## Philosophical Papers : Volume II, Volume 2This is the second volume of philosophical essays by one of the most innovative and influential philosophers now writing in English. Containing thirteen papers in all, the book includes both new essays and previously published papers, some of them with extensive new postscripts reflecting Lewis's current thinking. The papers in Volume II focus on causation and several other closely related topics, including counterfactual and indicative conditionals, the direction of time, subjective and objective probability, causation, explanation, perception, free will, and rational decision. Throughout, Lewis analyzes global features of the world in such a way as to show that they might turn out to supervene on the spatiotemporal arrangement of local qualities. |

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### Contents

Counterfactuals and Comparitive Possibility | 3 |

Counterfactual Depenendence and Times Arrow | 32 |

Counterfactual Dependence and Times Arrow | 52 |

The Paradoxes of Time Travel | 67 |

PROBABILITY | 81 |

A Subjectivists Guide to Objective Chance | 83 |

A Subjectivisms Guide to Objective Chance | 114 |

Probabilities of Conditionals and Conditional Probabilities | 133 |

Events | 241 |

DEPENDENCE AND DECISION | 271 |

Veridical Hallucination and Prosthetic Vision | 273 |

Veridical Hallucination and Prosthetic Vision | 287 |

Are We Free To Break the Laws? | 291 |

Prisoners Dilemma Is a Newcomb Problem | 299 |

Causal Decision Theory | 305 |

Postscript to Causal Decision Theory | 337 |

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### Common terms and phrases

accidentally actual agent alternative analysis of causation antecedent arrangement of qualities asymmetry believe causal chain causal decision theory causal dependence causal history chance of heads conditional probabilities consider counterfactual conditionals counterfactual dependence D-N argument D. M. Armstrong decision theory dependency hypotheses depends causally deterministic disjunction ditional effect endpoint chance essentially event explanandum explanation explanatory information false firing fragile full patterns given holds Humean hypothesis imaging implies indicative conditional initial credence function Jonathan Bennett Journal of Philosophy kill Grandfather Logic matter mereology miracle Nancy Cartwright neuron Newcomb problems occurred option outcome particular fact partition past possible worlds preemption premises present pressed the button Principal Principle probabilistic probability function proposition quasi-miracle raised my hand rational redundant causes region relation Robert Stalnaker scene sense sentences Skyrms sort Stalnaker supervenience Suppose thesis things Time's Arrow tion toss true truth conditions truth-functional University zero