What are 'emotions'? Drawing together the threads of current research on the nature and funactions of emotional expression, of physiological reactions, and of emotional experience, this book offers a balanced survey of facts and theory. Nico Frijda discusses the motivational and neurophysiological preconditions for emotions, and the ways in which emotions are regulated by the individual. Considering the kinds of events that elicit emotions, he argues that emotions arise because events are appraised by people as favorable or harmful to their own interests. he takes an information-processing perspective: Emotions are viewed as outcomes of the process of assessing the world in terms of one's own concerns, which, in turn, modify action readiness. This analysis leads him to address such fundamental issues as the place of emotion in motivation generally and the discrepancy between the functions of the emotions and their often irrational and disruptive character. An important contribution to recent debates, The Emotions does not presuppose extensive prior knowledge.
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Physiology of emotion
Emotional stimuli or situational antecedents
Concerns and other dispositional antecedents
action readiness change action tendency activation actual amygdala anger animals anxiety appears appraisal autonomic arousal autonomic response aversive awareness basal ganglia behavior systems catecholamine chimpanzee cognitive components concerns considered constellations control precedence coping correspond cortisol decrease defensive defined depressed mood depression desire different emotions dimensions discussed distress effects Ekman elicited emotional behavior emotional experience emotional response emotional stimuli emotions proper epinephrine evidence evoked excitement exist expressive behavior facial expressions fact fear feeling function given goal grief hedonic humans hypothalamic hypothesis impulse increase inhibition instance intensity interaction interpretation involved irreflexive kind laughter Lazarus loss manifest mismatch mood motivation movement norepinephrine object occur one's outcome overt pain parasympathetic patterns physiological pleasure Pribram proprioceptive regulation relational relevant rhesus monkeys satisfaction sensations sense sensory sexual shock signals situational meaning structure smile social specific sponse stim stimuli stress stressful film tend tension theory tional tions weeping