## Polyelectrolytes |

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Page 97

The values of(df/da) for the two solutions are equal and the

expected to be satisfied when applied to the osmotic pressure of the mixture. As

mentioned in the previous section, however, counter ions of smaller size are

bound ...

The values of(df/da) for the two solutions are equal and the

**additivity law**isexpected to be satisfied when applied to the osmotic pressure of the mixture. As

mentioned in the previous section, however, counter ions of smaller size are

bound ...

Page 111

Such constancy of the counter ion concentration was anticipated by the

theoretical derivation of the

the derivative [d(ypca)/dca] is not zero but takes a small positive value. The

number of ...

Such constancy of the counter ion concentration was anticipated by the

theoretical derivation of the

**additivity law**in the previous chapter. Experimentally,the derivative [d(ypca)/dca] is not zero but takes a small positive value. The

number of ...

Page 152

Then, the modified

In (ypacpa + ypbcpb + yscs)(yscs) (253) and Ho = -kT(gpacpa+gpbcpb+gscs) (

254) where ypj and gpj(j: a or b) are, respectively, the activity coefficient of

counter ...

Then, the modified

**additivity law**can be employed in the following way : ixs = kTIn (ypacpa + ypbcpb + yscs)(yscs) (253) and Ho = -kT(gpacpa+gpbcpb+gscs) (

254) where ypj and gpj(j: a or b) are, respectively, the activity coefficient of

counter ...

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

theoretically understandable Idealized treatment based on the simplest | 5 |

Electrical Potential Around the Macroion | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absence of salt activity coefficient activity of counter addition of salt additivity law alkali apparent charge bound counter ions chain Chapter charge density charged groups chemical potential coefficient of counter coil conformation concentration of counter concentration of free concentration of macroions copolymer counter ion condensation critical value cylindrical macroion decreases degree of dissociation degree of neutralization density Q derived dielectric constant dielectric dispersion dielectric increment electric free energy entropy equilibrium experimental extensive force fluctuation free counter ions free energy free volume hydrogen ions increase interaction ionized groups kinds of counter macromolecules monomers monovalent number of charged number of counter number of free osmotic coefficient osmotic pressure Poisson-Boltzmann equation polyacids polyacrylic acid polyelectrolytes polyvalent counter ions potential valley proportional radius random coil ratio refractive index region relation result rodlike macroions rods salt concentration salt solution shown in Fig simple salt small ions sodium ions spherical macroion total number valence