## Polyelectrolytes |

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Page 119

The quantity nmjv, in the right-hand side of Eq. (192), means the average

concentration of counter ions in this phase. Therefore, the remaining factor (1 —

Qj2) or \/2Q corresponds to the

counter ions).

The quantity nmjv, in the right-hand side of Eq. (192), means the average

concentration of counter ions in this phase. Therefore, the remaining factor (1 —

Qj2) or \/2Q corresponds to the

**osmotic coefficient**(or activity coefficient ofcounter ions).

Page 130

mediate concentration of the macroion. This maximum is found at an apparent

volume concentration of about 0.4 (Fig. 386). It corresponds to the minimum in

the

mediate concentration of the macroion. This maximum is found at an apparent

volume concentration of about 0.4 (Fig. 386). It corresponds to the minimum in

the

**osmotic coefficient**described previously and graphically illustrated in Fig. 5a.Page 155

coil, so that the activity coefficient of counter ions is lower in the helix than in the

random coil. ... The

of ...

coil, so that the activity coefficient of counter ions is lower in the helix than in the

random coil. ... The

**osmotic coefficient**of simple salt solutions. g, The**osmotic****coefficient**of solutions of macroions with counter ions. h The end-to-end distanceof ...

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### Contents

Preface | 1 |

theoretically understandable Idealized treatment based on the simplest | 5 |

Electrical Potential Around the Macroion | 9 |

Copyright | |

17 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absence of salt activity coefficient activity of counter addition of salt additivity law alkali apparent charge bound counter ions chain Chapter charge density charged groups chemical potential coefficient of counter coil conformation concentration of counter concentration of free concentration of macroions copolymer counter ion condensation critical value cylindrical macroion decreases degree of dissociation degree of neutralization density Q derived dielectric constant dielectric dispersion dielectric increment electric free energy entropy equilibrium experimental extensive force fluctuation free counter ions free energy free volume hydrogen ions increase interaction ionized groups kinds of counter macromolecules monomers monovalent number of charged number of counter number of free osmotic coefficient osmotic pressure Poisson-Boltzmann equation polyacids polyacrylic acid polyelectrolytes polyvalent counter ions potential valley proportional radius random coil ratio refractive index region relation result rodlike macroions rods salt concentration salt solution shown in Fig simple salt small ions sodium ions spherical macroion total number valence