## Strength of Materials |

### From inside the book

Results 1-3 of 47

Page 40

called the gage length. An

new length L, (Fig. 2- la). The difference between the two lengths is the

elongation, ...

**AXIAL**STRAIN Consider a uniform cylinder whose original length is £0. This iscalled the gage length. An

**axial**force F is applied and the cylinder stretches to anew length L, (Fig. 2- la). The difference between the two lengths is the

elongation, ...

Page 46

where fx =

=

shear strain of originally orthogonal x-^-axes y, = shear strain in direction of the

line ...

where fx =

**axial**strain along the x-axis f y =**axial**strain along the y-&\is (_|_ to x) ft=

**axial**strain along an arbitrary line inclined by an angle 0 to the x-axis yxy =shear strain of originally orthogonal x-^-axes y, = shear strain in direction of the

line ...

Page 57

It is found that the transverse (or, lateral) strain is always smaller than the

strain if there is no stress in the transverse direction. The ratio of the transverse

strain to the

the ...

It is found that the transverse (or, lateral) strain is always smaller than the

**axial**strain if there is no stress in the transverse direction. The ratio of the transverse

strain to the

**axial**strain is called Poissorfs ratio, and it is frequently denoted bythe ...

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### Common terms and phrases

angle applied Assume axial beam bending brittle buckling calculated caused column compressive stress concrete Consider constant crack cross section cross-sectional area curvature cyclic cylindrical deflection Determine diameter ductile elastic strain element elongation equations equilibrium EXAMPLE extensometer external load factors of safety failure fatigue fibers fracture free-body diagram ft-lb given GPa Fig hardening horizontal implant increase inertia magnitude maximum shear stress maximum stress metal minimum modulus Mohr's circle neutral axis normal stress notch plane plastic deformation plate plot pole pressure Prob problems psi Fig radius residual stresses rivets shaft shear force shear strain shear strength shown in Fig softening Solution specimen static steel strain gages strength of materials stress and strain stress distribution stress-strain curve temperature tensile stress tension thickness torque torsion tube vertical weight weld wire yield strength zero