Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua

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Jorge Ancheyta, James G. Speight
CRC Press, May 8, 2007 - Science - 376 pages
Many oil refineries employ hydroprocessing for removing sulfur and other impurities from petroleum feedstocks. Capable of handling heavier feedstocks than other refining techniques, hydroprocessing enables refineries to produce higher quality products from unconventional — and formerly wasted — sources. Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua illustrates how to obtain maximum yields of high-value products from heavy oils and residue using hydroprocessing technologies.

While most resources on hydroprocessing concentrate ongas oil and lower boiling products, this book details the chemistry involved and the process modifications required for the hydroprocessing of heavy crude oils and residua. Emphasizing the use of effective catalysts to ensure cleaner and more efficient industrial fuel processes, the book presents key principles of heterogeneous catalyst preparation, catalyst loading, and reactor systems. It explains how to evaluate and account for catalysts, reactor type, process variables, feedstock type, and feedstock composition in the design of hydroprocessing operations. The text concludes with examples of commercial processes and discusses methods of hydrogen production.

To meet the growing demand for transportation fuels and fuel oil, modern oil refineries must find ways to produce high quality fuel products from increasingly heavy feedstocks. Hydroprocessing of Heavy Oils and Residua contains the fundamental concepts, technologies, and process modifications refineries need to adapt current hydroprocessing technologies for processing heavier feedstocks.

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Contents

Chapter 1 Heavy Oils and Residua
1
Chapter 2 Feedstock Evaluation and Composition
15
Chapter 3 Hydroprocessing Chemistry
35
Chapter 4 Thermodynamics of Hydroprocessing Reactions
51
Chapter 5 Reactors for Hydroprocessing
71
Chapter 6 Characteristics of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts
121
Chapter 7 Maya Heavy Crude Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts
191
Chapter 8 Effect of Feedstock Composition on the Performance of Hydroconversion Catalysts
239
Chapter 9 Hydroprocesses
259
Chapter 10 Commercial Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking
281
Chapter 11 Hydrogen Production
313
Index
339
Back cover
347
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Page 7 - The several rock types that contain an extremely viscous hydrocarbon which is not recoverable in its natural state by conventional oil well production methods including currently used enhanced recovery techniques.

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