Unlike most other texts on the subject, this clear, concise introduction to the theory of microscopic bodies treats the modern theory of critical phenomena. Provides up-to-date coverage of recent major advances, including a self-contained description of thermodynamics and the classical kinetic theory of gases, interesting applications such as superfluids and the quantum Hall effect, several current research applications, The last three chapters are devoted to the Landau-Wilson approach to critical phenomena. Many new problems and illustrations have been added to this edition.
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THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS
SOME APPLICATIONS OF THERMODYNAMICS
THE PROBLEM OF KINETIC THEORY
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absolute zero approximation atoms average Boltzmann transport equation Bose gas Bose-Einstein condensation bosons boundary condition calculation classical collision configuration consider constant coordinates corresponds cosh curve defined denoted density derivation diagonal distribution function eigenvalues electron energy levels entropy equilibrium excited expansion external Fermi gas fermions finite fluid formula given grand canonical ensemble graph Hamiltonian hard-sphere Helmholtz free energy Hence ideal Bose gas ideal Fermi gas ideal gas independent integral interaction interparticle Ising model isotherm law of thermodynamics liquid He4 low temperatures macroscopic magnetic field mass matrix elements Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution microcanonical ensemble molecules momentum number of particles obtain occupation numbers phase transition phonons Phys potential pressure properties pseudopotentials QN(V region satisfies shown in Fig sinh solution specific heat spin statistical mechanics superfluid theorem theory thermodynamic functions valid vector velocity virial wave function