Page images

You now


in Monmouthshire, about twelve miles serious risks in inn-kitchens. We have above Cardiff, not being visible. This long heard his name coupled with aristown has risen almost entirely within tocratic parties, but we see how he conthe present century. It owes its pros- trived to reconcile the calls of the laboperity partly to the excellent quality and ratory and the invitations of great peohardness of its coal, which is almost ple. He worked to the last moment; equal to that of Newcastle, and partly to, and, when he was too late for dinner, an unjust and exclusive act of parlia. covered his dirty shirt with a clean one, ment, which enacts that all coals shipped there being no time for changing it. eastward of the Holmes shall be free of. He has been known to wear five strata duty, to the great injury of Cardiff, of shirts at a time, and to have greatly Swansea, and other ports to the west- surprised his friends by his rapid transiward. The annual shipments to the tions from a state of corpulency to hat. port of Bridgewater alone, in conse- of considerable leanness. This was then, quence, are 100,000 tons.

at some moment of leisure, he contrived stretch nearer the Somersetshire coast; to find time to despoil himself of his and after passing that beautiful and exuvia. All Sir Humphry's experience much-frequented little watering-place, in high circles (and in the plenitude of Weston-supra-mare, clustering on the his fame he commanded any rank) never side of a romantic declivity along shore, gave him ease of manner : he lacked the flood-tide reaches you on arriving in the original familiarity with polished the far-famed King-Road at the mouth society, and his best efforts at pleasing of the Avon, which, in addition to the were marred with a disagreeable bearnatural beauty of the surrounding sce- ing, which might sometimes be called nery, generally presents an animating pertness, sometimes superciliousness.scene of shipping and steamers, lying off As in his dress he oscillated between a till there is sufficient tide up the river. dandy and a sloven, so in his manners he But we have progressed gently amidst a vibrated from familiarity to hauteur. crowd of small craft past Pill, a fishing In all personal matters he missed the village at its mouth; and after being golden mean.- -Spectator Newspaper. entranced for five miles with the magnificent and varied scenery of that lovely river, the classic and palatial buildings The young Princess Esterhazy was a of Clifton, cresting the pinnacle of the great favourite of George IV. rocks, come in sight as you near Cum- ball given in honour of his Majesty's berland Basin, and form a fit termina- birth-day, the young ladies were each tion to such a scene. But we must expected to kneel, and present him with recur to this subject.

a nosegay ; but the princess declared,

that as she was of royal blood, she would The Gatherer.

prefer death to such degradation. The

King received her graciously, notwith" A snapper-up of unconsidered trifles.” standing her obstinacy; but her gover

ness sent the child to bed immediately after dinner. Bon pour la digestion,'

exclaimed the princess; which so enWe all know that Sir Humphry Davy raged the governess, that she took her was the creator electro-chemistry- out of bed and whipped her soundly. that he was the inventer of the safety- Bon pour la circulation,' said the lamp; but few are aware that he was princess; and the next day the governess also a poet, and that the chemist wrote resigned.—Atlas. the prologue to the Honey Moon. We knew that he was skilful in angling, for he was the author of Salmonia ; but we At St. Augustine's Sessions, in an apdid not know that he was the original peal case, å witness was asked by Sir Green Man, and went a-fishing in a Edward Knatchbull, to relate what took green dress, with a broad-brimmed green place between him and his master, which hat stuck with artificial flies, and being, he did as follows:-“ I told him he was in short, all green, down to his boots of a liar." Chairman—" Very improper Indian rubber. He was also an epicure language.” Witness—"Can't help that, of the drollest kind, for he was curious I am come here to speak the truth, and in tasting every thing that had never you have got it."-Kent and Essex Mer. been tasted before, and interfered himself in the composition of dishes intended for his table, thereby encountering the It is an opinion very prevalent among wrath of strange cooks, and running the “finest pisantry in the world,” that

At a








[ocr errors]

a lighted candle placed in a dead man's with three. This act has never been hand will not be seen by any but those repealed.

J. J.C. by whom it is used ; and also that, if a candle in a dead hand be introduced into a house, it will prevent those who may be asleep from awaking! Under

(To the Editor.) the influence of this superstition, a party, CONNECTED with Leeds, Kent, mena few nights since armed with a dead' tioned in No. 461 of The Mirror, I beg man's hand and lighted candle, attacked leave to inform you, that in the village the house of Mrs. Leonard (the mother churchyard, near the castle, is a rather of the priest), in the town of Oldcastle,' singular inscription upon a grave-stone, county of Meath; but, unfortunately for which was put up by the deceased during the credit of the creed, the inmates were his life time; and when I first saw it, alarmed, and the robbers fled, leaving had blanks, for inserting his age and the the hand behind them.

time of his death. These blanks have long since been filled up, and the whole

now reads as follows:« UPOn his arrival at Perthshire, his

“ In memory of James Barham, of Majesty is to be received by a bund of this parish, who departed this life Jan. two hundred men, entirely of the Mac 14, 1818, aged 93 years; and who, from clan, arrayed in the ancient national Kent and elsewhere, 112 peals, not less

the year 1774 to the year 1804, rung, in costume.'– Scotsinän In Scotia our king 's' to be blessed with

than 5,040 changes in each peal, and

called bobs, &c. for most of the peals; a treat, A balleting one if the Scotch have their

and April 7th and 8th, 1761, assisted in nacks,

ringing 40,320 bob-majors, on Leeds

R. koffe. For the papers put forth he's at Perth- bells, in 27 hours.”

shire to meet, Dressed in tartan and bonnet, a band of As Le Commandeur De Sillery, who all Macs.(Almacks.)

was ambassador from France to the Which wert thou, cruel Bishop Bonner, Pope, was one day walking with the

A savage wit, or senseless noddy,, Venetian ambassador, in the square When to extinguish Ridley's faith, before the beautiful church of the Gesù,

Thon mad'st a bonfire of his body ? at Rome (where it seems there is always D18Dain'd by the Helen he fondly had air, even in the hottest day of summer), wooed,

he said to him, “What an odd thing it A love-stricken swain in a region cam

is that there should be always something pestris,

of a breeze here ? Can your excellency Thus “ clerkly'' gave vent to his sorrow

account for it?', “ Perfectly well,” ful mood,

replied the Venetian," upon a tradition Ah! vota si niea valíssent cum Vestris !* that has been long current in this city.

The devil and the wind were one day Ah me! what foggy thoughts environ

walking together in the streets of Rome, The man that reads Galt's “Life of when, coming to the Jesuits’ College in

Byron.Hudibras parodied., this place, the devil said to the wind, “What pens doth Galt in general use ?, Pray be so good as to stay here a minute To Farthing thus said Simon Shark;

or two, I have a word to say to these “ Mostly the Nocto-Polygraph,

good fathers within.' The devil, as the Or pen that writes Sir—in the dark." story goes, never returned to his com

PUN-ICUS. panion, who has been ever since waiting

for him at the door.”. J. G. B.



PERHAPS it is not generally known, and certainly not generally attended to, that an act of parliament was made in the reign of Edward III. prohibiting any one from being served, at dinner or supper, with more than two courses ; except upon some great holidays there specified, in which he may be served

On Saturday next, a SUPPLEMENT of


Vol. II.

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, 143 Strand, (near Somerset House,) London; sold by ERNEST FLEISCHER, 626, New Market, Leipsic; and by all Newsmen and Bookseliers.

* Vide Certamen Ajacis et Ulyssis.

Ovid's Met.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][graphic][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small]



[ocr errors]

THE STRAND, ANCIENT AND MODERN. (Inscription copied from the original of the annexed Engruving.) In its ancient state, anno 1547. And its Neighbourhood, anno 1700. With the Strand Cross, Convent Gar- Looking from Arundel House, northden, &c.

wards, With the Procession of Edward VI. With the Maypole and Garland. We have often, in our antiquarian no- tained the name of Bedford House, retices of the Metropolis, touched upon mained till the year 1704: it was inclosed the olden topography of COVENT GAR. by a brick wall, and had a large garden DEN and the STRAND, and illustrated extending northward, nearly to the site our pages with some portion of its of the present market-place.”' history. Thus, in vol. xii. p. 40, the The Engraving scarcely requires furregular subscriber » will find an ther explanation. The Royal ProcesEngraving, and descriptive notes of sion to the Convent in the distance, Old Covent Garden : in vol. xiii. p. with the young King, Edward VỊ. be122, he will find a second notice of the neath a canopy, has a picturesque, if same spot; and in the same volume, p. not imposing effect. By the way, a 241, is a whole-page Engraving of the Correspondent, who appears to delight original Somerset House, with ample in the quaint sublime, tells us that in details of its foundation, the neighbour- digging the foundation of the Market ing district, &c. The reader should just erected in Covent Garden, a quanturn to these pages, and re-read them tity of human bones were dug from a in connexion with the few particulars rich black mould, at the depth of five we have now to add.

feet from the surface, opposite JamesTo aid the first Engraving, with the street. “ The Irish labourers threw them Strand Cross and Covent Garden, we forth, and the sun again gleamed upon may quote that

the probable particles of holy nuns, till « Most of the ground occupied by the the heavy feet of costermongers, &c. above parish was, in ancient times (anno scattered them, and carried the crumb1222), an extensive garden, belonging ling relics sticking to their muddy heels, to the Abbot and Convent of Westinine throughout the town. This northern ster, and thence called the Convent Gar- portion of the market might probably den, from which the present appellation have been the Convent burial-ground.” is an evident corruption. This estate,

A general descriptive outline of the with other contiguous lands of the Ab- Strand will assist the second view. bots, which were originally named the Malcolm tells us that “ the Strand once Elms, and afterwards Seven Acres, and consisted of palaces for the Monarch, Long Acre, having reverted to the town Archbishop, Bishops, a Royal Hospital, at the Dissolution, was given by Edward and mansions of the nobility. Yet a the Sixth to his ill-fated uncle, the Duke complaint occurs in the rolls of parliaof Somerset; after whose attainder, as ment of the high road between the appears from the original Minutes of the Temple and the village of Charing bePrivy Council, there was a patent grant. ing so deep and miry as to be almost ed in March, 1552, to John Russell

, impassable." Mr. Brayley, in his inEarl of Bedford, and Lord Privy Seal, teresting Londiniuna, gives the followper Bill. Dom. Regis of the gift of ing :the Covent, or Convent Garden, lying in « In ancient times the STRAND was an the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, open space, extending from Temple Bar near Charing Cross, with seven acres, to the village of Charing, sloping down called Long Acre, of the yearly value of to the river, and intersected by several 61. 6s. 8d., parcel of the possessions of streams from the neighbouring high the late Duke of Somerset, to have to grounds, which in this direction emptied him and his heirs, reserving a tenure to themselves into the Thames. In after the King's Majesty in socage, and not ages, when the residence of the court at in capite. Shortly after, the Earl of Westminster had become more frequent, Bedford erected a mansion, principally and the Parliament was held there, the of wood, for his town residence, near Strand, being the road thence from the the bottom of what is now Southampton in this parish were also denominated from either Street ;' and that building, which ob- the names or titles of the Russell family-as

Russell Street, Bedford Street and Bury, Ta. * That street was so called in compliment to vistock Street, Chandos Street, &c. King and the celebrated Lady Rachel, daughter of Thomas Henrietta Streets were so named in honour of Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, and consort Charles I. and his Queen ; and James and York of William Lord Russell. Several other places Streets,of the Duke of York, afterwards James II.

City, became the site of several magni- sion was the Palace of the Savoy, adficent mansions belonging to the nobility joining to the walls of which were the and clergy, most of which were situated gardens of the Bishop Carlisle's Inn, on the south side, and had large gardens afterwards called Worcester House, now extending to the water's edge.

the site of Beaufort Buildings. The “ The first of these mansions from next in succession was Salisbury House, Temple Bar, was Exeter House, an inn which has given name to Salisbury and belonging to the Bishops of Exeter, Cecil Streets. Proceeding onwards, and afterwards called Paget House, and passing over Ivy Bridge, the magnificent Leicester House, and finally Essex House, structure of Durham House presented from being the residence of the favourite itself, which at one period was a royal of Queen Elizabeth ; under the latter ap- palace. Nearly adjoining was an Inn pellation it has given name to the street, belonging to the Bishops of Norwich, now built upon the spot where it for- afterwards called York House, from bemerly stood. Between that mansion coming the residence of the Archbishops and the present Milford Lane, was a of York, when their former mansion at Chapel, dedicated to the Holy Ghost, Whitehall was converted into a royal called St. Spirit, vpon what occasion palace by Henry the Eighth. York founded,' says Stow, I have not Stairs, at the buttom of Buckingham read. To the west of this chapel Street, still marks the water-gate of the was an Inn, belonging to the Bishop of estate, which subsequently became the Bath, called Hampton Place, and after- property of George Villiers, Duke of wards Arundel House, standing on the Buckingham, whose names and titles site of the present Arundel Street.--. are perpetuated in the various streets, Further to the westward was an Inn of &c. built upon it. The last mansion Chancery, called Chester's Inn, and near the village of Charing, and now the Strand Inn, near which the Bishop of only remaining one, was called NorthLandaff had also an Inn. At a short ampton House, afterwards Suffolk House, distance from the latter place was the and now Northumberland House, from Strand Bridge ; and vnder it,' says being the residence of the Dukes of Stow, 'a lane or way down to the land- Northumberland, ing-place on the bank of the Thames,' + “ On the north side, the Strand prethe site of which is still marked by Strand sented but few houses of note. WimLane. Not far from the bridge stood bledon House, on the spot lately occuthe Bishops of Chester's Inn (com- pied by D'Oyley's Warehouse, which monly called Lichfield and Couentrie.'f), had been erected by Sir Edward Ceeil, and adjoining it the Bishop of Worces- was burnt down in 1628. At a little ter's Inn, both of which were pulled distance, westward, was Burghley House, down by the Protector Somerset, in afterwards Exeter House, and now partly 1549, when he erected Somerset House. occupied by Exeter 'Change; on the Opposite the Bishop of Worcester's Inn other part, and its attached ground, formerly stood a stone cross, at which, were erected the several streets and says Stow, 'the justices itinerants sate alleys receiving names from the Cecil without London.'|| Near this spot after- family.” Wards was erected the May Pole, which was removed in 1713. The next man

When the second May-pole was takep down, in

May, 1718, Sir Isaac Newton procured it from * Stow's "Survey,” p. 829, edit. 1618.

the inhabitants, and afterwards sent it to the # Ibid. p. 130. Ibid.

Rev. Mr. Pound, rector of Wanstead, Essex,who $ The church of St. Mary le Strand was first obtained permission from Lord Castlemain to termed St. Mary le Strand Cross ; but, as the erect it in Wanstend Park, for the support of Protector Somerset, in the reign of Edward VI. the tben largest telescope in Europe, made by deprived the inhabitants of it, in order to afford Monsieur Hugon, and presented by hiin to the a site for his intended palace (Somerset House), Royal Society, of which be was a member. This our historians have barely mentioned it, some of enormous instrument, 125 feet in length, had wbom suppose it to have been alluded to in the not long remained in the park, when the followdecretal sentence of Stephen, Archbishop of ing limping verses were affixed to the May pole: Canterbury, 1222, already mentioned under the “Once I adorn'd the Strand, name of the Innocents. The parishioners, thus deprived of their place of worship, were com- My way to pound, pelled to find admittance at the neighbouring In Baron Newton's land; churches, till the commissioners for erecting Where my aspiring lead aloft is rear'd, fifty new ones determined this parish should T' observe the potions of the ethereal berd. contain one of the number. Malcolm. Stow's “Survey,” p. 130, edit. 1618,

“Here sometimes rais'd a machine by my side, The old May-pole often mentioned as in a

Through which is seen the sparkling milky tide :

Here oft I'm scented with a balmy dew, state of decay in various publications, which slood almost on the site of the present church,

A pleasing, blessing which the Strand ne'er knew. was removed in 1713, and a new one erected “ There stood I only to receive abuse, July 4, opposite Somerset House, which had two But here converted to a pobler use; gilt balls and a vane on the summit, decorated So that with me all passengers will say, on rejoicing days with flags and garlands.- I'm better far than when the Pule of May."


But now have found

« PreviousContinue »