## Polyelectrolytes |

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Page 43

the assumption that z' is larger than z, it is convenient to classify the value of Q

into the following four categories for analysis ... Condensation of counter ions of

higher valence begins to take place when the charge

critical ...

the assumption that z' is larger than z, it is convenient to classify the value of Q

into the following four categories for analysis ... Condensation of counter ions of

higher valence begins to take place when the charge

**density Q**exceeds thecritical ...

Page 45

When Q is larger than \/qz', the value of (n*/n) Q can not be less than 1/z' even at

ji' = 0. Therefore, the ... Consider a macroion of high charge

monovalent counter ions preserving electroneutrality. Some of the counter ions ...

When Q is larger than \/qz', the value of (n*/n) Q can not be less than 1/z' even at

ji' = 0. Therefore, the ... Consider a macroion of high charge

**density**(**Q**> 1) withmonovalent counter ions preserving electroneutrality. Some of the counter ions ...

Page 118

The sum of the self-extensive force of m rods, each of which has the charge

(189) which is obtained by multiplying m/2 by a(df/da) for the two rod system.

The sum of the self-extensive force of m rods, each of which has the charge

**density Q**, is given by a(df/da)XtR = -mnQkT for 0 < Q < 1 = -m(2n-n/Q)kT for 1 < Q(189) which is obtained by multiplying m/2 by a(df/da) for the two rod system.

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

theoretically understandable Idealized treatment based on the simplest | 5 |

Electrical Potential Around the Macroion | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absence of salt activity coefficient activity of counter addition of salt additivity law alkali apparent charge bound counter ions chain Chapter charge density charged groups chemical potential coefficient of counter coil conformation concentration of counter concentration of free concentration of macroions copolymer counter ion condensation critical value cylindrical macroion decreases degree of dissociation degree of neutralization density Q derived dielectric constant dielectric dispersion dielectric increment electric free energy entropy equilibrium experimental extensive force fluctuation free counter ions free energy free volume hydrogen ions increase interaction ionized groups kinds of counter macromolecules monomers monovalent number of charged number of counter number of free osmotic coefficient osmotic pressure Poisson-Boltzmann equation polyacids polyacrylic acid polyelectrolytes polyvalent counter ions potential valley proportional radius random coil ratio refractive index region relation result rodlike macroions rods salt concentration salt solution shown in Fig simple salt small ions sodium ions spherical macroion total number valence