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secrets are to be talked, when they begin to whisper, revive ; for I have a better lot than many. There is a “ As the young ladies were with you, I thought I might
When with my pupils, a deep, and happily

an absorb: Mercier tells me she has but fifteen pounds can feartlemen,” continued the lady, apparently unconscious
and then, of course, I leave the apartment. I find, poor teacher at Mrs Stonewell's school, and Ma’amselle accompany Ma'amselle,” she answered.

“I do not approve of my governess walking with gen-
ing interest, in their improvement ; but, when that and remains at school all the vacations, to mend up that Miss Dawson had replied
excitement is over, I droop again ; for I am considered the house linen. Adieu."
an intruder when lessons are over, and an automaton “ Ah! there you are !” exclaimed the light breezy voice air of pretty astonishment.

“ Vat gentlemans ?" exclaimed Miss Mercier, with an
while they are in progress. Shall I ever again hear of Mademoiselle Mercier, as she ran up and kissed'Emily
the voice of encouragement, which makes the heart Dawson on both cheeks. Ah! mamie

, why you not employment, I have nothing to say to you; I can only

“You know best, miss; but as you are not in my Oh, do not think, because I say this, that I yearn after given to the mopes; and ven you have five moments desire my governess not to do it again," persisted Mr's flattery; I do not; but if the parent knew how kind to yourselves, instead

of enjoy all

, you make sorrow Hylier. “And I should like to know who the gentlemen
more sorrowful by thinking over him! Toujours gai!

considerate words increase the desire to bring the
children forward—a smile-a gentle word a simple Paris to be bonne in Lady Craig's family, after edu- for who would revenge an insult offered to me?"

“ And so should I, indeed, ma'am," said Miss Dawson,
I have seen my maman this morning-she come from

“ most earnestly, though it would be to little purpose-
you have done well,' would make the labour, the cating Lady Craig. She has brought me such a charm.
weary labour, of thankless teaching a pleasure. Mrs ing parasol; she loves me so moche, my dear mot here! returned the lady, with an insulting laugh and á sneer,

“Oh! you should tell your patron saint, Mr Byfield,"
Hylier seldom finds fault; but she never utters a Ah! my dear, I beg your pardon, I forget ; I did not mean
sound of commendation. And yet, why do I com- to call your tears, chere Emily. I am thoughtless girl ;

as she cntered the breakfast-room with Mrs Gresham,
mother was taken from me, I toiled through the bah!- there! I tell you, if you dry up your nice blue Dawson turned slowly round to go up stairs, and saw the
plain? You know that, for three years before my and my mothere make me full of joy. Now, do not cry; and slapped the door in the face of the two girls.
streets of that distant town, in the grey mists of the English eyes, I vill go and fetch my new parasol, and ve
winter's mornings, as well as in the light of the sum- vill valk togethere in Kensington Garden for half hour. housemaid draw back her head from over the bannisters,

while not to
all the accomplishments in one place, and the three hours drive, and they are not gone two hours yet. termed it, which his mistress gave“ our governess.”
sciences in another; and as I had no protectora Do come. Madame Gresham likes me to be vith you, you

Mrs Hylier threw herself into a chair, and, looking at
creature to be insulted by those whose manly garb time—and ve see such nice ladie and gentleman, almost Mrs Gresham, exclaimed, “ Well, and what do you mean
was certainly no index to a manly mind I was dis-

like Longchamps." missed from one house because the lady thought me

Miss Dawson begged to be excused; she would rather

“Why, nothing, sister ; surely the poor girls cannot too pretty to come in the way of her son ; from an- stay at home ; she had much to do ; was not well; and help it if impertinent men will follow them home.” other, because I did not wear caps, and looked too urged a thousand reasons, but without effect.

"I know very well that French girl you have is good

young without them; from another, because I would please, my dear,” said the now pouting French girl ; « but for nothing, and you have suffered her to encroach too
not lunch with the lady's maid ; and yet I bore all it is unkind of you. Madame Gresham vill not let me go

, and more, as you know, cheerfully, because from with any other

lady, and I never get a walka ho at avtaer Gresham, I had an excellent character with her, and

“I really cannot tell, sister,” said the tranquil Mrs the sheltering bosom of my mother. The abilities she Now, do come; it is cruel of you for fancy to prevent me!" though Mrs Ryal did say her accent is bad, I don't think had fostered were the means of supporting her at the Emily did not continue to refuse, for she could not bear she is a good judge ; and one may go on changing for last. In those two small cottage rooms I had a home; to be unkind; and drawing a thick crape veil over her ever, just as she does, since that underbred daily goverthere was her smile, her voice, her counsel, and her face, she prepared to accompany the volatile but kind. has tried half-a-dozen ; but, as Mr Gresham says, she

ness of hers ran off with her own father's shopman. She prayer. I was some one's first object. She loved me; those two girls ;-the staid, quiet, graceful deportment of gives her servants better wages than her teachers, and the tenderness of her whole life was poured into my Emily Dawson, and the

vivid, tripping, carefully careless what can she expect ?" heart, under every trial which a fatherless girl must demarche of Colette Mercier-the deep mourning

of the

Again the ladies were interrupted by the entrance of 2. endure, who has to grope her way through the world's English girl, and the tulip-like appearance of the French,

Mrs Ryal, just as they had been when about to adver-
darkness. Oh, my mother ! my mother !--but tears
in whose dress, though there were divers colours, there

will blot the page when I write of her! When I
was perfect harmony. “You look pale and tired already,

“ I felt it my duty, Mrs Hylier,” she commenced, after think of her, I feel suffocated ; and I have no right to mamie,” she said to Emily; "and we must not sit down the usual nothings of a morning visit had been exchanged a repine ; only thus much—even a little kindness would in the gardens, I am told. But it would be most pleasant, -" I felt it a positive duty to tell you that all the people

make me work so cheerfully. With the education, and those charming, lovely ladies, and handsome gentlemen, of Kensington are talking about you."
tastes, and feelings of a gentlewoman, it is hard to be if they only

vould look happy; but they do not---they look “I am glad they are so well employed," retorted Mrs
treated as if I had neither education, nor taste, nor solemn, and valk dead marche in Saul; and yet, though I HIylier, with a provoking smile.
feeling. The lady's maid is a confidant; the house- am but poor governess, I am happier than they. There,

Then you are easily satisfied, my dear; but rather --* te keeper a mistress ; the housemaid has half the day look, poor giri! I vill tell you, Emily, vat my mothere tell ness, and your amazing gullibility. Indeed, they are hint

is an English governess vith her pupils---how sad slie 1 should have said, they are talking about your gover-
to herself; the governess But this is idle ; my

me ven first I come to Englan?.
mother would reprove me for it ; she would tell me
to do my duty in that state of life to which it has without killing yourself. Some families vill be very kind you-have--got---in---your--house ?" These last words

me in confidance, do your duty as moche as you can, suffering such an inmate. Why-do-you-know-who--
pleased God to call me, and leave the rest to Him. and goot to you; and out of seven that I taught in myself


were pronounced with peculiar emphasis, and divided You know how she was deserted by her father in

one is good to me now, that is Lady Craig; but the rest exactly as they are printed, the lady advancing her face consequence of her marriage ; and, according to her forget the care and teachings. If you meet gratitude close to Mrs Hylier's, and opening her eyelids so as to

desire, her death was mentioned exactly as she wished. which all who teach deserve from all who learn--turn up make her round eyes seem half as large again as they Eurface, kde She thought that if her father saw it, he would seek your eyes and bless God, but do not expect it. I know really were. out his grandchild. Perhaps he is dead at least, no what young teachers think ven pains have been taken

“ Ye---s,” stammered Mrs Hylier ; a go---verness." notice has been taken of me ; and if it had not been vith them, as I take vith you ; they go to a situation full “ A--nonsense, my dear; she is not a bit better than for the chance which threw me in the way of that of the importance of their duties. Bah! till motheres she should be."

treat governesses like gentlewomen, and feel that the strange old man, Mr Byfield, I might have been left

“ Few of us are," said the meek Mrs Gresham, who,

very es: here upon the world without any occupation. He is cerbest part of what an honest teacher gives her pupils--the somehow or other---perhaps through the influence of a

sensible husband, whom she was fortunate enough to closed tainly a very odd old man; he evinced a great de- thoughts of her head and the feelings of her heart--can

love very much---was beginning to think occasionally, and
gree of interest in me at first, but since he placed not be paid for, though the machinery of teaching may,

to compare, which is the result of thought.
there can be no reciprocity of interest between them.'
me here, has never spoken to me but once. I had

This Colette uttered rapidly, with her strong and pecu

Mrs Ryal looked daggers at her for a moment, and than two hours with the children, and being tired, which even her English partook ; and she laughed lightlying to be outdone in suspicion ; " I always thought she

been walking the other morning in the park for more liar accent, for her French had a flavouring of patois, of then continued---" That old Byfield is a wretch.” Ladies

sat down upon one of the benches, while my children when her speech was ended.
walked up and down with their cousin, as their mother Dawson, “ is an easy theory, but a bad practice. No mat-

was his daughter." wishes, and under the care of Mrs Gresham's French ter how you are treated, your duty remains the same ; it

“ His daughter! that would be milk-white innocence

to the fact---she is much worse." governess; he came so suddenly, that he quite took cannot be performed with the same pleasure, but it is me by surprise. 'Are you growing lazy?' he in- the same !"

“ Impossible !” said Mrs Gresham. quired. I answered, No; but that I was not very “ Vell, my dear, so let be; torment the flesh off “ He could not be so bad as that,” observed Mrs well. · And have you not found out, he continued, your bones-plague yourself to death-fag, fag—and see! Hylier:

* All men are bad," pronounced the decided Mrs Ryal; that a governess has no right to be ill ?" I answered. At the last you vill have no more thanks for your heavy “I knew that; and so was ill but seldom.' toil than I shall have for my light labour. Bah! half the

“all men are bad, as I tell my husband; but some are

worse than others.” jest with me!' he said, sternly. No, sir," I replied; people do not know the difference between a good and

• You are mistaken---misinformed, I should have said,” I speak the truth. If I were independent, I would until they are better educated themseives ? Now, there, quoth the perplexed Mrs Hylier; " he has never taken yield most likely to a pain in my side, or, when my you act what you call conscientiously; you are thin, like the smallest notice of her since she has been here---never cough keeps me awake all night, send for a doctor.

a poor rush, and sigh when alone. I take it lightly; I asked why she was not in the drawing-room. I even one The world believes in the sickness that is heard of, do not trouble myself; I am fat, and laugh to myself. 'If day, thinking to put him in good humour, showed him rather than the sickness that must be examined into. you wear yourself to the bone, what do you satisfy ?” a tulip she had worked in that everlasting tapestry of No one sees my illness, so I am ill but seldom.' And “My own conscience," replied Emily.

mine.' then he looked so penetratingly into my face, and asked “Ah, vell, if you go on satisfying your sort of con- Well, and what did he say?" me how I had learned to reason ? and I had it on my science, you vill soon have a bell ring over your grave,” Why, he called it--- Rubbish.'

* Sheer art," said Mrs Ryal. lip to answer, that I learned to reason by endeavour- replied the French girl. " Ah !" she added, looking under

“ I cannot believe he would put a person of bad chaing to cease to feel, but thought the reply would her companion's bonnet-for they had been walking rather seem pert from youth to age, so smiled, and held my rapidly, and

Emily was obliged to throw up her veil for racter over my children,” urged Mrs Hylier.

“Stuff!” exclaimed Mrs Ryal. peace; and when I smiled, he sighed so bitterly, and air - you smile at that; it is not smiling matter to die, walked away, and then looked back, and returned and the earth one great garden.” Emily made no reply. and be put in the cold ground ven one is young, and

" And the object?”

“ Ah! that rests in the secret recesses of the man's sat down by my side ; then gazing in my face, he asked me if I had ever told a lie. And I said truly, parasol as mine vith any lady." " After all,” resumed Colette, “I do not see so pretty own wicked heart," said Mrs Ryal, with due emphasis ;

and then added, “ To get at their motives is hard for us in the sight of God, I believed I never had since I “ It is very pretty, certainly,” said Miss Dawson ;“ but poor women; but the only way to get even at their acts, is knew wrong from right. And then he answered, I think it quite time to return home.” She was urged by putting that and that together.” This was said with that I looked like truth, as all women did when they to this reinark by the stare of a couple of gentlemen, an air of peculiar sagacity. Now, let Mrs Gresham ask lied most. It was unwise, I know ; but I had done who, certainly not unobserved by Colette, had followed her popinjay of a governess, if, the other day in the park, nothing to deserve such an insult, and I told him so, them for the last few minutes, and, despite their rapid Miss Dawson did not complain of being tired---now only without further parley, but as gently as I could, footsteps, managed to escort them, as soldiers do their fancy a governess, whose duty it is, her positive duty, to thanking him for the kindness he had shown to prisoners, to their own door-Emily maintaitting a digni- walk as long with her pupils as it is necessary they one who had no friend but God. Will you believe fied silence, and Colette divided between her national should walk---only fancy her being tired !---ah ! ah there that he seemed no more mored by what I uttered in love for adventure and a certain womanly disdain of is a ruse in the very excuse---if she did not sit down on

a seat, and if Mr Byfield, who seems so strange and unany one way, than if I had been dumb; only, when insulting impertinence, which together--one feeling act

ing one moment and another the next-prompted her to concerned about her here, did not come up, and not only I had finished speaking, I could not repress the tears give rent to one or two clever sarcasms, which provoked sit down by her side, but take her hand ; and then she that would come poor cowardly tears--I hate them and amused their tormentors.

sulked, and he went away, and came back again, and 50—those waters of a troubled heart ; and then, shak

Mrs Hylier and Mrs Gresham were at the breakfast- kept her hand in his, and there they sat like two lovers, ing his head, he said ---But I hear the voice of room door as they entered, evidently watching their in Hyde Park. It is really scandalous to repeat, and Mrs Gresham's French governess, so must say adieu return.

makes my cheeks all over in a glow. And to-day, my for the present. If constant occupation did not in- “I did not know you were going out, Miss Dawson," Diary was in Kensington Gardens--- Mary, my own maid crease my weakness, I daresay my spirits would said Mrs Hylier, sternly..

--and she saw your two governesses, ladies, flirting and

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philandering about; and then, who should she also ob my having such a person as that to take care of my in-houseless, homeless orphan. You have done me cruel serve, watching the English girl's every movement, but nocent children !" and Mrs Hylier, overpowered by a wrong by your suspicion, and you send me forth to make old Byfield. Well, two dandified gentlemen came up, sudden fit of maternal love, fell into strong hysterics--- the suspicion real; but the God who is above all will attracted, Mary says, by the lightness of their manner, tears are too weak testimonies of grief for ladies of feel save me yet!" and followed them home; but not unobserved; for the ing.

She spoke these few words in the tone of a breaking old gentleman, his face purple with jealousy"

Emily walked up stairs, the open letter in her hand. heart, and without further words she quitted the house. “ Or the March wind," suggested Mrs Gresham. Miss Mercier was still in the school-room.

During the short time of her residence there, she had “ Kept at the other side of the way,” continued Mrs “ Ma'amselle,” said Miss Dawson, “Mr Byfield has conferred more lasting service upon Mrs Hylier's chilRyal, with a look of contempt at Mrs Gresham. “ But that written to me that, knowing I am overworked and ill, he dren than they had ever received before---she had sown is not all. This morning I sent Mary with a letter to the has taken for me a country lodging for a few months. healthful and truthful secd. Not content with the teachpost, and she overtook Mr Byfield's man, who was talk You know who he is, and all about him?"

ing by lessons, she had hallowed every tree, and leaf, and ing at the corner of Saltor's to one of the butchers. “And surely you are not going to accept that !" re blade of grass, with a history. She placed a few brilliant

you going to the post-office?' he said. “Then will you plied the French girl; “ if you do, you lose character at and beautiful shells in their way, and then, without dull put my master's letter in for me?' And so she took the once. No one evere do such a naughty thing as that; or dry detail, she interested them in the desire for know

he must be bad man. letters---she is very obliging---and who should it be di

Do, pray, send it back; young ledge as to where they came from and to what class rected to but Miss Dawson!” Mrs Hylier rang the bell, men sometimes make love for love, but old men always they belonged. The music lesson was made of historic and inquired of the servant if the governess had received for vickedness; bah!”

value by the record, if the task had been attended to, of a letter. The man said the three o'clock post had brought Of all the difficult things in the world, it is the most its author, and an anecdote that bore upon its composiher one while she was out; that he believed it had not difficult for people of the world to comprehend the un tion. The analysation of a flower became a botanical yet been taken to the school-room; as it was not in his selfishness of the good.

lesson, without its pedantry; and every thing she had department, could not exactly tell---would inquire---went “ I don't know how it is,” persisted Ma'amselle ; “you touched upon in science and art-two words which her down, and returned with the letter: it had been left on are in life nearly as long as I am, and yet you don't know pupils had imbibed a hatred for, from lengthy catechisms the kitchen dresser

. The lady found no fault with the half so moche. Depend upon it, the old man is a bad and dry details-- were illuminated at once by her simple servant's unpardonable inattention; and when he had man. If you go into the lodging he take, you nevere and happy method of conveying instruction. A new left the room, all declared it certainly was Mr Byfield's come out with a good charactere. Take my advice-I existence dawned upon their minds: they understood handwriting. know more than you."

why their hoop rolled, and why it came to the ground; “ Will you break the seal ?" inquired Mrs Ryal, eyeing “Good-bye, Ma'amselle,” said Emily; "thank you for they understood why morning followed night, and why the letter longingly.

your frankness. God bless you; leave me by myself to the heat was at noon the most intense. They had learned “Certainly not,” answered Mrs Hylier. think a little."

more orally than they had ever learned from books. Poor “ Ah !" said Mrs Ryal, with a sigh, “ Mary says true When Emily was alone, she read the letter over again. Emily knew this; and as her arm encircled her trunk, enough, secrets are secrets since the packet envelopes The unaccountable interest Mr Byfield had taken in her and her hot fevered breath hung upon the closed wincame in ; then have her down, and see how she will look as a stranger, did not seem so strange as the carelessness dows of the rattling cab, which was taking her she knew when she opens it.” Mrs Hylier's hand was on the bell, he had evinced towards her for so long a time. Emily not where, the words of the French teacher rang in her when Mrs Gresham interposed.

Dawson's own pure mind could hardly conceive the pos ears—“ Torment the flesh off your bones---plague yourself “ Sister," she said, “it occurs to me that we may all sibility of what she had heard from Mrs Hylier and Mrs to death---fag, fag---and see! At the last, you will have be in error; and if so, how will you forgive yourself for Ryal ; but she had often been astonished at the acute no more thanks for your heavy toil than I shall have for wounding the feelings of a poor girl ?”

ness of the French woman's perceptions. Could such my light labour." Still,” she murmured, “ I have done “ Feelings, indeed!” sneered Mrs Ryal ; “ why, I vow baseness be possible? Her whole nature seemed changed my duty." she has bewitched you as well as the men; can any thing in a moment; she trembled convulsively, fearing she Please, ma'am," said the man to an elderly woman be more evident ?---at least, if she is innocent, give her an knew not what; and, from suspecting nothing, she sus who opened the door of a small house," here's a lady, opportunity of clearing herself.”

pected every thing. Why should Mr Byfield forbid her like, your daughter in Kensington lias sent you, as a The bell was rung ; and the governess, still smarting mentioning the subject of his letter to Mrs Hylier ?- lodger; and you are to be particular kind to her, and under the lash of the previous insult, was sent for. why? But her brain whirled--she could not think. The she'll try and run down to-morrow night, between lights.

The servant returned with an apology-would Mrs housemaid entered the room; she was a kind girl, and The fare is paid, miss—the young woman paid it. She Hylier be so good as to excuse her for a few moments; in tears.

said she knew you hadn't changed your cheque." the servant added, that Miss Dawson was crying.

“ Please, miss, my mistress says you're to go to-night," Mary's mother did not look as good-natured as Mary “How I have sustained my spirits since she came into she said.

herself. But Emily was so bowed down by circumstances the house is extraordinary," observed Mrs Hylier, smell “ Where?" inquired the governess, in a tone of such as hardly to observe the difference. ing her vinaigrette—“ she is always sad."

utter helplessness that touched the poor thing to the “ Well,” observed the woman to her youngest daugliter “She has good reason, you may depend on it," said heart.

“well, I never saw any one so careless about accommoMrs Ryal, significantly,

" I'm sure I don't know, miss. She said you could be dation. Why, she said the back would do as well as the “I think so too,” added Mrs Gresham, quietly. at no loss for a home; and here's the month's salary and front room, though I told her she might have either at “Really, sister,” said Mrs Hylier, “to hear you talk of month's warning money."

the same rent; and if I had not undressed her, she'd have late, one would think I was à savage. I am sure it is “ Not to Mr Byfield,” slie thought; “I must not go either sat up all night, or lain down in her clothes. She's quite enough to be plagued with great growing-up daugh- there; they all say that; and yet this woman turns me more like a dead than a living woman. ters, without those governesses ; and if I mention school, out to the very vice she would have me shun. God help Mr Hylier begins about morals. I wish you had had me,I am quite, quite alone !" Miss Dawson, with all my heart." “ Master will be in a fine way, that I know, when he

ECONOMICS OF THE MANSE. * My French girl does pretty well ; but Mr Gresham comes home," continued the girl, good-naturedly busying says she acts from habit, not principle; and that--but herself packing up Miss Dawson's wardrobe. I'm sure A FEW years ago, the Rev. Dr Paterson, a clergyman hush" Emily Dawson entered the room, while the I hope you ain't going to Mr Byfield's ; though I'm sure of the Scottish Established Church, wrote a remarktraces of tears were yet fresh upon her fair young face; there's no harm, yet

I hope you're not, miss. If you ably pleasant volume, styled “The Manse Garden," the earnest desire she had ever felt to perform her duty wouldn't be above it, my mother has a little pretty house with the design of improving his brethren in the very in the highest and most important vocation which a wo at Chelsea, and you might be there till you could turn laudable art of laying out and making the most of man can be called upon to fulfil, had not only given an yourself about--safe, as one may say; and if so be_you their small gardens; and we understand that it has elevation to her countenance and manner, but an expres- wish it, I'd be on my honour and my oath not to tell-not sion to her features which never accompanies a small or the old gentleman, or any one else."

met with the success which its merits as well as its sordid mind; and whatever Mrs Hylier chose to say “* Any where, Mary-any where,” said the governess, benevolent intentions deserved. The Scottish clergy when she was not present, the superiority of mind was listlessly ; “ any where, away from all I have seen in this seldom travel into the field of authorcraft-the better, so manifest in the inanner of the young governess, that, house."

perhaps, for their flocks, as well as for their own despite the presence of Mrs Ryal, she desired her to be Elizabeth, the youngest of her pupils, rushed into the pockets, as we publishers are apt to present rather seated, in a tone which signified a request. Then came room, and flinging her arms round her neck, sobbed startling balance-sheets to gentlemen who print on the question, Had she met Mr Byfield in the Park---sat “ You shall not go, dear Miss Dawson-you shall not their own account. The reverend author of the and conversed with him. To this she frankly answered go. Mamma said I was not to come near you, you were above production was so well aware of the danger of “ Yes,” and seemed perfectly unconscious of the occa so wicked; but I said I would.”

such adventures, that, with his usual kindness, he tells sion of the smile and sneer that passed between Mrs “ Your mamma mistakes," answered the governess, his clerical friends by all means to beware of being Hylier and Mrs Ryal. She professed herself quite un not even in the anguish of that hour forgetting how neable to account either for the countenance Mr Byfield cessary it is to make the parent appear right always, at itching desire to appear in print.

afflicted with that awful calamity, “the bite"—the had shown her at first, or his subsequent inequality of least in intention, in the eyes of the child. “She misconduct. *** He had,” she said, “ apparently befriended takes, dearest Elizabeth; she will not always think so; occasionally gets infected with the disease ; and it now

In spite of these obliging hints, however, a minister her for the very reason which made the world shun her-because she was friendless and poor.” Then Mrs dear child; you did wrong to come when mamma said appears that one, a venerable father in bis district, Hylier placed the letter in her hand, and with what Mrs you were not to do so. God bless you-be good, be truth has plucked up courage to emulate Dr Paterson in his Ryal afterwards termed “unpardonable effrontery," she ful, and obedient; God bless you !" and withi a gentle own line, having just ushered into existence a volume opened it, and as she read, her countenance became force she obliged the weeping child to leave the room. of a similar character, referring to all the odd matters radiant with pleasure.

A short time completed her preparations, or rather which may be supposed to concern a clergyman in the “ Well!" exclaimed the two ladies, actuated by the the preparations which Mary made for her. It is plea- management of his rural possessions. It is entitled, same impulse---- Well, have you any objection to our see sant and cheering, and one of the brightest pages in the “ Clerical Economics ; or Hints, Rural and Houseing that letter?”

great book of human nature, to see the kindness which hold, to Ministers and Others of Limited Income,” "I cannot show it to Mrs Hylier,” she replied, with the poor bestow upon those who are in trouble. The and we must say that we like it fully as well as perfect frankness,“ because Mr Byfield desires me not to evidence of the existence of this benevolent feeling is far more frequent than people imagine. It does not descend delightful clergymen of the old school, who, with

“ The Manse Garden.” Its author is one of those “ Was ever such hardened impudence !" muttered Mrs in showers of coin, but in words of kindness; and is as Ryal.

pure as the dew which an all-wise nature 'distils into much good sense in their composition, think it no “ It is very kind-very-I am sure,” continued Emily, the cups of drooping flowers.

crime to be cheerful, and occasionally to go the reperusing the letter, and too much absorbed with and “Let me tie your bonnet, miss, and pin your shawl. | length of saying something jocular in their own delighted by its contents to hear the rematk Mrs Ryal Lawk, how numb your hands are !' Then, you'll go to my quiet way. At the opening of his budget, the remade. “It is too---too much !”

mother's, I think you said, miss, and no one shall know; rerend father-who, by the way, and it is well to keep " What is?” said Mrs Gresham.

she'll treat you as it becomes her like to treat a lady, the fact in mind, has no more than L.150 per annum “ To take a lodging for me at Hampstead, where I am rich or poor. The cab is ready. Now, keep a good to keep soul and body together, and present a decent to remain for several months, until I get stronger and heart, Miss Dawson; God is above us all.' I'll open the face to the world—has much to say about how to better---and all at his own expense. I remember when door myself,” she continued ; " and the trunk is in; and battle with heritors,t a class of beings whom he conI would have been too proud to accept such a favour, keep up, miss—lies are found out sooner or later. Why," siders no better than they should be. Hear him : thinking I could earn all I required ; but of late I have she exclaimed, seeing that Emily paused opposite the

“ The fund from which the stipend is drawn never been so weak---50" She looked from the gentle face drawing-room,“ surely you are not going to be more in- did belong to the landed interest. On the contrary, of Mrs Gresham to the other ladies, and, astonished at sulted? You might as well talk to a stone wall as to the expression of displeasure and scorn on their countemy missus"

it belongs as much to the church as the coat on the nances, she paused, and did not utter another word. Emily nevertheless entered the apartment, where Mrs heritor's back does to the heritor himself. Every

“I think, then, the sooner you leave my house the Hylier was alone, pondering over, in no pleasant mood, body knows that the teinds and church-lands were better,” said Mrs Hylier---" the sooner the better. Oh, the occurrences of the past hours-thinking how she had wrenched from the church at the Reformation. The what will Mr Hylier say !"

acted in decided opposition to her husband's desire, who very king joined in the scramble for a share of the “ What have I done?” exclaimed Miss Dawson. willed it that Mr Byfield was never to be contradicted, plunder. Not only were castles, manors, monasteries,

4 Oh, what a world it is---to see such a face as that at least in his house ; and though she was half-convinced with extensive domains, lavished on lazy court famasking so much vice!" ejaculated Mrs Ryal.

of Emily's unworthiness, she knew how hard it would be “ Are you aware what will be said if you place your to convince him. The pale shrouded girl walked silently self under Mr Byfield's protection in this way?" inquired up to where Mrs Hylier was seated. “I come," she

* One neat small volume. Edinburgh : John Johnston. LonMrs Gresham, still kindly. said, “ to bid you remember wliat I say—that you will

don: R. Groombridge. 1842. "Let hier go, by all means---there, you may go---and (heartless as you are) shed tears before long for the in

† Those landed gentry who pay the stipends of the clergy in

Scotland are termed heritors--properly, inheritors of teinds or the sooner ut of the house the better! Oh! to

| justice and insult you have heaped upon the head of a tithes.

do so.

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vourites during the reign of James VI., but even the question in the manse, and he tells all who are in this you need scarcely ask any questions of the cow-dealer tithes of the whole other lands were given away to the unhappy conditions to take a thought and mend.” as to these matters, unless you know him, because retainers of the court with the most unbounded pro- But who, he adds, inquiringly, “is a confirmed bache your doing so will only tempt him to heap one falsefusion-reserving only a mere competency for one per lor, and where is he to be found ? He is that solitary, hood on another as long as the conversation lasts. You son to serve the cure in each parish, and which, at melancholic, and monkish man, which is the most to must make your eyes your merchant, and take your the high value of money in those days, and the austere bo pitied of all living beings at the manse. But take chance of all contingencies.” As to finding food for the lives of the reformed 'ministers, amounted to but a his own word for it, and the confirmed bachelor is no cow, manage to have as much pasture as will afford her small sum. In this way the titulars (many of whom more to be met with than a mermaid is ; for nobody a full bite for the summer; and with respect to winter derive thousands yearly from this source) and the takes the compliment to himself, or will allow it to be fodder, buy it any where but by personal appearance ministers may be compared to a commonwealth of given to him. While the matter is doubtful, and so at an auction of growing crops. “ Attending a roup bees, where the industrious and active little insects long as a gleam of hope tells the flattering tale of joys is not a very becoming position for the minister of a having collected and laid up stores of honey, the large never to come, the grey-haired squire boasts of the parish. Besides, it is cold, sometimes wet, and always and lazy drones fall and fatten upon it. But the appellation, and plays off his jokes with dexterity in idle or tiresome ; and as for bidding for any article, bees manage the matter in the long run better than defence of his own order ; but ask the unmarried man that is entirely out of the question, because the mothe church, inasmuch as the bees act on the principle of fourscore years, 'How old art thou ?' and he will ment you lift a lip, a sort of persuasionary feeling goes of common sense and common justice, that they who blink the question. Advise him to marry, and he will round, that the poor man should be helped at the cost won't work are not permitted to eat.”

admit that he has not given up thoughts of it ; and of the minister, who wins his money by the wind o' Our friend is here a little out in his explanations ; he is always the most earnest in urging his young his mouth. By way of keeping up the fun, as they for the purpose to which the church property was ori- friends to take a wife.

call it, one man acts the part of white bonnet,' and ginally assigned, is not compatible in all its extent But whether you be a confirmed bachelor, or one another whispers into the minister's lug to stand to with the reformed model : but let that pass. Bad as merely for a year or two by a concurrence of untoward it, as the lot is far under value. Instead of attending the heritors are, in the author's opinion, they are per circumstances, the word of command is—Go marry, a public roup, to be both cheated and laughed at, emfect lambs in comparison with the Commissioners of sir;' and know, before you die, what the words com- ploy one of the elders, or a canny cautious neighbour.” Teinds, who allocate the stipends, and whose decisions fort, and kindly feelings, and clerical economy, mean. A few pages further on, we find the very reasonable are all, as he says, founded on the belief

that a church Be selfish and recluse no longer, but give your affec- recommendation—“Let every manse have, at least, is always best established on the rock of poverty, and tions, and a portion of your worldly means, to one twenty stone Dutch of bacon hams and pickled pork that the only plan for ensuring “a pure kirk is to have who will double your joys, and divide all your sorrows. every year ; it may be thirty." These comforts he a poor kirk; a saying which, he thinks, may be a Instead of misspending these on birds, cats, and dogs, proposes to obtain at the very moderate " expenditure very good joke, but is any thing but good logic to a great and small, black, white, and spotted-select an of half-a-dozen bolls of potatoes at the utmost, and of parish minister on a trifle under three pounds a-week. object more worthy of it than four-footed animals and L.l or 30s. for meal.” But you must look to the proWith a salutary horror of an appeal to such person- creeping things. Instead of yawning over a book as per management of the pig, and not only give him his ages, he counsels great caution in the attack, whether your dumb and daily companion, smile rather on the meals regularly, but keep him in the nicest state of for a rise of another chalder of stipend, or a new manse. faces of a blooming and joyous family, as the only way eleanliness. “Show an economist the pig, and in one “A minister should be well advised before he takes to make home a place of rest and happiness. Furnish moment he knows how all is going on at the manse. legal steps to enforce an augmentation of stipend, that your manse as you may with easy chairs, sofas, and If he hears it squealing, and sees it climbing the stone is, in the present spirit of the times. The measures settees—have a vapour, a shower, and a plunge bath, walls, and labouring to turn up the pavement, he are, in nine cases out of ten, very rashly gone about. cold, warm, or tepid-have a snug porch, and a green knows that the poor animal bas not got its breakfast, It should be managed, if possible, at home in the mean- door, with a fan light, and a stove in the lobby, with just because there was no breakfast made ready to time. It should be set about a year or two before the a flue of heated air up the main staircase to the top give it. Let an eye be cast into its bedstead, and he period expires ; and it should even be delayed a year –have a roaring fire in the parlour every morning will find it so wet and dirty, that the creature is comafter, rather than give the blow. The heritors should before breakfast, with all sorts of antique fire-screens, pelled to sit shivering in a corner, till rheumatism, be plied individually, and by their own firesides. They large and little--have a fiddle, a solitaire, a tobacco-crinkets, and death itself, close the career ; this is should not be driven to an absolute refusal, because, pipe, or a set of stocking-wires, to vary your occupa- not only cruelty, but cruelty worthy of a savage. If after giving one, they will keep by it. They should bé tions—when you go for an hour to snuff up the east he find grumphy so lazy that nothing but a stroke tried once and again, and, after all, they should get a wind, put on your cork soles, overalls, and dreadnought will raise him, and lying among clean dry straw in little of their own way; and, above every thing, the -go to bed at midnight, or long after it, and rise far great plenty—if he find him large, fat, and long in all minister should not startle them by urging unreason on in the afternoon, when the day has been well aired his proportions but his nose-then the visiter may able demands. After the matter has been brought to -have all this , and four times more ; but still, my depend on having a good fat ham as part of his dinner

, an amicable adjustment, a mutual minute should be good friend, so long as you want THE WIFE, there is and well-aired sheets on his bed”-a hint which, we entered into, and the Teind Court merely required a coldness, a formality, and a prim correct sort of hope, will not be lost on pig-keepers. to give a legal sanction to it. A minister, upon the bachelorism in the whole affair, which, happily, is Having now presented a tolerably varied specimen whole, should rather trust to the tender mercies of never to be found when there are three or four boys of “Clerical Economics,” we can only add that, as his own heritors, cruel as their tender mercies often romping about. Children may occasion many cares, embracing much that is exceedingly useful to residents are, and poor and greedy as some of them may be, but without them there are few real comforts. 'Little in the country, of whatever profession, and being evithan to the domineering fiats of the Court of Teinds.” children are as arrows in the hands of a mighty man. dently the production of an amiable and intelligent He upholds that the generally limited stipends are Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them. man, deserving of better things than fortune has scandalous in the extreme, considering how much the He shall not be ashamed, but shall speak with the brought to his door, we cordially recommend it to heritors retain on no principle of justice, and that enemies in the gate. Nay, children bring not only public support. there should be, at all events, “ ten or twelve livings their pleasure, mixed with care, but more solid advanworth L.1200 or L.1500 a-year, as pinnacles to which tages; they become, very soon, so many assistants and

men of superior talents and activity might aspire. props to the parents, who, when old age comes on, are
The dead-level system of sixteen chalders is like the amply repaid for all the toil and all the anxiety the

Dead Sea, in which the fish can hardly live.” family have occasioned in their infancy.

SECOND only to Washington in the estimation of the Having finished his preliminary advices on these This panegyric on matrimony leads to the very people of the North American union, at the era of ticklish points, our author proceeds to the more en natural question—“ Who should a minister marry ? their Revolution, stood Patrick Henry, usually called larged object of his work-house furnishing and One somewhat of a minister's own station in life and The Orator of Virginia. In Hanover County, in management in all their details, marriage, education age? Most undoubtedly. With money? Yes, as a that colony, he first saw the light on the 29th of of a family, management of the glebe, buying and mean, but not as an end. A wife who brings one May 1736. His father kept a grammar-school of the keeping a horse, live stock, and so forth ; all which is hundred pounds a-year, and spends two, is not a pro- | humbler order ; and in this seminary did young Henry described in a business sort of way, and, we doubt not, fitable bargain. One penny in the wife is often better acquire the rudiments of Latin, which, with a slight will have due effect on young and somewhat heed- than two with her. A wife of your own flock? It tincture of mathematics, formed the extent of his less ministers in their new and trying situation. As may do tolerably well if the minister be endowed, and regular education. In his boy hood, he is said to have to furniture, he says—"In furnishing the manse, count the lady wealthy; but, otherwise, it often proves shown a strong aversion to study, preferring greatly well the cost, and the funds on hand or in prospect. hazardous. Above and beyond every thing, don't let to indulge in the sports of the forest, the hill, and the Buy almost every thing new and of good quality; for the minister of a royal burgh cleave unto an old resi- lake, and almost always following such pursuits alone. here, as in every thing else, the best is the best penny- denter in his own town. If he does, he will not have But it was also observed of him, by the more sharpworth. But take care not to purchase more than you his sorrows to seek, inasmuch as he will find himself sighted, that the quickness of his perceptions, and can manage to pay. If prudence require it, furnish harnessed at once and for ever to every clishmaclarer strength of his memory, made up in a great measure only one spare bed-room, your own sleeping apart for the last fifty years, and to all the family feuds for tle want of the power of close application ; and ment, and the parlour, with all the indispensable ne- within the royalty, and to all the personal and party that no remark of any importance could be made in cessaries of the kitchen. These any minister may pay politics of a small constituency."

his presence without being retained on his mind, heedont of his first term's stipend ; and these may see Talking of house affairs, he comes to the delicate less as he might at the time seem to be. On the whole, him over his first sacrament in a way far more re subject of visiting and being visited, and recommends however, he was regarded by most people as an indospectable than with a houseful of unpaid furniture. his brethren to be any thing but shabby in the way of lent and unpromising boy; and, his love of solitude Then, again, the dining-room may be furnished--that giving “a party" within reasonable bounds. “Let no having induced careless habits as to dress and deis, carpets, chairs, and table, and sideboard too-if it minister,” says he,“ be stingy enough to accept of meanour, no external qualities appeared in him to can be overtaken : and the best bed-room, leaving, dinners, unless he gives them in return as often as he redeem his other deticiencies. of course, the drawing-room to be furnished at the can conveniently afford it." Much may be done, he As he was one of a family of nine children, his sight and with the advice of the wife”-good advices thinks, by proper economy of liquors, which are always parents were glad to get him placed behind the to others besides clergymen.

the most expensive thing in these affairs. He says counter of a small store-shop, in a country village. He by no means recommends bachelorhood, and that no minister should * ape a variety of wines : let Thence he emerged at a very early age, and premafor various weighty reasons. First, a bachelor is not him be thankful if he can muster, on an occasion of turely commenced business for himself. The specumaster of his own house. “ It might be worth while this kind, good sherry and port.” As to who should lation was entered on almost without capital, and for somebody to calculate, by duly weighing the real be invited to his parties, why, the greater portion of soon proved unfortunate, partly, it is related, because, facts, what influence any man has over his own esta- his“ brethren and their families ; for nothing is more in place of studying the wishes of his customers, blishment, or rather, to try to ascertain whether he truly contemptible than for a minister to try to play Henry took into his head the fancy of studying has any at all. It is obvious to every penetrating the little colonel in a country de ; if he does, he is their characters. The knowledge which he thus aceye, that the bachelors have no more to say at home sure to be despised by his own order, and laughed at quired of human nature might enable him in after than one of their own hens. In the presence of by that of every other.”

days to wield at will the fierce democracy, but it was strangers, the bachelor has generally the advantage ; Our reverend economist discusses the question of a ill calculated to improve his temporary fortunes. These but at times, as much occurs as intimates that the dairy, and, on the whole, advises keeping at any rate were rendered still less promising by his falling in love point is as far from being settled as the boundary lines one cow; but the buying of the animal must be care- with a Miss Shelton, and marrying her, at the age of between the Canadas and the United States. How fully gone about, dealers in the article being little eighteen, she being as poorly provided with funds as the matter goes on when they are left by themselves, better than horse-jockeys. If the minister venture himself. Nevertheless, on the failure of the mercannone of them has ever told.” Married men, he con- upon the business himself, cows may be exhibited; but tile concern, the friends of the young pair raised a tinues, have not all their own way; but, from affec “either they are not good milkers and go all to beef, sufficiency of money to place them in a small farin, tion and interest, they are differently situated ; they or they are in danger every time at the calving; or with two negroes as helps. It is admitted that Henry “ generally give up one-half of the authority to their they give a reaming handful of rich milk, and then toiled here in a manner deserving of success ; but he wires, knowing well, that if they don't, they may lose kick it over with their foot; or they break fences, or was ignorant of farming affairs, and was weighed down the whole.” Bachelorhood is altogether out of the I break the binding, and gore their ne our. But by previous debts. Two years passed away, and found


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him again a ruined man ; nor was a second mercantile the sole right of the colony to tax itself, being a virtual argue the negative by the Virginians involved ; and attempt one whit more successful than the former. declaration of independence. The torrent of eloquence his speech, which lasted for a whole day, would alone

Burdened with a family, overwhelmed by pecuniary which Henry poured forth in support of these resolu- suffice to prove that the commanding order of his inengagements, and set down by all as a man doomed tions bore down all opposition, and they were carried tellect was the real source of Henry's success. His to misfortune, Patrick Henry, now twenty-four years by a majority of one. We have but one sentence main argument was, that the British confiscated and of age, might almost have been pardoned for sinking left to show us what the speech of Henry was. It is ruined all opposed to them as far as they were able. into despondency. But this was not in his nature. a sentence equally marked by power and self-posses. But we are to view Henry as an employed lawyer

Though others, strangely enough, seem not as yet to sion. In the midst of his invective he exclaimed, here. IIis advocacy of the recall of the British shows have descried in him the marks of a powerful intel “ Cæsar had his Brutus-Charles the First his Crom- how little illiberality there really lay in his own heart. lect, he himself certainly felt the sustaining conscious- well--and George the Third” (“ Treason !" cried the Henry stepped out again on the floor of the Virness that he did possess powers, for the development speaker, and “ Treason !" was re-echoed on all sides)- ginian Assembly, to which the mere wish introduced of which opportunity alone was required. The direc Yes,” continued Henry, never faltering for a mo him at will, when the new constitution was proposed. tion in which he turned his thoughts at this critical ment, and fixing an eye of fire on the speaker, "and He was a sincere republican, and not even his deep period, sufficiently shows that he even had a glim- George the Third-may profit by their example. If regard for Washington could prevent him from feel. mering internal sense of what was his greatest gift. this be treason, make the most of it.”


ing and expressing alarm at the creation of a presiHe resolved to become a candidate for the bar. After The resolutions of Henry involved, as has been said, dentship. He beheld in such an officer but a disguised six weeks' preparation, he presented himself before the principle of independence; but the critical struggle monarch, and trembled at the danger that might the three examiners, whose signatures were preli- did not immediately follow. It was only brought on by arise from the power and favour of an army. He was minary to a call, and two of them signed for him, the tea affair at Boston in 1774. The subject of our unsuccessful in his opposition in the Virginian senate, apparently out of mere good nature. But the third, memoir was then startled anew by the armies which but, sincere in his sentiments, he stood a candidate Mr John Randolph, a polished man of the old school, Britain was silently collecting in the Canadas. He for and obtained a seat in the National Congress, revolted so much at the rough and uncouth appearance thundered forth to the Virginian legislature a speech determined still to oppose it there. But, though of the candidate, that he refused even to examine him. which rang through the whole colonies like the sum his mental energies were unimpaired, his health had Being at length induced to do so, he received a very mons of a new Demosthenes—“ Let us march against now begun to fail, and ere the congress met, Patrick great surprise indeed. On a mooted point of law, Philip ; let us conquer or die!" He called for an Henry was in his grave. He expired on the 6th of Henry, guided by the force, simply, of natural reason, armed organisation, and, pointing to the British forces June, 1799. In the year before he died, it may be not only astonished the examiner by the acuteness of in the north, he demanded what enemies Great Bri- mentioned, Bonaparte had overthrown a series of his views and the splendour of his illustrations, but tain had in America to require and employ these. Austrian armies, and Henry was heard confidently to even caught the great lawyer tripping, as a reference “She has none,” he himself replied. “ They are meant predict the occurrence in France of what he dreaded to authorities proved. Randolph confessed his error, for us; they can be meant for no other. They are even in his own more steady country. If Washingand generously predicted a career of fame and honour sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains, which ton nobly falsified his fears, Bonaparte fully proved for Henry, if his industry proved equal to his genius. the British ministry have so long been forging. And his prophetic foresight.

Notwithstanding this encouraging prognostication, what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argu Every successive step which Patrick Henry took three years of penury were yet in store for the pa- ment ? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten in his course through life, showed him to be no ephetronless Henry; and during this interval he was years. We have done every thing which could be meral upshoot of an hour, but a great-minded and reduced to live with his father-in-law, in whose small done to avert the storm which is coming on. We have great-hearted being, fitted, in spite of defects in his inn he was not infrequently necessitated to fulfil a petitioned--we have remonstrated--we have suppli- early opportunities, to exercise a comprehensive inwaiter's duties. But from this humiliating position cated—we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, fluence on his age. He must ever rank among the he wanted only the aid of occasion to extricate him, and have implored its interposition to arrest the great founders of American liberty. No man can be and, almost accidentally, the occasion at length was tyrannical hands of the ministry and the parliament. named, indeed, who so directly contributed to nurse granted to him. The Virginian clergy and their Our petitions have been slighted-our remonstrances the spirit which led to that mighty and important parishioners had a quarrel, which ultimately resolved have produced additional violence and insult–our issue. His high position was at the time marked by itself into a question of damages. The clergy, much supplications have been disregarded—and we have an English journalist who sneered at the American better supported than their opponents, scemed to been spurned with contempt from the foot of the struggle as a revolution attempted by “ a small farmer, be certain of casting the people in heavy costs. The throne. In vain, after these things, may we indulge a petty lawyer, and a journeyman printer"—Washingadvocate for the people became disheartened, and the fond hope of peace and reconciliation. There is ton, Henry, and Franklin ! threw up the case; and Patrick Henry, almost as no longer any room for hope. If we wish to be free a last resource, was engaged in his stead. The day-if we mean to preserve in violate those inestimable of his first appearance was every way a trying one. privileges for which we have been so long contending VISIT TO THE MORAVIAN ESTABLISHOn the bench of the court sat not only the judges, --if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle

MENTS ON THE CONTINENT. but a large body of clergymen, the most learned men in which we have been so long engaged, and which we of the province; and the house itself was crowded have pledged ourselves never to abandon, until the The modest and useful Protestant body who take the by an eager multitude. · As if to try the young glorious object of our contest shall be obtained—we name of the United Brethren, but are more generally advocate even more, his own father was present in must fight! I repeat it, sir—we must fight !

called Moravians, originated early in the last century an official capacity. After a clear and able address I know not what course others may take ; but amongst the descendants of some of those Bohemians for the clergy, Patrick Henry rose. Well, at that as for me (cried he, his arms raised aloft, his brow who had rallied round John Huss and Jerome of moment, might he have felt in imagination the hands knit, and his whole frame as if on fire with the enthu- Prague. Obliged by persecution to leave their own of his little children tugging at his gown, as Lord siasm which inflamed him), give me liberty, or give me country, they wandered into Germany, and one conErskine says he did on a similar occasion. The death!" These heart-stirring passages show, that, șiderable party found refuge at Berthelsdorf in Upper appearance of Henry was not calculated to prepossess though Henry's delivery may have been as magically Lusatia, under the protection of a nobleman, Count his hearers in his favour, nor did such an effect result impressive as it is said to have been, yet his oratory Zinzendorf, who had long entertained a desire to from his opening sentences. On the contrary, they rested not for its effect on that charm alone. establish a religious community in imitation of the fell so flatly from his lips, that the clergy began to Patrick Henry's speech threw Virginia into arms, Christian congregations of apostolic times. Here nod and leer at each other, and the speaker's father and decided the character of the coming contest, giving commenced, in 1727, the celebrated colony of Herrnhung down his head. But the scene soon changed. it a warlike complexion. Nor did he hesitate to follow hut, to which Zinzendorf in time gave up his whole « As Henry warmed (to use the language of one of up his words by acts. At the Virginian capital of Wil property, and which, in the progress of time, has behis biographers), he seemed to shed his nature--the liamsburgh, twenty barrels of gunpowder were taken come the parent of a considerable number of similar rustic shell fell from him — his person seemed to from the state by orders of Lord Dunmore, in order establishments in continental Europe, in England, undergo a mystical transformation-his mien became to cripple their means. Henry instantly stepped for and in America. The Moravians are orthodox evan. majestic-his eye flashed fire-the tones of his voice ward, harangued the people of Newcastle, and soon gelical Protestants; but they are not so anxious about fell directly upon the heart—and he stood before his after marched upon Williamsburgh at the head of a speculative points in divinity, or questions as to polity mute and vassal auditory, a creature of inspiration. large force. Lord Dunmore was forced to submit, and discipline, as to see the gospel working its proper The effect was incredible. Appalled by the fury of one' and make full restitution. When the contest fairly effects upon individual character. Their communiof his terrible invectives, the clergy fled affrighted , broke out, the subject of our memoir headed the first ties are associations in which some of the members from the bench ; and the jury, obedient to his bidding, warlike operations in Virginia, and received a high are, with respect to worldly matters, independent, returned a verdict of one penny damages.” This command in the army. Some slight led him to resign, while others work in subserviency to a general inmemorable speech gave a proverbial phrase to Vir- but he was even more usefully employed in the go- terest, the whole being morally and religiously under ginia, where a specially good speaker is still talked of vernment of Virginia, which he held three several one set of regulations. They have contributed in a as " being almost equal to Patrick Henry when he times. His countrymen would have elected him again, very remarkable manner to the missionary cause, pleaded against the parsons."

but, jealous even of his own assumption of a monopoly their chief settlements of that nature being in South Few orators, indeed, from Demosthenes down to of honours, the patriot firmly refused. When peace Africa, the West Indies, Labrador, and Greenland. our greatest moderns, have blazed forth in the perfec- was established, Henry confirmed the high opinions It is remarked that, wherever they have penetrated tion of their powers on their first trial. But Henry of his statesmanship, which he had earned by his pro- among heathen nations, they have wrought surprising was the orator of nature, and to him art and practice vincial management, by the share he took in laying changes in the habits of the people, introducing the were unnecessary. During his whole life, natural the foundations of the new republic. More particu- social arrangements and industrious operations of the sense and genius, not acquired knowledge, guided | larly did he show at once his wisdom and his huma- civilised world, as well as the superior light of the him. After

his opening display, he removed to Louisa nity by coming forward, in the face of the most bitter Christian faith. county, and, carrying his reputation with him, re- opposition, to advocate the recall of the British refu. In the summer of 1841, the individual now addressceived a large share of the somewhat meagre practice gees. This conduct was the more peculiarly honouring the public paid a visit to some of the principal of these courts. His professional exertions of this era able to him, as his fortunes had suffered so severely Moravian establishments on the Continent, for the can only be spoken of generally, but, by all accounts, during the seventeen years' turmoil, that he was com- purpose of satisfying himself as to the extent to which they were surprisingly brilliant. The verdicts of juries pelled, at the age of fifty, to quit public life, and the plan of a community was followed amongst them, and the applause of judges, testify to this fact. But return to the bar. The speech pronounced by him and the success which attended it. To proceed in the the time came when Patrick Henry was to step into on this occasion is a model of subdued and reflective first person :—"I was anxious to obtain light upon this a mightier arena, and employ his energies on a cause eloquence. His peroration said to the Assembly-point, for the benefit of an association of benevolent of almost unparalleled magnitude and importance. “Discard from your bosoms fears so groundless and persons who have planned a self-supporting instituImmediately after the obnoxious Stamp, Act of prejudices so disgraceful—unfetter commerce-let her tion, on the combination principle, in connexion with 1764-65 had spread a ferment among the North be free as air ; depend upon it, she will range the the Church of England. Having been furnished with American colonists, Henry, at that time almost adored | whole creation, and return on the wings of the four letters of introduction by the Rev. Peter Latrobe, I by the people, among whom he was ever proud to winds of heaven to bless the land with plenty." His first visited the settlement at Neuwied, near Cobrank himself, was elected a member of the Legislature proposition was carried, and its beneficial effects were lentz, on the Rhine—a small town founded a century of Virginia. During the whole of the ensuing short soon seen in the peopling of the yet untrodden wilds ago as a refuge for persecuted persons of various resitting, Henry seems to have waited in the expectation of the country.

ligious denominations, and where the Moravians are that the deepening murmurs of the people would find So high was the reputation of Henry, that within about four hundred in number. In the absence of condensed expression by some voice more authorita- six years after his return to the bar, he was enabled Bishop Gambs, M. Merian, a chief director, and the tive than his own; but the boldest were content to to retire with an ample independence. Some of his inspector of the schools, conducted me over the estabsit in gloomy silence. At length, “alone, unadvised, speeches of this era have been preserved, and more lishment. We first visited the boys' school, which and unassisted,” as he himself tells us, Henry deter- particularly one on the question whether British sub- consists of a number of light airy apartments, each mined to step forth ; and he proposed, in May 1765, jects were entitled to the payment of debts contracted appropriated to a distinct class. "The boys, seventy his famous Five Resolutions, one of which asserted | to them before the war. Henry was employed to in number, sleep in one large well-ventilated room, in

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which a lamp is suspended from the centre, and in Mr Roderer to Nisky, a settlement twenty miles off, have been in some measure indebted for extraordinary which the teachers also sleep, one of whom sits up on where there is a large and well-conducted academy success in a specific and most important branch of watch all night. We then proceeded to the house for boys, besides the usual establishment for the useful Christian duties, renders the Moravian settlement imoccupied by the unmarried men. It is here necessary arts. "The education is here so far advanced, that the perfect as the model of a Christian community embracto mention that, in all the continental Moravian boys may be directly transferred to the Moravian ing all the legitimate objects of human society. Tho establishments, the unmarried men and unmarried | University at Guadenfeld, in Upper Silesia, where study of the sciences, the practice of the arts, and the women live in separate houses, each party by them- preparation for the ministry is completed.

prosecution of discoveries, present an inexhaustible selves, and each under the care of an elder of the From Herrnhut I afterwards proceeded to Klein- field for the exercise of the diversified talents of manappropriate sex ; and the two parties have only welke near Bautzen, where there is a congregation of kind, and for that enterprise and excitement which, limited opportunities of forming those acquaintances about four hundred. The same trades were carried if not called forth by purer and higher aspirations, on which matrimonial unions depend. I found eighty on here as at Herrnhut, with rather more of agricul are too often wasted upon objects useless or permen in this part of the establishment, all of them ture ; but the chief interest at this place was in the nicious. engaged in various employments, at which they schools for the children of the missionaries-between [Our correspondent goes on to draw various infewrought in subserviency to the general body. In forty and fifty boys, and about the same number of rences from the Moravian establishments with regard one room, an individual was making up tippets and girls. Many were orphans, whose parents had fallen to the design of a self-supporting institution for the muffs, his favourite occupation. In another, one was victims to the climate in which they had preached the humbler classes in England, in connexion with the making gloves, stocks, and boys' caps. In others gospel. I never saw any boarding-school in England Established Church. We do not think it necessary were three, four, and sometimes more, making clothes, where the children were more comfortably provided to follow him in these, but would remark, that great shoes, soap, candles, earthenware stoves, and other for in every respect, or appeared so happy ; separate caution is necessary in all imitative movements. A useful articles. Elsewhere, I found carpentry, cabi. rooms were appropriated to the different classes; and revolution in 1658 succeeds in England ; but an iminet-work, baking, and a large brewery. Every trade here, as in all the other schools, the children sleep tative revolution attempted in Naples in 1823 fails. has a manager, receiving a fixed salary, and to whom singly. As we visited the different classes, the good The Moravian communities, as far as they really are money is advanced for the purchase of materials and pastor Ultsh seemed to take pleasure in referring to communities, have taken their rise under the influthe payment of wages. There are also shops for the the widely-separated parts of the globe in which the ence of a concentrated religious zeal affecting a small sale of miscellaneous articles to the public, and a children had been born ; pointing to each in succession, body of men to the very inmost cores of their nature. hotel for the accommodation of such as choose to re he said, “ from Labrador," " from Africa,” “ from They have thus had an active and powerful principle sort to it. Besides the brethren of the congregation, Surinam,” “ from Greenland," " from the West In- of continuous force to carry them on through all there are servants who do not belong to it, and who dies," &c. At Klein welke, twenty-five of the brethren arrangements and undertakings. We can easily conreceive ordinary wages. Great care is taken in se work at an establishment for making church bells, ceive a new association realising all the peculiar leeting these persons, and every effort is made to belonging to Mr Ghrul, who is not of the congregation arrangements of the Moravians, and even more effect their spiritual improvement. The profits aris The last settlement I had an opportunity of seeing favourably circumstanced with regard to wealth and ing from the trades, shops, hotel, and school, are was that of Zeist, near Utrecht, in Holland, where the countenance of great names, but which would partly devoted to the support of the church and its the number of members is about four hundred. Be- nevertheless fail for lack of that concentrated spirit missions.

sides the same description of trades and manufactures which only extraordinary circumstances and occasions From the Brothers' House we went to that of the as at other stations, there are seven or eight shops or can generate. Here, evidently, lies the great diffeunmarried Sisters, of whom there are about a hun rooms, in which a great variety of articles are sold, in

rence between the Moravian communities and those dred. Here also was a well-conducted school for addition to those made at the establishment, as well social establishments which Mr Owen has endeagirls. The sisters not engaged in education were at as two boarding-schools for boys and girls : profit is voured to plant. The one class seem to us like a body work in separate rooms, from six to ten in each, also derived from letting some of the apartments to which, having a vital principle in it

, can stand of making articles either for the establishment or for respectable individuals not belonging to the congrega- itself; the other is like a body which, wanting life, sale to the public. There is a room in which the tion. The Rev. P. Raillard accompanied me through can only stand while it is held up by external means. latter class of articles are kept for public view. Let- the sisters' house and schools, and I could not but The plan of our amiable correspondent is based on ting of apartments to approved tenants, not of the remark the great regard and respect every where truly respectable principles, and contemplates excolcongregation, is also a source of profit. In the Bro- evinced towards him; and, indeed, in all the settle- lent objects ; but we would hope that it will not be thers' and Sisters' Houses respectively, there is a ments, I was impressed with the idea, that the pastor commenced unless its supporters are sure of its having large room fitted up for public worship, with a small or bishop at the head of the establishment appeared the full benefit, not only of money and good intention, organ or some other musical instrument. Connected to be precisely that individual best qualified by his in- but of that self-sustaining energy which so often brings with each department, there is also a room set apart telligence, kind feelings, and manners, for the highest success in circumstances otherwise unfavourable, and for reading when the labour of the day is done. I office.

without which all common circumstances of a favour. may here observe that the Moravians, probably from From what has been stated, it must be obvious that able nature are in vain.] ancestral taste, are fond of music, and introduce it on there are only some details common to all the Morasome occasions when other people would think it in- vian settlements. Agreeing in the general principle

A BULL-FIGHT AT MADRID. appropriate, as, for instance, at funerals

. All amuse- of combining for the purpose of promoting their own ments which usually occasion a promiscuous assem- spiritual improvement and the planting of Christianity In the year 1822, wliile resident in Madrid, I had blage of the sexes—as balls, plays, and games—are in the uncivilised parts of the globe, all their regula frequent opportunities of seeing those savage exhibiforbidden.

tions, and, as much as possible, all their temporal tions, the bull-fights, of which the Spaniards, notwithFrom Neuwied I proceeded to Herrnhut, the me- affairs, are made subservient to these important ends. standing their partial regeneration, still continue to tropolis, as I may call it, of the United Brethren. It As to the mode or degree in which this is effected, be passionately fond. For their own sake, such is situated fifty miles beyond Dresden, on the southern much depends upon local and other circumstances, spectacles are not worthy of description, but they face of a hill called Huttberg; hence its name. The the capabilities and probable success of the brethren serve as records of national manners, to be contrasted population is about 1400, of whom more than two- in their respective trades, the wants of the neighbour- with something better in our own country, and I will thirds belong to the congregation. It is the place hood, and how far they can meet the competition of venture to depict one of the exhibitions at which I where the synods, or chief directing assemblies of the external society. For instance, at Herrnhut there is chose to be present. brethren, are held, and where all their missionary no boarding-school, for they have there no educator The place of the spectacle was at the amphitheatre, proceedings originate. Bishop Huffel, upon whom I equal to M. Schordan at Nisky; to which place, ac- situated beyond the Puerta del Sol, one of the outlets first called, was too infirm to attend me; but the defi- cordingly, many children are sent from Ilerrnhut. from the city. The editice is formed of wood, of a ciency, was supplied by Mr John F. Roderer, chief | At Nisky, situated in a remote and desolate country, circular form, having no roof, and seated quite round, financier, a brother-in-law of Mr Latrobe, by whom I where few strangers are seen, two shops are scantily except at the place where the buils are kept : these was introduced to Bishop Anders, and M. Frauerf, though sufficiently supplied; while at Zeist, in the seats are somewhat like pews, thoce for the people of one of the chief directors.

centre of a highly civilised and populous country, and the highest rank being nearest the top of the buildBesides the trades carried on at Neuwied, I here much visited, there are no less than seven or eight ing. The place in which the bulls are kept is a cellar found a large tan-yard, and manufactures in iron and shops for the sale of numerous articles, besides those under ground, whence the ascent to the arena is by a brass, goldsmiths' work, and button-making ; also a made on the spot.

dark passage, with two doors, one at the end of the considerable mercantile establishment, conducted, The most striking feature in all the proceedings of passage, and the other opening on the arena ; and under the firm of Abraham Durminger and Com the United Brethren, is the intimate connexion that these doors, at the entrance of the bull, are opened by pany, by three brethren, who each receive a salary. subsists between religion and secular affairs ; the men in such a manner as completely to cover their There is also a small day-school.

former is never lost sight of, but, on the contrary, is persons. The business of giving lodging and hotel accommo- constantly the governing principle, and is visible in Several days before the exhibition takes place, the dation is carried on as at Neuwied. In the Sisters' | their intercourse with each other. In all new under- bulls are confined in the cellar; and during the inHouse, I found a scale of four different prices for takings, in all changes, or when any misunderstanding terval, are occasionally soundly whipped, in order that boarding, and a charge for lodging according to the arises, a conference is called of the bishop or pastor, they may be rendered still more ferocious than they size of the room for those who desire one exclusively. the wardens and managers. Hence, in every measure might otherwise be. Bulls for this purpose, at MadThe hotel was conducted upon a respectable scale. I proposed, its bearing upon the interests of religion is rid, generally come from the wilds between La Sierra found in it a Livonian nobleman, of gentlemanlike the chief consideration. Thus, all that concerns the | Morena (the Black Mountain) and La Mancha. deportment and well-cultivated mind, Baron Arder- members, of whatever age, individually or collectively, On the day spoken of, the king, the court, all the kas, who told me that he had lived there three years. commercial pursuits, amusements, schools-in short, grandees, and their ladies, were present, so that a most He enlivened a few of my evenings by his tasteful all the transactions of life--are brought under the im- favourable opportunity was afforded me of seeing performances on the piano-forte. No one, however, is mediate direction and control of religion. This plan, at whatever Madrid boasted of beauty, rank, and fashion, allowed to lodge in the establishment at Herrnhut, once simple and comprehensive, becomes easy of exe more especially as my seat was in the very highest not even in the hotel, without the permission of the cution; any unforeseen counteracting influence is in The first paleos (boxes) were adorned by some congregation.

general soon cerrected ; and, when adopted at the of the handsomest dark-eyed ladies that could be This may be considered as the most interesting of missionary stations, renders them more efficient, and seen in Spain, their rich basquinas and mantillas (a the Moravian establishments, as being more remote enables the brethren to make great progress with very particular dress for Spanish ladies) being worn with from general society, and having greater attractions limited resources.

infinite grace. An immense deal of ceremony takes and advantages than the more recent and less isolated There is a German phrase signifying " prayer and place before the real business of the day commences. settlements. The avenues, and the cemetry situated labour," which seems to characterise the Moravian Exactly opposite to the door by which the bull enters, on a hill on the way to the observatory, which occupies settlements, and singularly applicable to the brethren the box of the king is placed, and of course thé a still higher eminence commanding an extensive and is the remark of Locke-that " for a man to attend to highest is allotted for the purpose. Should the king beautiful prospect—the house, formerly the residence of his religion and to his particular calling, is generally be absent, the highest in authority, whether civil or Count Zinzendorf, containing the archives of the body, sufficient to take up his whole time." Habitually occu- military, takes his place. Civil officers are appointed and a museum of curiosities sent home by the mis- pied in their several trades, they become unconscious to give orders to those having charge of the bulls, sionaries--the extensive gardens open to the public, of that monotony which is felt by a stranger--relieved, The principal magistrate, attended by two alquazils and an adjacent hill laid out in walks and plantations, however, in some degree, by the cultivation of music. (inferior officers of justice), having ascertained that with rustie and ornamental seats, from which delight. There appears to be no public library, nor much every thing is ready, comes forward in front of the ful prospects are beheld—conspire to heighten the encouragement given to scientific pursuits and dis- box occupied by the authorities, and, after a formal charms of this peaceful settlement. The musical band coveries. These might involve expense, and prevent salutation, requests leave to proceed with the enteris here more complete than elsewhere, and occasionally that concentration of mind to the one great object to tainment. This being accorded him, he goes out of the congregation is summoned to church by trumpets which all their thoughts and energies are devoted. the ring, and gives the signal; immediately the two played from one of the upper windows of the building. But I would remark, with reference to my own object, folding-doors fly open, and a bull rushes furiously into

During my residence at Herrnhut, I rode over with that that very omission to which the brethren may | the arena ; but, upon seeing the assembled multitude,


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