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SWAN RIVER. (See the Engraving.) "A View in Western Australia, taken from a hill, the intended site of a Fort, on the left bank of the Swan River, a mile and a quarter from its mouth. The objects are, on the left, in the distance, Garden Island, that on the right of it Pulo Carnac; between the two is the only known entrance for shipping into Cockburn Sound, which lies between Garden Island and the main land; the anchorage being oft' the island. On the right is the mouth of the Swan River. On the left, a temporary mud work, overlooking a small bay where the troops disembarked. In the foreground ;_is a road leading to the intended fort and cantonment on the river."
Few subjects in our recent volumes have excited more attention than the facts we have there assembled relative to the New Colony on Swan River. The most substantial and agreeable proofs of this popularity have been the frequent reprints of the Numbers containing these Notices, and the continued inquiries for them to the present moment. For the information of such persons as are casual purchasers of our work, we subjoin'the numbers:
No. 368 and 369 contain the papers (abridged) from the Quarterly Review, with the Regulations issued from the Colonial Office; and an Engraved Chart which is more correct than that in the Q. Rev.
Nos. 410 and 411 contain an Engraved View on the Banks of the River, from an original drawing by one of the expedition; and a copy of Mr. Fraser's Report of the Botanical and other productions of the Colony.
No. 430 contains an important Letter from the Colony.
No. 464 contains an account (with extracts,) of the first Newspaper written, not printed, in the settlement.
The annexed Engraving is from a well-drawn lithograph distributed with No. 12 of the Foreign Literary Gazette date March, 1830; the support of which work by the public was by no means commensurate with its claims.
The letter-press with which the Engraving was circulated contains little beyond the earliest settlement. The most recently received account is that conveyed through the Literary Gazette, a fortnight since; and as no paper is more to be relied on for information "connected with expeditions of discovery, colonial matters, &c. we extract nearly the whole of the communication:—
Perth Town,Swan River, Western
My dear , a ship being about
to sail in the course of a week for England, I must not lose the opportunity of giving you a few lines respecting our movements and the state of the colony. I am somewhat late in my communications to my friends; but as this is the second ship only that has sailed direct for England since our arrival, you must not attribute the delay to any neglect on my part. The information which I can give you may be implicitly depended on. By the late accounts from England, it appears that the most exaggerated and false reports prevail regarding the pre. sent state and probable prospects ot the colony, like all other reports that are a mixture of truth and falsehood; and as it is usual to paint the latter in the brightest colours, so it usually stands foremost in the picture: they have been industriously disseminated by a set of idle, worthless vagabonds, and have been eagerly taken up by the inhabitants of Cape Town and Van Dieman's Land.— These two places are so excessively jealous of the colony of Swan River, lest the tide of emigration should turn towards us, that the former use every means in their power to induce the settlers in their way here to remain with them; and they have been, I am sorry to say, too successful, having detained nearly two hundred labourers. The grounds of complaint are, that the colony is not equal to the representations given of it, and that it has not answered their expectations. The account in the Quarterly Review, as far as it goes, is correct, with one exception; but the impression it is calculated to make, when in unison with the hopes of needy adventurers, is too favourable to be realized. The Review observes, that the land seen on the banks of the Swan is of a very superior description; and this is undoubtedly true; but the imagination and enthusiastic feelings of many have induced them to suppose that all the land on the banks of the Swan, and the whole country besides, is included in that description. Now, the good land is chiefly confined to the banks of the rivers, as you will see by a map which I
have sent to ;the rest is sandy,
but it is covered throughout the year with luxuriant vegetation. The cause of this arises in some measure from the composition of the soil beneath, which, at an average depth of five or six feet, is principally clay, which holds the water in lagoons, that are to be met with in every hollow in every part of the coun
try on this side the mountains. It un- during the cummer months; but, being fortunately happens that none of the exposed to the north-west winds, it is good land is to be seen even as far up a very insecure station during the winthe river as Perth, the whole soil of ter, the ground being rocky and a loose which is sandy; hence all new-comers sand; but this evil, I am happy to say, are at first disappointed; and, without is in a great meusure obviated by the taking any further trouble to examine discovery of a good anchorage about the country, leave the colony in disgust four miles to the southward of the altogether. But it has now been found mouth of the river, and marked in the that the land at Perth, notwithstanding map as the Britannia Roads. The botits unpromising appearance, possesses tom is firm holding ground, and has been capabilities which intelligent and ex- proved to be a very secure anchorage perienced persons foresaw, and that it during the late gales, when all the ships only requires time and patience to deve- in Gage's Roads went on shore, while lope its surprising qualities; at this those on the Britannia Roads rode it moment there are vegetables growing to out, with the exception of one ship, an enormous size, scarcely credible, and which broke her anchor. Besides, a which for the sake of truth I actually passage has lately been found out from measured. What say you to radishes Gage's Roads to Cockburn, into which twenty inches round, and grown in ships may run, if they are too much nothing but sand, without any manure leeward of the Britannia Roads; so or preparation of the ground? Tur- that you see we may always have a renips, cabbages, peas, lettuces, all flou- fuge from the storm. I hope you will
the climate is too warm for potatoes, cumstance, because it is one upon which though well adapted for most of the the success of the colony mainly detropical fruits, as yams, bananas, &c. pends. The bar at the mouth of the The soil and aspect of the country river, and the flats in various parts of seems well suited lor the vine, which, its course, are a great drawback to our from the little experience we have had, communications; but these evil will no does exceedingly well. There are no doubt be remedied in the course of time, ^esculent productions worth mentioning and that without much expense. There indigenous, but there is some fine tim- is a clear channel all the way up the ber, which will no doubt become a valua- river for vessels of 500 tons, commencing ble article of exportation: it is between about a mile and a half above Freemanthe mahogany and the elder, and may be tie to Perth; then there are a sucoesapplied to all the purposes of the former, sion of flats until you pass the islands, Its greatest recommendation is, that the where the navigation continues clear white ant will not touch it, and it will for many miles up the river, consequently be a great desideratum The prospects of the colony are every where that insect abounds. We have day improvmg, to the satisfaction of all likewise the red and blue gum, but in classes; and the great number of reno great quantity, in the immediate vi- spectable settlers, and their patience cinity of Perth. The animal produc- and perseverance in establishing themtions are the same as on the other side selves, are the surest grounds for the of the island, as also the birds, The ultimate prosperity of the settlement, rivers swarm with fish, every one of The only objections, as I can see, that which is good eating; but it is only can be urged with any degree of plausilately that we have been well supplied bility against the success of the co'ony, with them. There is abundance oi lime* are, that the land at Perth and in the stone ready at hand in most parts of the neighbourhood is not of that description river, as well as the finest and strongest to induce the settlers to cultivate, and clay, plenty of which runs along the that all the good land being now grantshore that bounds Perth, for a mile and ed, there is no more on this side the a half, as you will see by the map. Of mountains to satisfy the demands of new the mineral resources of the country settlers; but these objections are, I am nothing is as yet known; for every one happy to say, about to be removed, as has been too much occupied in locating an ensign of the 63rd regiment (a Mr, himself to give that subject any atten- Dale) has lately returned from a tour of tion. By the reports from England, it discovery into the interior, and has appears that from the misfortunes which brought intelligence, that to the east', happened to the first ships that came ward of the Swan River there is a large out, a very unfavourable opmion is form- and fertile tract of beautiful country, ed of the safety of the port. Gage's with a river passing through it, which, roads afford a very good anchorage from a subsequent visit by Mr. JSrskine
a lieutenant of the 63rd, is likely to prove of the greatest importance to the colony. Those of the settlers who have not taken up their grants of land mean to secure them here, and myself among the number, a grant having been allowed me, at the rate of 3,200 acres. The governor is quite delighted, and now considers the ultimate success of the colony to be certain. He intends visiting the" country, and tracing the course of the river, in a few days; and it is my wish to accompany him, if possible, that I may select my own grant.
The spirit of detraction to which the writer alludes in the early part of his letter is thus noticed in the Cabinet Cyclopcedia, vol. iii. of Maritime and Inland Discovery: The difficulties and embarrassments which the settlers at the Swan River have been obliged to endure, have been industriously exaggerated by the colonial press; the strong desire which exists in New South Wales to attract emigrants to that country being naturally allied with a disposition to disparage every other settlement."
ON VIEWING CANTERBURY
I Am no pilgrim unlo Becket's shrine,
Yet feel devotion rise no less divine—
As rapt T gaze from Harbledown's decline
Midst pillar'd pomp, where rainbow windows shine;
Where bent the 'anointed of a nation's throne And brooked the lashes of the church's ire; And where, as yesterday, with soul of fire.
Transcendent Byron view'd the hallow'd stone.
Sure Chaucer's pilgrims, ou this crowning height,
Repress'd their mirth, and kindled at the sight, u
Couch'd in the bosom of a bounteous vale,
Or Be-ulab, in Buayan's holy tale.
The silvery clouds that o'er the valley sail
The ruin'd abbey, garlanded and pale
The vesper choristers in each lone wood Chant to the peeping moon their serenade; Now creeps the far-off forest into shade,
And twilight comes o'er heath, and field, and flood
Oh! bad I genius now the task to try,
* * H.
* Henry the Second.
MOUNT ST. MICHAEL.
(To the Editor.) In No. 477 of the Mirror you have given a spirited engraving of Mount St. Michael, with a succinct account annexed, to which the following particulars may serve as addenda :—
Its most ancient name was Belinus, when it was inhabited by Druidesses. After the abolition of the Druids, it took the name of Mons Jovis; to which was substituted that of Tumba, when a monastery was erected upon it. In 708, Bishop Auber raised upon it a church, which he dedicated to St. Michael.— Ethelred, the second, of England, had a particular veneration for Mount St. Michael. Abbot Roger had been almoner to William the Conqueror. Henry II. of England made a pilgrimage to Mount St. Michael, when he met Louis VII. King of France, with a splendid suite.
In 1203 the fortifications consisted only of wooden palisades. Being attacked by the Bretons, they set fire to them: the fire reached the church and abbey, which was completely destroyed. The monastery was restored in 1226, by Abbot Adulph de Villedieu. His successor, Richard Justin, obtained from the Pope the most distinguished privileges.
In 1418 the English made a fruitless attack upon it.
In 1423 it was attempted again, with a very considerable force and powerful artillery, two pieces of which now stand at the main gate: one has a stone ball in it of about fifteen inches diameter. Among the distinguished English officers who perished at the siege, was a Chevalier M. Burdet.
In 1577 a Protestant chief (Dutouchet) succeeded by stratagem in getting possession of it. After two day's possession, he was obliged to evacuate it.
In 1591 a similar attempt proved most destructive to the assailants.
In 1594, the spire, the bells, and the church, were considerably injured by lightning.
Mount St. Michael was visited in 1518 by Francis I. of France; in 1561, by Charles IX.; in 1576, by the Duchess de Bourbon; in 1624, by the Duke de Nevers, who made a rich present to the abbey ; in 1689, by Madame de Levigne, who designated it Le Mont fier et orgueillenx. In 1689, Philip Duke of Orleans, brother to Louis XIV., was one of its visiters.
The most remarkable circumstance is the visit paid to it on the 10th of May, 1777, by the Ex-King of France, the Count d'Artois (twenty years old). On inspecting the state-prison, a wooden cage was shown to him. The prince, struck with horror at the sight of it, ordered it to be destroyed. Shortly after, the young princes of Orleans, among whom the present King Philip, accompanied by Madame de Lillery, stopped at Mount St. Michael. After having inspected the subterraneous passages and magazines, the wooden cage was shown to them. They asked for workmen and axes, and giving the first blow themselves, this infernal machine was completely destroyed.
The prior of the abbey was formerly governor of the town and castle, and the keys were brought to him every evening. It gives name to the late military order of St. Michael, founded by Louis XI., in 1479. The view from the summit is fine, embracing the coasts of Normandy and Britunny, with the town and ruins of the cathedral of Avranches, elevated on a mountain, and the intervening valley, with the open sea of the British Channel. W.G. C.
SONNET TO M * • * (For the Mirror.) Though rough, not lengthened, is our worldly
Then wipe thy pearly eyes, no more to weep—
Thy feet from falling let this memory keep— Our love bath lasted through the stormy day. These clouds like early mist shall melt away,
And show the vale beyond the pointed steep;
For they who sow in tears, in smiles shall reap—
Then be thy spirits as the morning gay.
To still the tempest in my stubborn soul;
Tby smile creates around the billows roll The blissful quiet of a halcyon hour. Then shed no tear—then heave no sorrowing sigh
Since love like thine may time and toil defy.
* * H.
(To the Editor.) In 478 of your entertaining little miscellany, I observe a short account of an unparalleled feat of riding, performed by John Lepton, of Reprich, in 1603. As I know you wish to be " quite correct," the following may be acceptable: it is copied verbatim from a scarce book (in my possession) entitled, " The Abridgement of the English Chronicle," by Edmund Howes, imprinted at London, 1668 (15th James I.):—
"In this month, John Lenton, of Kepwick, in the county of Yorke, Esq., a gentleman of an ancient family there, and of good reputation, his majesty's
servant, and one of the grooms of his most honourable privy chamber, performed so memorable a journey as I may not omit to record the same to future ages; the rather for that I did hear sundry gentlemen, who were good horsemen, and likewise many good physicians, affirm it was impossible to be done without danger of his life.
"He undertook to ride five several times betwixt London and Yorke, in sixe dayes, to be taken in one weeke, between Monday morning and Saturday following. He began his journey upon Monday, being the 29th of May, betwixt two and three of the clock in the morning, forthe of St. Martin's, neere to Aldersgate, within the city of London, and came into Yorke the same day, between the hours of 5 and 6 in the afternoon, where he rested that night. The next morning, being Tuesday, about 3 of the clock he tooke his journey forthe of Yorke, and came to lodgings in St. Martins aforesaid, betwixt the hours of
6 and 7 in the afternoon, where he rested that night. The next morning, being Wednesday, betwixt 2 and 3 of the clock, he tooke his journey forthe of the city of London, and came into Yorke about
7 of the clock the same day, where he rested that night. The next morning, being Thursday, betwixt 2 and 3 of the clock he tooke his journey forthe of Yorke, and came to London the same day betwixt 7 and 8 of the clock. The next day, being Friday, betwixt 2 and 3 of the clock he tooke his journey towards Yorke, and came thither the same day, betwixt the hours of 7 and 8 in the afternoon. So as he finished his appointed journey (to the admiration of all men, in five days, according to his promise). And upon Monday, the 27th of this month, he went from Yorke, and came to the court of Greenwich upon Tuesday the 28th, to his majesty, in as fresh and cheerful a manner as when he began."
I'll wake a joyous strain,
And banish silent pain; Bright thoughts shall chase the clouds of care.
And gloom of deepest sadness. For oh! my spirit loves to wear The sunny ray of gladness.
I love to mix alone with those,
Whose hearts are wildly free,
Are strangers yet to me;