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serving the habits of these birds, has of some water fowl. I had two killed favoured me with a number of interest- previous to this, which weighed ten ing particulars on this subject; for pounds avoirdupois each.” which I beg leave thus publicly to re- (To be concluded in our next.) turn my grateful acknowledgment. .« The bald eagles,” says this gentleman, “remain on this island during the

Notes of a Reader. whole winter. They can be most easily discovered on evenings by their loud snoring while asleep on high oak trees; It appears, on the most satisfactory and, when awake, their hearing seems authority, that the disease which has so to be nearly as good as their sight. I long prevailed in the Russian dominions, think I mentioned to you, that I had and within the last six months, has been myself seen one flying with a lamb ten advancing in Europe, is contagious. days old, and which it dropped on the Our correspondent in Vienna says, that ground from about ten or iwelve feet it is evidently a combination of plague high. The struggling of the lamb, more and cholera morbus ; i. e. the general than its weight, prevented its carrying it disturbance of the system is of the nature away. My running, hallooing, and being of plague, and with such a state of convery near, might prevent its completing stitution, the affection of the chylopoiits design. It had broke the back in the etic viscera, (in consequence of which act of seizing it; and I was under the the name of cholera morbus has been necessity of killing it outright to prevent given to it,) often terminates life in the its misery. The lamb’s dam seemed as- course of three hours. It appears, from tonished to see its innocent offspring the report of Professor Lichtenstein, of borne off in the air by a bird.

St. Petersburgh, that the proportion of I was lately told,” continues Mr. deaths is one in four, and that in MosGardiner, “by a man of truth, that he cow it has been one in three. During saw an eagle rob a hawh of its fish, and the summer the mortality by the disease the hawk seemed so enraged as to fly was certainly much greater than in down at the eagle, while the eagle very winter. All the modes of combating deliberately, in the air, threw himself this most formidable malady that have partly over on his back, and, while he been suggested by the different boards grasped with one foot the fish, extended of health on the continent, and some the other to threaten or seize the hawk. practitioners of this country, have toI have known several hawks unite to at- tally failed. The remedies that have tack the eagle ; but never knew a single proved most successful in the cholera one to do it. The eagle seems to regard norbus of India have evidently proved the hawks as the hawks do the king- injurious in the disease so denominated birds, only as teasing, troublesome fel. in Russia. As a security against the lows."

contagion, our correspondent recomFrom the same intelligent and obliging mends braudy with laudanum ; the forfriend, I lately received a well preserved mer to keep up the vigour of the abdoskin of the bald eagle, which, from its minal viscera, and the latter to prevent appearance, and the note that accom- morbid excitability of the system, which panied it, seems to have belonged to a predisposes the body to the action of the very formidable individual. It was contagion. In India, brandy and laudashot,” says Mr. Gardiner, “last winter, num have been very successfully admion this island, and weighed thirteen nistered in cases of the cholera of that pounds, measured three feet in length, country. As the recommendation of our and seven from tip to tip of the expando correspondent appears to be very reason.ed wings; was extremely fierce looking; able, we advise those who believe in the though wounded, would turn his back predictions of a certain popular preacher, to no one ; fastened his claws into the that the disease will reach our shores head of a dog, and was with difficulty before autumn, to lay in a good stock disengaged. I have rode on horseback of genuine brandy and laudanum. Notwithin five or six rods of one, who, by withstanding bleeding, calomel in small his bold demeanour, raising his fea- and large doses, opium, cajeput oil, subthers, &c. seemed willing to dispute carbonate of ammonia, muriatic acid, the ground with its owner. The crop camphor fumigation, warm covering, of the present was full of mutton, from and friction have been employed, the my part-blood Merinos; and his intes. disease has run its regular course, and tines contained feathers, which he pro- the result, in every case, seems to have bably devoured with a duck, or winter depended on the natural stamina of the gull, as I observed an entire foot and leg patients. To those who had freely indulged in wine or spirits, it has generally around it. Alarm having been excited terminated fatally. Among the Russians at Bacon, many persons fled along the it has proved more fatal than among the Volga, and carried the disease with Poles, in consequence, as it is supposed, them, which appeared at Jondayersk on of the great quantity of fish-oil the for- the 22nd of July; at Krasnoyar on the mer take at every meal.

25th; at Tzarilzin on the 6th of August; We, quote the preceding from Dr. Donbooka and Saratoff on the 7th; Reece’s Gazette of Practical Medicine. at Khvalnisk on the 19th ; Novogorod

on the 27th ; Koshoma on the 3rd of In the Atlas we find the following :

September ; Yaroslaff 6th ; and at RyAn eminent surgeon, Mr. Hope, who binsk on the 10th. In all these places, has had thirty years' practice, in which the first victims were navigators of the he has treated cases of cholera morbus Volga, or others arrived from places very successfully, has made public the where it already raged. A Cossack, means which he used for the general sent to buy food at Doubooka, on the good. He says, “ The remedy.. gave Volga, died on 7th, after his return to was one drachm of nitrous acid (not Katchalinskaia, on the Don; and thence nitric, that has foiled me), one ounce of the disease rapidly spread through the peppermint-water or cumphor mixture, Cossack villages. and 40 drops of tincture of opium. A

The first deaths at Novitcherkask, the fourth part every three or four hours in principal town of the Cossacks, took a cupful of thin gruel. The belly should place on the 18th of August ; and at be covered with a succession of hot Tagonrog, September 9th. cloths dry; bottles of hot water to the

From Saratoff multitudes of the inha. feet, if they can be obtained; constant bitants escaped again into Persia, but and small sippings of finely strained the disease followed them, and it was gruel, or sago, or tapioca ; no spirit, carried to Moscow by a student from no wine, no fermented liquors, till quite Saratoff, whose servant had died on the restored.” The French surgeons now road, and who was himself the first vicuse laudanam and abstain from venesec

tim in the Russian capital. All commu. tion. Another recipe is simply repeated nication was instantly cut off between draughts of hot water in large quan- the military school at Moscow and the tities.

rest of the town; not one case of chole. A subsequent communication to the ra occurred in the establishment. In no Medical Gazette is as follows:

instance was the propagation of the We have learnt by the last arrivals from disease traceable to goods; it was deSt. Petersburgh that one of the most pendent on the actual presence of indivicelebrated and intelligent of the physi- duals labouring under it. It never broko cians in the Russian service has been out after a quarantine of twenty-one employed in tracing the progress of the days; and, in the great majority of cases, cholera, and the inference at which he the attack took place within a week has arrived is, that the disease is propa- after exposure to the contagion. gated exclusively by contagion, and not in any degree by atmospherical influence. In the spring of 1830 it appeared at Corason, the residence of Abbas Mirza, Last week the friends and supporters of in Persia, where several of the Russian the Metropolitan Charity Schools dined mission died of it, and Prince Dolgon- together at a tavern in the city. Among rowky, the minister, narrowly escaped the toasts were " the Sheriffs of London after a severe attack. In July it broke and Middlesex," upon which (one of out in the Russian province of Schirvan them,) Sir Chapman Marshall, returned and Bacon ; whence it found its way by thanks in the following plain, sensible land to Tiflis, and by sea, from the words : port of Bacon to Astracan. In these “My Lord Mayor and gentlemen, I towns it made its appearance nearly at want words to express the emotions of the same time, viz. about July 20th. my heart. You now see before you an No precautions were taken, and it ex- humble individual who has been educated tended rapidly throughout Georgia, in a parochial school. (Loud cheers.) always following the course of the prin. I came to London in 1803, without a cipal roads; and in no instance did it shilling-without a friend. 'I have not appear in any village, or in houses, had the advantage of a classical education, unless individuals from the infected towns therefore you will excuse my defects of visited them. A Moravian village al- language. (Cheers.) But this I will most in the immediate line of road, thus say, my Lord Mayor and gentlemen, entirely escaped, while the disease raged that you witness in me what may be



done by the earnest application of honest excesses are credible when we recollect industry; and I trust that my example the age of ignorance and barbarity in may induce others to aspire, by the which they were practised. He was at same means, to the distinguished situa- length (for some state crime against the tion which I have now the honour to fill. Duke of Brittany) sentenced to be burnt (Repeated plaudits.")

alive in a field at Nantes, in 1440 ; but In its way, this brief address is as the Duke, who witnessed the execution, valuable as Hogarth's print of the Ap- so far mitigated the sentence, that he prentices.

was first strangled, then burnt, and his ashes interred. He confessed, before

his death, “ that all his excesses were M. Ventouillac, editor of a popular though descended from one of the most

derived from his wretched education,' Selection from the French Classics, has illustrious families in the kingdom. professionally experienced the want of a book of French Poetry for Children, and to supply this desideratum, has pro

EFFECT OF STEAM-COACHES. duced a little volume with the above title. It consists of brief extracts, in In a recent No. of the Voice of Humatwo parts-1. From Morel's Moral de nity, (already noticed in the Mirror,) l'enfance ; 2. Miscellaneous Poems, Fa- occurs the following: bles, &c., by approved writers; and is We doubt whether our labours to acin French just what Miss Aikin's pretty complish either of the objects of this poetical selection is in English. We hope it may become as popular in

publication, if ever so successful, could schools and private tuition; and we

produce such complete mitigation (rather feel confident that M. Ventouillac's stitution of locomotive machinery for

abolition) of animal suffering as the subgood taste as an editor will do much by the inhuman, merciless treatment of way of recommending his work to the horses in our stage-coaches. The man notice of all engaged in the instruction who started the first steam-carriage was of youth.

the greatest benefactor to the cause of humanity the world ever had. But in a

political view the subject is very imporThe original Blue Beard who has, during tant. We have a superabundant popuour childhood, so often served to interest lation with a very

limited territory, while and alarm our imaginations, though for each horse requires a greater quantity of better dramatic effect, perhaps, Mr.Col. land than would be sufficient to support man has turned into a Turk-for surely a man. How extensive then would be the murderer of seven wives could be the beneficial effect of withdrawing twolittle else—" was no other than Gilles, thirds of the horses and appropriating Marquess de Laval, a marshal of France, the land required for them to the reara general of great intrepidity, who dis. ing of cattle and to agricultural protinguished himself, in the reigns of duce? The Liverpool and Manchester Charles the Sixth and Seventh, by his steam - coaches have driven fourteen courage, especially against the English, horse-coaches off the road. Each of when they invaded France. The ser- the horse - coaches employed twelve vices that he rendered his country might horses—there being three stages, and a have immortalized his name, had he not change of four horses each stage. The for ever blotted his glory by the most total horses employed by these coaches terrible murders, impieties, and de- was therefore 168. Now each horse baucheries. His revenues were princely; consumes, on an average, in pasture, but his prodigalities might have made an hay, and corn, annually, the produce of emperor a bankrupt. Wherever he went, one and a half acre. The whole would he had in his suite a seraglio, a company thus consume the produce of 252 acres. of actors, a band of musicians, a society Suppose, therefore,

every man had of sorcerers, a great number of cooks, his acre upon which to rear his fapacks of dogs of various kinds, and above mily, which some politicians have deem. 200 led horses. Mezeray says that he ed sufficient, the maintenance of 252 encouraged and maintained sorcerors to families is gained to the country by these discover hidden treasures, and corrupted steam-coaches. The average number young persons of both sexes, that he in families is six, that is, four children, might attach them to him; and after besides the father and mother. The wards killed them for the sake of their subsistence of 1,512 individuals is thus blood, which was necessary to form his attained. charms and incantations. Such horrid


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(For the Mirror.)

and ml; therefore you must place 12 at The following method of constructing a b and l, then from 12 to 3 P. M. the dial, may be novel and interesting to shadow of the corner a will pass along many of those readers of the Mirror the line 6 C, therefore take from the who are fond of that ancient art; whilst quadrant h n, the distance h 0, and set its simplicity and the great ease with it from 12 to 1. Take also h p and set which it may be constructed, will ren- it from 12 to 2, hq being equal to bc; der it acceptable to all.

at c you may place 3 where the shadow To make a Cross Dial.- A cross dial of the corner a goes quite off the dial is one which shows the time of the day at c, or 3. o'clock in the afternoon ; at without a gnomon, by a shadow of one this time the shadow of the corner i part of the dial itself, appearing upon will appeur on the side h g at 9 or 3 unother part - thereof. Observe. - In o'clock, where place the figure 3; the making this dial you need have no re- shadow will then ascend to p at 4, to o gard to the latitude of the situation, for at 5; at 6 there will be no shadow, the that is to be considered in the placing; sun shining right along the line i h; and not in the making of it. ist. Pre- place a vı also at the corner l, because pare a piece of wood or stone of what it also shines along the line ? k, and size you please, and fashion it in the from 6 till 9, (if it be in a latitude where form of a cross (see fig. 1) so that ab, the sun continues op so late) the shadow bc, cd, de, eh, hi, ik, kl, lm, and ma, of the corner at k is passing along the may be all equal : the length of ef is line l m : therefore take the distances immaterial, it may be more than double h o, &c., and set off from 6 to 7 and to a e. 2ndly. Set one foot of your from 6 to 8, as before at 12, 1, and 2. compasses in e and describe the arc h n, Then for the morning hours, the shawhich divide into six equal parts for six dow of the corner c will enter upon the hours, because it is a quarter of a line a b at the point a, just at 3 o'clock circle ; lay a ruler from e to the three in the morning, and if you draw lines first divisions, and draw the lines e o, from 7 and 8 parallel to a m, their terep, en 3rdly. Now the position of minations will point out 4 and 5. Six this dial being such that its end a m o'clock is in the very corner opposite to must face the south, and the upper part 6 in the evening. Parallel lines below of it or the line a f lying parallel to the the transverse piece drawn from 5, 4, 3, egreinoctial, it is evident that the sun at will indicate the proper places for 7, 8, 9. noon will shine just along the line aby It then remains to set off the same dis

tances as before on line I k on which the tion of the writing of the present day, as shadow of m will point out 11, 10, and coinage of words and fantasies of phrases 9 o'clock ; the dial will then be finished. which will scarcely be understood, much

Observe. These dials require consi- less relished, twenty years hence. But derable thickness (let it be equal to the style throughout is plain, sensible, a m,) because being placed parallel to and natural, free from caricature, and the equator, the sun shines upon the more that of the world thun of the book. upper face all the summer, and on the The plot is of the tale or adventure longest day is elevated 23° 29' above the description; certainly not new, but its plane of the dial, and consequently the interest turns upon points which will shadow, of a will fall at noon in the line never cease to attract a reader. We do a b, not in the point b, but at an angle not enter into it, but prefer taking a few of 23° 29' therewith, and on the shortest of the characters to show the rank of day the like angle will be formed, but in life as well as the style of the materials. an opposite direction. It must further The first is a portrait of a London citibe observed that after the proper points zen sixty years since :are determined on the plane, they had At the Pewter Platter there were two better be transferred to the sides of the arm chairs, one near the door and the cross, as is shown in fig. 2, for there it other near the window, and both close is the shadow will be seen to pass. A by the fire, which were invariubly occudial thus formed is universal; when pied by the same gentlemen. One of made according to the foregoing direc- these was Mr. Bryant, citizen and stations there is nothing more to do but to tioner, but not bookseller, save that he fix it by the help of your quadrant to the sold bibles, prayer-books and almanacks; elevation of the equinoctial or comple for he seriously considered that the arment of the latitude of your habitation, morial bearings of the Stationers' Comand so that the side a m may exactly pany displaying three books between a face the south. A dial of this sort has chevron, or something of that kind, for been stunding in my garden, more than he was not a dab at heraldry, mystically J2 months, and is found to answer the and gravely set forth that no good citipurpose well, being both useful and or- zen had occasion for more than three namental.

books, viz. bible, prayerbook and almaWhen the figures are painted on the nack. Mr. Bryant was a bachelor of thickness as in fig. 2, the upper surface some sixty years old or thereabouts. being unoccupied, an equinoctial diał He had a snug little business though inay be described thereon, which will be but a small establishment; for it was useful the summer half year, while on his maxim not to keep more cats than the lower surface a similar one may be would catch mice. His establishment placed for the winter half; or it may be consisted of only two individuals; a made the bearer of some useful lesson, housekeeper and an apprentice. His in the form of a motto, e. g. “ Disce housekeeper was one Mrs. Dickinson, dies numerare tros.But this is only a staid, sober, matronly looking person. a hint to the curious. COLBOURNE. age, who tried very hard, but not very Sturminster Newton, Dorset.

successfully, to pass for about forty years of age; the good woman, though called

Mrs. Dickinson, was a spinster, and The selector

according to her own account was of a

good family, for her great uncle was a LITERARY NOTICES OF clergyman. She was remarkable for the NEW WORKS.

neatness of her dress, for the fineness of

her muslin aprons, and the accurate ATHERTON,

arrangement of her plaited caps. In By the author of Rank and Talent.

one respect Mr. Bryant thought that

she carried her love of dress too far, for This tale bids fair to enjoy more last- she would always wear a hoop when her ing popularity than either of the author's day's work was done. Mr. Bryant's previous works. It has more story and apprentice, who was at the period of incident, though not enough for the which we are writing, nearly out of his novel. The characters, if not new, are time, was a high spirited young man, more strongly drawn-their colouring whom neither Mr. Bryant nor Mrs. is finer--their humour is richer and Dickinson could keep in any tolerable broader, and as they are from the last order. So far from confining his readcentury, so their drawing, reminds us ing to bibles, prayer-books, and almaforeibly of the writers of the same period. nacks, he would devour with the utmost There is none of the mawkish affecta- eagerness, whenever he could lay his


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