The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum

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University of Chicago Press, Aug 1, 2009 - Social Science - 228 pages
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On April 10, 2003, as the world watched a statue of Saddam Hussein come crashing down in the heart of Baghdad, a mob of looters attacked the Iraq National Museum. Despite the presence of an American tank unit, the pillaging went unchecked, and more than 15,000 artifacts—some of the oldest evidence of human culture—disappeared into the shadowy worldwide market in illicit antiquities. In the five years since that day, the losses have only mounted, with gangs digging up roughly half a million artifacts that had previously been unexcavated; the loss to our shared human heritage is incalculable.

With The Rape of Mesopotamia, Lawrence Rothfield answers the complicated question of how this wholesale thievery was allowed to occur. Drawing on extensive interviews with soldiers, bureaucrats, war planners, archaeologists, and collectors, Rothfield reconstructs the planning failures—originating at the highest levels of the U.S. government—that led to the invading forces’ utter indifference to the protection of Iraq’s cultural heritage from looters. Widespread incompetence and miscommunication on the part of the Pentagon, unchecked by the disappointingly weak advocacy efforts of worldwide preservation advocates, enabled a tragedy that continues even today, despite widespread public outrage.

Bringing his story up to the present, Rothfield argues forcefully that the international community has yet to learn the lessons of Iraq—and that what happened there is liable to be repeated in future conflicts. A powerful, infuriating chronicle of the disastrous conjunction of military adventure and cultural destruction, The Rape of Mesopotamia is essential reading for all concerned with the future of our past.

 

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The rape of Mesopotamia: behind the looting of the Iraq Museum

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Rothfield (director, Cultural Policy Ctr., Univ. of Chicago; Antiquities Under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection After the Iraq War) here recounts the tragic and disastrous events that befell the ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
The Long View
4
WarRelated Heritage Protection in the Early Prewar Period
21
3 Getting to the Postwar Planning Table
34
4 The Meetings
56
The Looting of the National Museum of Iraq
81
6 The World Responds
101
PostCombat Looting of Archaeological Sites
124
8 Deathwatch for Iraqi Antiquities
136
Coda
153
Interviews
159
Notes
161
Bibliography
189
Index
205
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Lawrence Rothfield is the former director of the Cultural Policy Center at the University of Chicago and associate professor of English and comparative literature. He is the author of Vital Signs: Medical Realism in Nineteenth-Century Fiction and the editor of Unsettling "Sensation": Arts Policy Lessons from the Brooklyn Museum of Art and Antiquities under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection after the Iraq War.

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