Intermolecular and Surface Forces
This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition.
· starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems
· covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels
· multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields
· This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)
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adhesion adhesion energy adhesion force adsorbed aggregates amphiphilic aqueous atoms attractive binding biological bonds bulk chain Chapter collision colloidal concentration contact angle Coulomb counterions curved Debye length dielectric constant dipole dispersion distance DLVO DLVO theory double-layer droplets effects elastic electrolyte electrostatic entropic equation equilibrium film finite flat surface force-law free energy friction force geometry Hamaker constant headgroup hydration hydrocarbon hydrophilic hydrophobic increase interaction energy interface intermolecular ionic ions Israelachvili lattice layer length lipid bilayers liquid macroscopic measured medium membranes micelles mJ mĄ2 molecular monolayer n n n Worked Example negative occur osmotic pair potential phase planar polar polar molecules polarizability polymer pressure proteins radii repulsive forces Section separation short-range shown in Figure solid solute molecules solvation solvation force solvent spherical structures surface charge surface energy surfactant temperature theory thermodynamic unit area vapor velocity vesicles Waals Waals forces water molecules