## Polyelectrolytes |

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Page 137

The extended conformation of linear chainlike macroions with many

having small local curvature or flexibility. They are extended but still in the

random ...

The extended conformation of linear chainlike macroions with many

**ionized****groups**may be approximately equivalent to the conformation of macromoleculeshaving small local curvature or flexibility. They are extended but still in the

random ...

Page 150

When alkali is added to neutralize just half of these groups, the macroion formed

can be regarded as a kind of copolymer with a varied arrangement of ionized and

nonionized groups. On the average, the number of

When alkali is added to neutralize just half of these groups, the macroion formed

can be regarded as a kind of copolymer with a varied arrangement of ionized and

nonionized groups. On the average, the number of

**ionized groups**is equal to ...Page 155

The length of a cylindrical macroion (or the conformation parameter). m The

number of freely rotatable monomers. n The number of

macroion. ri = n—n*, the number of bound counter ions in a macroion. n* =n — ri,

the ...

The length of a cylindrical macroion (or the conformation parameter). m The

number of freely rotatable monomers. n The number of

**ionized groups**on amacroion. ri = n—n*, the number of bound counter ions in a macroion. n* =n — ri,

the ...

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

theoretically understandable Idealized treatment based on the simplest | 5 |

Electrical Potential Around the Macroion | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absence of salt activity coefficient activity of counter addition of salt additivity law alkali apparent charge bound counter ions chain Chapter charge density charged groups chemical potential coefficient of counter coil conformation concentration of counter concentration of free concentration of macroions copolymer counter ion condensation critical value cylindrical macroion decreases degree of dissociation degree of neutralization density Q derived dielectric constant dielectric dispersion dielectric increment electric free energy entropy equilibrium experimental extensive force fluctuation free counter ions free energy free volume hydrogen ions increase interaction ionized groups kinds of counter macromolecules monomers monovalent number of charged number of counter number of free osmotic coefficient osmotic pressure Poisson-Boltzmann equation polyacids polyacrylic acid polyelectrolytes polyvalent counter ions potential valley proportional radius random coil ratio refractive index region relation result rodlike macroions rods salt concentration salt solution shown in Fig simple salt small ions sodium ions spherical macroion total number valence