society, of the charming inhimself, the drawback to its agreeableness. terchanges for which the sex is worshipped. It is an object, we presume, quite worthy There are dramatic artists, musical stars, of advocacy in print, to bring about a free- foreigners of taste, looking for a society of dom of the halls of Croesus to Intellect ; to mind, critics, poets, and strangers of emiopen the enchantments of Wealth the nence from other cities all of whom treasures of Art which it collects, the music might combine with the superior men among and perfume which it buys, and the beauty, our lawyers, merchants and politicians, and grace and polish which it brings together form a new level of intercourse, of which
to the class which, of these luxuries, New York is at this moment capable, and has a thousand-fold the highest appreciation. which would soon compare favorably in inThis has been done in other countries. It terest and excitement, with the most fascishould be done in America though, in nating circles abroad. our kaleidoscope reverses and somersets of To such an arena for mind, taste and