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mineral substance they take up in their growth,

We ask not fame

to. “Strength and gain were on one side, weakness which tear the clothes, and lacerate the legs and feet

We call not vengeance for the faith we gave;

and loss on the other. Such relations inculcated lenity of the soldiers moving through them, to a degree that

Trace in the language of your land his name,
And show your suns the Seminole's Grave."

and patience in the powerful—the benefited party. An can scarcely be comprehended by those who have not

inflexible exaction of submission to terms which the seen or felt their effects. The trace of a column The Florida war has been attended with many com- Indians protested were neither expressed nor implied through these lets and hindrances has often been plicated and most laborious operations, costing a vast by the treaty as they assented to it, and an impatient marked by blood and tatters of clothing.'

sum to the national treasury. Throughout the whole requirement that the specific work of three years It is easy to conceive under what disadvantages the peninsula, which is barely inferior to England in ex- should be consummated in one, showed no leaning American soldiers contended with a foe always distin- tent, it has been necessary to form roads and build towards either of these benignant qualities. The guished as much for insidiousness as for valour, in a stockade forts. Were these roads, says our authority, Seminoles believed that they were outraged and concountry so unfavourable to all regular military ope- laid down upon a map, they would cover it like a net- temned, and turned upon their oppressors with a fury rations. Large detachments were often cut nearly work. “During the first few years of the war, the that has raised a cry of horror through the land for to pieces. One great cause of the ill success of the tribes were known to occupy certain locations, where years. Their fatal success has proved that the weak Americans in their first campaigns was their eager- they were accustomed to plant their corn, and have may sometimes be so strengthened by accident or cirness for immediate success. The government, actuated something like fixed habitations. These were easily cumstances as to be able to do enormous harm; that by the same feeling, thought it necessary, at every found, as the operations of the war spread out, and no nation or tribe, however insignificant, should be blow suffered by their troops, to make a change of were successively destroyed. But after the tribes unnecessarily provoked to hostility, lest a power of officers. New officers brought new dispositions and became broken up, and the bands were multiplied, vengeance be imparted to them beyond all foresight or plans, along with ignorance to be corrected by bitter though small in force, the planting grounds and habi- calculation. The servile war in Rome, and the Maroon experience, and thus no progress was made. For one tual resorts of the women and children were removed war in Jamaica, are examples which show that conhorrible feature of the contest--the murdering of all to other far more sequestered spots, surrounded by tests may be begun in scom or heedlessness, which run prisoners—it is difficult to say which party was to dense hummocks and wide-spreading waters, which through years of disappointment and humiliation, blame ; nor is it very clearly shown how the Ameri- seemed to baffle all attempts at discovery. In more draining the treasure and wasting the life-blood of a cans came in time to pay no regard to the white flag. recent seasons, when the troops had acquired habits great nation."* But even these atrocities sink before one which was that enabled them to assimilate their operations to afterwards introduced. When the American generals those of the Indians, and where competent guides found themseves baffled in ordinary warfare, and no had been arrested from the enemy, and compelled, POPULAR INFORMATION ON FRENCH appearance of a speedy end to the contest, they intro- under peine forte et dure, to play an Ariadne's part,

LITERATURE. duced blood-hounds from the West Indies, with which these retreats were explored. It was surprising to to search out scattered parties, and help to over

THIRTEENTH ARTICLE.—RONSARD. notice with what tact they had selected these lurking power them. There can be no reason to doubt, that places, so well adapted, upon military principles, by one of the most distinguished of the French poets of many wretched human beings were torn down and making the arrangements of nature supply the place the sixteenth century was Pierre de Ronsard, whose killed by these ferocious animals.

of art, to give them security. And certainly none but name has already been mentioned in the present The Seminoles suffered a great blow in the latter an eye familiar with signs that speak alone to an expe- series. Ile was of a noble family; and indeed, in part of 1537, in the capture of their most distinguished rienced observation, could have guided the scouts those days of limited education, few but the scions of warrior. There is too much reason to believe, that through such a maze of forest, marsh, and water, as Oceola was a victim of the white man's treachery. A surrounded them. No accident or blunder could have noble families attained literary distinction. His father chief named Caocoochee, or Wild Cat, hardly less led troops to penetrate such pathless hummocks, to

was a person of so much consequence as to be selected celebrated than himself, had been induced to listen to wade through such broad morasses, ever on a zig-zag to take charge of the household of Prince llenry, son terms for yielding to the wishes of the government, route, that seemed constantly abandoning its probable of Francis I., when the former was sent into Spain as The officers, reposing faith in him, sent him to endea- object, to stumble at last upon a few acres of dry earth, a hostage for his father, made captive, in 1524, at the your to prevail upon Oceola to join him in the capitu- where a remnant of wretches had sequestered them- battle of Pavia. Born on the 10th of September of lation. On his return, some appearances induced the selves, under a flattering hope that seed-time and har- that year, Pierre had not the advantage of his father's officers to withdraw trust from him, and send him as vest would there be perinitted to follow each other in personal care in his very early days. But his education a prisoner to St Augustine. Oceola came, apparently, unmolested succession. It would be vain to attempt to confer about emigration, but, it was suspected, with a detail of the annoyances, fatigues, and wants, of these

was not neglected ; and, at the age of nine, he was sent the secret design of making a sudden attack and libe- stealthy marches, which often run through a series of to the Royal College of Navarre at Paris. From this rating the prisoners, if he should see fit. He was at- days and nights, frequently at the mercy of an unwill- seminary he was taken away by his father, whose intended by eighty well-armed warriors, who, according ing guide, who might at any moment propose to offer terest readily got him placed in the households, sucto stipulation, placed their arms against a tree at some himself, by false leading, as a sacrifice for the benefit of cessively, of two sons of the French monarch. Thrown distance. At a preconcerted signal, in spite of the his tribe.” After 1938, the Indians had chiefly taken thus into court circles, young Ronsard showed such a flag under which he came, the warrior was surrounded refuge in the district of what are called the Ever- lively turn of mind that he was selected as one of the and made prisoner, and the arms of his companions glades, in the southern portion of the peninsula, being seized. He was immediately sent prisoner, with his the most inaccessible of all these wildernesses. But gay train of Princess Magdelene, when she went to wife and child, to St Augustine, whence he was soon such was the perseverance of the soldiery, that these Scotland, to share its throne with James V. At after removed to a prison on Sullivan's Island, near were, within two years, penetrated in three directions. this time he was a mere boy—a page. He remained Charleston, in South Carolina. There was a strong This success had not been expected by the Seminoles, two years and a half in Scotland, and six months in feeling throughout the States that he had not got and the consent of a considerable number to the emi-England, after which he returned to France, and refair play; but his restoration to liberty was not once gration was the consequence. Indeed, towards the entered the service of Charles Duke of Orleans, third hinted at. The eagle spirit pined in its confinement, close of 1840, the resistance of the Indians was all but surviving son of Henry I., and afterwards Charles IX. and Oceola was not long a living man. When it was extinguished. Routed out from their very last strong

We forin a high idea of Ronsard's general quickknown that he had died, there was an universal feel- holds, and scarcely ever permitted to raise smoke twice ness of talent, from the fact that, though but between ing of sympathy, and this savage warrior was actually from one place, the few remnants of the tribe could fifteen and sixteen years of age, Charles of Orleans buried with the honours due to a general. There has scarcely be said any longer to be in a hostile position. intrusted him with various missions at this time, and since been erected over his grave " a handsome monu- By that time, moreover, so many had been, by one among others, one to Scotland. Escaping shipwreck ment,” bearing the single word Oceola. The fact is, means and another, forced to the west of the Missouri, narrowly on his return, Ronsard was employed in that the literary sense of his merits as a hero of that they were beginning to look upon that district as other services, which brought him into friendship with romance, had caught the fancy of the Americans. their home.

the family of Du Baif, one young member of which, Amongst many of their sentimental effusions about The war is said to have cost the States six millions Jean Antoine du Baif, afterwards gained eminence him, the following, which is designed as a dirge of sterling, and eighteen hundred men. We cannot

as a poet. Ronsard had up to this period attended Seminole warriors, seems the best in

wonder at either item, when we consider the vast only to the courtly accomplishments of the time ; but “ Go to thy rest

number of troops required, and the arduous and san the activity of his life brought on deafness and some Not where the green and tall magnolias bow

guinary character of the contest. Of the number of other debilities ; and the preceptor of young Du Baif Slowly and solemnly their lofty crests

regular troops usually employed we have seen no seems to have been then fortunately at hand to give Above the violet grass we lay thee now!

account; but we find, that between 1836 and 1840, the necessary stimulus to his literary powers. He had Not where the pine

more than fourteen thousand of the citizens of the previously known Latin ; he now acquired the Greek With dreary sighing answered back thy tread,

neighbouring states left their homes, mostly mounted, with rapidity, and became passionately fond of its When forest dwellers made beneath its shrine

and poured into Florida, to the assistance of the State great writers. For five years he shut himself up, The ancient places of their silent dead.

soldiery. This militia were not without some warrant indulging in these studies. He translated the ProNot where the stream,

from the government for their interference, and they metheus of Æschylus, and the Plutus of Aristophanes. Beneath the arching wild vine, whispers low,

seem to have had their expenses paid ; but the move. Though no one who knows the latter piece could alWith spirit voices--when the sun's last beam Falls, where it bathes the warrior's dust-we go.

ment partook much, after all, of that volunteer cha most conceive the possibility of such a thing, yet his

racter for which we are prepared by what we have version of the Plulus is said to have been actually reTo thy dark bed

heard of Canadian and Texian sympathisers. Five presented on the stage. Be this as it may, Pierre de We would not that their music's wail should come, hundred came from Missouri, and two thousand from Ronsard had now found his vocation ; and an interNor see them bend the plumed and glittering head, In stately mourning to the deep-toned drum. Tenessee, both of them comparatively distant states.

view with Joachim du Bellay, in 1649, strengthened “More than a thousand volunteers collected in Georgia his poetical propensities, and laid the foundation of a They mock us well

in 1838, and came into Florida. The first injormation friendship, not the less warm and enduring because With banner waving, and that hollow sound, Long pealing from the battlements, to tell the general in command there had of this movement was

occasionally disturbed by the jealous irritability of the That thou, our brave, hast ransom found.

communicated by a newspaper paragraph, and before poetic race. Ronsard soon turned from translating Why should they grieve, scarcely a hurried step could be taken to meet the

the thoughts of others to the diffusion of his own in E'en while their pale blood curdles to the heart, wants of such a column in a region where no depóts verse ; and his works, well received by the court, with Beside thy grave--that thou their bonds canst leave, were provided, and where there were few means of a few exceptions, accumulated to a large amount. He And to our fathers' hunting-tields depart?t

obtaining supplies from other parts, it was upon the exercised himself in all varieties of poetical composiWe do not weepground of action.” These particulars are highly cha

tion. Two books of Lores came from his pen, conThe Red Man bath no tear to shed for thee

racteristic of the frontier populations of the States; taining an amazing number of sonnets, songs, elegies, Sniling, we gaze upon the dreamless sleep, but such auxiliaries could not be useful in proportion subjects ; the l'ranciad, an epic poem upon the career

and madrigals ; five books of Odes upon all imaginable The fortress broken, and the captive frec.

to their expense. Much of their time of service was Hither we bring,

spent in travelling to and from the scene of warfare; of the great Francis; Eclogues, II ymnez, Gaieties, &c. Ere yet this earth on thy cold brow we lay, and when upon it, with all their activity and zeal, they and such their titles. lle took precedence, in the

—such were among the compositions which he issued, Thy boy---for one wild moment here to cling,

fell far short of the practised aptness of the regular favour of the court, then the sole arbiter of poetical In love's first sorrow, to those lips of clay.

troops. The irregularity of their coming was also merit in France, of Du Bellay and Saint Gelais, but Bend low and near

troublesome. The thousand Georgians above-menNor sigh or moan must break our chief's repose

was nevertheless much blamed for his pertinacious tioned were probably a little surprised to find that Yet, boy, on thy young heart be written here, A deep and burning memory of his foes ! they occasioned a retreat of the party which they ex- adherence to Greek diction and models. Boileau has

sanctioned the charge.
pected to strengthen; but the step was unavoidable, on
* North American Review, No. CXIV

account of the unprovided state of the commissariat.
The remarks which the North American Rerier but the number of Indian warriors is believed to be reduced to a

* Recent accounts state that the war is not yet quite conclnded; # Indians believe that if they are brave and good in this world, they will be rewarded in the next by being placed in excellent makes upon this "protracted, vexatious, humiliating, hund

nd twenty, and these it is proposed to capture by offus huncing-grounds.

and burdensome contest,” must be generally responded of rewards, instead of fighting any longer.

It is now time, however, that we should intersperse December of the year mentioned. He was buried at for tourists can hardly be conceived, for in the neighwith our dry prose some specimens of this poet; and St Come, by his own request. having a number before us ready cast into English Another little piece may be given before concluding, and it is little more than a day's run from Italy, by

bourhood is some of the finest scenery in Switzerland; verse, we shall take leave to draw upon these sources. as a further exemplar of his style. The following is an ode addressed by Ronsard to the

the road up the Valais. We stopped a short time at

“TO A POOR MAN. delights of the early year :

Vevay, in order to see its ancient church, containing

Why dost thou tremble, peasant, say, " God shield ye, heralds of the spring,

Before the men who empires sway?

the monuments of two Englishmen of note in their Ye faithful swallows fleet of wing,

Who soon will, shadowy sprites, be led

day, who died self-exiled from the land of their naHoups, cuckoos, nightingales,

To swell the number of the dead?
Turtles, and every wilder bird,

Know'st thou not that all must go

tivity. These were Ludlow and Broughton, both That make your hundred chirpings heard

To the gloomy realms below?

concerned in the trial of the unfortunate Charles I.; Through the green woods and dales.

And that an imperial ghost
God shield ye, Easter daisies all,

Must no less the Stygian coast

and here, sheltered by the authorities of Berne, who Fair roses, buds and blossoms small

Visit, than the humble shade

refused to give them up to the vengeance of the And ye, whom erst the gore

Of him who plies the woodman's trade?

royalists, did they remain till the period of their Or Ajax and Narciss did print,

Courage, tiller of the ground!
Those who hurl war's thunder round

death. The church of St Martin, containing their
Ye wild thyme, anise, balm, and mint-
I welcome ye once more.

Will not seek their last abode

remains, is an old Gothic fabric, standing on a sunny

In arms, as when the battle glow'd.
God shield ye, bright embroider'd train

Naked, like thee, shall they depart;

knoll overlooking the town; and on our being adOf butterflies, that on the plain

Nor will the bauberk, sword, or dart,

mitted by a key-keeper, we found the interior furOf each sweet herblet sip;

Avail them more, when they shall flee,
And ye, new swarm of bees, that go

Than thy rough ploughshare shall to thee.

nished in the usual fashion of Protestant places of Where the pink flowers and yellow grow,

Not more just Rhadamanthus cares
To kiss them with your lip.

worship, with as plain benches and as little regard to

For the mail the warrior wears,
A hundred thousand times I call

Than for the staff with which the swain

taste as could be found in any part of the world. The A hearty welcome on ye all :

Urges on the glowing train ;

tombs of the regicides are within the northern tranThis season bow I love!

By him with equal eye are seen
Thy dusty raiment, rude and mean,

sept, and covered with pews.
This merry din on every shore,

The monument of
For winds
and storms, whose sullen roar
And purpled robes of Tyrian hue,

Ludlow, fixed to the wall, is a black marble slab, with
Forbade my steps to rove."

Enwrought with gems to charm the view,
Or all the costly vestments spread

a long Latin inscription in sunk gilt letters, comThe next translated specimen, from the same pen

Around the forms of monarchs dead.”

mencing—“Siste gradum et respice !-Hic jacet Ed(an anonymous one,) presents an ode yet much ad

Respecting the general merits of Pierre de Ronsard mund Ludlow, Anglus natione" ["Halt, and look mired in France.

as a poet, the critics of his own country differ so around ! Here lies Edmund Ludlow, English by Fair hawthorn flowering,

widely in opinion, that a foreigner would be presump: birth"], and ending with the date 1693. The monuWith green shade bowering

tuous in speaking decidedly on the subject. Almost
Along this lovely shore;
To thy foot around,

all agree, that where he thought himself strongest he ment of Broughton was a few feet from this, and was With his long arms wound,

was really weakest. He used to pride himself on "Pin- a stone slab on the floor, covering, as I was told, his A wild vine has mantled thee o'er.

darising," as he called it, in his Odes, though he was tomb. The inscription was also in Latin; and our In armies twain,

very far indeed from attaining to any thing like the conductress, by removing one or two of the wooden Red ants have talen

reach of Pindar, either as regarded thought or diction.
Their fortress beneath thy stock:
And in clefts of thy trunk,

Where he cast off all models in both respects, and benches, allowed me to copy it into my note-book. It
wrote naturally, he shows, to use the words of a mo-

is as follows :—“ Depositorium Andreæ Broughton, Tiny bees have sunk A cell where their honey they lock.

dern critic, that “ he had many of the qualities that Anglicani Maydstonensis in comitatu Canty. ubi bis In merry spring-tide,

make great poets-force and brilliancy of imagination, prætor urbanus. Dignatusque etiam fuit sententiam When to woo his bride

fecundity of thought, and happiness of invention.” Regis Regum proferi quam ob causam expulsus paThe nightingale comes again, Thy boughs among,

triâ suâ, peregrinatione ejus finitâ solo senectutis He warbles the song

A FEW WEEKS ON THE CONTINENT. morbo affectus requiescens a laboribus suis obdor: That lightens a lover's pain.


mivit, 3r die Feb., Anno Domini 1687, ætatis suæ 84."
'Mid thy topmost leaves,
His nest he weaves

TEMPERATURE 70 degrees in the shade--a brilliant Which may be freely Englished thus :~" The depo-
Of moss and the satin fine,
Where his callow brood

sun overhead-not a cloud on the purple-blue firma- sitory of Andrew Broughton, Englishman, of Maid. Shall chirp at their food,

ment-and, withal, a freshness of air curling the face stone, in the district of Canterbury, of which city he Secure from each hand but mine.

of Lake Leman—were the characteristics of the finest, was twice chief magistrate. For the cause of the Gentle hawthorn, thrive, And for ever alive

and what we considered the greatest, day in our jour-King of Kings he was honoured with exile from his May'st thou blossom as now in thy prime ; ney-that on which we made an excursion from Lau. country, and, at the close of his pilgrimage, sank By the wind unbroke,

sanne to Chillon. The distance is about ten or twelve under the weight of old age alone. His toils ended, And the thunder-stroke, Unspoil'd by the axe or time." miles, by a pretty nearly direct route along the mar

he fell asleep in the Lord, on the 3d day of February, When the beauteous daughter of Ronsard's former gin of Lake Leman, in an easterly direction—the road A.D. 1687, aged 84.”. patron, James V., grew up to womanhood, she visited going through several small towns and ancient villages, A walk through Vevay showed to us, in a pleasing France, to be wedded to the Dauphin. But it was not and winding at other times through a universal vine manner, that the local authorities seem anxious about the fate of Mary Stuart to be happy in any of her yard. With a range of hill on our left, partitioned preserving great order and neatness of appearance. returned to her home. Yet she had learned to ad. terrace above terrace, with vines trained in all sorts We saw here what I observed nowhere else in the mire Ronsard ; and, even in her evil days, she showed of forms ; while bunches of ripe grapes lolled over the country—a stone pillar at each entrance to the place, her admiration by sending him a present of two thou- walls, almost dropping into the mouths of the passen- on which was carved the name of the town, its division sand crowns, and causing a mimic Parnassus of silver gers ; and at a short distance below, on our right, the in the canton of Vaud, and its population, which is to be made and transmitted to him, with the inscrip- clear mirror of the lake, overhung on the south with between four and five thousand. Exactness in such tion, “ To Ronsard, the Apollo of the Fountain of the the eternal and gloomy hills of Savoy-we enjoyed be- municipal arrangements is common in this part of Muses.” Ronsard was not less partial to Mary Stuart, than she was to him. He says

yond description the charms of this felicitous scene. Switzerland. The smallest village, inhabited by per“I saw the Scottish queen so fair and wise,

In weathe somewhat more cool, a sauntering walk sons not above the rank of peasants, has its own maShe seem'd some power descended from the skies. through a country so rich in natural and historical nagerial functionaries, and each is provided with a Near to her eyes I drew-two burning spheres They were, two suns of beauty, without peers.

interest, would have been doubtless very desirable ; kind of market-place, at which is stuck up, within a I saw them dimm'd with dewy moisture clear, but, on the present occasion, pedestrianism was quite trellis, all the public requisitions or announcements, And trembling on their lids a crystal tear; Remembering France, her sceptre, and the day

out of the question, and we were fain to indulge in so that none may plead ignorance of what concerns When her first love pass'd like a dream away." the more easy recreation of being conveyed in an open his public or private rights. As elsewhere in Vaud, Alas ! years had now sped on. Mary was in an Eng and first-rate vehicle, furnished by our good host of the people seemed remarkably industrious, and busilish prison when she sent to the poet her remem- the Hi-bon.

ness active. The staple trade of the district is in the brances; and, with his tribute to Mary, Ronsard paid The road is good, but bent up and down to accom- wines produced from the adjoining hills ; and to susan accompanying one to her persecutor and execu-modate the undulating face of the hill, and somewhat tain and improve the quality of the liquor—which to tioner, Elizabeth, who had also courted his favour by narrow. It is, however, well protected by walls ; and me seemed a kind of thin Rhenish--no pains, are the gift of a diamond ring.

Ronsard, in the mean time, had witnessed many looking down on these, we had a constant source of spared. The indefatigable Murray gives the followchanges in France. Born in the time of Francis the amusement in watching the gambols of hosts of lizards, ing graphic account of the exertions of the Vevayians First, he had seen that king, and three of his succes with which the crevices seemed to be tenanted. They in this important business :sors, pass successively and prematurely to the tomb, are exceedingly beautiful creatures, of a greyish There exists at Vevay “a society or guild of very after each had held the throne for a time. All of these brown colour, rather less in size than a mouse, but high antiquity, called 'Abbaye des Vignerons, whose Charles IX., who, as was noticed in a former article, with a long and flexible tail. Nothing could exceed object is to promote the cultivation of the rine ; and exchanged verses with the poet, and allowed him con- the brilliancy of their little eyes peering out from the for this purpose it dispatches every spring and autumn siderable freedoms as a monitor. Henry III., too, chinks beneath the stones ; and their feet being of the experts,' qualified persons, to survey all the vineyards countenanced him above the other poets of the day: sucker order, like those of the house-fly, they run with of the district, and upon their report and testimony Yet with these, as his addresses to them show, he kept, for the most part, on friendly terms. To Remi as much agility up the face of the walls as if on level it rewards the most skilful and industrious vineBelleau, for example, he paid rather an elegant com- ground. The sight of these pretty creatures, which dressers with medals and pruning-hooks. In accordpliment, in the shape of an epigraph having reference are quite innocent in their nature, was accepted as an ance with a custom handed down from very ancient to Belleau's “ Loves of the Precious Stones."

indication that we were near the borders of Italy, their times, which is possibly a relic of pagan superstition, "Toil not to lay on Remi's head

proper habitat ; and things, as we thought, began to this society celebrates once in fifteen or twenty years The marble placed o'er other bones, For he himself has built his bed wear a dash of ultramontanism.

a festival called la Fête des Vignerons. It commences

The chief town on our route was Vevay, a place in with the ceremony of crowning the most successful In the middle of the year 1585, Ronsard, who had the course of rapid improvement, and possessing a cultivator of the vine, which is followed and accombeen presented with one or two priories for his sub- number of handsome houses, and some tasteful pro- panied by dances and processions formed of lads and sistence by Charles IX., grew ill at that of St Come, menades

in the environs. One side bears closely on lasses of the neighbourhood, attired as fawns bearnear Tours, whither he had retired for some time. He had spent, according to De Thou, a somewhat irregular the lake, and here steam-boats touch every two or ing the thyrsus, and nymphs. Father Bacchus in his life; but his last days were marked by humble peni- three hours, in communication with Geneva, Ouchy, car, and Ceres throned on a waggon filled with wheattence and resignation, and he expired on the 27th and other ports. A fitter situation for a resting-place I sheaves, appear in the most classical costume in the

Of Precious Stones."

midst of their followers. But the procession includesview of the Savoy mountains on the south, and the with any observations of my own on Montreux and a singular mixture of scriptural characters along with gorge of the Valais, at Villeneuf, on the east. Here its industrious cottage-farming community, and shall these heathen bacchanals. Thus, Silenus riding on we were conducted through several halls, long since now consider the reader conducted back to Lausanne, his ass is followed by Noah in his ark, and Pomona is deserted and disfurnished, but still in good preserva- whence our next excursion will be to the ancient city succeeded by the spies from Canaan, bearing between tion, and showing on the ceilings and walls the remains of Geneva. them the bunch of grapes. A vine-press and a forge of coats of arms, and other blazonry of their baronial at work are also exhibited, drawn by five horses. On possessors. The most interesting part on this side of other days of the fête (for it lasts for several), the the edifice is a suite of gloomy-arched vaults, entering NEW YEAR'S EVE IN A PAUPER LUNATIC spectators are entertained with the native dances and from a lower level than the halls above, and which,

ASYLUM. songs of Switzerland, performed by the herdsmen and from incontestible appearances, had been what tradi

(From the Athenæum.] shepherdesses of the neighbouring Alps; and the con- tion affirms they were the prison dungeons of Chillon. cluding, and perhaps the most interesting, part of the The first two vaults we enter are said to have been Having received, and most cheerfully accepted, an infestivities consists in bestowing upon a young maiden, guard-rooms ; the next, which is more gloomy and vitation to accompany a friend to an evening entertain. the fairest in fame and form in the vicinity, a dowerdamp, communicated at one time with the hall of ment given, on the last day of the old year, to the and in the celebration of her marriage with a partner justice overhead, by a stair now removed, and in its pauper women in the County Lunatic Asylum at Hanof her choice. As many as 700 persons took part in outer wall was a door, that most likely served as a well, we started from town on Friday evening, just as the last festival; and some of the ballet-masters of the private postern for exit or entrance by the lake. Im- the dull fog had thickened over Hyde Park for the French opera repaired hither from Paris, several mediately beyond this dismal apartment, which our night, and after a nine miles' drive in the dark, drew up weeks beforehand, to drill and instruct the rustics in conductress describes as the vault of execution, while at the lighted gates of the Middlesex mad-house, gave dancing. The ground was kept by 100 young men in she points out the relic of a gallows, we enter the last in our names, and walked into a bright, cheerful hall, the picturesque ancient Swiss costume, which has and much the largest dungeon in the series--the un- leading by white stone passages to various parts of the been delineated by Holbein. The two last anniver- doubted prison of Bonnivard.

house. Following one of these to the apartments of saries were in 1819 and 1833, and multitudes of spec No one who has read the “ Prisoner of Chillon” of the resident physician, we found that the party had tators flocked from all parts to witness them.” Byron, can enter the low-arched doorway of this already met in a room below. We accordingly retraced

About two miles beyond Vevay, we arrive at Cla- dreary tomb of living men without emotion. It con our steps, and after threading several other passages, rens-a straggling village, with a few tolerable houses sists of two aisles, separated by a row of seven massive came to a door which opened into the gallery where amidst others of an old and humble order, having, pillars of stone; the aisle on the right, as we enter, the lunatics were assembled. within a few feet, the lake on the one side and the green being hewn out of the rock, and that on the left being The momentary impression made by the sudden cultured hill on the other, crowned with a chateau of of arched masonry. The floor is altogether of rock, change from the coolness and quiet of the empty stone comparatively modern date. Clarens is no way re- and worn into various hollows. The only light ad- passage to the heat, and hum, and bustle of a long markable in its physical or social features, but enjoys mitted is by a small window, so high up the wall that narrow gallery, dressed out with fresh evergreens, no 'small notoriety in the regions of sentiment, from no one could see out except by climbing, and hence it lighted with numberless candles, and lined from end tó being the place where Rousseau resided for some time, could have afforded little solacement to the prisoners, end with three hundred and fifty restless mad women, and where he has fixed the imaginary scenes of his more especially as the custom seems to have been to

was simply shocking ; but this first impression speedily “New Heloise.”

chain them to the pillars. On measuring the vault, wore away, and was followed by the conviction, which “ Here the self-torturing sophist, wild Rousseau,

by pacing, I found it to be fifty-two steps in length, every other guest must have felt before he left the The apostle of affliction-he who threw

and it was at about, two-thirds of this distance from room, that the generous humanity which had prompted Enchantment over passion, and from woe

the doorway that Bonnivard, the last vietim of the the system of which this entertainment was only the Wrung overwhelming eloquence-first drew av The breath which made him wretched; yet he knew

Duke of Savoy, was confined. On the side of one of result, had placed every one of these harmless lunatics How to make madness beautiful, and cast

the pillars, a strong ring is still attached, and the sur- in the possession of as much happiness as her mind O'er erring deeds and thoughts a heavenly hue

face of the stone floor beneath is trodden into uneven was capable of enjoying. Of words, like sunbeams, dazzling as they pass'd forms by the action of footsteps. No poetic license In the middle of the long vista of frilled muslin caps, The eyes, which o'er them shed tears feelingly and fast." has therefore been taken in the forcible lines

evergreens, white walls, and mad faces, down which I Those who, like Byron, can sympathise with the feel

looked on entering, was a piano, and a crowd of dancers

“ Chillon ! thy prison is a holy place, ings of a man who positively luxuriated in a world of

And thy sad floor an altar ; for, 'twas trod

figuring away at country dances as mirthfully and with ideal misery of his own creation, and rendered him

Until his very steps have left a trace

as good a heart as if they had been sane. We walked self conspicuous more for the singularity than the

Worn, as if thy cold pavement were a sod

slowly down the room to where the dancing was going

By Bonnivard! May none these marks efface! soundness of his metaphysical speculations, will join

on, watched by many eyes that you saw were mad the

For they appeal from tyranny to God!" in the impassioned sentiments uttered by the noble

instant you caught them. A small proportion only of poet in his address to

The pillar thus connected with Bonnivard's im- the women danced ; the rest sat at the sides of the gal- Clarens, sweet Clarens ! birthplace of deep love !"

prisonment has been an object of curiosity to hundreds lery on benches, laughing or talking to themselves,

of visiters, both before and since the place was con- whispering to their neighbours, lost in sad reveries, or But the every-day world looks more coolly on, and secrated by the genius of Byron. We found it literally watching earnestly and distrustfully the scene before inquiring the character of the scenes depicted, will carved all over with names, chiefly French and Eng- them; and here and there a face expressive of intense perhaps say with Scott, that Julie and St Preux were lish ; and among these, Dryden, Richardson, Peel, and melancholy, as if the poor creature were pondering on two tiresome pedants, in whose loves there was really Victor Hugo, were conspicuous. Byron cut his name some mental misery too heavy for her to bear, called you nothing to interest any rational feelings.

in strong characters, but some one has rudely disfigured away from the listless expression of childish imbecility Associations of sentiment, infinitely more truthful it by a slash across. Supposing this to have been the which characterised the bulk of the party. A few and exhilarating, are roused after passing Clarens, when spot to which Bonnivard was manacled, he could not, keepers were interspersed with the dancers, who helped the grey walls of the old castle of Chillon come promi- by any possibility, have seen the islet on the lake, re to give spirit to the dancing ; but it was really difficult nently into view, at a short distance beyond Montreux, ferred to by the poet

at first to say who was keeper and who was not. Every a neat old-fashioned village on the face of the hill

" And then there was a little isle,

one of them seemed to enter into the enjoyment of the Disregarding Montreux in the meanwhile, we passed

Which in my very face did smile,

dance with so much good will, with so plain an intenon to Chillon, which we found to stand almost entirely

The only one in view ;

tion of being amused, and so much light-heartedness, within the border of the lake ; the outworks, in which

A small green isle, it seemed no more,

that at a little distance, and with the exception of a was the gateway, being the chief portion on dry land,

Scarce broader than my dungeon floor."

slovenly method of moving their feet, you might have and immediately facing a high precipitous hist, par- The depth of the lake has also been strained beyond fancied they were so many country people dancing at a tially covered with shrubs. A soldier of the canton the reality

village wake or fair. There was no uniform or workon duty at the gate, and apparently the only male

“ Lake Leman lies by Chilon's walls,

house dress to mark them as the inmates of an asylum, functionary, admitted us across the drawbridge, into

A thousand feet in depth below."

but nearly as much variety in their dress as in that of the interior of the castle. The dimensions of the place The actual depth is about three hundred feet, the an equal number of villagers. surprised us. It consists of several open courts, en surface of the water standing three or four feet above The crowd altogether reminded me very much of a vironed by tall, rough-cast structures, of immense the level of the prison floor, and consequently ren crowd of children. Wilful, natural, saying what they strength, and showing on all sides the character of a dering the place damp and miserable to its unhappy thought, careless or unconscious of other people's opifeudal fortress on a large scale. The castle was built inmates. Bonnivard, as I have said, was the last who nions, earnest in trifles, sincere without concealment, in 1238, by Amadeus IV., Count of Savoy, as a bul was here immured. Although prior of a religious inquisitive, eager observers of every passing thing, and wark for defence of his possessions, and what may be establishment, he possessed exalted sentiments respect in continual fidgetty motion, you might have imagined called a den whence he could conveniently make in- ing civil liberty; and becoming obnoxious to the reign- yourself in a school of foolish overgrown girls. There roads on his neighbours. A victory gained by his son ing Duke of Savoy, was seized and consigned to the were exceptions, of course, where excessive pride or in a battle fought near its walls, in 1273, gave him the vault which I have attempted to describe. There he inordinate vanity was the insane indication. The Queen command of the Pays de Vaud ; and hence this lay for several years; and it must have been a joyful of the Netherlands, for instance, proud as Lucifer, southern portion of Switzerland remained under the sound to hear the attacks of the Bernese forces by looked down upon you as if you were only dirt; and. sway of the Counts of Savoy till wrested from them land, and of the Genevese galleys by water, which at her equal in purse-pride, who carried a bag of gold by the Bernese in the early part of the sixteenth length reduced this stronghold of tyranny, and gave foreign money, she said, but the bank would know her century. For pretty nearly three hundred years, liberty to its forlorn captive.

pebbles were good foreign money, and would pass in then, we have to look upon Chillon as having been the We now took our leave of this deeply-interesting the country she came from-was as conscious of her seat of a petty despot, who was governed by no law spot, on our return to Lausanne, pausing on the way wealth as the sanest money-holder on the Stock Exbut his own capricious will.

at Montreux-a small village, lying on the face of the change. She stalked about in her poor straw boonet Conducted over the massive buildings by a loqua- hill a short way above the main road, in the midst of and short sorry gown with a lofty stage pride, as if she cious female keeper, we walked from apartment to a wide extent of small fields, partly devoted to the had been the original goddess of plenty. Contrasted apartment, up and down flights of stairs, and from culture of vines. I was very anxious to take a look of with her pride was the silly vanity of a feeble and court-yard to court-yard, viewing the excessive things hereabouts, and wished I could have spent somewhat delicate young person, who slipped in and strength of the fabric and its gloomy recesses with no some days either at Montreux or at Clarens--not to out between the bystanders, and walked backwards and ordinary feeling of curiosity. In the lower or under study scenes associated with the names of Julie and forwards incessantly, in a stealthy self-conscious way, ground floor of the western wing, we were shown a St Preux, but to study the appearance and suppos- wishing to attract attention, yet affecting to disregard well-like gap in the stone floor, which, we were told, able comforts of an imbrowned and hard-working set it. She had been pretty once, was better dressed than had been onee covered by a trap-door, which sunk on of peasantry. Possibly the reader is not aware that the majority about her, and, instead of the common being trodden upon, and precipitated the unwitting the parish of Montreux has for several years been frilled cap, she wore her hair in bands, and had less of prisoner into a deep dungeon beneath. This was a viewed as something of a wonder, for its small propor- the kitchen-maid about her than the crowd that lined second version of the traditional murders of the tion of births to population; and political economists the walls. She was the wife of a professional man, Schloss of Baden-Baden, and may either be believed have been quite at their wits' end to ascertain the gone mad, one would think, with excessive vanity. or not. I confess to a small degree of scepticism on the true cause of so remarkable a phenomenon. Mr Laing, Whenever you looked at her she caught your eye, point. Leaning over the gulf, I certainly saw there in his “ Notes of a Traveller," has, I think, at last looked away suddenly with a complacent smile at have was a horrid dungeon below as dark as a 'pit, but at struck upon the truth-which he was enabled to do, ing attracted notice, and walked on in her vain way, as the same time I observed the relic of a stone step near not by living in London and theorising on the case, if the eyes of all were waiting upon her. I thought I the floor on which I stood, and therefore greatly doubt but by residing for two successive suinmers on the detected an expression of uneasiness at her being seen the legend of the trap in all its fearful details. Leav- spot, and making himself familiarly acquainted with among so many common people. Many of them were ing this part of the castle, we proceeded to the main the details of this very intricate subject. As I pro- very loquacious, and pleased at an opportunity of talkbody of the place, which is a heavy building overlook- pose some day to present an exposition of Mr Laing's ing to strangers. A placid middle aged woman, of the ing the lake, and whose back windows command a I views, I need not now embarrass the present article Mrs Nickleby genus, with a weak flow of soft religious



words, and a still weaker stream of namby-pamby, told of sadness. When we were going away, she called out couple taken in this way, nay, even groups of three ; you me innocently that she had a sweet heavenly host of loudly, " Edward ! Edward !" as if she expected him to may have a whole family enclosed in a couple of miniapretty little seraphs, three inches long, pretty little She was supposed to have been the bride of a tures. The small size of the heads does not diminish the creatures, that she fed and nourished ; they were up soldier who had married and then deserted her. She likeness : you might have a set of shirt-studs ornamented stairs now, she said, but she had been burrowing in the said, with inexpressible pathos, while a song was singing with portraits of your friends.--Spectutor, April 16. ground after them in the morning, which was the rea near her, “I had rather hear Edward play the guitar,

QUALITIES OF BAD PAPER, son why she was not quite so well as usual. Her ear than sit under a canopy of gold and have ten thousand nestness and minute description of particulars showed a-year.”

In order to increase the weight of printing paper, some how completely she was living in a world of her own, I find a difficulty in expressing what I felt on leav- manufacturers are in the habit of mixing sulphate of lime, where she saw the seraphs she described. She was ing this singular scene. Here were three hundred informed, by an authority upon which I place great re

or gypsum, with the rag to a great extent. I have been fully impressed with the notion that she was sane, and and fifty mad women, of whom perhaps no less than liance, that some paper contains more than one-fourth of that the rest of the people were mad.

three hundred were incurably mad, having temper its weight of gypsum ; and I lately examined a sample, The music and songs played in the course of the even and dispositions requiring the most constant and rigid which had the appearance of good paper, that contained ing were very well received by the patients, on some of self-restraint to treat with proper forbearance, in some about 12 per cent. The mode of detecting this fraud is whom they produced sadness, and on others unnatural cases impatient of all restraint, listless spendthrifts of exceedingly simple ; burn 100 grains, or any given weight gaiety. In the middle of one of the songs, to which all their time, or lazy and indifferent to the common every of the paper, in a platina or earthen crucible, and continue were listening very quietly, an earnest, voluble woman day necessities of life, without the means or disposition the heat until the residuum becomes white, which it will standing behind me, to whom all things seemed possible, of earning a subsistence, and either without friends or readily do if the paper is mixed with gypsum. It is whispered in my ear, with an air of familiar truth lost to them, or alienated from them by a malady worse

certainly true that all paper contains a small quantity of which was almost startling—“ You know I've been in than death, who were treated with a kindness and con

incombustible matter, derived from accidental impurities, heaven, and the songs they sing there are better than cern which they would not have met with, and perhaps the weight, then, will indicate the extent of the fraud.

but it does not amount to more than about 1 per cent.; that, I can tell you.” It was taking her too literally, could scarcely have expected, from their own kinsmen Brande, the professor just quoted, also mentions a cirperhaps, to follow up such an assertion by any further and friends. Instead of harshness, they find a charity cumstance of a Birmingham button-maker, who had a inquiry; but her answer to the question, "What sort of which “suffers long and is kind :” where imprison- large quantity of newly made buttons so much tarnished music have they there!" was rather a singular one. She ment and violence were once thought necessary, liberty as to be unsaleable; and upon examining into the cause, considered a moment, and then said, as if she had been with firmness, or with merely occasional seclusion, is it was found to be owing to there being left in the paper merely recalling past impressions

-“ Why, common all that is required ; and apart from the melancholy in which the buttons were wrapped up a considerable sense, to be sure.” When the song was over, she incidents which must necessarily follow a pauper lunatic quantity of chlorine, or oxymuriatic acid, which is used walked away towards the end of the gallery, where a into an asylum, you find these forsaken people in the in the bleaching: There are very few goods that would few patients sat who appeared slightly more irritable comfortable enjoyment of as large a measure of happi- not be injured by the action of chlorine. A coloured than the rest; and among these was a silent, feeble girl, ness as will ever be found consistent with their de paper manufacturer would find it difficult to fix any having a look of dejected imbecility on her sharp coarse mented state. It must, indeed, have been a gratifying to him might be very serious. Great caution is therefore

vegetable colour upon paper so impregnated, and the loss face, which seemed as if her spirits had been broken reflection to the men who have planned and are carry: necessary in the purchasing of paper for such purpose.down by want. She was one of the numerous class of ing out the scheme of benevolence which has already Magazine of Science. patients who had been confined in that cruel bondage been followed by such results, that to their courageous of restraint-chairs, sleeves, strait-waistcoats, muffs, or perseverance and enlightened charity are these benefits

MUSTARD_WHITE AND BLACK. leg-locks (how rare it is to call things by their right to be attributed. Their services are not confined to names), from which the judicious humanity of the phy- Middlesex and Hanwell ; they are trying a great expe late years attained such celebrity as a condiment, have

The seeds of these indigenous annuals which have of sician and the magistrates had at length released her. riment for the nation, in devotion to which a life would been cultivated throughout Europe for an unknown Her wrists were deformed by the hard leather cases in not be misspent ; and the issue of that experiment will period. The French call the plant sénevé, and confine which they had been confined; and so habituated had be, that at no very distant day a law will be passed the term moutarde to prepared table-mustard. Mustard, she been to wear them at night, that for some time after making all restraints in every mad-house in the king moutarde, mosterd, &c., are said to be all contracted they were remo

moved, she held up her hands to be bound dom as illegal as they have been already proved to be corruptions of mustum ardens (hot must), the sweet must whenever she went to bed. Now she was permitted to mischievous and unjust.

of new wine being one of the old ingredients in mustard wander about as she pleased; and although, under the

prepared for dietetic uses, a practice still adhered to by old system, she had been tied up to an iron bar, or a

the French. In moistening mustard powder for the table, bench, or a heavy restraint-chair, as a dangerous


both the flavour and appearance are improved by mixing maniac, she conducted herself this evening with pro

with it rich milk; but this has the disadvantage of not priety, listened to the piano with much apparent plea

It seemed sufficiently wonderful to have one's “ portrait Brande states, that what is usually sold as Durham mus

keeping good for more than a couple of days. Professor sure, or sat near some friend, to whom she seemed at in little" limned by the sun in a few seconds; but now it tached, watching, with a various expression of shyness, is done instantaneously; a passing expression is trans- tard, is a compound of a little mustard seed, Cayenne or sadness, or apathy, every stranger's face that she ferred to a plate, and the “ Cynthia of the minute"-or pepper, wheat flour, and turmeric. According to a late saw in the room.

analysis, both the yellow and brown mustard seeds conShe was not the only instance of the rather of the moment—is caught and clapped into a case

tain indiscriminately, Ist, a soft fixed oil of a dark-greenhappy effects of removing restraint. There were forty- in no time. This magical celerity in taking photographic ish colour; 2d, a yellow volatile oil, on which depends seven persons present, all of whom had been previously is the result of some improvement in the process recently 4th, much mucilage; 5th, sulphur ; 6th, nitrogen ; and confined in some way or other, who now behaved with made by M. Claudet, who has also greatly improved

the lately, Henry and Garot have discovered a peculiar acid, as much decency as the harmless patients who were pictorial effect of the miniatures, by the introduction of always at large.

which backgrounds: and he adopts a method of fixing the image

ey have named sulpho-sinapic acid; and hence ness had prevented him from seeing his patients for which the likeness is taken prevents the necessity

for these principles may react on each other, and acquire the Before the dancing

had ended, Dr Conolly, whose ill. peculiar to himself. The momentary quickness with is accounted for the reason of genuine mustard requiring some time previously, and who, for the same reason, was retaining a fixed look and posture for a certain time: unable to join the party earlier, made his appearance this is not only more agreeable to the sitter, but gives a

pungency and flavour which characterise good mustard, in the gallery, and went through it, noticing nearly life-like ease and vivacity to the photographic portraits : sold under the name of mustard. Independent of its

and serve to distinguish it from all those spurious articles every person as he passed with some appropriate kind thus, the objections made to their stern and gloomy exness. I have never witnessed before so affecting a pression are obviated in a great degree; the most transient valuable properties as a condiment, it has been used as a

. tribute to unassuming genius and worth as was paid by smile being reflected in tlie, polished surface of the plate The great Boerhaave relates the case of a girl at Amsterthese pauper lunatics to their resident physician. With architecture, or a library, takes away from the metallic dam, who, after taking a variety of medicines for chorea few exceptions, the women rose as soon as they saw effect of the plate, and gives to the miniature the appear by the seeds of the white mustard (our common yellow him, and eagerly stepped out from their seats to shake hands with him, and ask him how he was, hoping that through the wrong end of an opera-glass. This addition mustard); and the same learned author states, that he he was better, and wishing him a happy new year. is made by simply placing a scene, painted in distemper found it an invaluable remedy in obstructions of the liver, Wherever he went, there was some proof of their re in neutral tint, behind the sitter, and arranging the focus indigestion, dropsy, and various other diseases. Its ex? spectful affection for him, if not in words at least in of the lens of the camera so that the upper part of the ternal use as a cataplasm to the feet, in determination of manner, or by voice or look, or by the cheerfulness figure is shown: by diminishing the size of the head, the blood to the head, is so well known, as not to require any caused by his merely coming among them; the sympa- defects arising from an exaggeration of facial peculiarities particular notice.---Burnett's Outlines of Botany. thising courtesy with which they were received seemed are got rid of, and the salient points of the physiognomy to rejoice them no less than hearing he was better. are, as it were, concentrated : the fixing process, too, im" What a treat it is," I heard a hearty old woman

parts a warm brownish tinge to the miniature, substi The first consideration with a knave is how to help whisper to her neighbour, when he was out of hearing, tuting the tone of a sepia drawing for the livid coldness himself, and the second, how to do it with an appearance " to see the doctor about again!", and the same feeling is the scene of these operations, on which a chamber of Jupiter Olympius of a robe of massy gold, and substiwas expressed in the faces of nearly all. It may well be glazed with blue glass is erected, for

use in cold and
rainy tuted a cloak of wool, saying, “Gold is too cold

in winter, conceived that so many marks of sincere regard in these weather : when it is fine, the sitter is placed in the open and too heavy in summer. It behoves us to take care of helpless lunatics, joined with the ready tact and quiet air under an awning, to screen the face from the glare of Jupiter."-Lacon. forbearance which Dr Conolly showed with uncertain sunlight. Waiting your turn, and whiling away the time tempers, his cheerful familiarity with those who re. by trying to discern distant objects through the smoke, quired encouragement, his courteous deference to mad or looking at the steeple of St Martin's Church, that rises A propos of Sir J. Child, I have to remark, that he vagaries, sympathy with whimsical complaints, gentle in bold relief before you, a courteous person invites your founded the firm which still retains his name at Temple ness and firmness where they were needed, and his attention to a little square box that he holds, and placing Bar, and which, with the house of Willis, Percival, and friendly sincerity with all, were not seen without emo it on a stand directly opposite to you, begs you to remain Co., is considered to be about the oldest in London. tion; while, at the same time, it afforded the plainest steady for an instant. He lifts up the little dark curtain Child's house is understood to possess documents which proof of the wisdom and humanity of the present systhat veils one side of the cube-shaped box, and lets it prove their existence as a bank as early as 1663, since

which they have never moved out of the same premises. tem of treatment at Hanwell, when carried out by such drop directly, you suppose there is something wrongnot at all the thing is done; whatever your look was at

The books of Messrs Hoare, in Fleet Street, are said to an instrument.

that moment, it is transfixed on the plate ; and you may go back to 1680; and those of Messrs Snow, in the At nine o'clock the evening hymn was sung by all go to the little laboratory where the process of “ fixing" Strand, to 1685. Stone, Martins, and Stone, of Lombard who chose to join, and the party broke up, with no

is performed, and, as the moisture of the preparation is Street, claim to represent the house of Sir T. Gresham ; other interruption than the loud sobs of one poor soul, evaporated from the surface, see what was the precise but this, I presume, must be more a matter of tradition who left the room crying like a great baby for “ her expression on your face at the time. There is your image, than of documentary evidence, and is principally poticedoll.” When the signal was given to go to bed, the as though a diminishing glass had perpetuated the reflec-able as suggesting views of ancient descent upon the part women left the room as obediently as children, shaking tion-only without colour. But what a hand ! surely you of our commercial interests, which will bear a comparison hands and wishing good-night with much simplicity. have not got such a huge fist : no; you happened to thrust with the genealogy of many noble houses.- Banks and

Bankers. Among the last to go was a poor Irish girl, who inté- it forward before the plane of the picture, and hence it rested me exceedingly. She was a fine hearty creature, has been taken under a different angle. You don't like with a full round Irish face, & brogue, and soft mild eyes, to present a portrait with such a fist to the fair one to

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by which, while she smiled to herself, seemed full of wilful whom you have offered your hand; and you hesitate,

W. S. Orr, Paternoster Row. gaiety, and then, on a sudden, became very sorrowful, as though the likeness is so striking: M. Claudet perceives

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. if her mind were filled with some painful recollection far your embarrassment, and anticipating the objection, says,

“ Let us try again, if you please;" and the operation is removed from the place or circumstances about her. repeated -ay, and a third time, if any accidental failure

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the She was an uncertain patient, it seemed, and occasion- renders it necessary. Should you prefer it, a friend may

publishers or their agents; also, any odd numbers to complete

sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with titleally became refractory; but to-night she was only in share the operation ; and at the same moment both pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any unnaturally high spirits, dashed with these sudden fits phizzes will be transferred to the plate: we saw a loving I bookecler, with orders to that effect.








PRICE 13d.


“ Don't teaze me, Helen."

felt that Clara's narration-confidence she called it“My dear Clara, what is the matter?"

so far from enlisting her sympathies, had placed a COQUETTE. “Do you want to know ?"

gulf between them. We have hinted that to the pure, . THE parsonage house of Farnley, with its tastefully “Not from idle curiosity ; but if I can be of any truthful, artless Helen, love was not unknown; nay, arranged though not extensive grounds, was in one of service to you, pray tell me."

deeply, lastingly, had the sentiment.taken root in her the prettiest spots imaginable. Situated on a gentle “ I have been cheated—duped,” rejoined the London heart, and yet was it there, acclivity, it overlooked a valley through which, like a lady. Then, after a pause, she continued—“ I dare

“ Like the last pale leaf in the rose-bud curl'd." silver thread in a serpentine path, flowed a certain say, if the truth were told, you know perfectly well river, which, as yet near its parent spring, seemed an why my managing mamma sent me down here ; for I Never yet to the nearest and dearest had it found emblem of infancy, alike unconscious of its growing know it was her doing that my uncle, your papa, in- expression in words; there was profanation in the strength and majesty, and of the storms that would vited me. To be sure, I have greatly enlarged my very thought ; for he had not yet spoken his love fret and agitate its pure waters on a nearer approach mind and added to my acquirements during the last in that prosaic but simple and satisfactory phrase, to the ocean. Already, however, the merchant's barge, month. I actually can distinguish a horse-chestnut “Will you marry me?" And we must here digress to the ferry boat, or the pleasure yacht, floated on its from an apple tree, and I don't think I ever should dwell for a moment on a somewhat delicate point. calm surface; and the white sails of the last, gleaming mistake a goose for a turkey again. However, it was Frank Staunton was worthy of the prize he had between the varied blossoms of luxuriant fruit-trees, to forget instead of to learn that I was sent away; won—the heart of Helen Morden. He was the soal declared the river's course far beyond the point at but you don't suppose, if I had really cared two pins of truth and honour, but perhaps he erred in judgment which it might otherwise have been discernible. The about Captain Lennox, that I should have submitted when he refrained from uttering that same prosaic horizon was bounded by a line of noble hills, while on so quietly—do you ?"

sentence ; he might guard his lips from its delivery, the other side the spires of a market town, and seve “ As you have never made me your confidant, Clara, but they spoke words more searching—more passionral hamlets and villages, might, with a good eye, be I really know very little about the affair; but I under ate. Oh! not unwooed, not lightly, had sweet Ilelen traced with accuracy and distinctness. Adjoining to stood your mamma was apprehensive you had formed Morden been won; for many long months had every the parsonage was the village church, venerable both an attachment of which she could not approve.” look, every word, every gesture, proclaimed the truth, from its age and associations ; in a word, the scene “And so enticed me out of the way till Henry “ I love you;” and yet those words were unspoken ; for was thoroughly English : and Helen Morden, the Lennox's regiment had embarked for the West Indies, Helen was portionless, and Frank was as yet too poor vicar's daughter, might have been taken for the pre-where, I daresay, he'll die of the yellow fever ; but I to marry. His prospects, however, were good; for he siding deity of the place. It was one of those early shall not go into mourning if he does. Helen, you are had studied for the bar, and was rapidly coming into summer days into which the freshness of spring had such an inexperienced, prim, prudish ignoramus, that notice, when a serious illness, brought on, it was said, but just melted, when the odour of flowers, and the you will hardly understand what my plans were, if I by over-exertion, had so injured his constitution, that song of birds, and the brightness of sunshine, have yet explain them to you.”

studies and mental occupations were prohibited, and the charm of novelty, in addition to their own sweet Helen smiled, in acknowledgment of the compli- he was recommended a quiet sojourn in the neighbourspell. Helen was seated on a rustic bench, shaded by ment, but repeated the word “plans” in a tone of hood of Farnley. Thrown frequently into the society of the waving branches of a sycamore. A book was in interrogation. This was encouragement enough for the vicar's daughter, what could he do but love her ? her hand; but though a finger was between the the “ London coquette,” who really wished to unbur- And he did love her as a high-minded man only can leaves, it rested on her lap; her eyes were fixed on den her mind; and she proceeded, beating her pretty love ; and when, with recovered health, he left the some distant object; but the mind was either conjur little foot upon the gravel, to the evident detriment spot in which the poetry of his life was centred, the ing, creating, a future, or looking back on the stores of of a delicate and very inappropriate silk slipper, and hope, the thought that she might be his, was the spur memory. Ah! Helen, Helen, it was vain to think –when she had seated herself beside Helen-twirling which henceforth urged him to exertion. Although the fairy bird would entrance you now. A few and furling her parasol with a gesture more indicative his heart yearned for some sweet confession from her months since, even so lately as when the Christmas of ill temper than of very profound grief.

lips, his code of honour forbade him to seek it ; and log blazed upon the hearth, your bright intellect, “ I really did like Frederick Seymour ; and, besides, with an inconsistency, strange, yet frequent, he strove unrusted by the breath of passion, might have roved there is only a puny child between himself and a one moment to conjure to his memory every faint delighted with the grand and gorgeous but unreal baronetcy, and he is very rich already; and he is so blush or kind word he could interpret in his favour, Spenser. But now you feel that his creations are not handsome, and he drives such loves of horses ; I could and the next to persuade himself that he had refrained your fellow-mortals, but incarnations of abstract qua- cry with vexation—that I could. He is going to be from intimating his own feelings to her. In his delities—pure, great, beautiful, but marble cold. Still

, married to a demure little chit that nobody noticed. fence, if a defence be needed, it must be owned he the prežence of love, the “ unbidden guest,” was as yet I have seen her sit out three quadrilles following—that was not a vain man ; and did not, like too many of scarcely recognised by herself, though, in truth, he I have ; and all the while that he seemed desperately his sex, fancy that every woman to whom he was was there ; and the fluttering of his wing it was that in love with me, and that I was trying to pique him tolerably civil must necessarily fall in love with him. agitated her soul, that taught her imagination to by my flirtation with Henry Lennox, he was abso- If each had known how truly the other loved, how wander in strange day-dreams, and that initiated her lutely engaged to the odious little wretch, and con much of sorrow they might have been spared! Need untried spirit in many mysteries of the human heart. cealing it only till he could obtain his uncle's consent we repeat, there could be no sympathy between the And still her favourite volume remained in her hand to the marriage; for she is a nobody, and has not a cousins? unread.

farthing in the world. It is all arranged : the stupid We will own to a prejudice. We have an antiThe reverie of Helen Morden was disturbed by the old uncle is to give her away, and her future mother- | pathy to a coquette ; to be sure, there are different quick step of her cousin, who had been for a few weeks in-law has taken a vast fancy to her, and presented shades which distinguish the character–many species a visiter at Farnley. There is no accounting for taste her already with some of the family jewels. If he of the genus—but we have a suspicion that they are in matters of beauty. Some people greatly preferred had married for money or rank, I should not have all destitute of genuine feeling, and abominably selfish Clara's petite figure and sparkling black eyes, to the cared, because nobody would have believed it a love and conceited ; in short, we look upon only one creadeep blue orbs and the rich brown hair of her cousin ; match, and I should perhaps have had the credit of ture as more detestable, and that is a male flirt. while others wondered that any one could look at such breaking his heart and driving him to desperation ; Perhaps, however, one's ire might sink into contempt, a little gipsy when the fair and dignified Helen was but to think of my being cheated, duped, and buried if true coquettes were not mischievous as well as deRear. There is no accounting for tastes; and fortu- here, while this fine scheme was hatching, is almost testable ; and it is to paint one phase of their sphere nate it is that they so much vary.

more than I can endure. But I'll be revenged. I'll of action that this sketch is penned. “ Well, dear Clara, have you read all your letters ? marry some rich old man, and have a finer house and A year passed away ; again is the earth gemmed What news from London ?" exclaimed Helen, as her as stylish a carriage as Mrs Frederick Seymour." with flowers—again is it bright spring. But the scene cousin approached.

Clara Frampton was almost out of breath, but she is no longer the pretty garden of Farnley, but a ball. “ A great deal too much."

kept on a sort of running, though very independent, room in London. Helen is on a visit to her cousin, « Too much! Why, I thought you measured your accompaniment to the warblings of a neighbouring tempted, by the wishes of many friends, to pass a happiness by the number of letters you received from blackbird. Helen was dumb from astonishment; her “season” in the gay metropolis. She is more beautithe gay metropolis ; and you have declared breakfast cousin's discourse was scarcely more intelligible to her ful than before, for her mind has expanded, and her the only endurable meal in the country, because then than an unknown language would have been ; and yet, feelings have grown more intense, and their langungo the post comes in.”

by instinct, rather than any effort of reasoning, she is revealed in her countenance. She has met Frank

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