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Akad Alps ancient anticlinal appear Archaean basalt basin beds beneath Carboniferous Carpathians Cenomanian coast connexion continued Cordillera Cretaceous Danube Devonian direction dislocation earthquakes east eastern Eocene eruptive extends faults fauna feet fissures flexure Flysch folds followed formation fossils fracture fragments fresh-water further geol Geology gneiss Gondwana granite gulf height Himalaya Hindu Kush horizontal island isolated Jahrb Journ Jurassic kilometers lake lava lies limestone lower marine deposits mass Mediterranean Mesozoic meters mountain chains movement neighbourhood north-east north-west northern Nummulitic observed occur older outer border overthrust Palaeozoic parallel peninsula plain plateau porphyry present range recent region Reichsanst rise river rocks runs sandstone Sarmatian schist Schlier second Mediterranean stage sediments side Sierra Silurian slope south-east south-west southern strata strike structure subsidence Sudetes sunken area tonalite trachyte transverse Trias Ueber upper valley volcanic western whole Wien Wiss zone
Page 585 - The geological province of the Great basin, therefore, is one which has suffered two different types of dynamic action: one, in which the chief factor evidently was tangential compression, which resulted in contraction and plication, presumably in post-Jurassic time ; the other, of strictly vertical action, presumably within the Tertiary, in which there are few evidences or traces of tangential compression.
Page 45 - But it was soon discovered that this was not oiled the only alteration in this memorable convulsion bund." of nature; as the inhabitants of Sindree observed, at a distance of five miles northward, a mound of earth or sand, in a place where the soil was previously low and level. It extended east and west for a considerable distance, and passed immediately across the channel of the Indus, separating as it were for ever the Phurraun river from the sea. The natives called this mound by the name of "Ullah...
Page 10 - Why, then, is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links ? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely-graduated organic chain ; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against the theory. The explanation lies, as I believe, in the extreme imperfection of the geological record.
Page 8 - Silurian formation, recurs in parts of the earth so widely removed from one another — from Lake Ladoga to the Argentine Andes, and from Arctic America to Australia — always attended by such characteristic features, and how does it happen that particular horizons of various ages may be compared to or distinguished from other horizons over such large areas, that in fact these stratigraphical subdivisions extend over the whole globe...
Page 46 - To the eye it did not appear more elevated in one place than another, and could be traced both east and west as far as it could reach ; the natives assigned to it a total length of fifty miles. It must not, however...
Page 45 - Sinde, and on the banks of what had been once the eastern branch of the Indus. The little brick fort of 150 feet square, which had been built there for the protection of merchandise, was overwhelmed by an inundating torrent of water from the ocean, which spread on every side, and, in the course of a few hours, converted the tract, which had before been hard and dry, into an inland lake, which extended for sixteen miles on either side of Sindree.
Page 61 - ... account of Apollonius of Tyana : " In the year 62 or 65 AD Apollonius of Tyana was on the island of Crete. He was on that coast of the island which is washed by the Libyan Sea, on a promontory in the neighborhood of Phastus, and was engaged in conversation with a number of men who had come to do honor to the sanctuary on the promontory, when suddenly an earthquake took place. The roar of the thunder, says Philostratus, did not proceed from the clouds, but came from the depths of the sea, and...
Page 107 - Basin,' remarks Clarence King, has suffered two, different types of dynamic action : one in which the chief factor was evidently tangential compression, which resulted in contraction and plication, presumably in post-Jurassic time; the other of strictly vertical action, presumably within the Tertiary, in which there are few evidences or traces of tangential compression.
Page 100 - For some days after the ruin, the sea did not rise to the usual marks, by four or five feet vertically. Some thought the land had been elevated, but the common and prevailing idea was, that the sea had retired. This difference gradually diminished, till, in the middle of April, there was a difference of only two feet between the existing and former high-water marks.