## Strength of Materials |

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Page 190

The twisting can be prevented only if there is an

that opposes the moment caused by the shear flow. A simple way to achieve this

is to apply the bending

The twisting can be prevented only if there is an

**external**moment on the beamthat opposes the moment caused by the shear flow. A simple way to achieve this

is to apply the bending

**load**eccentrically to cause not only bending but also ...Page 308

RESIDUAL STRESSES Solid materials are never entirely free of internal stress,

not even when

all internal stresses that are present in the absence of external loading residual ...

RESIDUAL STRESSES Solid materials are never entirely free of internal stress,

not even when

**external loads**are not acting on them. It is common practice to callall internal stresses that are present in the absence of external loading residual ...

Page 309

Stresses caused by

For example, the residual stresses in a notched member are shown in Fig. 12-6a.

Next, a uniform stress a, is applied at the ends of the member. Assume that K ...

Stresses caused by

**external loads**are superimposed on the residual stresses.For example, the residual stresses in a notched member are shown in Fig. 12-6a.

Next, a uniform stress a, is applied at the ends of the member. Assume that K ...

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### Common terms and phrases

angle applied Assume axial beam bending brittle buckling calculated caused column compressive stress concrete Consider constant crack cross section cross-sectional area curvature cyclic cylindrical deflection Determine diameter ductile elastic strain element elongation equations equilibrium EXAMPLE extensometer external load factors of safety failure fatigue fibers fracture free-body diagram ft-lb given GPa Fig hardening horizontal implant increase inertia magnitude maximum shear stress maximum stress metal minimum modulus Mohr's circle neutral axis normal stress notch plane plastic deformation plate plot pole pressure Prob problems psi Fig radius residual stresses rivets shaft shear force shear strain shear strength shown in Fig softening Solution specimen static steel strain gages strength of materials stress and strain stress distribution stress-strain curve temperature tensile stress tension thickness torque torsion tube vertical weight weld wire yield strength zero