Evolution of the Insects
This book chronicles the complete evolutionary history of insects--their living diversity and relationships as well as 400 million years of fossils. Introductory sections cover the living species diversity of insects, methods of reconstructing evolutionary relationships, basic insect structure, and the diverse modes of insect fossilization and major fossil deposits. Major sections then explore the relationships and evolution of each order of hexapods. The volume also chronicles major episodes in the evolutionary history of insects from their modest beginnings in the Devonian and the origin of wings hundreds of millions of years before pterosaurs and birds to the impact of mass extinctions and the explosive radiation of angiosperms on insects, and how they evolved into the most complex societies in nature. Whereas other volumes focus on either living species or fossils, this is the first comprehensive synthesis of all aspects of insect evolution. Illustrated with 955 photo- and electron- micrographs, drawings, diagrams, and field photos, many in full color and virtually all of them original, this reference will appeal to anyone engaged with insect diversity--professional entomologists and students, insect and fossil collectors, and naturalists. David Grimaldi and Michael S. Engel have collectively published over 200 scientific articles and monographs on the relationships and fossil record of insects, including 10 articles in the journals Science, Nature, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. David Grimaldi is curator in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History and adjunct professor at Cornell University, Columbia University, and the City University of New York. David Grimaldi has traveled in 40 countries on 6 continents, collecting and studying recent species of insects and conducting fossil excavations. He is the author of Amber: Window to the Past (Abrams, 2003). Michael S. Engel is an assistant professor in the Division of Entomology at the University of Kansas; assistant curator at the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas; research associate of the American Museum of Natural History; and fellow of the Linnean Society of London. Engel has visited numerous countries for entomological and paleontological studies, doing most of his fieldwork in Central Asia, Asia Minor, and the Western Hemisphere.
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Arthropods and the Origin of Insects
the crickets katydids grasshoppers wetas and kin
the stick and leaf insects
THE ENIGMATIC ORDER
THE EUHYMENOPTERA AND PARASITISM
EVOLUTION OF INSECT SOCIALITY
Antliophora and Amphiesmenoptera ____
The Caddisflies and Lepidoptera
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abdomen adult AMNH angiosperms antennae ants appendages aquatic arthropods Aspock Australia Baltic amber basal bees beetles biology body length Burmese amber butterflies Carboniferous closely related Coleoptera comprise Cretaceous amber deposits Diptera diverse Dominican amber earliest Early Cretaceous ectoparasitoids eggs Engel Eocene Ephemeroptera etal eusocial evolution evolutionary evolved extinct fauna feed female Figure fleas flies flowers forewing Formation fossil record genera genus Grimaldi hind wing host Hymenoptera insects instar known larvae Late Jurassic Lebanese amber legs Lepidoptera lice lineages living male mandibles mantises Mesozoic mid-Cretaceous Miocene molecular monophyletic monophyly morphological moths mouthparts nests North America occur ovipositor Paleozoic paraphyletic parasites parasitoids Permian Photo phylogenetic phylogeny plants pollinators predators preserved primitive radiation Rasnitsyn Recent relationships roaches sclerite segments sister group species stem group stem-group Strepsiptera structure subfamily suborder superfamily taxa termites terrestrial Tertiary thorax thrips tion Triassic tropical veins venation wasps
Page 693 - Anglln; or, an Attempt to divide into their natural Genera and Families such Species of the Linnean Genus Apis as have been discovered in England: with Descriptions and Observations.
Page 709 - A GUIDE TO THE STUDY OF INSECTS, and a Treatise on those Injurious and Beneficial to Crops. For the use of Colleges, Farm Schools, and Agriculturists.