Friction and Lubrication in Mechanical Design

Front Cover
CRC Press, Sep 1, 1998 - Technology & Engineering - 568 pages
This book demonstrates how to control mechanisms of contact mechanics, heat generation and transfer, friction, noise generation, lubrication, and surface damage due to mechanical and thermal variables. Friction and Lubrication in Mechanical Design reviews various classical and new tribology problems beginning with history and ending with numerical optimization and examples, simplifies access to information for predicting and preventing friction and wear, and provides a useful tool for everyone involved in mechanical design, or in machinery monitoring.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 THEORIES OF DRY FRICTION
4
13 BOUNDARY LUBRICATION FRICTION
7
14 FRICTION IN FLUID FILM LUBRICATION
9
15 FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE IN ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC CONTACTS
14
REFERENCES
17
The Contact Between Smooth Surfaces
22
23 A MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING METHOD FOR ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF ELASTIC BODIES IN CONTACT
40
82 CLASSIFICATION OF WEAR MECHANISMS
311
83 FRICTIONAL WEAR
312
84 WEAR DUE TO SURFACE FATIGUE
317
85 WEAR BY MICROCUTTING
327
86 THERMAL WEAR
328
87 DELAMINATION WEAR
332
89 CORROSIVE WEAR
333
811 CAVITATION WEAR
334

24 A GENERAL METHOD OF SOLUTION BY A SIMPLEXTYPE ALGORITHM
43
25 THE DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR UNIFORM LOAD DISTRIBUTION
46
REFERENCES
53
Traction Distribution and Microslip in Frictional Contacts Between Smooth Elastic Bodies
56
32 TRACTION DISTRIBUTION COMPLIANCE AND ENERGY DISSIPATION IN HERTZIAN CONTACTS
57
33 ALGORITHMIC SOLUTION FOR TRACTION DISTRIBUTION OVER CONTACT AREA WITH ARBITRARY GEOMETRY SUBJECTED TO ...
62
34 FRICTIONAL CONTACTS SUBJECTED TO A TWISTING MOMENT
76
35 FRICTIONAL CONTACTS SUBJECTED TO A COMBINATION OF TANGENTIAL FORCE AND TWISTING MOMENT
90
REFERENCES
97
The Contact Between Rough Surfaces
100
43 THE REAL AREA OF CONTACT BETWEEN ROUGH SURFACES
105
44 THE INTERACTION BETWEEN ROUGH SURFACES DURING RELATIVE MOTION
111
45 A MODEL FOR THE MOLECULAR RESISTANCE
113
47 FRICTION AND SHEAR
114
48 RELATIVE PENETRATION DEPTH AS A CRITERION FOR THE CONTACT CONDITION
115
49 EFFECT OF SLIDING ON THE CONTACTING SURFACES
116
REFERENCES
118
Thermal Considerations in Tribology
121
53 AN INTRODUCTORY TREATMENT OF TRANSIENT HEAT TRANSFER
123
54 TEMPERATURE RISE DUE TO HEAT INPUT
127
DISTRIBUTION IN LAYERED LUBRICATED CONTACTS
135
56 DIMENSIONLESS RELATIONSHIPS FOR TRANSIENT TEMPERATURE AND HEAT PARTITION
142
REFERENCES
158
Design of Fluid Film Bearings
161
62 DESIGN SYSTEMS
187
63 THEROMODYNAMIC EFFECTS ON BEARING PERFORMANCE
209
64 THERMOHYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION ANALYSIS INCORPORATING THERMAL EXPANSION ACROSS THE FILM
230
REFERENCES
246
Friction and Lubrication in RollingSliding Contacts
251
72 HYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION AND FRICTION
252
73 ELASTOHYDRODYNAMICS IN ROLLINGSLIDING CONTACTS
253
74 FRICTION IN THE ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC REGIME
256
75 DOMAINS OF FRICTION IN END ROLLINGSLIDING CONTACTS
260
76 EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE FRICTIONAL COEFFICIENT
264
77 THE EMPIRICAL FORMULAS
270
78 PROCEDURES FOR CALCULATION OF THE COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION
300
79 SOME NUMERICAL RESULTS
304
REFERENCES
307
Wear
310
812 EROSIVE WEAR
335
REFERENCES
336
Case Illustrations of Surface Damage
339
92 ROLLING ELEMENT BEARINGS
349
93 SURFACE TEMPERATURE THERMAL STRESS AND WEAR IN BRAKES
360
94 WATER JET CUTTING AS AN APPLICATION OF EROSION WEAR
368
95 FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE IN SOIL UNDER VIBRATION
376
96 WEAR IN ANIMAL JOINTS
377
97 HEAT GENERATION AND SURFACE DURABILITY OF RAMPBALL CLUTCHES
387
REFERENCES
404
Friction in Micromechanisms
411
102 STATIC FRICTION
412
103 ROLLING FRICTION
414
REFERENCES
421
FrictionInduced Sound and Vibration
423
113 EFFECT OF LUBRICATION ON NOISE REDUCTION
430
114 FRICTIONAL NOISE IN GEARS
432
115 FRICTIONINDUCED VIBRATION AND NOISE
437
116 PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINATION OF THE FRICTIONAL PROPERTIES UNDER RECIPROCATING SLIDING MOTION
441
REFERENCES
451
Surface Coating
453
123 TYPES OF COATINGS
458
124 DIAMOND SURFACE COATINGS
466
125 FAILURE MECHANISMS OF SURFACE COATINGS
470
126 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF SURFACE COATINGS
471
127 SIMPLIFIED METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE RISE IN A COATED SOLID DUE TO A MOVING HEAT ...
473
128 THERMAL STRESS CONSIDERATIONS
482
REFERENCES
485
Some Experimental Studies in Friction Lubrication Wear and Thermal Shock
488
132 FRICTION UNDER IMPULSIVE LOADING
497
133 VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR OF FRICTIONAL HERTZIAN CONTACTS UNDER RAMPTYPE LOADS
506
134 FILM PRESSURE IN RECIPROCATING SLIDER BEARINGS
515
135 EFFECT OF LUBRICANT PROPERTIES ON TEMPERATURE AND WEAR IN SLIDING CONCENTRATED CONTACTS
519
136 THE EFFECT OF REPEATED THERMAL SHOCK ON BENDING FATIGUE OF STEEL
527
REFERENCES
533
Author Index
537
Subject Index
545
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