New Aspects of Human Ethology

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 30, 1997 - FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS - 239 pages
Rough-and-tumble play provided one of the paradigmatic examples of the appli- tion of ethological methods, back in the 1970's. Since then, a modest number of - searchers have developed our knowledge of this kind of activity, using a variety of methods, and addressing some quite fundamental questions about age changes, sex diff- ences, nature and function of behaviour. In this chapter I will review work on this topic, mentioning particularly the interest in comparing results from different informants and different methods of investigation. Briefly, rough-and-tumble play (or R&T for short) refers to a cluster of behaviours whose core is rough but playful wrestling and tumbling on the ground; and whose general characteristic is that the behaviours seem to be agonistic but in a non-serious, playful c- text. The varieties of R&T, and the detailed differences between rough-and-tumble play and real fighting, will be discussed later. 2. A BRIEF HISTORY OF RESEARCH ON R&T In his pioneering work on human play, Groos (1901) described many kinds of rough-and-tumble play. However, R&T was virtually an ignored topic from then until the late 1960's. There was, of course, a flowering of observational research on children in the 1920s and 1930s, especially in North America; but this research had a strong practical o- entation, and lacked the cross-species perspective and evolutionary orientation present in Groos' work.
 

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Contents

Human Ethology Origins and Prospects of a New Discipline
1
Research on Emotions and Future Developments in Human Ethology
25
Play Fighting and Real Fighting Perspectives on Their Relationship
47
Games Evolution Plays
65
Groups Gossip and the Evolution of Language
77
The Communication Paradox and Possible Solutions Towards a Radical Empiricism
91
Twin Studies of Behavior New and Old Findings
121
Hormonal Influences on Human Behavior
141
Copulation Masturbation and Infidelity StateoftheArt
163
Abstracts of the 13th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Human Ethology ISHE Vienna 510 August 1996
189
Contributors
225
Curricula Vitae of Editors
227
Name Index
229
Subject Index
235
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