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U.S. SECURITY POLICY IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:
RESTRUCTURING AMERICAS F

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HEARING

BEFORE THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

JUNE 26, 2003

Serial No. 108–52

Printed for the use of the Committee on International Relations

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800
Fax: (202) 512–2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

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COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois, Chairman

JAMES A. LEACH, Iowa
DOUG BEREUTER, Nebraska
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey,
Vice Chairman
DAN BURTON, Indiana
ELTON GALLEGLY, California
ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida
CASS BALLENGER, North Carolina
DANA ROHRABACHER, California
EDWARD R. ROYCE, California
PETER T. KING, New York
STEVE CHABOT, Ohio
AMO HOUGHTON, New York
JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York
THOMAS G. TANCREDO, Colorado
RON PAUL, Texas
NICK SMITH, Michigan
JOSEPH R. PITTS, Pennsylvania
JEFF FLAKE, Arizona
JO ANN DAVIS, Virginia
MARK GREEN, Wisconsin
JERRY WELLER, Illinois
MIKE PENCE, Indiana
THADDEUS McCOTTER, Michigan
WILLIAM J. JANKLOW, South Dakota
KATHERINE HARRIS, Florida

TOM LANTOS, California
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American
Samoa
DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey
ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey
SHERROD BROWN, Ohio
BRAD SHERMAN, California
ROBERT WEXLER, Florida
ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York
WILLIAM D. DELAHUNT, Massachusetts
GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York
BARBARA LEE, California
JOSEPH CROWLEY, New York
JOSEPH M. HOEFFEL, Pennsylvania
EARL BLUMENAUER, Oregon
SHELLEY BERKLEY, Nevada
GRACE F. NAPOLITANO, California
ADAM B. SCHIFF, California
DLANE E. WATSON, California
ADAM SMITH, Washington
BETTY MCCOLLUM, Minnesota
CHRIS BELL, Texas

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Page WITNESSES The Honorable Peter Rodman, Assistant Secretary, International Security Affairs, U.S. Department of Defense .................................................................. 5 Admiral Thomas B. Fargo, Commander, U.S. Pacific Command ........................ 11 Christopher LaFleur, Special Envoy for Northeast Asia Security Consultations, Bureau for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State . 36 LETTERS, STATEMENTS, ETC., SUBMITTED FOR THE HEARING The Honorable James A. Leach, a Representative in Congress from the State of Iowa, and Chairman, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific: Prepared statement .............................................................................................................. 2 The Honorable Peter Rodman: Prepared statement 7 Admiral Thomas B. Fargo: Prepared statement ............ 13 Christopher LaFleur: Prepared statement ............................................................ 37 APPENDIX The Honorable Madeleine Z. Bordallo: Prepared statement ................................ 57 Questions for the Record Submitted to Admiral Thomas B. Fargo by the Honorable James A. Leach, and Admiral Fargo's Responses ........................... 57 Questions for the Record Submitted to the Honorable Peter Rodman by the Honorable James A. Leach, and Mr. Rodman's Responses .............................. 65

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U.S. SECURITY POLICY IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: RESTRUCTURING AMERICA’S FORWARD DEPLOYMENT

THURSDAY, JUNE:26, 2003

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, Washington, DC.

The Subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 12 p.m. In Room 2172, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. James A. Leach [Chairman of the Subcommittee] presiding. Mr. LEACH. The Subcommittee will come to order. On behalf of my colleagues, I would like to warmly welcome our distinguished Administration witnesses. Appearing before us today is the Honorable Peter W. Rodman, Assistant Secretary of Defense, International Security Affairs; Admiral Thomas B. Fargo, the Commander of the U.S. Pacific Command; and Christopher LaFleur, Special Envoy for Northeast Asia Security Consultations, Bureau for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State. We would particularly like to thank Admiral Fargo and the many fine young men and women associated with the Pacific Command for their professionalism in representing America in this crucial part of the world. In addition, joining us later may well be the gentlelady from Guam, Representative Bordallo. The purpose of today's hearing is to review the priorities for United States security policy in Asia and the Pacific in light of the global campaign against terrorism, regional threats such as North Korea, technological innovation, as well as our enduring interest in peace and security in this vital region. As my colleagues are aware, maintaining a robust overseas military presence has historically been a key element of the United States national security policy in Asia-Pacific. The United States presence in the region dating back from World War II has been sustained by forward bases in Japan, South Korea and, until 1992, the Philippines, as well as by active defense cooperation with allied and friendly states in Southeast Asia and Oceania, primarily Thailand, Singapore and Australia. With the end of the cold war, the basis for our forward-deployed presence shifted from deterring the Soviet threat to ensuring regional stability. This fundamental continued continuity of policy has been maintained by successive United States Administrations, all of which have emphasized the linkage between our network of

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