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of his mistress, sought revenge by assail- concerning me, and think on the manner ing Faliero in that point in which he in which they have punished that ribald conceived him to be most vulnerable. Michele Steno, who wrote it; and see He wrote on the doge's chair, in the how the Council of XL respect our council chamber, a few words reflecting person !" Upon this, the admiral reupon the dogaressa : “ Marino Faliero, turned—“My Lord Duke, if you would husband of the lovely wife; he keeps, wish to make yourself a prince, and cut but others kiss her.” The offence all those cuckoldy gentlemen to pieces, was traced to its author; it was pitiful I have the heart, if you do but help me, and unmanly; yet it scarcely deserved to make you prince of all the state, and heavier punishment than that which the then you may punish them all.” HearXL adjudged to it-namely, that Steno ing this, the duke said “How can such should be imprisoned for two months, a matter be bronght about ?" and so and afterwards banished from the state they discoursed thereon. for a year. But, to the morbid and ex

(To be concluded in our next.) cited spirit of Faliero, the petty affront of this rash youth appeared heightened to a state crime; and the lenient sentence Manners & Customs of all Tations. with which his treason (for so he considered it) had been visited, was an aggravation of every former indignity offered to the chief magistrate by the oligarchy We noticed the preparation of this work which affected to control him. Steno, at p. 315 of our last volume, and there he said, should have been ignominiously gave a few anticipatory extracts. The hanged, or at least condemned to per- author is Mr. W. Howells, of Tipton, petual exile.

whose good fortune it has been to seOn the day after the sentence, while cure a list of Subscribers to his work, the doge was yet hot in indignation, an of gratifying length and flattering rank. event occurred which seems to have The origin of the volume is curinus confirmed the chronicler whose steps enough, and is thus explained in the we are following, in his belief in the Pretace : doctrine of necessity. “Now it was “My inducement for presenting to fnted,” he tells us, “that my Lord Duke the public these tales of by-gone days' Marino was to have his head cut off. was the advertisement of the very Rev. And as it is necessary, when any effect Archdeacon Beynon, which appeared in is to be brought about, that the cause the Carmarthen Journal, of May 21, of that effect must happen, it therefore 1830, proposing a reward of twenty came to pass"—that Bertuccio Israello, guineas, with a medal value three guiAdmiral of the Arsenalit a person ap- neas, for the best printed English Essay, parently of no less impetuous passions 8vo. containing 500 pages, on the Suihan the doge himself, and who is de- perstitions, Ghosts, Legends, &c. of all scribed as possessed also of egregious parts of the principality, to be delivered cunning, approached him to seek repa- before February 3, 1831. Now when the ration for an outrage. A noble had dis- liinited period proposed for the collechonoured him by a blow; and it was tion of 500 pages of matter, and the vain to ask redress for this affront from above little adjective all is considered, it any but the highest personage in the must appear obvious that such an Herstate. Faliero, brooding over his own culean Tabour is not capable of being imagined wrongs, disclaimed that title, accomplished by one individval alone. — and gladly seized occasion to descant Imagining it, therefore, to be a matter on his personal insignificance. “What of impossibility to perform what the wouldst thou have me do for thee ?” very reverend gentleman requires, I canwas his answer : “ Think upon the not consistently with propriety offer shameful gibe which hath been written myself as a candidate, but will say—

Pulmam qui meruit ferat.' Marin Falieri, dalla bella moglie, altri la gode, ed egli la mantiene.»

“I have had considerable trouble to + This officer was chief of the artisans of the collect the stories which appear in the Arsenal, and commanded the Bucentaur--for work, being also two years from attainshould arise, he was responsible with his life. ing my majority, and having so short a He mounted guard at the Ducal Palace during period to collect them, as the book is before the new doge on his inauguration : for hastily ushered before a discerning which service his perquisites were the Ducal public, I trust they will overlook any Mautle, and the two silver basins from which imperfections which may appear.”' the doge scattered the regulated pittance which he was permitted to throw among the people. ditable to the enthusiasm of, legally

The production of the work is creAmelt de la Houssaye, 79.

sage on

speaking, the infant author; and we old by the enchanting voices of Sirens, should be happy to learn that our in- he proceeded to the place whence the sertion in the Mirror of some of the strains seemed to issue, and in a sepieces in this volume has fostered its questered retreat beheld the elves foutgrowth. We quote an interesting pas- ing it merrily. Wishing perhaps to ob

tain more extensive knowledge of these

“ dear little creatures,” he had the magFairy Rings.

nanimity to enter the ring, with the inIn the youthful days of an aged friend tention of joining their matachin, and of mine, the belief in fairies existed in soon had his desire gratified, for there many parts of Wales; and, when a they kept him, dancing away, night and “schoolboy, with his satchel,” unwil- day, without intermission. His relatives lingly trudging to school, he has often at home were at a loss to know what had observed, in a meadow near Conwil, become of him, and immediately conCarmarthenshire, three small circles of cluded that he had terminated his exgrass, which appeared to have been istence, or had gone on a journey; but weaved round the edges. Wondering days, weeks, and months rolled on, and much for what purpose they were or- no farmer appeared, nor were any tidings dained, he once asked his mother the heard respecting him, until it chanced nse of them, when she gave him a se- one day that a man passing by the lonely vere injunction not to approach on any spot, saw him knocking his legs about account, much less enter the rings, for, as if he was berest of his reason; and said she, they belong to the Bendith en going up to him, inquired what caused mammau (a species of fairies), and him to be so merry, which broke the whoever enters them can never get out, spell ; and the farmer, as if waking out it being enchanted ground.

of a dream, exclaimed, “O dear! where These rings have not only been no- are my horses ?” and stepping out of ticed by the illiterate, but by philoso- the magical circle, fell down, and minphers and learned characters, who have gled his dust with the earth : no won: advanced two opinions respecting them. der, for he had been dancing without Some, among whom are Dr. Priestly nourishment or food for more than a and Mr. Jessop, upon practical and twelvemonth. If every fair dancer joinscientific observations, attributed them ed the Tylwyth teg's dance, how many to lightning, but their experiments did beings would be danced out of the not prove altogether satisfactory. Drs. world ? Wollaston, Withering, and others, who This is credited, he informs me, in some had duly examined these spots, ascribed parts of North Wales, at the present them to the growth of fungi, which day. Two men travelling together, opinion seems undoubtedly the best.- happened to be benighted soon after The rings vary in size and shape, some entering a wood, and one of them being having seven yards of bure, with a patch fatigued, sat down and slept, but when of green grass a foot broad in the mid- he awoke could no where discover his dle ; others, of various sizes, are en- companion ; thinking he had travelled compassed with grass much greener on, he proceeded, but when he arrived than that in the interior. It is rather at home, was astonished at the inquiries remarkable that no beasts will eat of respecting his fellow, and related that them, although some persons suppose he had lost him while he slept. As that sheep will greedily devour the grass.

there seemed to be a mystery in the Shakspeare thus speaks in his Tempest: case, the relatives of the absent indi

vidual went to the village wizard, who “Ye elves of hills, brooks, stagnant lakes, and informed them that he was in the power And ye that on the sands with printless foot,

and hands of the fairies, but if they Do chase the ebbing Neptune, and do fly him would go to the place where he was When he comes back; you demi puppets that By moonshine do the green sour ringlets make, missed by his companion, just a yeur Whereof the ewe not bites, and you whose pas- after that time, they would see him

dancing with them, when they were to Is to make midnight mushrooms -----,"

rescue him. After the year had elapsed, The following story is well known in Car- they went and found it as the conjuror marthenshire :-A farmer going out one had said ;-whereupon one of them morning very early to fetch his horses dragged the man out of the ring, who from pasture, heard some delicious immediately asked if it was not better music, far sweeter he thought (no to proceed home, imagining it was the doubt) than ever bard produced from same night, and that he was with his his telyn (harp); and being allured by companion. One of the people preit, as we read of men being allured of sented him with some victuals, which






he began to eat, but had no sooner done gotten: it never cost a sailor a tear, or 80, than he mouldered away.

the nation a farthing." JAC-co. Wishing the juvenile author all success in his future essays, we commend his present work to the lovers of super. In 1734, Sir Thomas Lambe erected, in stitious lore, and to the substantial nutice

an island on the Derwent, near Derby, of the very reverend personage already a curious mill for the manufacture of alluded to.

silk. He brought the model, the only

one of the kind in the kingdom, from The Gatherer. Italy, at the hazard of his life. This ma

chine was deemed so important, that, at A spapper up of uncovsidered trifles,

SHAKSPB ARB. the expiration of Sir Thomas's patent,

parliament voted him 14,0001. for the

risk he had incurred, and the expense (For the Mirror.)

attending its completion. T. S. The debate relating to the Reform Bill lasted seven nights. There are many curious circumstances attached to the The following was written under the number seven -viz. the seven golden sign of the White Horse, on the Old candlesticks, the seven wise men of the Bath Road, but which has since disapeast, the seven colours, the seven sounds, peared. I believe the origin of it was, the seven stars, the seven wonders of

“ a poor devil of an author, who, after the world. Ancient Rome was built having had a good filling ont, found that upon seven hills, &c. The gift of pro- he had not wherewith to pay; at which phecy and the power of healing is attri- mine host' was of course in a way! buted to the seventh son of a seventh son.

(as he had a right to be); when the auWhen the several members rose late, or thor told him, that if he would get a sign rather early in the morning on the seventh painted, he would try to put some lines night's debate on the Reform Bill, the upon it which should ensure him cusHouse caught the idea of Macbeth, and tom. Ile did so, and the following was exclaimed, " Another yet! a seventh! the result. He had a White Horse for I'll see no more !”-and the House of his sign: Russell dispersed the House of Commons. “My White Horse shall beat the Bear,

P. T. W.

And make the Angel fly,
Shall turn the Ship quite bottom up,

And drink the Three Cups dry.” The following lines were written by my father, on the death of his first child, Cups, were public-houses in the neigh

The Bear, Angel, Ship, and Three who died in infancy :- W. H. H.

bourhood. He succeeded, and got their Nipt in the bud, the father's hope here custom. sleeps,

On one of the windows also isAnd o'er her first-born child the mother

“His liquor's good, his pot is just, weeps. Why weep! the disencumber'd soul The landlord's poor, and cannot trust, that's flown

For he has trusted to his sorrow,Now shines another cherub round the So pay day, he'll trust to-morrow." throne !

G. ST. CLAIK. Ah! who can tell what cares, what

hopes, what fears, Had been the portion of its lengthen'd The Prince of Orange was defeated by

the French under Luxemburg, in 1677 : A better lot proportion’d Heaven de- in attempting to rally his dispersed sign'd,

troops, the prince struck one of the runAnd bade it leave this sin-fraught world aways across the face with his sword. behind !

“ Rascal !” cried he, “ I will set-a mark on you at present, that I may hang you afterwards.''

JAC-co. When Admiral Sir George Rooke, who took Gibraltar, in the reign of Queen

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, Anne, came to make his will, it sur

Strand, (near Somerset House,) London ; sold prised those that were present; but by ERNEST FLEISCHER, 626, New Market, Sir George exclaimed—“ I do not leave Leipsic; G. G. BENNIS, 65, Rue Neuve, St.

Augustin, Paris ; and by all Newsmen and much, but what I have was honestly Buoksellers.



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In default

Who has not heard of the Vicar of Bray, which is an exemption from tolls in the
and his turning, turning, and turning adjacent market - towns.
again ? Here is his church, and a goodly of male heirs, lands are not divided here
tower withal, which we, in our turn, among females of the same degree of
have endeavoured to turn to the illustra. kindred, but descend solely to the eldest.
tion of our pages. There is no sinister The church is “a spacious structure,"
motive in the selection ; but if we have says the Windsor Guide, and “com-
hit the white, or rather the black, of posed of various materials, and exhibit-
such variableness, “let the galled jade ing a mixture of almost every style of
wince," and pay the Mirror the stale architecture," says the “ Beauties of
compliment of veluti in speculum. England and Wales ;' but we leave the

Bray is a small village about one mile reader to his own conclusion from our from Maidenhead, and its name would Engraving, sketched in the summer of have remained “unsaid, unsung,” had last year. We take for granted the it not been for its never-enough-to-be- church does not change in appearance ridiculed Vicar. Camden supposes Bray every year, if its Vicar once did in creed. to have been occupied by the Bibroci, The story of the Vicar of Bray is told who submitted to Cæsar, and obtained with some variations, but the fact is not his protection, and with it a secure pos- questioned. In the Beauties of Engsession of one of the most beautiful spots land and Wales we read that his name in this county; so that submissiveness was Simon Symonds, that he possessed seems to have been the very air of the the benefice in the reign of Henry VIII. place in all times. Philippa, the queen and the three succeeding monarchs, and of Edward III., had rents assigned to that he died in the forty-first year of her from this and the adjoining manor

Elizabeth. - This man was twice a of Cookham. It is now considered as Protestant and twice a Papist ; and part of the royal domain, being attached when reproached for the unsteadiness to the liberties of Windsor Castle, and of his principles, which could thus suffer retaining some peculiar privileges, among him to veer with every change of admi

This creed : ܙܙ ܙ܂









nistration, replied, that he had always When gracious Aune ascends the throne,

The Church of England's glory, governed himself by what he thought a Another face of things was seen, very laudable principle, which was, never And I became a Tory: on any terms, if he could avoid it, to Occasional conformists base,

I damo'd their moderation, part with his vicarage.'

And thought the church in danger was has been amplified into à song, which By such prevarication,

And this is law, &c. we shall quote presently, more for its

When George in pudding-time came o'er, being a good conceite than for its

And moderate men look'd big, sir,

J turu'd a cat-in-pan once more, The author just quoted from the

And then became a Whig, sir:

And so preferment I procured Beauties observes, in a note—“Several By our new faith's defender, late writers, particularly Ireland and And always every day abjured Ferrar, who have mentioned the above

The Pope and the pretender.

And this is law, &c. circumstances, describe them as happen- The illustrious house of Hanover, ing in the reign of Charles the Second, And Protestant snccession, James the Second, &c. This mistake

To these I do allegiance swear

While they can keep possession: throws the imputation of apostacy on For by my faith and loyalty the worthy person who held the vicarage I never more will falter, towards the conclusion of the 17th cen

And George my lawful king shall be

Until tbe time shall alter. tury. It should be remarked, that the

And this is law, &c. story was first published by Fuller, in his Church History; and as the author ANOTHER OLD SONG. died in the year 1661, it is evident that it must have been circulated previous to that event."

We have not the Church History at The fiddle was not allowed to be a conhand, but Fuller, in his Worthies, says,

cert instrument till the reign of Charles “ Bray is a village well known in Bark: the Second, who, in imitation of Louis shire, the vivacious Vicar whereof, living the Fourteenth, established a band of under King Henry the Eighth, King twenty-four violins, alias fiddles, which Edward the Sixth, Queen Mary, and gave birth to Tom Durfey's song of Queen Elizabeth, was first a Papist, then Four and Twenty Fiddlers all on a a Protestant, then a Papist, then a Pro- Row,”' &c. : a humorous production, in testant again. This Vicar being tax’t which there is a mockery of every inby one for being a turncoat, not so (said strument, and almost every trade, and he) for I always kept my principles, which used to be perforned between which is this, to live and die Vicar of the acts, or between the play and farce, Bray.

by some man of humour at benefits. Lastly, here is the song :

The author of the Guardian, in No.67,

gives an account of Tom Durfey, with THE VICAR OF BRAY.

a view to recommend him to the public

notice for a benefit play, and says, that In good King Charles's golden days, When loyalty had no harm in't,

he remembered King Charles the SeA zealous high-cburchman I was,

cond leaning on Tom Durfey's shoulder And so I got preferment, To teach my flock I never miss'd :

more than once, and humming over a Kings are by God appointed;

song with him. And those are damn'd that do resist,

Roi des Violons, or King of the Fid, And touch the Lord's anointed : And this is law, I will maintain

dlers, was anciently a title in France. Until my dying day, sir,

It became defunct, in 1685, owing to That wbatsoever king sball reign, anarchy-thus harmony and discord canI will be Vicar of Bray, sir.

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P. T. W. When royal James obtain'd the throne,

And Popery came in fashiou, The penal laws I booted down,

ROSEDALE ABBEY. And read the declaration :

(For the Mirror.) The Church of Rome I found wonld fit Full well my constitution;

« A churchyard !- tis a homely word, yet full And had become a Jesuit,

Of feeling; and a sound that o'er the heart But for the Revolution,

Migbt shed religion."
And this is law,

RUINS! so dark and lone,

The pride of other years,
When William was our king declared,
To ease the nation's grievance,

On which the stars bave shone,
With this new wind about I steer'd,

To light the mourners' tears ;
And swore to him allegiance:

Tbe ivy clings to ye,
Old principles I did revoke,
Set conscience at a distance;

And softly hums the bee
Passive obedience was a joke,

Where violets blue are blooming,
And pish for non-resistance.

The liquid dews perfuming,
And this is law, &c.

Beneath each withered tree.

not agree.




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