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with discrimination, say that he only or by that sort of mechanical wit which waits to catch applause. If his action can be seen ; comedy is made up of is graceful, tell him he makes too much trick, and tragedy of processions, pause of his arms and hands ; and if his geants, battles, and explosions.” action is moderate, persuade the public that his arms are tied behind him. By these hints you will have done him com- , pletely on one side, and, if you change AddiSON says, that a dog has been the your opinion, and praise him, he will companion of man for nearly 6,000 be done on the other.- O Magazine. years, and has learned of him only one

of his vices; that is to worry his species

when he finds them in distress. Tie a tin Dr. CLARKE says, “ The boasted Vale canister to a dog's tail, and another will of Tempe, is a defile; it is something fall upon him; put a man in prison for like Matlock, but wilder ; more savage debt, und another will lodge a detainer than Salvator Rosa, and with nothing of against him. Claude. I cannot tell why the ancients made such a fuss about, it; perhaps opening of the budget one year, says,

Horace WALPOLE, speaking of the because half of them never saw it, and 6- The rest of the night was spent in a took its character from hearsay, the kind of avoirdupoise war.” other half, like mankind every where, stupidly admiring what is said to be ad- A WITNESS under examination in an mirable. It is like a crack in a great Irish court of justice, had just stated wall, at the bottom of which is a river, that he was suddenly roused from his sometimes inundated, sometimes dry; slumbers by a blow on the head. “ And the passage narrow, the sides craggy,

how did you find yourself?” asked the bare, lofty and perpendicular; its whole examining counsel, “ Fast asleep,relength not above a mile."

plied the witness.

An officer whom Louis XIV. had been

strongly solicited to appoint to a certain We find the following sensible observa- situation, was presented to him. “This tions in a recent work :

gentleman," said the king, "ljši too “ In the reigns of Elizabeth and old." “ Sire,” replied the officer, with James, the golden age of the English much tact, “ I am only four years older drama, London was not a tenth part of than your majesty, and I calculate úpon its present size, and it contained seven- serving you for five-and-twenty years to teen theatres. At present (1808) there

The king appointed him to are but two; more would succeed, and the situation.

W. G. C. indeed more are wanted; but these have obtained exclusive privileges. Old people say the acting was better in their younger days, because there were more

Tbis Day is published, price 5s. schools for actors; and the theatres

ARCANA of SCIENCE, and ANNUAL REbeing smaller, the natural voice could be heard, and the natural expression of Comprising POPULAR INVENTIONS, IMPROVEthe features seen, and therefore rant

MENTS, and Discoveries, in and distortion were unnecessary, They, Chemical Science however, who remember no other generation of actors than the present, will Zoology not be persuaded that there has ever


Geographical Discovery been one more perfect. Be this as it

Abridged from the Transactions of Public may, all are agreed that the drama itself Societies and Scientific Journals of the past has woefully degenerated, though it is year. With several Engravings. the only species of literary labour which « One of the best and cheapest bowks of the is well paid ; they are agreed also as to

"An annual register of new inventions and the cause of this degeneracy, attribut- improvements, in a popnlar form like this, catiing it to the prodigious size of the theatres; the finer tones of passion can

Printed for JOHN LIMBIRD, 143, Strand;-of not be 'discriminated, nor the finer preceding years.

whom may be had the Volumes for the three movements of the countenance perceived from the front, hardly from

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, the middle of the house. ' Authors, Strand, (near Somerset House,) London ; suld therefore, substitute what is here called by ERNEST FLEISCHER, 626, New Markel, broad farce for genuine comedy; their

Leipsic; G. G. BENNIS, 55, Rue Neuve, St.

Augustin, Paris, and by all Newsmen and jests are made intelligible by grimace, Bookseliers.



GISTER of the USEFUL ARTS for 1831.



Domestic Economy
Useful and Orvamental



day.*---Mag. Nat. Hist.

pot fail to be useful.- Lit. Gaz.

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Ar the village of Wrington, in Somerset- so considerably in those times, that he shire, in a cottage by the churchyard, left a smaller estate to his son than he was born JOHN LOCKE. What a sim- himself had inherited. It is not our ple, unostentatious record is this of him intention to follow the biographers of whom the biographers call “one of the Locke further than by quoting from the most eminent philosophers and valuable last published Life of the Philosopher* writers of his age and country.” Yet a brief example of his filial affection :the cottage is not preserved with any John Locke, says the biographer, special care ;—there is nothing about it was the eldest of two sons, and was to denote that within its walls the man educated with great care by his father, of whom every Englishman is proud- of whom he always spoke with the first drew breath. The house is now greatest respect and affection. In divided into tenements; and, fortui- the early part of his life, his father extously, one of its rooms is used as a acted the utmost respect from his son, school for young children. It is grate- but gradually treated him with less and ful to know this, even were it only for less reserve, and, when grown up, lived associating the appropriation of this with him on terms of the most entire apartment with the master - mind of friendship; so much so, that Locke Locke, as developed in his “ Thoughts mentioned the fact of his father having on Education, " and his perspicuous expressed his regret for giving way to “Essay on the Human Understanding.” his anger, and striking him once in his

Locke was born August 29, 1632 : childhood, when he did not deserve it. his father, Mr. J. Locke, who was de- In a letter to a friend, written in the scended from the Lockes of Charton latter part of his life, Locke thus exCourt, in Dorsetshire, possessed a mo- presses himself on the conduct of a father derate landed property at Pensfold and Belluton, where he lived. He was a captain in the Parliamentary army during place Books. By Lord King. New


his Correspondence, Journals, and Common. the civil wars, and his fortune suffered 2 vols. 8vo. 1830. VOL. XVII. U


* The Life of John Locke, with Extracts from

towards his son :--- That which I have despondency. If I have any reflections often blamed as an indiscreet and dan- on, or desires of free and competent subgerous practice in many fathers, viz. to sistence, it is more in reference to anbe very indulgent to their children whilst other (whom you may guess) to whom they are litde, and as they come to ripe I am very much obliged, than for myself: years to lay great restraint upon them, but no thoughts, how important soever, and live with greater reserve towards shall make me forget my duty; and a them, which usually produces an ill un

father is more than all other relations ; derstanding between father and son, and the greatest satisfaction I can prowhich cannot but be of bad conse- pose to myself in the world, is my hopes quences; and I think fathers would that you may yet live to receive the regenerally do better, as their sons grow turn of some comfort, for all that care up, to take them into a nearer fami- and indulgence you have placed in, liarity, and live with them with as much “Sir, your most obedient son, freedom and friendship as their age and

“J. L." temper will allow.” The following letter from Locke to his father, which is Locke, it appears, originally applied without a date, but must have been himself to the study of physic;' and he written before 1660, shows the feeling became essentially serviceable in his meof tenderness and affection which sub- dical capacity to Lord Ashley, aftersisted between them. It was probably wards the celebrated Earl of Shaftesfound by Locke amongst his father's bury, to whom he was introduced in papers, and thus came again into his 1666, and who was led to form so high an possession :

opinion of Locke's general powers, that

he prevailed upon Locke to take up his “ December 20.

residence at his house, and urged him to Most dear and ever-loving Father, apply his studies to politics and philo

“I did not doubt but that the noise of sophy. This proved the stepping-stone a very dangerous sickness here would to his subsequent greatness; and it is reach you, but I am alarmed with a gratifying to learn that his career, literary more dangerous disease from Pensford, and political, was closed as honourably and were I as secure of your health as as it had been commenced. His last (I thank God) I am of my own, I should publications were in a controversy with not think myself in danger ; but I can- the celebrated Bishop Stillingfleet, who not be safe so long as I hear of your had censured some passages in Locke's weakness, and that increase of your immortal“ Essay.' The prelate yieldmalady upon you, which I beg that you ed to the more powerful reasoning of would, by the timely application of re- the philosopher, yet Locke's' writing medies, endeavour to remove. Dr. Meary was ūniformly distinguished by mildness has more than once put a stop to its en- and urbanity. At this time he held the croachment;-—the same skill

, the same post of commissioner of trade and planta means, the same God to bless you, is left tions. An asthmatic complaint, with stil. Do not, I beseech you, by that which he had long been afflicted, now care you ought to have of yourself, by began to increase, and, with the recti. that tenderness I am sure you have of tude which distinguished the whole of us, neglect your own and our safety too; his conduct, he resigned: thè sovereign do not, by a too pressing care for your (William) was very unwilling to receive children, endanger the only comfort they Locke's resignation ; but the philoso have left. I cannot distru it that Provi- pher, who made his precepts his own dence which hath conducted us thus far, rule of life, pressed the point, observing and if either your disappointments or that he could not in conscience hold a necessities shall reduce us to narrower situation to which a 'considerable salary conditions than you could wish, content was attached without performing the shall enlarge it; therefore, let not these duties of it. Would that such political thoughts distress you. There is nothing philosophy were more common in our that I have which can be so well em- days ! From this time, Loeke lived ployed as to his use, from whom I first wholly in retirement, where he applied received it; and if your convenience can himself to the study of the Scriptures, leave me nothing else, I shall have a till, in 1704, after nearly two years' dehead, and hands, and industry still left clining health, he fell asleep. He was me, which alone have been able to raise buried at Oates, where there is a neat sufficient fortunes. Pray, sir, there- monument erected to his memory, with fore, make your life as comfortable and a modest Latin inscription 'indited by lasting as you can; let not any consi. himself. deration of us cast you into the least

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(For the Mirror.)
« Knight, a sister's truest love,

This mine heart devotes to thee-
Ask no other love to prove;

Marriage! no, that ne'er can be.
Still unmoy'd to all appearing,

Calmly can I see thee fly-
Still break the chain no sorrow fearing,

Save a tear from lover's eye.”
This he heard without replying,

Silent woes his bosom wrung;
In bis arms he clasp'd her sighing-

On his courser's back he sprung.
Thro' the Switzer's rugged lend

Vassals, at their lord's behest, Sought Judea's sainted strand

Each the red-cross on his breast. Mighty deeds all dangers braving

Wrought the Christian hero's arın; Oft his helmet plumes were waving

High above the Paynim swarm.
But tho' Moslem hosts were quaking

At the Toggenburger's name,
Still his breast, with anguish breaking,

Felt its sorrow yet the same :
Felt it till a year de parted-

Felt it of all hope bereft ;
Restless, joyless, broken-hearted,

Then the warring bauds be left; Bade on Joppa's sandy shone

Seamen boist the swelling sail; Swift the bark to Europe bore

O'er the tide the fav’ring gale. When the pilgrim, sorrow laden,

Sought the gates he lov'd so well; From the portals of his maiden

Words of thunder rang his kuell : « She ye seek bas ta'en the veil,

To God alone her thoughts are given; Yestere'en the cloisters pale

Saw the bride betroth'd to heaven. From the castle of his sires,

Mad with grief, the hero flew; War no more his bosom fires,

Arms he spurns, and courser true.
Far from Toggenburg alone

Wends he on his secret way,
To friend and foe alike unknown,

Clad in peasant's mean array,
On a mountain's lonesome glade,

Neath a but be sought repose-
Near where 'mid the lime-tree's shade,

The convent pinnacles arose ;
There, from morning's dawn first brightning

Till the ey'ning stars began,
Secret hopes his anguish lightning,

Sate the solitary man.
On the cloister fixed his eye,
.. Thro' the hours' weary rourd,
To his maiden's lattice nigh,

Till be heard that lattice sound-
Till that dearest form was seen-

Till she on her lover smil'd— And the turret-grates between

Look'd devont and angel-mild, I



(To the Editor.) I SHOULD be glad to be informed by your correspondent, James Silvester, Sen., on what authority he grounds his assertion (contained in No. 484.) that it was in the fortress of Corfe Castle that the unfortunate Edward II. was so inhumanly murdered. I have always considered it an undisputed fact that the scene of this atrocity was at Berkeley Castle, in Gloucestershire. Hume states, that while in the custody of Lord Berkeley, the murderers, Mautravers and Gournay, “taking advantage of Berkeley's sickness, in whose custody he then was, came to Berkeley Castle, threw him on a bed," &c. &c. giving the particulars of the cruel deed. An abridged history, the only other authority I have at hand to refer to, says, “ After these transactions, he was treated with the greatest indignities, and at last inhumanly murdered in Berkeley Castle, and his body buried in a private manner in the Abbey Church, at Gloucester.” The lines of Gray, in his celebrated poem of The Bard,''are familiar to most schoolboys, where he alludes to the cries of the suffering monarch " Through Berkeley's roofs that ring

Shrieks of an agonized king!" Yet as your correspondent, J. S. seems of the intelligent kind, he may be in possession of some authority to which he can refer, and thereby prove it is not merely an assertion inadvertently given, to increase the interest of his Visit to Corfe Castle. Knowing your wish that the pages of your entertaining Mirror should reflect the truth, the insertion of this will oblige your Constant Reader,

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(For the Mirror.) Why am I here ?- Tbou bast not need of me,

Home of the rotting and the rotten deadFor thon art cumber'd to satiety,

And wilt be cumber'd-ay, wben I am fled! Why stand I bere, the living among tombs ? Answer, all ye wbo owia grassy bed,

Answer your dooms.

* Literally translated.




A luckless dower.

P. T.

Thou, massy stone ! over whose heart art thou ? The celebrated John Hampden repre

The lord who govern’d yonder giant place, sented this borough in five parliaments. And ruled a thousand vassals at his bow.

P. T. W. Alack! how narrow and how small a space Of what was human vanity and show Serves for the maggot, when 'tis bis to chase Manners & Customs of all Nations."

The greatest and the latest of bis race. One of Earth's dear ones, of a noble birth,

Slumbers e'en here; of such supernal charms, That but to smile was to awaken mirth,

(For the Mirror.) And for that smile set loving fools in arms. The grave ill balances such living worth,

T'he Olympian Hippodrome, or horseFor here the worm bis richest pasture farms, course, was a space of ground of six Unconscious of his harms.

hundred paces long, surrounded with a Yon grassy sod, that scarcely seems a grave,

wall, near the city of Elis, and on the Deck'd with the daisy, and each lowly flower,

banks of the river Alpheus. It was Time leaves no stone, recording of the knave,

uneven, and in some degree irregular, Whether of humble, or of lordly power:

on account of the situation ;-in one Fame says he was a bard-Fame did not save part was a hill of moderate height; and His name beyond the living of his hour- the circuit was adorned with temples,

altars, and other embellishments. There "Tis strange to see how equally we die,

was a very famous hippodrome at ConThough equal honour be unknown to light, stantinople, which was begun by AlexThe lord, the lady of distinction high,

ander Severus, and finished by Constan. And he, the bard, who sang their noble might, tine. This circus, called by the Turks Sink into death alike and peacefully ; Though some may want the marble's honour'd atmeican, is four hundred paces long,

and above one hundred paces wide. At site, Yet earth holds all that earthliness did slight.

the entrance of the hippodrome there is a pyramidical obelisk of granite, in one piece, about fifty feet high, terminating

in a point, and charged with hieroglyANCIENT BOROUGH OF WEN- phics. The Greek and Latin inscripDOVER.

tions on its base show that it was erect(For the Mirror.)

ed by Theodosius. The machines that This borough sent members to parlia

were employed to raise it are representment in the 28th of Edward I. and again

ed upon it in basso-relievo. We have in the 1st and 2nd of Edward II.; after

some vestiges in England of the hippowhich the privilege was discontinued for dromus, in which the ancient inhabitabove three hundred years.

“ The in

ants of this country performed their

The most remarkable is that termission, (says Britton,) was attended races. by the very remarkable circumstance of near Stonehenge, which is a long tract all recollection of the right of the bo

of ground, about three hundred and fifty rough having been lost, till about the

feet, or two hundred Druid cubits wide, period of the 21st of James I. when

and more than a mile and three quarMr. Hakeville, of Lincoln's Inn, dis- ters, or six thousand Druid cubits in covered by a search among the ancient length, enclosed quite round with a parliament writs in the Tower, that the bank of earth, extending directly east

and west. boroughs of Amersham, Wendover, and

The goal and career are at Great Marlow, had all sent members in the east end. The goal is a high bank former times, and petitions were then of earth, raised with a slope inwards, on preferred in the names of those places, which the judges are supposed

to have that their ancient liberty or franchise small barrows, at the west end of the

The metæ are two tumuli, or might be restored. When the King. was informed of these petitions, he di

course. These hippodromes were called, rected his solicitor, Sir Robert Heath, in the language of the country, rheto oppose them with all might, declaring, dagựa ; the racer, rhedagwr ; and the that he was troubled with too great a

carriage, rheda-from the British word number of burgesses already.'


rhedeg, to run. sovereign's opposition proved ineffectual,

One of these hippodromes, about half and the Commons decided in favour of

a mile to the southward of Leicester, the restoration of the privilege. Some retains evident traces of the old name, particulars of this singular case may be rhedagua in the corrupted one of Rawfound in Willis's Notitia Parliamen

dikes. “ There is another of these," taria,

says Dr. Stukely, “near Dorchester ;

and another on the banks of the river * James the First.

Lowther, near Penrith, in Cumberland ;

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