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seems, entertained the same generous sentiments with the rest of their countrymen, though they did not express them in the old, free, English manner, by openly condemning the proceedings against the late Queen; and after the course of unexampled injustice against which she victoriously struggled, had been followed by the needless infliction of inhuman torture, to undermine a frame whose spirit no open hostility could daunt, and extinguish the life so long embittered by the same foul arts-after that great Princess had ceased to harrass her enemies (if I may be allowed thus to speak, applying, as they did, by the perversion of all language, those names to the victim which belong to the tormentor)after her glorious but unhappy life had closed, and that Princely head was at last laid low by death, which, living, all oppression had only the more illustriously exalted—the venerable the Clergy of Durham, I am now told for the first time, though less forward in giving vent to their feelings than the rest of their fellow-citizensthough not so vehement in their indignation at the matchless and unmanly persecution of the Queen,—though not so unbridled in their joy at her immortal triumph, nor so loud in their lamentation over her mournful and untimely enddid, nevertheless, in reality, all the while deeply sympathise with her sufferings, in the bottom of

tongues, stifled

every sound,

their reverend hearts! When all the resources of the most ingenious cruelty hurried her to a fate without parallel-if not so clamorous, they did not feel the least of all the members of the community—their grief was in truth too deep for utterance-sorrow clung round their bosoms, weighed upon

their and when all the rest of mankind, of all sects and of all nations, freely gave vent to the feelings of our common nature, THEIR silence, the contrast which they displayed to the rest of their species, proceeded from the greater depth of their affliction; they said the less because they felt the more !-Oh! talk of hypocrisy after this ! Most consummate of all the hypocrites! After instructing your chosen, official advocate, to stand forward with such a defence —such an exposition of your motives—to dare utter the word hypocrisy, and complain of those who charged you with it! This is, indeed, to insult common sense, and outrage the feelings of the whole human race! If you were hypocrites before, you were downright, frank, honest hypocrites to what you have now made yourselves—and, surely, for all you have ever done, or ever been charged with, your worst enemies must be satiated with the humiliation of this day, its just atonement, and ample retribution!

Judging before hand, no doubt, any one must have expected the Durham Clergy, of all men, to feel exactly as they are now, for the first time, ascertained to have felt. They are Christians ; outwardly at least, they profess the gospel of charity and peace; they beheld oppression in its foulest shape; malignity and all uncharitableness putting on their most hideous forms; measures pursued to gratify prejudices in a particular quarter, in defiance of the wishes of the people, and the declared opinions of the soundset judges of each party; and all with the certain tendency to plunge the nation in civil discord. If for a moment they had been led away, by a dislike of cruelty and of civil war, to express displeasure at such perilous doings, no man would have charged them with political meddling; and when they beheld truth and innocence triumph over power, they might, as Christian Ministers, calling to mind the original of their own Church, have indulged, without offence, in some little appearance of gladness; a calm, placid satisfaction, on so happy an event, would not have been unbecoming their sacred station. When they found that her sufferings were to have no end ; that new pains were inflicted in revenge for her escape from destruction, and new tortures devised to exhaust the vital powers of her, whom open, law

less violence had failed to subdue-we might have expected some slight manifestation of disproval from holy men, who, professing to inculcate loving-kindness, tender mercy, and good will to all, offer up their daily prayers for those who are desolate and oppressed. When at last the scene closed, and there was an end of that persecution which death alone could stay; but when not even her unhappy fate could glut the revenge of her enemies; and they who had harassed her to death now exhausted their malice in reviling the memory of their victim; if among them had been found, during her life, some miscreant under the garb of a Priest, who, to pay his court to power, had joined in trampling upon the defenceless; even such a one, bare he the form of a man, with a man's heart throbbing in his bosom, might have felt even his fawning, sordid, calculating malignity assuaged by the hand of death ; even he might have left the tomb to close upon the sufferings of his victim. All probability certainly favoured the supposition, that the Clergy of Durham would not take part against the injured, because the oppressor was powerful; and that the prospect of emolument would not make them witness, with dry eyes and hardened hearts, the close of a life which they had contributed to embitter and destroy. But I am compelled to


that their whole conduct has falsified those expectations. They sided openly, strenuously, forwardly, officiously with power, in the oppression of a woman, whose wrongs, this day, they, for the first time, pretend to bewail in their attempt to cozen you out of a verdict, behind which they may skulk from the enquiring eyes of the people. Silent, and subdued in their tone as they were, on the demise of the unhappy Queen, they could make every bell in all their chimes peal when gain was to be expected by flattering present greatness.

Then they could send up addresses, flock to public meetings, and fill the press with their libels, and make the pulpit wring with their sycophancy, filling up to the brim the measure of their adulation to the reigning Monarch, Head of the Church and Dispenser of its Patronage.

In this contrast originated the Defendant's feelings, and hence the strictures which form the subject of these proceedings. I say the publication refers exclusively to the Clergy of this city and its suburbs, and especially to such parts of that Clergy as were concerned in the act of disrespect towards her late Majesty, which forms the subject of the alleged libel ; but I deny that it has any reference whatever to the rest of the Clergy, or evinces any designs

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