## Polyelectrolytes |

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Page 23

centration of

explain the experimental facts. The theoretical calculation show that the activity

coefficient of the counter ions does not tend to unity but approaches \jQ at infinite

...

centration of

**free counter ions**, and the simple cylindrical model can adequatelyexplain the experimental facts. The theoretical calculation show that the activity

coefficient of the counter ions does not tend to unity but approaches \jQ at infinite

...

Page 25

occupied by the apparent volume of the macroions and the region outside of this

volume. ... This flow of

be stopped by dilution or by the increase of

occupied by the apparent volume of the macroions and the region outside of this

volume. ... This flow of

**counter ions**from the**free**state to the bound state can notbe stopped by dilution or by the increase of

**free**space. The number of**free**...Page 45

It is independent of the number of

than \/qz', the value of (n*/n) Q can not be less than 1/z' even at ji' = 0. Therefore,

the binding continues to increase until all

...

It is independent of the number of

**free**ions that are present. When Q is largerthan \/qz', the value of (n*/n) Q can not be less than 1/z' even at ji' = 0. Therefore,

the binding continues to increase until all

**counter ions**of valence z' are lost from...

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

theoretically understandable Idealized treatment based on the simplest | 5 |

Electrical Potential Around the Macroion | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absence of salt activity coefficient activity of counter addition of salt additivity law alkali apparent charge bound counter ions chain Chapter charge density charged groups chemical potential coefficient of counter coil conformation concentration of counter concentration of free concentration of macroions copolymer counter ion condensation critical value cylindrical macroion decreases degree of dissociation degree of neutralization density Q derived dielectric constant dielectric dispersion dielectric increment electric free energy entropy equilibrium experimental extensive force fluctuation free counter ions free energy free volume hydrogen ions increase interaction ionized groups kinds of counter macromolecules monomers monovalent number of charged number of counter number of free osmotic coefficient osmotic pressure Poisson-Boltzmann equation polyacids polyacrylic acid polyelectrolytes polyvalent counter ions potential valley proportional radius random coil ratio refractive index region relation result rodlike macroions rods salt concentration salt solution shown in Fig simple salt small ions sodium ions spherical macroion total number valence