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penury and neglect 'under which she now thatch, supported by rongh pillars clothed languishes." Was she beantiful?" asked with ivy, clematis, passion-flowers, virginCatherine : "I see no remains of former in-the-bowers, looked ont on a garden, lovelniess.”" She is much changed," gay with holly-locks, balsams, Chinaanswered Charles; “but even I can re- asters, marigolds, the rich scarlet geramember her a inost splendid woman. She nium, and the sweet marvel of Pern. The had the presence and air of a queen. evening sun gleamed brightly around, and Poverty and her father's displeasure have shone on the old farm-house, whose casewrought this change in her,” and perlaps ment windows peeped through a clusterher husband's death."
ing vine, beneath which stood Catherine 6 Chiefly want of money," observed Mr. blooming as Hebe, catching in a wicker: Mordaunt, sealing and directing his letter. basket, the large bunches of grapes which She had pretty well got over the loss of her younger brother, with one foot on a Captain Sullivan. “ Want of money is the ladder, and one on the steep roof of the pressing evil."-"I wish I were as rich as house; threw down to her and Charles, Mr. Darrell !" cried Sarah ; and then she who was at once steadying the ladder and blushed and stopped, adding, in a hesitats directing the steps of the adventurous gaing voice, “what a pity it is that good thereř. Little Bab, the heroine of the wishes can do no real good.” A day, was marching in great state down a
“Except to the wisher, Sarab," replied broad gravel walk, leading froin the house her father ; " the slightest emotion of dis- to the root-house, preceding a procession interested kindness that passes through consisting of the footman, with a tray of the mind improves and refreshes that jingling glasses-the housekeeper, bearing mind, producing generous thought and the famous syllabub, her own syllabub , noble feeling. Cherish kind wislies my and the housemaid, well laden with fruit children; for a time may come when and cakes. Sarah, faithful to her flowers, you may be enabled to put them in prace was collecting an autumn nosegay, partly tice. In the mean time,” added lie, in as an offering to Miss Barbara—partly for a gayer tonë, “ tell me if you were all her father, whose return from town, wlii. very rich, what you would wish for your-ther he had been summoned on business, was selves--for your own gratification, ladies anxiously expected by them all. Just as the and gentlemen.”
gày young party were collected together “Oh papa," exclaimed Sarah, “a great in the root-house, Mr. Mordaunt arrived. library!”.
He was in mourning, and although " And I," said Miss Bab, from the floor, receiving with kindness Sarah's offering I'd have a great doll."
of flowers, and Bab's bustling presentation “ I'd go to Italy,” said Charles.
of a glass of syllabub, which the little lady “ I to Oxford," said his brother.
of the day insisted on filling herself, was 6. And I to Ranelagh,” said Catherine, evidently serions, pre-occupied, almost laughing. “ In the mean time," added she, agitated. He sat down without speaking, as the footmen-it being now six o'clock, throwing his hat opon the table, and for they had dined at the usual hour pushing away Catherine's guitar, which of three brought in the tea equipage, had been brought thither purposely to followed by the silver kettle and lamp: amuse him. He had even forgotten it wa's « in the meantime, we may as well go to Bab's birth-day, until reminded of it by tea, and afterwards take a walk in Gray's the child herself, who clambered upon his Ion Garden, as we meant to do, for the knees, put her arms round his neck, and evening is beautiful, and my new hat is demanded clamorously that her dear papa just come home.”
should kiss her and wish her joy. He then About two months after, the same party, kissed her tenderly, uttered a fervent bewith the exception of Mr. Mordaunt, weré nediction on her, and on all his children, assembled at nearly the same hour in a and relapsed into his former silence and very different scene. They were then abstraction. At length he said, “ My sadpassing the long vacation at the farm, and ness saddens you, my dear boys and girls, it being Bab's birth-day, had adjourned to but I am just come from a very solemn the root-house, a pretty rustic building at scene, from Mr. Darrell's funeral.” the end of the garden, to partake of fruit : « Good gracious! "exclaimed Charles, and cakes, and a syllabub from the cow, with much emotion, " I did not even which the delighted little girl herself had know that he was dead."-" Nor I till i been permitted to compound, under the reached London yesterday," returned Mr. direction and superintendance of the Mordaunt. house-keeper. It was a scene beautiful “ Poor, poor Mrs. Sullivan,” cried Sain itself and full of youthful enjoyment. rah : “ did her father forgive her before The somewhat sombre root bouse, with he died?" its gothic painted wivdows, its projecting “ He sent her his forgiveness on his
CAUSES OF THE DECLINE OF THE DRAMA.
89 bed-an unspeakable comfort !-bit still CAUSES OF THE DECLINE OF his angry will remains uprevoked. She
THE DRAMA.F and her children are starving, whilst his immense fortune descends to one unconnected by blood or alliance, or any tie THBRE was a time when theatrical affairs save that of an old friendship. After a were topics of paramount interest. The few trifling legacies to friends and servants, word s town," in these by-gone times, I am left residuary legatee. The property signified the people who visited the theais large my children; larger, perhaps, tres. « The town was pleased;"! " it did thau with your moderate views and li- not hit the taste of the town;" 'the town mited expectations you can readily appre- expressed its opinion;" “ the town did not hend. You may be rich, even beyond the attend;" " Tweedledom and tweedledee utmost grasp of your wishes, and Cathe- divided the town," &c. Those whom their rine may revel in innocent amusement, ill taste and ill fortune kept away from the aud Charles in tasteful travel; college, theatres were looked upon as barbarians with all its advantages, is open to his not yet emerged from some of the primibrother; Sarah may have endless books, tive stages of human society. Those who and Barbara endless dolls ; luxury, splens are now “ the town”- the exquisites, the dour, gaiety, and ambition, are before ye dandies, the exclusives, the ladies who are - the trappings of grandeur or the delights at home, and the gentlemen who are in of lettered ease ; ye may be rich, my the clubs, know nothing about them. Frechildren, beyond the dream of avarice- quenting a theatre would be ruin to any or ye may resign these riches to the na- inan of the slightest pretensions. You tural heir, and return to peaceful com- might as well have, under the dynasty of petence and honourable exertion, reaping Brummell, asked twice for soup, Liteno other fruit from this unsonght legacy, rary men, with scarcely an exception of than a spotless reputation and a clear any pretension, avoid writing for the conscience. Choose, and choose freely; stage; if Byron or Scott wrote a play, My little Sarah has, I think, already they took care to prefix the rather super-. chosen. When some weeks ago, slie Huoas notice in their cases, that it is not wished to be as rich as Mr. Darrell, I intended to be acted. Our modern draread her countenance ill, if the motive of mas are avowedly taken from the French, that wish were not to enrich Mrs. Sulli- and adapted by a process, which, as far as van. Choose, my dear children, and intellect' is concerned, is not above the choose freely!”
craft of a tinker, to English manners. The • " Oh, miy dear father, we have chosen ! actors, though in general respectable men, Could you think that we should hesitate ! are no longer companions of the upper I answer for my brothers and sisters, as classes either of rank, fashion, or litera. for myself. How could your children twe: we feel the same curiosity about waver between wealth and lionour?" Aud theni or their affairs, as we do about the Charles, as he said this, threw himself into sayings or doings of our tailors. Even the Iris father's arms, the other young people éclut of an adventure with a lady of the elinging round them even little Bab, ex- theatre, wbicb was once a inatier that filled claiming, " Oh, dear papa, the money the brearts of rival beaux with envy, has must be all for Mrs. Sullivan!"
lost its glories.
· Many reasons have been assigned for The relater of this true anecdote, had this undoubted carelessness as to dramatic the gratification of hearing it trom one of affairs among us. The spread of me. the actors in the scene-the Sarah of her thiodism is alleged as one canse, but by little story, who is now in a green old age, itself that could pot do much more than the delight of her friends, and the admira- the hostility of the severer orders in the tion of her acquaintances. Her readers Roman Catholic church might effect will probably be as glad to hear as she was, abroad. The travelling preachers have that the family thns honourably self-de- less influence upon English society than prived of enormous riches, lias been emi- the Capnchins and other monastic mountenently happy and prosperous in all its banks had upon that of France and Italy. branches--that the firm distinguished by The late dinners of fashionable life are the virtues of its founder still continues mentioned as a second obstacle ; but this one of the first in London-and that a is only saying in another way that it is grandson of Mr. Mordaunt's, no less re- not the fashion to go to the theatre. It markable for talent and integrity than his merely puts us back a single step. If peoprogenitor, is at the present time a partner ple of fashion were as fond of the drama in the house.
as their grandfathers and grandmothers,
† Abridged from Fraser's Magazine. No. X. VOL. VI.
they wonld very soon make their dinner's go to the theatre pour sè delusser; the fit theatrical honrs. The size of the great private party is more entertaining. Tive houses—a third cause, according to some accomplishments of society have spread - may mainly contribute to the necessity over a wider class - the means of gratify: of sacrificing the ear to the eye, and there ing the minor intellectual tastes more fore make the poet and wit give way to easily accessible--and the play is but one the machinist and scene-painter, But in of the attractions which educated life other countries the same causes are in affords. operation; and, let us add, that the Here, then, we look npon the theatre as scene- painters and machinists of Drury neither a resort of fashion, a school of Lane and Covent Garden produce what taste, nor an arena for literary taleats, we may justly call trinmplis of art; things Writing for ihe theatre, at all times in themselves well worthy to be visited hazardous- (valeot res ludicrų, si me pulmų
Let us attenipt in some sort a solution neguta macrum, &c.) is only ventured of the difficulty, if there be one. We upon by men of character wlien the rethink it will be found chietly in two) causes ward is great. The real dramatic writer
the march of Intellect and the murch of of the present day appeals to the closet, London, Of the latter, first:
and generally chooses the novel as the 1. It is evident that the increased size shape in which he appears. The reward of London hạs rendered a desire for public of Drury Lane or Covent Garden is small amusemeuts less vivid, The fashionalile wlien compared with what literature sup: people faucy themselves compelled to live plies in other directions; and, therefore, apart, and to include, for the purposes of with scarcely an exception, nobody tries visiting, &c. their dominion within conin dramatic writing as a business, but those paratively small limits. The incieasing who liave no chance of succeeding in any wealthi (or its greater condensation, for as other department. As the author sinks, we are not writing politics, in this article, 80 sinks the actor. The one poorly rewe shall avoid all debatable topics), las munerated, is careless of bis composition ; given the means of appearing fashionable the other, liąving lost the main link whichi to many—say thousands; whom those bound him to the living intellect of the who are already in possession do not wish country, becomes a mere mechanic. to acknowledge. This draws the line still Buffoons, and the broader they are the closer. Contact, in all cases, wiih'these better-simple tnne-turners, and the less of people, must be sedulously avoided-and scientific music they know the betterhow could it be avoided if frequenting these are the really sncces:tol performers public places of amusement were per- at present. The jack-pudding and the missible. The narrow circle must, there ballad-singer must ever be ibe favourites fore amuse itself; and, owing to the size at Bartolomew fair. of London, it can do so. The nightly They manage these matters otherwise parties and daily visitings cau very well in France. In France, the stage is yet supply the place of theatres to those connected with the literature of the counclasses who went formerly to the play only try, and from the mouths of tlie French to see and be seen. The mob of the boxes players you are still sure to hear the lando ņot contain their friends---for what ġuäge spoken in its purity. in France, is going on upon the stage they never pre- the pott, the scholar, the man of fashiou, tended to care. The late dinper, which, and the gentleman, du still write plays, Bow that hospitality is voted coarse, is no and the honour derived from success in event of the day, assembles those wliom a their authorship is even greater than it box world would fornierly have assem- was with is in the days of Sir Charles bled; and the miscellaneous rabble of the Sedley. A single comedy has secured the fashionable party supplies whatever might writer's election in the academy-bas pro. have been expected to be found in the cured on the riband of honour and company of a theatre sixty years ago," gained him the entree to the most aristo* 2. The Murch of intellect. -- When play. cratic saluns ;'while he, at the same time, houses, in England, absorbed all public is not deprived of a more substantial attention, or divided it only with politics reward, in the shape of a regular per and the polpil, the reading classes were centage upon the receipts arising from the far less numerously supplied thali at pre-performance of his work in every theatre sent.---Those who--because they had no of the French dominions. There, too, the light intellectual fare spread before them actor must be of a superior order; a single
went to the play, now find their wants, fault in pronunciation would be sufficient in some degree at least, suş plied by the to occasion his everlasting expulsion. Thus improved newspaper, the superior naga- it happens, that no Frenchman ever zine, the new creation of novel, &c. &c. dreams of rushing to the stage from the It is less and less necessary every day to desk or the counter, which his idleness or dishonesty has compelled him to abandon. fien Thenard's esperiments on the oxygea He knows that, even to be tolerated, lie nated acids? Oersted's and Berzelius's on inust possess that perfect purity of prothe radicals of the earths? Balard's and nunciation, and grace of delivery, which Serulias's on the combination of brome, belong not to the ignorant and the vulgar; and a hundred other splendid trains of aud consequently, even in the lowest cha. research in that fascinating science ? Nor tacters of the drama, we never see in need we stop here. There are, indeed, few France any of those wretched animals, who sciences which would not furnish matter offend our eyes and hurt our ears in Horatio; for similar remark." and all the other parts which, in the lan. Such are the statements recently priguage of our green-rooms, are described blished by Mr. Herschel, whose range of as second-rate. In France no person is scientific acquirenients is at prescut unconsidered to have a prescriplive right to rivalled in this country. Like the other the first line of characters. The actors writers, who have tonched upon the state there forin a society, in which all are equal, of our science, it was introduced by him and in which no man can rise to eminence, only as an incidental topic, to which the except by the gradual exhibition of power bearings of bis subject liad casually led. in the various parts which are succes- These casual and incidental notices, as sively committed to his charge. The they appeared only in scientific works, actresses,'ton-we will not dwell upon which were perhaps not known even by their character, for in all countries that name to those who rule over the destinies must naturally be the same)-are for the of England, were not likely to attract atten. like reasons, elegant and fascinating tion, or to excite discussion. An appeal, ereatures. A clumsy Celimene would be however, of a more formal kind, has been hooted from the stage; an ill-made Suzon, at length made from the chair of Newton, and an ngly Hortense, would sbare thé and from the pen of his successor, Mr. samie fale; and an Elmire that spoiled the Babbage, whose varied and profound aca verses of Molière by a provincial vul- quirements fitred him in a peciiliar manner garity of pronunciation, would be sacri- for such a task. A mathematician of the ficed forth with to the offended dignity of first order, a learned natural philosopher) Thalia. From the intimate connexion and the inventor of one of the inost extrawhich always exists between effect and ordinary machines that ever proceeded cause, the actresses there live in the most from the sagacity of man, he has had oclearned and polished society of the literary casion to be intimately acquainted with capital of Europe. The soirées of Made the present condition of the arts as well as moiselle Mars are the most recherchées the sciences of his country. Let us hope things in the world. There is more genius his “ Reflections” will excite that serious in her assemblies, than in half the king- consideration and attention to which they doms of Europe, All persons of rank and are so justly entiiled. Among the causes name in the world of letters must find which have led to the decline of science in themselves in her salon, and any drama, England, Alr. Babbage enumerates, the in wbich she is to perform, excites, long lack of substantial encouragement exbefore its production, the most intense tended to its cultivators. Were we to interest.
take a retrospect of the honours which
have been conferred by princes, on those HARMON n isse
illustrious individuals, by whose labours
the temple of modern science has been INGRATITUDE OF ENGLAND TO
reared, we should perceive that England
holds a very subordinate place. Her liHER SCIENTIFIC MEN.+.
berality to Newton is the only striking instance we should be able to adduce, bes
cause it is the only one in which the ho“ In England, whole branches of continental
al nour' of a title was combined with an adediscovery are unstudied, and, indeed, al- quate pecuniary reward. Sir W. Herschel, most unknown, even by name. It is in indeed. was made a Hanoverian knight. vain to conceal the melancholy truth. We
and Sir Humphry Davy, a baronet, but are fast dropping behind. In mathema.
the comforts wbich these distinguished tics we have long since drawn the 'rein,
men enjoyed, and the stations which they and given over a bopeless race. In che
occupied in society, were neither derived mistry the case is not nuuch better. Who
f.om the sovereign nor from the nation, can tell us anything of the sulpho-salts?
No monument has been reared to their Who will explain to us the laws of ismor:
memory, and no honours have descended phism? Nay, who among us has ever veri
to their families. Nor are these the only † Abridged from the Quarterly Review.-No.
instances of national ingratitude. Tlie LXXXVI.
inventive genius of Wollaston, and the talents and literature of Yonng, have . The vacancies which take place in this passed like a meteor from our sight. No body are supplied by the majority of title of honour has illustrated their name, suffrages, and in the case of ordiwary and and no tribute of affection lias been pro. associate members, the royal approbation nounced over their grave, He wlio buckled is necessary to complete the election. on the weak arm of a man of power or Political motives have, we believe, selgigantic energy; who. tanght his species dom, if ever, influenced these elections ; to triumph over the inertia ot' matter, and and onr readers have only to look at the to withstand the fury of the elements, list of its members-a list crowded with who multiplied the resources of the state, inmortal names—to be satisfied of the and poured into the treasury the spring: truth of this statement. tide of its wealth-thie immortal Watt, The sixty-three ordinary members of the was neither acknowledged by his so- academy receive each an annual pension vereign, nor honoured by his ministers, from governinent of one thousand five por embalmed among the heroes and sages hundred francs, and the two secretaries of his country.
six thousand frapes each. A considerable Of all the kingdoms of Enrope, France number of these members, from the seca is undoubtedly the one in which the scien- tions of geometry, mechanics, astronomy, titic establishments bave been regulated and navigation, compose the board of by the most enlightened and liberal princi- longitude, and receive a handsome ad. ples, and in which science is most success- ditional salary; oibers hold situations in folly cultivated. This high distinction the University of France, in the Royal she owes to the formation of the institute,+ Observatory, in the Polytechnic School, which consists of four different academics, in the Jardin des Plantes, in the School of viz.the French Academy ; the Royal Mines, and in the School of Roads and Academy of Inscriptions and Belles. Bridges ; in a word, the members of the Lettres ; the Royal Academy of the Fine academy may be considered as placed in Arts; and the Royal Academy of Sciences opulent circumstances, and being freed
which alone comes under our notice. It froin all the anxieties of professional lais composed as follows:
bour, are enabled to pursue their scientific
inquiries in the calm of seclusion and doMathematical Sciences.
mestic life. Nor, in ber generous care ., Members Corresponding for the respectability and comfort of her
seientific men, bas France overlooked the Geometry . . 6
most powerful stimulus of genins and iné Mechanics
du-tsy. All the hononrs of the state have Astronomiy . 6 16
been tirown open to her philosophers and Geography and Navi
literary characters. The sage and the
hero deliberate in the same cabinet ;General Physics (Nat.
they are associated among the privyPhilosophy) . .
councillors of the king ;-they sit together in her house of peers and in her chamber
of deputies ;- they bear the same titles ; · Physical Sciences.
they are decorated with the same orders, Chemistry, .
and the arm and the mind of the nation Mineralogy
are thus indissoluby united for its glory or Botany
for its defence Rural Economy, and
“ If we analyze the list of the lostitute.” • Veterinary Art..
says Mr. Babbagé,“ we shall find few -Anatomy and Zoology
who do not possess titles or decorations ;' Medicine and Surgery
but as the value of such marks of royal
favour must depend, in a great measure,
100 on their freqnency, I shall mention several Associate Members
particulars, wbich are probably not fa. miliar to the English reader :
The following sums are annoally voted by the French government :i. '; For the scientiệc and literary establishments
For the establishments of the fine arts i . For artists and literary men .
2,491 000 103,791 The first of these syms is, we believe, divided between the four academies. Those who gain one of the great prices for the fine arts are sent to Rome, and supported at the public expense